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“out of the way of my people.” 15. For“ and I will heal him. 20. But (e) " thus saith the high and lofty One “ the wicked are like the troubled sea " that inhabiteth eternity, whose name 66 when it cannot rest, whose waters “ is Holy, “I dwell in the high and “ cast up mire and dirt. 21. There
holy place ; with him also (y) that is is no peace, saith my God, to the " of a contrite and humble spirit, to
6 wicked. “ revive the spirit of the humble, and
CHAP. LVIII. (g) “ to revive the heart of the contrite " ones.
16. For I will not contend Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thị “ for ever, neither will I be always “ voice like a trumpet, and shew my “ wroth : for the spirit (z) should fail "people their transgression, and the “ before me, and the souls which I have “ house of Jacob their sins. 2. Yet (i) s made. 17. For the iniquity of his “ they seek me daily, and delight (1) to “ covetousness was I wroth, and smote know
my ways, as a nation that did “ him: I hid me, and was wroth (a), righteousness, and forsook not the “ and he went on frowardly in the way “ ordinance of their God: they ask of s of his heart. 18. I have seen his “ me the ordinances of justice: they “ ways, and will heal him: I will lead
“ take delight (i) in approaching to “ him also, and restore comforts unto
3. “ Wherefore have we fast“ him and to his mourners.
“ed,” say they, “ and thou seest not? “ create (6) the fruit of the lips (c): “ wherefore have we afflicted our soul
, “ peace, peace (d) to him that is far off
6 and thou takest no knowledge ? “ and to him that is near, saith the LORD, “ Behold (k), in the day of your fast access to God's temple. So Is. Ixii. 10.
“ calves of our lips,” in allusion to the and xl. 3.
“ subjects of sacrifice. (y) v. 15. “ With him also, &c.” “ He (d) “ Peace,
Peace, peace, &c." If this “ is the object of my special care." were not intended as a prophecy of the 5 broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou deliverance by Christ, it is at least appli“ wilt not despise.” Ps. li. 17. Our cable to it, and is accordingly so applied Saviour speaks of God's making his abode Eph. ii. 14. 17. “ He is our peace, and with those who love him. (John xiv. 23.) came and preached peace to you which “ If a man love me, he will keep my words: “ were afar off,” (i. e. the Gentiles,) " and “ and my Father will love him, and we “ to them that were nigh" (i. e. the “ will come unto him, and make our abode Jews.) " with him."
(e) v. 20. “But, &c." Though the offer (z) v. 16. “ The spirit should fail,” i.e. of this peace is to all mankind, they who (perhaps) “it would be more than man persist in their wickedness are not to ex. « could bear."
pect it; it will be confined to the contrite (a) v. 17. “ And was wroth, &c.” or, and humble. “ and he was grieved, and went on sor- (g) of the service God requires, of the “ rowing on account of his ways.” See heart, not of the lips: such as shews itself Sept. This suggests a reason, consistent in acts of reverence towards God, and of with God's justice, why God should heal benevolence towards man ; of the insufihim, and why he should still continue the ciency of external ceremonies and outward denunciation in verse 21.
acts of devotion, with great promises to (6) v. 19. “ I create, &c." i.e. (proba- real goodness. B.C. 698. bly) “ I will furnish grounds, by offers of (h) v. 2. “ Yet, &c." eicher an admission peace and pardon, for thanksgiving and
that they practise all the outward ceremo“ praise :" perhaps looking forward to the
nies of religion, or an insinuation that this Christian dispensation.
is what they assert, viz, that “they seek (c) “ The fruit of the lips,” i. e. “me early, and delight to know my according to Heb. xiii. 15. “ The sacrifice
my ways, &c. “ of praise." Let us offer the sacrifice of (2) “Delight," i. e. “ make a shew of “ praise to God continually, that is, the
“ delighting.' “ fruit of our lips, giving thanks to his (k) v. 3." Behold, &c." this is God's “ name." It is called, Hos. xiv. 2. “ The answer.
you find pleasure (1), and exact all “ shall spring forth speedily: and thy “ your labours (m). 4. Behold, ye " righteousness shall go before thee; "- fast for strife and debate, and to 6s the glory of the LORD shall be thy “ smite with the fist of wickedness; “ rereward (9). 9. Then shalt thou call,
ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to " and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt “ make your voice to be heard on high. cry, and he shall say, “ Here I am.” “ 5. Is it such a fast that I have chosen ? “ If thou take away from the midst of
a day (n) for a man to afflict his soul ? “ thee the yoke, the putting forth of the “ Is it to bow down his head as a bul- “ finger (r), and speaking vanity (s);
rush, and to spread sackcloth and “ 10. And if thou draw out thy soul (t) " ashes under him ? wilt thou call this “ to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted “ a fast, and an acceptable day to the soul; then shall thy light rise (u) in “ Lord? 6. Is not this the fast that “ obscurity, and thy darkness be as the “I have chosen ? to loose (0) the noonday, 11. And the LORD shall “ bands of wickedness, to undo the guide thee continually, and satisfy “ heavy burdens, and to let the op- thy soul in drought (x), and make “pressed go free, and that ye break “ fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like
every yoke? 7. Is it not to deal “ a watered garden, and like a spring “ thy bread to the hungry, and that 6 of water, whose waters fail not. " thou bring the poor that are cast out “ 12. And they that shall be of thee (y) “ to thy house ? when thou seest the
“ shall build the old waste places : naked, that thou cover him; and that “ thou shalt raise up the foundations “ thou hide not thyself from thine own “ of many generations (2); and thou “ flesh (p)? 8. Then shall thy light break “ shalt be called, “ The repairer of the “ forth as the morning, and thine health “ breach, The restorer of paths to
(1) “You find pleasure and exact, “ &c." “ you take pleasure yourselves, “whilst ye deny it to those who are “ under your control."
(m) “ Labours," i. e. (probably) “ from your debtors; insolvents, delivered up " to their creditors to work out their debts “ in prison.” Blayney on Lam. iii. 34.
This practice is alluded to in Matt. xviii. 30. 34.
(n) v. 5.“ A day, &c.” or “ for a man “ to afflict his soul for a day. Bp. Lowth.“ Grotius.”
(o) v. 6. “ To loose, &c.” “ to shew “mercy, to relax from their demands “ upon debtors and slaves." By the Mosaic law, if they bought an Hebrew servant, he was to serve six years only, and the seventh he was to go free. (Exod. xxi. 2. - Deuter. xv. 12.) and (according to Levit. xxv. 39, 40.) if an Israelite, who had waxen poor, was sold to an Israelite, he was not to be compelled to serve as a bond servant, but as a hired servant and as a sojourner was he to be, and was to serve to the year of jubilee only. These laws however were in many instances disregarded. See Jer. xxxiv. 13 to 17. and Neb, v. 2 to 5.
(P) v. 7. " Thine own flesh," i. e. either " thy kindred and countrymen," or generally, “any man;" all mankind being of the same flesh and blood.
(9) v. 8.“ Thy rereward," i.e. “ behind " thee.”
(r) v. 9.“ The putting forth of the “ finger," i. e. “ in scorn and derision;"
(t) v. 10. “ Draw out thy soul," i. e. “ open thy heart;" “liberally and cheer
fully supply his wants.”
(y) v. 12. “ They that shall be of thee," i. e. “thy children;" or, " they shall build “ in thee the old waste places," i.e. “ all " the ruins within thy territories shall be “ repaired."
(z) « The foundations of many gene“ rations,” i. e. “ buildings of ancient “ times, that have gone to decay." In Is. Ixi. 4. amongst the promises of future joy and comfort, this is one, “ They shall “ build the old wastes, they shall raise up “the former desolations, and they shall
repair the waste cities, the desolations “ of many generations."
dwell in.” 13. If thou turn away
“ for truth: they trust in vanity and “ thy foot from the sabbath (a), from speak lies; they conceive mischief
doing thy pleasure on my holy day; “ and bring forth iniquity. 5. They " and call the sabbath a delight, the “ hatch (e) cockatrice-eggs (g), and “ holy of the LORD, honourable; and weave the spider's web: he that “ shalt honour him, not doing thine “ eateth of their eggs dieth, and that “ own ways, nor finding thine own “ which is crushed breaketh out into “ pleasure, nor speaking thine own
“ a viper.
6. Their webs shall not 6 words: 14. Then shalt thou delight “ become garments, neither shall they " thyself in (b) the LORD; and I will cover themselves with their works: 6 cause thee to ride (c) upon the high “their works are works of iniquity, “ places of the earth, and feed thee “ and the act of violence is in their “ with the heritage of Jacob thy father :
“ hands. 7. Their feet run to evil
, 6 for the mouth of the Lord hath “ and they make haste to shed innocent “ spoken it."
“ blood : 'their thoughts are thoughts
“ of iniquity, wasting and destruction CHAP. LIX. (d)
are in their paths. 8. The way of
peace they know not, and there is no Behold, the Lord's hand is not
“ judgment in their goings : they have “ shortened, that it cannot save: neither “ made them crooked paths: whosoever “ his ear heavy, that it cannot hear. goeth therein shall not know peace. “ 2. But your iniquities have separated “ 9. Therefore is judgment far from “ between you and your God, and your us, neither doth justice overtake us: “ sins have hid his face from
“we wait for light, but behold ob“ he will not hear.
3. For your
scurity; for brightness, but we walk “ hands are defiled with blood, and 66 in darkness. 10. We
10. We grope for the “your fingers with iniquity, your lips " wall like the blind, and we grope (h) “ have spoken lies, your tongue hath as if we had no eyes: we stumble at “ muttered perverseness.
noonday as in the night; we are in “ calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth “ desolate places as dead men, 11. We
(a) v. 13. “ The Sabbath.” The observance of the sabbath is pressed, Isaiah lvi. 2. 4. 6.; and the prosperity of the nation is made to depend upon it, Jer. xvii. 24 to 27.“ It shall come to pass, if ye diligently “ hearken unto me, saith the Lord, to " bring in no burden through the gates of “ this city on the sabbath day, but hallow " the sabbath day, to do no work therein ; " then shall there enter into the gates of “ this city kings and princes sitting upon “ the throne of David, &c., and this city « shall remain for ever, &c. but if you « will not hearken unto me to hallow the “ sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, “ even entering in at the gates of Jeru“ salem on the sabbath day, then will I “ kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and “ it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, 6 and it shall not be quenched.” See note on Isaiah lvi. 4. ante, 662.
(6) v. 14. “Delight thyself in," i. e. (probably) “ have many supplies and
sources of delight from ; he shall give " you abundance of joy."
(c) “ Ride, &c." figuratively, to denote great exaltation and prosperity; so in the song of Moses (Deuter. xxxii. 13. the Lord “ made him ride on the high “places of the earth, that he might eat the “increase of the fields, and he made him to “ suck honey out of the rock, and oil “out of the finty rock," or " bed of “ Alint."
(d) Sin the obstacle to God's assistance: an acknowledgment by the people of their sins, and a promise by God of interference by the Messiah, when signal vengeance should be executed upon God's opponents
, and protection shewn to his people. B.C. 698. just upon the close of Hezekiah's reign.
(e) v. 5. “ Hatch cockatrice eggs," i. e.
put into practice the most mischievous “ designs."
(g) “Cockatrice eggs," which poison those who eat them, and, if hatched, produce venomous serpents.
(h) v. 10. “ Grope," or "wander."
roar all like bears, and mourn sore “ helmet of salvation upon his head; and “ like doves: we look for judgment, “ he put on the garments of vengeance “ but there is none; for salvation, but it “ for clothing, and was clad with zeal as 6 is far off from us. 12. For our “a cloke. 18. According to their deeds,
transgressions are multiplied before “ accordingly he will repay (P), fury to “thee, and our sins testify against us: “his adversaries, recompence to his “ for our transgressions are with us, and enemies; to the islands (9) he will "as for our iniquities, we know them; repay recompence. 19. So shall they
13. In (i) transgressing and lying “ fear the name of the Lord from the against the LORD, and departing west, and his glory from the rising of away from our God, speaking op- “ the sun (r): when the enemy
shall come "pression and revolt, conceiving and “ in like a flood, the spirit (s) of the LORD
uttering from the heart words of “ shall lift up a standard against him. “ falsehood. 14. And judgment is
66 20. And the Redeemer shall come to “ turned away backward, and justice “ Zion, and unto them that turn from “ standeth afar off: for truth is fallen “ transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD, “ in the street, and equity cannot enter. 66 21. As for me, this is my covenant “ 15. Yea, truth faileth (k), and he « with them (t) saith the LORD, my " that departeth from evil maketh him- spirit (u) that is upon thee, and my “self a prey (l): and the LORD saw it, “ words which I have put in thy mouth, " and it displeased him that there was “ shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor “ no judgment. 16. And he saw that “ out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out “there was no man (m), and wondered “ of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith “ that there was no intercessor : there- “ the Lord, from henceforth and for “fore his arm (n) brought salvation “ unto him, and his righteousness, it
CHAP. LXIV. (2) “ sustained him. 17. For be (o) put on
Oh that thou wouldest rend the hearighteousness as a breastplate, and an (i) v. 13. " An enumeration of the sins (r! v. 19. « The rising of the
," i.e. they acknowledge.
“ the east." (k) v. 15.“ Faileth," i.e. (probably) can- (s) “ The spirit, &c.” An animated “ not stand against the opposition it finds." mode of intimating that God would himself
(1) “ Maketh himself a prey," i. e.ex. stand up for his people and his religion, poseth himself to plunder or persecution." and bear down the strongest efforts of
(m) v. 16. “ No man, &c." An intimation human opposition. that more than human means were to be (t) v. 21. “ Them," i. e. “ those that employed. So Is. Ixiii. 5. (where the “ turn from transgression,” “ the converts Messiah is considered as speaking): “I “ of the true religion." “ looked, and there was none to help, and (u) “ My spirit, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) “ I wondered that there was none to up- “God's spirit and his promises shall on the “ hold: therefore mine own arm brought “ one hand aid and attend his church to “ salvation unto me, and my fury, it “ the end of time; but on the other hand “ upheld me." Both passages, no doubt, “ his church must take care to follow the refer to the times of the Messiah.
“ dictates of his spirit, and obey his com(22) “ His arm." So Is. lii. 1. “ Who “ mands." The same meaning probably " hath believed our report, and to whom with Jer. xxxi. 33. “ This shall be the " is the arm of the Lord revealed ?" “ covenant that I will make with the house
(o) v. 17. “ He," i.e. “ the Messiah." “ of Israel, saith the Lord: I will put my (p) v. 18. “ Repay, &c." There is the “ law in their inward parts, and write it in like prediction of vengeance in the mouth “ their hearts, and will be their God, and of the Messiah, Is. Ixiji. 6. “I will tread “they shall be my people." “ down the people in mine anger, and (2) An earnest prayer to God for deli" make them drunk in my fury, and I will verance, acknowledging their unworthi. 'bring down their strength to the earth." ness, and describing the misery to which
(9) " Islands," i. e. (perhaps) “ distant they were reduced. B. C. 698. people."
“ vens, that thou wouldest come down, “ do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, " that the mountains might flow down “ like the wind, have taken us away. “ at thy presence, 2. As when (y) the
2. As when (y) the “ 7. And there is none that calleth upon “ melting fire burneth, the fire causeth “ thy name, that stirreth up himself to “ the waters to boil, to make thy name “ take hold of thee: for (g) thou hast “ known to thine adversaries, that the “ hid thy face from us, and hast con“ nations may tremble at thy presence.
u sumed us because of our iniquities. “ 3. When thou didst terrible things “ 8. But now, O LORD, thou art our « which we looked not for, thou camest “ father : we are the clay, and thou our “ down, the mountains flowed down at potter, and we all are the work of thy “ thy presence. 4. For since the be- « hand. 9. Be not wroth very sore, O “ ginning of the world men have not “ LORD, neither remember iniquity for “ heard (z) nor perceived by the ear, ever: behold, see (h), we beseech thee, 6 neither hath the eye seen, O God, " we are all thy people. 10. Thy holy “ besides thee, what he hath prepared (a) “ cities are a wilderness, Zion (i) is a “ for him that waiteth for him. 5. Thou “ wilderness, Jerusalem (i) a desolation. “ meetest (6) him that rejoiceth (c) and “ 11. Our holy and our beautiful house “ worketh righteousness, those that re- “ where our fathers praised thee, is “ member thee in thy ways: behold, “ burnt (k) up with fire: and all our “ thou art wroth, for we have sinned (d): pleasant things are laid waste, 12. Wilt “ in those is continuance, and we shall “ thou refrain thyself for these things, “ be saved. 6. But we are all as an “ O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, “ unclean thing, and all our righteous- 6 and afflict (?) us very sore ?" “ nesses (e) are as filthy rags, and we all
(y) v. 2.
“ As when, &c." i. e. “ that " the mountains would flow down as metals “ the fire melts, or as water when it boils " over.” The idea of the mountains flowing down or melting at God's presence, occurs in the song of Deborah and Barak, and in other passages : “Lord, when thou wentest “ out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of " the field of Edom, the earth trembled, “ and the heavens dropped, the clouds “ also dropped water. The mountains “ melted from before the Lord, even that 6 Sinai from before the God of Israel. “ Judges v. 5.” So Ps. xcvii. 5. « hills melted like wax at the presence of “ the Lord, at the presence of the Lord of “ the whole earth :" and Mic, i. 4. “ Be“ hold the Lord cometh forth out of his “ place, and will come down, and tread “ upon the high places of the earth, and " the mountains shall be molten under him, “ as wax before the fire."
(z) v. 4. “Not heard, &c." So 1 Cor.ii.9. “ Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither « have entered into the heart of man, the “ things which God hath prepared for them « that love him."
(a) “ He hath prepared,” or “ is pre(6) v. 5. “ Meetest," i. e. “ advancest
“ to meet,” “pressest forward to assist," giving him blessings for which he never asked.
(c) “ Rejoiceth and worketh," i.e. " re“ joiceth in working."
(d) Read," wroth, because we have
sinned, yet is it ever in thy ways, (i. e, it “is in unison with the mercy thou hast “ always shewed,)“ that we shall be saved;
Truly, &c." See Pole,
(e) v.6. “Our righteousnesses," i.e. " our “ best works." (g) 0. 7. “
For,” or “ therefore, &c.” (h) v.9. “ See,” or “ look upon us."
i) v.10. “ Zion,” and “ Jerusalem," different parts of the same city.
(k) v. ll. “ Is burnt." This probably alludes prophetically, either to the burning of the temple by Nebuzaradan, a servant of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, about 586 years before the birth of Christ, when he burnt the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem : (see 2 Kings xxv. 9.-Jer. lii.13
Ps. Ixxvi. 8.) or to the burning of the second temple by the Romans, within 40 years after the crucifixion.
(?) v. 12. “And afflict, &c." or " and “ still grievously afflict us."