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word (r) of the LORD yet revealed unto him, and did let none of his words fall him. 8. And the LORD called Samuel to the ground. 20. And all Israel from again the third time. And he arose, (s) Dan even to Beer-sheba knew that and went to Eli, and said, “Here am I, Samuel was established to be a prophet “ for thou didst call me.” And Eli of the LORD. 21. And the LORD apperceived that the Lord had called the peared (t) again in Shiloh: for the child. 9. Therefore Eli said unto Sa- Lord revealed himself to Samuel in muel, “ Go, lie down : and it shall be, Shiloh by the word of the LORD. “ if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, LORD; for thy servant hear

CHAP. XII. “eth.” So Samuel went and lay down And Samuel (u) said unto all Israel, in his place. 10. And the LORD came, “ Behold, I have hearkened unto your and stood, and called as at other times, “ voice in all that ye said unto me, “ Samuel, Samuel.” Then Samuel an- “ and have made a (x) king over you. swered, “ Speak; for thy servant hear- “ 2. And now behold, the king walketh “ eth.” 11. And the LORD said to Sa- before


and I am old, and graymuel, “ Behold, I will do a thing in headed, and behold my (y) sons are “ Israel, at which both the ears of every “ with you: and I have walked before “ one that heareth it shall tingle. 12. In


childhood unto this day. " that day I will perform against Eli all “ 3. Behold, here I am, witness against " things which I have spoken concern- “me before the LORD, and before his

ing his house: when I begin, I will “ anointed : whose ox have I taken? or 6 also make an end. 13. For I have “ whose ass have I taken? or whom “ told him, that I will judge his house “ have I defrauded? whom have I op“ for ever for the iniquity which he “pressed? or of whose hand have “ knoweth ; because his sons made received


bribe to blind mine eyes " themselves vile, and he restrained them “ therewith? "and I will restore it you."

14. And therefore I have sworn 4. And they said, “ Thou hast not de “ unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity “ frauded us, nor oppressed us, neither “ of Eli's house shall not be purged “ hast thou taken ought of any mae's “ with sacrifice nor offering for ever." “ hand.” 5. And he said unto themi, 15. And Samuel lay until the morning, “ The Lord is witness against you, and and opened the doors of the house of the “ his anointed is witness this day, that LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli “ ye have not found ought in my hand." the vision. 16. Then Eli called Samuel, And they answered, “He is witness." and said, “Samuel, my son.” And he an- 6. And Samuel said unto the people, swered, “Here am l.17. And he said, “ It is the LORD that advanced Moses “ What is the thing that the Lord hath “ and Aaron, and that brought your “ said unto thee? I pray thee hide it “fathers up out of the land of Egypt.

not from me: God do so to thee, and “ 7. Now therefore stand still, that I more also, if thou hide any thing from may reason with you before the LORD,

of all the things that he said unto “ of all the righteous acts of the LORD, « thee.” 18. And Samuel told him “ which he did to you and to your faevery whit, and hid nothing from him. " thers. 8. When Jacob was come into And he said, “ It is the LORD: let him Egypt, and your fathers cried unto “ do what seemeth him good.” 19. And “ the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses Samuel grew, and the LORD was with “and Aaron, which brought forth your

(r) v. 7.“ Word,” or “speech, voice." (x) “ A king," i.e. “ Saul." (s) v. 20.“From Dan, &c." i.e.“ through- (y) v. 2. “ My sons are with you;" so out the whole of the land of Israel."

that you may punish them when they (t) v.21. “ Appeared again,” i.e.“began transgress. “ His sons walked not in his

again to appear, as he had done in ear- ways, but turned aside after lucre, and “ lier times." See note on verse l.

“ took bribes, and perverted judgment. (u) v. 1. “ Said.” Before Christ, 1095. “ 1 Sam. viii. 3."

66 not.


“fathers out of Egypt, and made them your eyes. 17. Is it not wheat (e) “ dwell in this place. 9. And when

" harvest to-day? I will call unto “they forgat the LORD their God, he " the LORD, and he shall send thunder “sold them into the hand of Sisera, “ and rain; that ye may perceive and “ captain of the host of Hazor, and into “ see that your wickedness is great, “the hand of the Philistines, and into

“ which ye have done in the sight of “ the hand of the king of Moab, and they

“ the Lord, in asking you a king." “fought against them. 10. And they

18. So Samuel called unto the Lord, “cried into the Lord, and said, “ We

and the LORD sent thunder and rain “have sinned, because we have forsaken that day: and all the people greatly “ the Lord, and have served Baalim (2)

feared the LORD and Samuel. 19. And “ and Ashtaroth; but now deliver us out all the people said unto Samuel, “ Pray “ of the hand of our enemies, and we “ for thy servants unto the LORD thy “ will serve thee.” 11. And the LORD " God, that we die not: for we have “sent Jerubbaal (a) and Bedan (6), and

66 added unto all our sins this evil, to “ Jephthah, and Samuel (6), and deli- “ ask us a king." 20. And Samuel “ vered you out of the hand of your

said unto the people, “ Fear not: (ye “ enemies on every side, and ye dwelled

“ have done all this wickedness : yet “ safe. 12. And when ye saw that

“ turn not aside from following the “ Nahash the king of the children of LORD, but serve the LORD with all “ Ammon came against you, ye said

your heart;

21. And turn ye not “ Nay, but a king shall

“ aside: for then should ye go after vain reign over us;" when the LORD your things, which cannot profit nor deli“God was your king. 13. Now there- ver, for they are vain) : 22. For “ fore behold the king whom ye have

“ the LORD will not forsake his people, “ chosen, and whom ye have desired : “ for his great name's sake: because it « and behold the LORD hath set a king

“ hath pleased the LORD to make you 14. If ye will fear the

“ his people.

23. Moreover, as for “ LORD, and serve him, and obey his

me, God forbid that I should sin “ voice, and not rebel against the com

“ against the LORD, in ceasing to pray “ mandment of the Lord, then shall “ for you : but I will teach


the “ both ye, and also the king that reign

good and the right way. 24. Only “eth over you, continue (c) following

“ fear the LORD, and serve him in " the LORD your God. 15. But if ye

“ truth with all your heart: for consi“ will not obey the voice of the LORD,

“ der how great things he hath done “ but rebel against the commandment “ for you. 25. But if ye shall still do “ of the LORD, then shall the hand of “ wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both “the LORD be against you, as it was


your king.” " against (d) your fathers. 16. Now

CHAP. XIII. “ therefore stand and see this great Saul reigned one year, and when he

which the LORD will do before had reigned two years over Israel,

" unto me,

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16 the sun,


(z) v. 10. “ Baalim and Ashtaroth." Heathen idols, representing

moon, and stars.'

(a) v. 11.“ Jerubbaal," i. e. “Gideon.” Judges vii. 1. “ Then Jerubbaal, who is “ Gideon, &c."

(6) “ Bedan” and “ Samuel,” or rather, “ Barak” and “ Sampson." Bedan is no where else mentioned as a deliverer of Israel ; and it would have been strange for “ Samuel" to have named himself. These persons are named together, Heb. xi. 32. - The time would fail me to tell of Gideon,

“ and of Barak, and of Sampson. Kennic. “ Rem. 103. 2. Hales, 338."

(c) v. 14. “ Continue following,” or rather, “ be protected by ;" literally, “be “ behind." So that God will always be before you, to preserve you.

(d) n. 15. “ As it was against your fa“thers," or," and against your king. Sept.”

(e) v. 17. “ Wheat harvest.” A time of year, therefore, when there could be no expectation of rain. Their rains were periodical ; only at stated times of the year.

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2. Saul chose him three thousand men | burnt-offering.

burnt-offering. 10. And it came to of Israel ; whereof two thousand were pass, that as soon as he had made an with Saul in Michmash, and in mount end of offering the burnt-offering, beBeth-el, and a thousand were with hold, Samuel came, and Saul went out Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: to meet him, that he might salute him. and the rest of the people he sent 11. And Samuel said, What hast every man to his tent. 3. And Jona- “ thou done?” And Saul said, "Be than smote the garrison of the Philis- cause I saw that the people were tines that was in Geba, and the Phi- “ scattered from me, and that thou listines heard of it: and Saul blew the camest not within the days appointed, trumpet throughout all the land, say- “ and that the Philistines gathered ing, “ Let the Hebrews hear.” 4. And " themselves together at Michmash: all Israel heard say, that Saul had “ 12. Therefore said I, “ The Philissmitten a garrison of the Philistines, “ tines will come down now upon me to and that Israel also was had in abomin- “ Gilgal, and I have not made suppliation with the Philistines : and the 6 cation unto the LORD:" I forced people were called together after Saul“ myself therefore, and offered a burntto Gilgal. 5. And the Philistines ga- « offering.” 13. And Samuel said to thered themselves together, to fight Saul, “ Thou hast done foolishly: thou with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, “ hast not kept the commandment of and six thousand horsemen, and people " the LORD thy God, which he comas the sand which is on the sea-shore in “ manded thee: for now would the multitude: and they came up, and “ Lord have established thy kingdom pitched in Michmash, eastward from "6


Israel for ever. 14. But now Beth-aven. 6. When the men of Is- “ thy kingdom shall not continue: the rael saw that they were in a strait, “ Lord hath sought him a man after (for the people were distressed) then “ his own heart, and the Lord hath the people did hide themselves in commanded him to be captain over caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, “his people, because thou hast not and in high places, and in pits. kept that which the LORD com7. And some of the Hebrews went over “ manded thee.” 15. And Samuel (h? Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead :

arose, and gat him up from Gilgal as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and unto Gibeah of Benjamin : and Saul all the people followed him trembling. numbered the people that were pre8. And he tarried seven days, accord- sent with him, about six hundred men.

16. appointed : but Samuel came not to and the people that were present with Gilgal, and the people were scattered them, abode in Gibeah of Benjanin: from him. 9. And Saul said, “ Bring but the Philistines encamped in Mich“ hither a burnt-offering to me, and


17. And the spoilers came out “ peace-offerings.” And he offered the of the camp of the Philistines, in three

(g) v. 8. “ The set time, &c.” When entire days, but sacrificed the seventh Samuel anointed Saul, one of the things day : others, upon a different punctuation he told him was, " Thou shalt go

that “ before me to Gilgal ; and behold, I will fices were to be seven days, and that the 6 come down unto thee, to offer burnt- injunction to tarry was indefinite, not li “ offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of

mited to seven days. “ peace-offerings : seven days shalt thou (h) v. 15. The Sept. and most copies of “ tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee

the Vulgate, read, “and Samuel anose, 6 what thou shalt do. 1 Sam. x. 8.” Saul's

" and gat him up from Gilgal: and the sin was, either that he did not wait the

“ people that were left went up after Saul time he ought, or that he presumed to offer “ unto Gibeah, &c." There is no reason what none but Samuel should have offered.

to suppose that Samuel went up to Gibeah. Some suppose,

that he did not tarry seven 1. Wall, 189. 2. Hales, 343.

companies : one company turned unto thousand footmen, and ten thousand the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto men of Judah.

5. And Saul came to - the land of Shual. 18. And another a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the : company turned the way to Beth-horon : valley. 6. And Saul said unto the

and another company turned to the Kenites, “ Go, depart, get you down way of the border, that looketh to the “ from among the Amalekites, lest I valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. “ destroy you with them : for


shewed 19. Now there was no (i) smith found “ kindness to all the children of Israel throughout all the land of Israel : (for 6 when they came up out of Egypt.” the Philistines said, “Lest the He- So the Kenites departed from among " brews make them swords or spears.") the Amalekites. 7. And Saul smote 20. But all the Israelites went down to the Amalekites from Havilah, until the Philistines, to sharpen every man thou comest to Shur, that is over against his share, and his coulter, and his axe, Egypt. 8. And he took Agag the king and his mattock. 21. Yet they had a of the Amalekites alive, and utterly defile for the mattocks, and for the coul- stroyed all the people with the edge of ters, and for the forks, and for the the sword. 9. But Saul and the people axes, and to sharpen the goads. 22. So spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, it came to pass in the day of battle, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, that there was neither sword nor spear and the lambs, and all that was good, found in the hand of any of the people and would not utterly destroy them : that were with Saul and Jonathan : but but every thing that was vile and refuse, with Saul and with Jonathan his son that they destroyed utterly. 10. Then was there found. 23. And the garri- came the word of the LORD unto Sason of the Philistines went out to the muel, saying, 11. “ It repenteth me passsage of Michmash.

" that I have set up Saul to be king :

“ for he is turned back from following CHAP. XV.

me, and hath not performed my comSamuel also (k) said unto Saul, “ The “ mandments.” And it grieved Samuel; “ LORD sent me to anoint thee to be and he cried unto the LORD all night.

king over his people, over Israel : now 12. And when Samuel rose early to “therefore hearken thou unto the voice meet Saul in the morning, it was told " of the words of the LORD. 2. Thus Samuel, saying, 6 Saul came to Car“saith the Lord of hosts, " I remem- 6 mel, and behold, he set him up a “ber that which Amalek did to Israel, “place (m), and is gone about, and “how he laid wait for him in the

way “ passed on and gone down to Gilgal.” “ when he came up from Egypt. 3. Now 13. And Samuel came to Saul; and

go, and smite Amalek, and utterly Saul said unto him, “ Blessed be thou destroy all that they have, and spare

“ of the LORD: I have performed the "them not; but slay both man and “ commandment of the Lord.” 14. And

woman, infant, and suckling, ox and Samuel said, “What meaneth then this sheep, camel and ass." 4. And Saul“ bleating of the sheep in mine ears, gathered the people together, and num- " and the lowing of the oxen which I bered them in Telaim (1), two hundred “ hear ?" 15. And Saul said, “ They


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“ have brought them from the Amalek- “ the commandment of the LORD, and “ites : for the (n) people spared the “ thy words: because I feared the peo“ best of the sheep, and of the oxen, “ple, and obeyed their voice. 25. Now “ to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God, “ therefore, I pray thee, pardon my " and the rest we have utterly de- “sin, and turn again with me, that 1 “stroyed.”. 16. Then Samuel said

may worship the LORD." 26. And “ unto Saul, “ Stay, and I will tell thee Samuel said unto Saul, “ I will not re66 what the Lord hath said to me this “ turn with thee: for thou hast rejected “ night.” And he said unto him, “Say “ the word of the LORD, and the LORD “ on.” 17. And Samuel said, “ When “ hath rejected thee from being king " thou wast little in thine own sight, over Israel.” 27. And as Samuel “ wast thou not made the head of the turned about to go away, he laid hold “ tribes of Israel, and the LORD upon the skirt of his mantle, and it “ anointed thee king over Israel ? 28. And Samuel said unto him,

18. And the LORD sent thee on a “ The Lord hath rent the kingdom of “journey, and said, “ Go, and utterly “ Israel from thee this day, and hath “ destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, “ given it to a neighbour of thine that “ and fight against them until they be 6 is better than thou. 29. And also

consumed." 19. Wherefore then “the strength of Israel will not lie, nor “ didst thou not obey the voice of the repent: for he is not a man that he “ Lord, but didst fly upon the spoil, “ should repent.” 30. Then he said, “ and didst evil in the sight of the “ I have sinned, yet honour me now, I " LORD ?” 20. And Saul said unto pray thee, before the elders of my Samuel, “ Yea, I have obeyed the people, and before Israel, and tum 66 voice of the Lord, and have gone again with me, that I may worship “ the way which the LORD sent me, “the LORD thy God.” 31. So Samuel “ and have brought Agag the king of turned again after Saul, and Saul wor“ Amalek, and have utterly destroyed shipped the Lord.

32. Then said “ the Amalekites. 21. But the people Samuel, “ Bring you hither to me “ took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, “ Agag the king of the Amalekites :" “the chief of the things which should and Agag came unto him delicately (p)

. “ have been utterly destroyed, to sacri- And Agag said, “Surely the bitterness “fice unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.” “ of death is past.” 33. And Samuel 22. And Samuel said, “ Hath the said, “ As thy sword hath made women “ LORD as great delight in burnt- “childless, so shall thy mother be “ offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying “ childless among women.” And $ " the voice of the Lord? Behold, to muel hewed Agag in pieces before the “ obey is better than sacrifice; and to Lord in Gilgal. 34. Then Samuel “ hearken, than the fat of rams. 23. For went to Ramah, and Saul went up to “ rebellion is as (o) the sin of witch- his house to Gibeah of Saul. 35. And “ craft, and stubbornness is as iniquity Samuel came no more to see Saul until " and idolatry: because thou hast re- the day of his death : nevertheless, Sa“jected the word of the LORD, he hath muel mourned for Saul : and the LORD “ also rejected thee from being king" repented that he had made Saul king 24. And Saul said unto Samuel, “I

over Israel. “ have sinned: for I have transgressed

(n) v. 15. 21. “ The people." An attempt to throw wholly upon the people, whom he ought to have controlled and over-ruled,) that offence in which (according to verse 9.) he and they concurred.

(o) v. 23. “ As," i.e. “ as bad as.” “ He

might as well trust to the arts of witch“ craft, or be a heathen, or an idolater, as “ not obey God's commands."

(p) v. 32. “Delicately," or “trembling. “ Sept. Vulg."

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