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A

CRITICAL DISSERTATION

ON

PROFESSOR WILLIS'S

“ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY

OF

CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL.”

Lanfranco. Archiepo. Hui'. Ecchie, fundatore.

Hugone. Perey. Restitutore.

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« My sole object is the investigation and discovery of truth, and that object I shall
steadily pursue, alike uninfluenced by the fear of censure, or the hope of applause."

LONDON:

JOHN RUSSELL SMITH,
4, OLD COMPTON STREET, SOHO SQUARE.

MDCCCXLVI.

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CHAP. I. The Architectural History of Canterbury Cathedral, from the

earliest period to the year 1130 : translated from the works of Edmer

the Singer and others

Remarks on Chapter I.

A New Translation suggested of “Singuli sub singulis locellis ligneis
“Priorem partem Ecclesiæ,” mistranslated by the learned Professor, and

corrected

“Ipsum oratorium,” mistranslated, and corrected

Important bearing of these inaccurate Translations upon the Professor's

Hypothesis

CHAP. II. On the Plan and Arrangement of the “Saxon” Cathedral. (In

strictness the Romano-British Cathedral)

Remarks on Chapter II.

The Saxon Church of St. John the Baptist, founded by Cuthbert, did not

form part of the Romano-British Cathedral
On the Professor's Plan of the Romano-British Church, and on his mis-

placing the Altar of the South Tower
On the Uses to which the South Tower was appropriated, and the nature

of the Law Trials there held
Saxon Charter of Edward the Confessor to Archbishop Stigand and the

Monks of Christ Church at Canterbury
Some unfounded conjectures of the learned Professor censured

CHAP. III. Here beginneth Gervase, his History of the Burning and Repair

of the Church of Canterbury

Sub-division into nine Sections :

SECT. 1. The Conflagration, 5th Sept. 1174

2. The Operations of the first Year

William of Sens appointed Architect

The Choir pulled down

3. Of the Church of Lanfranc

4. Of the Choir of Conrad

The Professor's conjectural termination of Lanfranc's Church

an enormous blunder

5. The Operations of the first five Years

Summary

of the Works in each Year

The Accident which disabled William of Sens from continuing

the Works

William the Englishman appointed Architect
6. Entry into the New Choir on Easter Eve, 19th April, 1180

St. Dunstan and St. Elfege translated to their Shrines

7. Remaining operations of the sixth Year

Trinity Chapel levelled to the ground 8 Id. July, 1180

St. Odo and St. Wilfrid translated, and deposited under the

Shrines of St. Dunstan and St. Elfege

Lanfranc translated from the Trinity Chapel (the place of his

first burial) to the Altar of St. Martin

The passages relating thereto fatal to the Professor's

jectural termination of Lanfranc's Church

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20

30

.

the Reformation; Henry VIII; Inigo Jones; Sir Chris-

topher Wren; Addison; Somner; Battely; Gostling . 48-50

Sect. 3. Dean Percy and the Restoration of Canterbury Cathedral 50

Mr. Austin and William the Englishman compared

50

The Professor's silence upon the Restorations censured

51

The munificence and taste of the Dean and Chapter of Can-

terbury

51

The Great North-western Tower

51

St. Paul's, London, and Canterbury Cathedral compared 52

Appendix, No. 1. List of the Burial Places of the Archbishops of Canterbury,

from Cuthbert to Cardinal Pole, A.D. 758 to 1558. 53

Appendix, No. 2. List of the dated Examples of Architectural Works in

Canterbury Cathedral, A.D. 1070 to A.D. 1845. 60

1

A

CRITICAL DISSERTATION.

PART THE FIRST.

THE learned and reverend Professor informs us in his preface (p. i) that “The Translation of Gervase, which it was the principal object of that History to illustrate, was read by him with a few necessary omissions, at the evening meeting of the architectural section of the British Archæological Association on the 11th of September, 1844 ; and that on the following morning he had the honour of explaining to a numerous audience in the cathedral itself, the application of that translation to the building.”

To those who, like ourselves, had the good fortune to be present at that meeting, it may be unnecessary to dwell upon the intense interest which it excited, and the consummate ability with which the learned Professor treated that part of his arduous undertaking.

That useful and interesting work now appears in an enlarged and more extended form, and illustrated with numerous engravings, woodcuts, plans, sections, and elevations.

CHAPTER I, (pp. 1-19,) embraces The Architectural History

of Canterbury Cathedral from the earliest period to the year 1130, translated from the works of Edmer the Singer and others."

In this chapter the learned Professor proposes “to relate the history of the building, and the events which bore upon its

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