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The C.M.S. Committee still hesitated to start a Persia Mission, add commodious boys’ and girls' school buildings, an orphanage partly from a doubt whether the door was really opened, and and industrial school to the Mission-house, and also to build a partly on account of the loud calls from other fields. But they fine Mission-hall or chapel, in which we hold Divine service in allowed me to have a Persian schoolmaster from their Bombay the Persian language. We have a congregation of about 150 Mission, Mr. Carapit Johannes, who has been of the greatest members, of whom 56 are now communicants, a boys' school service to us. The boys' school has continued to flourish under with 150 and a girl's school with 50 scholars, and we have about his care; it now contains 150 scholars, and has already brought 20 boys in the orphanage. We felt that the time was come forth fruit in young men, who are being employed as agents and when we ought to seek to make our Church a light to the colporteurs of the British and Foreign Bible Society for the dis- Moslems also, and that nothing would be so likely to do that as semination of God's

the establishment of a Word among the

Medical Mission. We Mohammedans.

knew that the ComIn 1875 my wife

mittee of the C.M.S. and I paid a visit to

had neither funds nor England, and during

men sufficient to work the five months which

the fields already I spent there the

occupied by their misCommittee felt that

sionaries ; so after they were led by God

having made it a subto enrol Persia on the

ject of earnest prayer, list of their Missions.

we wrote to an unThis accounts for the

known friend, Mr. date of her birth being

Edmond of Edingiven in the Report as

burgh, who had shown 1875. In the winter

by a letter a great of 1878-9 we had the

interest in the Persia great privilege of a

Mission, asking him visit from Mr. Watt,

to look out for a the able and devoted

medical missionary agent of the British

for Persia. In a very and Foreign Bible

short time Mr. E. not Society for Southern

only found the man, Russia ; and the re

but also most kindly sult of his visit was,

undertook to raise that I undertook the

£100 per annum for agency of the Bible

three years towards Society in Persia

his salary. Two other We have yet one

friends of the Persia more link in the chain

Mission also underof God's gracious pro

took to give £150 per vidences towards our

annum towards the Mission to relate, with

local expenses of the feelings of deep grati

medical mission; and tude to the Hearer

on the 1st of January, and Answerer of

1880, the Rev. Dr. E. prayer, to Him “ that

Hoernle, sent out by openeth, and no man

the C.M.S., arrived in shutteth ; and shut

Ispahan. Being the teth, and no

son of one of the openeth." (Rev. iii.

oldest missionaries of 7.) In 1877 I felt

the C.M.S. in India the absolute necessity

he had known Hinduof seeking for another

stani from his youth, missionary for the

and had studied the Persia Mission. Dur

Persian language a ing the first three

little in India, so he years of our Mission

was able to commence life in Persia we had

active work almost worked solely for Moslems, and as related above we had numbers from the time of his arrival amongst us in Julfa. of Mohammedans coming every week to the Mission-house for I cannot sufficiently thank God for the special qualifications prayer and reading the Word of God, and we had thirty Moslem with which He has gifted His servant Dr. Hoernle for the great boys in our school. The opposition and persecution set on foot work he is now carrying on during our absence. He has indeed by the Armenian and Roman Catholic priests for a time changed more on his hands than any one man can do. Rightly valuing the aspect of our Mission work, and we had felt ourselves the great importance of educational work, he has thrown himself compelled to confine our labours chiefly to the members of into the work of the school, for which he is eminently fitted, and

Through the liberality of kind teaches two hours daily in the boys' school. He has opened a Christian friends in England and Ireland we had been enabled to dispensary for the poor, aud built a hospital on the Mission

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PERSIAN WOMEN IN OUT-DOOR COSTUME.

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premises. He preaches in Persian every Sunday, and generally book could make them live in everlasting joy, if they accepted and in English also; acts as pastor to the congregation, and super

believed what was read to them ; that they would be cured of the worst intends the work of the Bible colporteurs; besides carrying on

of maladies, sin, if they believed in the Son of God. I then narrated to liis studies in the language. When we reflect that he is just now

them some of the chief facts in the life of Christ, and pointed out in the only missionary in the southern half of Persia, we surely

conclusion that God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten cannot but feel how serious it is to leave one man with such a

Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everI arden of work upon his shoulders.

lasting life. One of the elders said that it was really true that God loved I appeal to all who revere the memory of Henry Martyn to

men, for He gave the Wanika rain, tembo, and clothes. I rejoined that

these were certainly great proofs of Divine love, but that, after all, they come to the help of the C.M.S., and enable them to establish a

were only earthly gifts, and would not avail them, if God had not takea strong Mission in the land for which he gave his life—to give it

care for their souls, and had not sent his Son to free them from sin and life eternal. If Henry Martyn could be consulted, surely no

Satan. Another elder, who seemed to understand me better, repeated my other memorial would please him half so well. And I appeal

whole address, and that with tolerable accuracy. still more confidently to all who love the Lord Jesus Christ to help Him to “set His throne in Elam.”

From Rabbai Mpia I went in a south-westerly direction towards the Wakamba land. On my way back I had the pleasure of seeing for the

first time the mountain Kadiaro, which is distant about thirty-six leagues THE STORY OF THE LIFE OF DR. KRAPF,

from Rabbai Mpia, and rises some 4,000 feet above the level of the sea.

The sight of this mountain gave me great delight, and in imagination I The Pioneer-Missionary of East Africa.

already saw a missionary-station established in that cool climate for the TOLD BY HIMSELF.

spiritual subjection of the countries of the interior. V.-WORK AT MOMBASA AND RABBAI.

The ensuing twelvemonth was a period of varied experience and suffering. N the 19th of August, 1814, I made an excursion to the After the rainy season, in March, 1845, I left Mombaz on a trip to Taka

village Rabbai Ku, Great Rabbai, or old Rabbai, partly to ungu, exploring the coast and its immediate interior. At the beginning see whether the locality was suited for a missionary station.

of October I had a violent attack of fever, brought on by exposure to the When we landed at four in the afternoon I was received by On December 1st, being a little recovered, and having formerly felt

a crowd of heathen Wanika, who lifted me out of the the good effects of the sea air, I took a trip to Zanzibar, where I received boat and bore me on their shoulders to the land with sioging, dancing, much kindness from the Eoglish consul, Major Hamerton. Three months brandishing of arrows, and every other possible mode of rejoicing. The later I took another sea trip, and explored among other places the ruined Wanika made a favourable impression on me; for they were both quick

and deserted town of Malindi, which might again be a populous and and well-behaved, but wore extremely little in the way of clothes, even flourishing port, serving as an important missionary centre. the women not being sufficiently clad; yet on leaving Rabbai I was not At last, on the 10th of June, 1816, my dear and long-expected fellowquite convinced of its suitability for a missionary station.

labourer, Rebmann, arrived. After a few days he was attacked by fever, On the 3rd of September I visited the village of Ribe. The chiefs and but soon recovered sufficiently to accompany me to Rabbai Mpia, to receive their retinue welcomed me, and conducted us through three entrances the assent of the elders to the establishment of a missionary-station there. in the palisades into the village, amid cries of rejoicing, dancing, and I introduced my beloved fellow-labourer to the chiefs, and asked for the brandishing of swords and bows. Whenever any one only stood and same friendly reception for him which had been given to mysell, which looked on, he was driven by the chiefs into the crowd, to dance and shriek was promised with pleasure. I explained the object of the Mission, with his neighbours. When I said I was not a soldier, nor a merchant remarkiog that I had now visited the whole of the Wanika-land, and was who had come there to trade, but a Christian teacher who wished to convinced that we should be welcomed in every village. To this they instruct the Wanika and the Galla in the true knowledge of God, they assented. But, I continued, Rabbai Mpia seemed to me the place best looked at me with something of a stupefied expression, and coull not suited for our object; and that as here I had met with more kindness rightly understand, but assured me of their friendly disposition.

than anywhere else I asked them whether they would consent to our I arrived again at Mombaz, being on the whole well pleased with my establishing ourselves among them. Immediately and without any stipujourney. I was grieved, however, in witnessing the drunkenness and lation, even without asking after African fashion for a present, they sensuality, the dulness and indifference, which I had observed among responded, “ Yes !” and truly with one heart and mouth. They gave us the Wanika. The chief of Kambe said openly, “ There is no God, the strongest assurances of friendship; the whole country should be open since he is not to be seen. The Waniką need trouble themselves about to us; we might journey whithersoever we pleased; they would defend us nothing except tembo (cocoa-wine), corn, rice, Indian corn (mahindi), to the uttermost; we should be the kings of the land, &c. When we and clothes ;-these are their heaven. The Watsumba” (Mohammedans), then spoke of dwelling-places, they replied: “The birds have nests, and he added, “were fools to pray and fast so much.” Meanwhile, with the the Wasungu (Europeans) too must have houses." I mentioned to them view of settling down among the Wanika I remained in Mombaz, prose- two huts, which at that very time were uninhabited, and asked them to cuting with great zeal the study of the Suahiii language, into which by repair and improve them, until we were ready to remove from Mombaz to degrees I translated the whole of the New Testament, and composed a Rabbai, and this was assented to most willingly. short grammar and a dictionary, continuing likewise my geographical Scarcely had we returned to Mombaz, when we were both attacked by and ethnographical studies in the certain conviction that the time would fever, and a whole month elapsed before Rebmann was convalescent. come when Eastern Africa, too, would be drawn into European inter- August 25th was fixed on as the day of our entry into Rabbai. On course, and these introductory studies would be made available, even if for the morning of that day I had a severe attack of sever, but it did not the present no great missionary result were to be attained.

keep me from journeying thither. Whether the result be life or death, I On the 25th of March, 1815, I made an excursion to Rabbai Mpia said to myself, the Mission must be begun; and with this resolve, and an (New or Little Rabbai) a village consisting of some twenty to twenty- inward prayer for succour, I tottered along by the side of Rebmaan, who five huts. Eastward there was a magnificent view of the sei, of Mombaz, was likewise very weak and could scarcely walk. We therefore determined and the level country; and to the north and west stretched far away the to ride by turns on our single ass, but after some time I was quite unable plains of the Wanika and the Wakamba. I felt at once the impression to go on foot, and obliged to monopolise the beast. With much pain I that this would be just the place for a missionary station.

ascended the steep hill, which even without a rider the ass could scarcely The elders were very friendly. I explained to them that the object of have mounted, and Rebmann also could only clamber up by the most my visit was to teach them the words of the book (the Bible) which I painful exertion. Scarcely ever was a mission begun in such weakness ; held in my hand. One of the elders asked whether I was an enchanter, but so it was to be, that we might neither boast of our own strength, nor who could tell him out of the book how long he was to live; or whether ir successors forget that in working out IIis purposes, God sanctifies I could heal the sick chief by a prayer from it. I answered that this even our human infirmities to the fulfilment of his ends.

It was surprising how my physical strength increased the higher I

"WHAT IS THY REQUEST ?" ascended. The cool air was a genuine stimulant. Arrived at the summit, I felt myself, nevertheless, quite exhausted, and was obliged at once to

Esther v. 3. lie down on a cow-hide in the house of the chief Jindoa, where I slept

O scimitar to slay, no sword avenging, for several hours. The sleep was so refreshing, that I awoke with the

Flashes above the suppliant at the gate ; consciousness and strength of convalescence.

A golden sceptre Royal grace extendeth, The chiefs then came in a body to greet us and to fix the day for the

Fear not within the inner court to wait. commencement of the building. They wished themselves to build, and

O bride espoused, put on thy fair apparel ! we were to give in return a present of fixed amount. On the 16th of

Draw nigh, and touch the sceptre of His grace.

What wilt thou ? Come and plead His ancient promise, September the new house was roofed in, and thus the work of the Wanika

Make thy petition deep before IIis face. ended. We were now obliged to do the rest of it mostly with our own

And doth IIe promise half His kingdom to thee? hands. If any one had seen us then and there in dirty and tattered clothes,

Nay, better speech rings through those Royal halls : bleeding from wounds caused by the thorns and stones, flinging mud on

“My Father's pleasure giveth you the kingdom; the walls in the native fashion, and plastering it with the palm of our

All things are yours !” thus, thus, the promise falls. hands, he would scarcely have looked upon us as clergymen. But a

Now plead, O suppliant, for those who perish, missionary must not let trifles put him out; he must learn to be high and

Thy people and thy scattered tribes afar; to be lowly for the sake of his Master's work; and with all this toil our

Plead in the fulness of the Royal favour, hearts were made glad, even more so than in quiet times, before and

For those who yet in death and darkness are. afterwards. During every interval of rest, I persevered with the transla

Yet, if thou hold thy peace, their soul's deliv’rance tion which I had begun, though often during the renewed attacks of fever,

May come through other lips, through other cry;

God lacks not intercessors in His kingdom, the thought would arise that even before the commencement of my proper

Yet for this pleading hath He brought thee nigli. missionary labours, I might be summoned into eternity. I prayed fervently

Ask for His messengers of light and gladness; for the preservation of my life in Africa, at least until one soul should be

Shall the dark messengers of death prevail ? saved; for I was certaia that if once a single stone of the spiritual temple

Let every people bear the Royal message ! were laid in any country, the Lord would bless the work, and continue

Let every mourner hear the wond'rous tale ! the structure, by the conversion of those who were now sitting in darkness

Then shall the heralds go from palace portals, and in the shadow of death.

Hastened and pressed on by the King's decree, On the first Sunday after the erection of the hut for public worship,

Bearing all joy and honour, light and gladness, some twelve to fifteen Wanika assembled in it, and I explained to them

From realm to realm, from rolling sea to sea. the purpose for which it had been built, and invited them to come again

Clara THWAITES. every Sunday, and listen to God's Holy Word. When I had finished my address a Moika asked what we would give the Wanika to eat, if they

TEN WEEKS IN INDIA. were to come here every Siku ku (great day, Sunday). If the Wanika received rice and a cow, they would always come; but if not, they would

Extracts from Letters to my Children during a Winter Tour. stay away; for no Mnika went to a maneno (palaver) without eating and

BY THE REV. E. HI. BICKERSTETH, M.A., drinking. This was rather a humbling experience for the day of our little

Vicar of Christ Church, Hampstead. church's consecration; but we consoled ourselves with the thought that

VI. the Jews preferred to look upon our Divine Master rather as upon an

N the afternoon of our return to Calcutta, Keshub earthly king, than as upon the King eternal, the only wise God. I therefore fouod it necessary to make house-to-house visits to prepare the

Chunder Sen gave his annual address to the Brahmo Wanika for public worship, and to announce to them the day on which

The huge hall was

Somaj in the Town Hall. Christians keep their Sabbath. Every Sunday morning, I gave a signal

crammed. I should say 3,500 men and some six by firing off a gun once or twice, and afterwards by ringing a small bell

ladies-almost all Hindus—thoughtful, earnestwhich had been sent us from London to Rabbai Mpia. Besides this, we

looking men. He spoke for an hour and forty minutes--a tried to familiarise the people with the Christian Sunday by buying Godhead of Christ, though, with this grave and grievous lack,

torrent of eloquence. He has reached Deism, but denies the nothing on that day; by not allowing our servants to do any work on it; and by wearing holiday clothes on it, to enhance the significance the

which overslradowed all, nothing in parts could be more imday. In this way the Wanika attained by degrees a notion of Sunday,

passioned than his language of devotion to Christ. He thinks and an insight into the fact that Christians do not pass their holy day in

himself the prophet of A New DISPENSATION, as he calls it, which eating and drinking like Mohammedans and heathens, but with prayer

is to affirm the Unity of the Godhead and the unity of all earnest and meditation on the Word of God in peaceful quiet and simplicity.

creeds—Hindu, Moslem, and Christian-who worship God. After the work of building was over I began to visit the neighbouring

course it is a great advance on the multiform idolatry of this land. hamlets and plantations of the Wanika, to speak to them about the salvation

BOMBAY, Jan. 28, 1881. of their souls, and to open up to them the kingdom of Heaven. In the

We have had five days of unbroken mercy since I wrote the course of time it became ever more evident to us, impressing itself upon

above. On Sunday evening Mr. Deedes preached a most beautius with all the force of a positive command, that it was our duty not to

ful sermon in the Cathedral at Calcutta. On Monday morning, limit our missionary labours to the coast tribes of the Suahili and Wanika, at 6 A.J., I started with Mr. Parker to see the C.M.S. Orphanage but to keep in mind as well the spiritual darkness of the tribes and nations of Inner Africa. This consideration induced us to take important It is some ten miles from Calcutta. The walk, two miles from

at Agarpara, where our Christ Church orphan is being reared. journeys into the interior. In March we visited Zanzibar, and waited upon the Sultan, who, as

the railway station, was lovely, and the situation on the banks

of the Hooghly just perfect. Then we returned and saw the usual, was very friendly. He said that the Wanika wera bad people, and that we ought, therefore, to reside in Mombaz rather than in the Wanika

C.M.S. Divinity School, under the Rev. W. R. Blackett;* the

Normal Girls' School, a noble institution; and the Leper's land. I remarked that the inhabitants of the South Sea Islands had been still worse than the Wanika, who were not cannibals, like them. European Hospital, where dear Mr. Vaughan did so good a work. teachers had gone to these cannibals, had taught them out of the Word of

At 6 P.M. we left our truly kind Bishop and his sister and God, and they were now quite different men. The Sultan rejoined : " If niece, and travelled all night and next day to Allahabad, had that be so, it is all right; you may stay among the Wanika as long as you

the kindest welcome from our friends there, were delighted with choose, and do whatever you please.”

* See Mr. Blackett's letter in the GLEANER of May.

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the grand confluence of the Jumna and Ganges, and with a most interesting Christian village, Muirabad, under its native pastor, the Rev. D. Mohun. Then came the parting with Edward. Our hearts were very full, but we all felt how full of mercy these ten weeks, during which we have been together, have been. He saw us to the carriage, where we spent the next thirty-eight hours (two nights and a day), which brought us safely under Mr. Squires' kind roof at Bombay.

In the Indian Ocean, 800 miles from Bombay,

Feb. 2, 1881. Our last letters were sent from Bombay last Saturday, and now we are swiftly following them. On Saturday, after despatching our letters, I took M- for a long drive through all the most characteristic parts of Bombay—the bazaars, the noble market, the fort (which is no fort now, but the site of all the principal buildings

- library, post-office, high school, &c.), the cathedral, with its beautiful stone apse and poor brick body. We replenished our luncheon basket with oranges and grapes for the voyage—the loose - rinded Bombay oranges, which are excellent to eat, but are just like a man dressed only in his great coat. Then that evening (as we had engaged the gardi — carriages in Bombay are called

gardis," elsewhere“ garis for the day) we took kind Mrs. Squires with us, and drove to the Malabar Hill, which commands the harbour, and we got out and walked through the Governor's house, and to the flagstaff at the extreme point of the hill, and then on, in the evening gloaming, to Breach Candy on the sea-shore. On Sunday morning we rose at 5, finished packing, breakfasted at 7, and left our kind and loving host and hostess at 7.80, drove to the dock, walked

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CALCUTTA : (1) GOVERNMENT PLACE, WITH THE SCOTCH CHURCH IN

(From Photographs by Messrs. Bourne and Shepherd, in board, found ourselves in a most comfortable ship, were slowly unmoored at 9, cleared the dock gates at 11, and the harbour lighthouse at 12.15, and so found ourselves once more on the way to dear, dear home.

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OUR WORK IN

CALCUTTA.
S Mr. Bickersteth, in

the interesting let

ters printed in last month's and this month's GLEANER, refers to his visit to Calcutta, we present on these middle pages two views of that great city; and with them we must just mention the work carried on there by the Society. The Calcutta Mission might be reckoned one of the “ Missions seldom heard of,” so far as the GLEANER is concerned; for scarcely any notice of it has ever appeared in our pages.

And there is only space for just naming the various agencies.

First, then, Calcutta is the head-quarters of the Society's North India Missions. At the C.M.S. office there meets the Corresponding Committee, which administers those Missions. On that Committee the Bishop and the Archdeacon, and several officers and civilians in the Government service. One of them, Mr. Rivers Thompson, is now Lieutenant-Gorernor of Bengal. These English gentlemen of high official rank have been the best friends and most liberal supporters of missionary work in India. They know the need of it; they know what is being done; and they delight to help it forward. Officers who come home and say there is little or nothing doing simply don't know ; they care nothing about it, and take no pains to inquire. Of this Corresponding Committee the Rev. H. P. Parker is Secretary.

Then there is a church for English people to which

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WANCE ; (2) CHOWRINGHEE, THE HIGH-CLASS QUARTER OF THE CITY. ished by Marrs, Marion & Co., 22 and 23, Soho Square, W.)

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