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DEUTERONOMY.
CHAP. IV.

(e) the day that thou stoodest before Now (a) therefore hearken, O Israel, “ the LORD thy God in (g) Horeb, when “ unto the statutes and unto the judg

o the LORD said unto me,

66 Gather me “ments which I teach

you,

for to do “ the people together, and I will make " them, that ye may live, and

go
in and

“ them hear my words, that they may possess the (6) land which the LORD “ learn to fear me all the days that they “ God of your fathers giveth you. 2. Ye

66 shall live upon the earth, and that they “ shall not add unto the word which I may teach their children." 11. And “ command

you,
neither shall

you
dimi-

ye came near and stood under the “nish ought from it, that ye may keep “ mountain, and the mountain burned “the commandments of the LORD your 6 with fire unto the midst of heaven, “God which I command you. 3. Your “ with darkness, clouds, and thick darkeyes have seen what the LORD did

12. And the LORD spake unto ' because of (c) Baal-peor: for all the “ you out of the midst of the fire: ye “men that followed" Baal-peor, the “ heard the voice of the words, but saw “Lord thy God hath destroyed them “ no similitude, only ye heard a voice. " from among you. 4. But ye that did “ 13. And he declared unto you his « cleave unto the LORD

your

God, are “ covenant, which he commanded you "alive every one of you this day. " to perform, even ten commandments, “5. Behold, I have taught you statutes “ and he wrote them upon two tables " and judgments, even as the LORD

66 of stone.

14. And the LORD commy God commanded me, that ye “ manded me at that time, to teach

you “ should do so in the land whither ye go “ statutes and judgments, that ye might

to possess it. 6. Keep therefore, and do “ do them in the land whither ye go hem, for this is your (d) wisdom and “ over to possess it. 15. Take ye there

your understanding in the sight of the “ fore good heed unto yourselves (for “ nations, which shall hear all these ye saw no manner of similitude on the

statutes, and say, “ surely this great day that the LORD spake unto you in “nation is a wise and understanding “ Horeb, out of the midst of the fire). “people.” 7. For what nation is there “ 16. Lest yecorrupt yourselves, and make

so great, who hath God so nigh unto “ you a graven image, the similitude of

them, as the Lord our God is in all any figure, the likeness of male or fe " things that we call upon him for? “ male, 17. The likeness of any beast that “8. And what nation is there so great, “ is on the earth, the likeness of any “ that hath statutes and judgments so “ winged fowl that flieth in the air, “righteous, as all this law which I set “ 18. The likeness of any thing that “ before you this day? 9. Only take “ creepeth on the ground, the likeness “ heed to thyself, and keep thy soul di- any

fish that is in the waters beligently, lest thou forget the things

“ neath the earth: 19. And lest thou " which thine eyes have seen, and lest

“ lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and they depart from thy heart all the 66 when thou seest the sun, and the moon, days of thy life : but teach them thy " and the stars, even all the host of sons, and thy sons sons: 10. Specially

“ heaven, shouldest be driven to wor(a) Part of an address from Moses to “ shall give you a character for wisdom the Israelites in the year in which he died. " and understanding." Before Christ 1451.

(e) v. 10.“ Specially, &c." i. e. “ above (6) v. l. “ The land, &c.” i. e. “all give them an account of the transCanaan,"

" actions of that day.” (c) v. 3. “Of Baal-peor.” See ante, 542. (8).." In Horeb," i. e. " at mount SiNumb. xxv. 3, 4, 5. The destruction of nai,” in the first year of the departure those who followed Baal-peor happened from Egypt, when God came down upon in the very year in which Moses made this the mount, and delivered the Ten Comaddress.

mandments. Exod. xix. and xx. (d) v. 6. “Your wisdom, &c." i.e. “this

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go over and

“ ship them, and serve them, which the “ of any thing, and shall do evil in the “ LORD thy God hath divided (h) unto sight of the LORD thy God, to pro" all nations under the whole heaven. “ voke him to anger: 26. I call heaven “ 20. But the Lord hath taken you, and “ and earth to witness against you this “ brought you forth out of the iron fur- “ day, that ye shall soon utterly perish

nace, even out of Egypt, to be unto 6 from off the land whereunto you go “ him a people (i) of inheritance as ye over Jordan to possess it: ye shall “are this day. 21. Furthermore, the “ not prolong your days upon it, but “ Lord was (k) angry with me (2) for “ shall utterly be destroyed. 27. And your sakes, and sware that I should

6 the Lord shall scatter (m) you among “ not go over Jordan, and that I should “ the nations, and ye shall be left few “ not go in unto that good land which “ in number among the heathen, whi“ the Lord thy God giveth thee for an “ther the Lord shall lead you. 28. And « inheritance. 22. But I must die in

66 there

ye shall serve gods, the work of “this land, I must not go over Jordan : “ men's hands, wood and stone, which

ye
shall

possess

that 6 neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor “good land. 23. Take heed unto “ smell. 29. But if from thence thou “ yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou “ of the LORD your God, which he “ shalt find him, if thou seek him with “ made with you, and make you a “ all thy heart, and with all thy soul.

graven image, or the likeness of any “ 30. When thou art in tribulation, and thing which the LORD thy God hath “ all these things are come upon thee, 6 forbidden thee. 24. For the LORD “ even in the (n) latter days, if thou turn " thy God is a consuming fire, even a “ to the Lord thy God, and shalt be “ jealous God. 25. When thou shalt “ obedient unto his voice: 31. (For the

beget children, and childrens children, “ Lord thy God is a merciful God) he “ and shalt have remained long in the 6 will not forsake thee, neither destroy “ land, and shall corrupt yourselves, and “ thee, nor forget the covenant of thy “ make a graven image, or the likeness 6 fathers, which he sware unto them.

(h) v. 19. “ Divided,” so that they are “ which I have given them !!" The comnot peculiar to you: and shall you,'whom mand was to speak unto the rock, instead God hath taken to be his own inheritance, of which he struck it, and that twice, and serve those things which God has thought instead of ascribing the miracle to God, he of such little worth, as to make them com- said, must we fetch. mon to all mankind ?

(2) v. 21. “ With me,” even with me, (i) v. 20.“ A people, &c.” “ For the whom he had so highly favoured. So that Lord's portion is his people: Jacob is the you are not to conclude, because God has lot of his inheritance. 32 Deut. 9."

made you his people, that he will forbear (4) v. 21. “ Angry, &c." See Numb. xx. from punishing if you offend. See ante, 2. 8. 10. 12. The people gathered them- 196. I Cor. 10. selves together against Moses and against (m) v. 27. "Scatter, &c." How singular Aaron for want of water: God ordered for centuries has been the condition of the Moses to take his rod, to gather the as- Jews! scattered amongst the nations, fer sembly together, and to speak unto the in number amongst them, and yet a distinct rock before their eyes. When Moses had people. Where, amongst the great nations gathered the congregation together before of the earth are there not some, and yet the rock, he said unto them, “ Hear now, where is their number large ? Has this "

ye rebels, must we fetch you water out happened to any other nation, or is it not “ of this rock ?" and he smote the rock the case with the Jews only? See 3 Newt. twice with the rod, and the water came out 356. 1 Fab. 86. and see post, note on abundantly: This deviation from his com. Is. xi. 11. mand displeased God, and he spake unto (n) v. SO. “ The latter days," i.e. (proMoses and Aaron, because ye believed bably) the times of Christianity, looking

me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the forward perhaps to a period not yet arrived. “ children of Israel, therefore ye shall not See 1 Fab.8. – Newt. 7th Dissertation, and “ bring this congregation into the land post, note on Is. xi. 11.

“ 32. For ask now of the days that are " mayest prolong thy days upon the

past, which were before thee, since “ earth, which the Lord thy God giv" the day that God created man upon 66 eth thee, for ever.” 41. Then Moses " the earth, and ask from the one side severed three cities on this (9) side Jor" of heaven unto the other, whether | dan towards the sun-rising: 42. That " there hath been any such thing as this the slayer might flee thither, which

great thing is, or hath been heard like should kill his neighbour unawares, “ it? 33. Did ever people hear the and hated him not in times past; and “ voice of God speaking out of the that fleeing unto one of these cities, he “ midst of the fire, as (n) thou hast heard, might live: 43. Namely, Bezer in the “ and live? 34. Or hath God assayed wilderness, in the plain country, of the to go and take him (o) a nation from Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, " the midst of another nation, by tempt of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, “ ations (P), by signs, and by wonders, of the Manassites. 44. And this is the “ and by war, and by a mighty hand, law which Moses set before the children “ and by a stretched out arm, and by of Israel: 45. These are the testimo

great terrors, according to all that nies, and the statutes, and the judg“ the Lord your God did for you in ments, which Moses spake unto the

Egypt before your eyes ? 35. Unto children of Israel, after they came forth " thee it was shewed, that thou mightest out of Egypt; 46. On this (9) side Jors know that the Lord he is God; there dan in the valley over against Bethpeor, " is none else besides him. 36. Out of in the land of Sihon king of the Amo“ heaven he made thee to hear his voice, rites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom “ that he might instruct thee; and upon Moses and the children of Israel smote, “ earth be shewed thee his great fire, after they were come forth out of Egypt: “ and thou heardest his voice out of the 47. And they possessed his land, and 65 midst of the fire. 37. And because the land of Og king of Bashan, two “ he loved thy fathers, therefore he kings of the Amorites, which were on “ chose their seed after them, and this (9) side Jordan, towards the sun

brought thee out in his sight with rising; 48. From Aroer, which is by “ his mighty power out of Egypt: the bank of the river Arnon, even unto 6 38. To drive out nations from before mount Sion, which is Hermon. 49. And “ thee, greater and mightier than thou all the plain on this side Jordan east" art, to bring thee in to give thee their ward, even unto the sea of the plain, “ land for an inheritance, as it is this day, under the springs of Pisgah. 66 39. Know therefore this day, and « consider it in thine heart, that the

CHAP. V. " Lord he is God in heaven above, and And Moses (1) called all Israel, and upon

the earth beneath : there is none said unto them, “ Hear, O Israel, the " else. 40. Thou shalt keep therefore “ statutes and judgments which I speak 66 his statutes, and his commandments “ in your ears this day, that ye may " which I command thee this day, that “ learn them, and keep and do them. “ it may go well with thee, and with thy “ 2. The (s) Lord our God made a co66 children after thee, and that thou “ venant with us in (t) Horeb. 3. The

(n)v.33. “As thou hast heard," i.e.when (r) v. 1. “ Called, &c." This was the the Ten Commandments were delivered at fortieth year after the departure from mount Sinai. See Exod. xix. 21. - XX. 22. Egypt, the last year of the life of Moses; and post, 546. Deut. v. 4. 22, 23, 24. before Christ 1451. (o) v. 34. “ A nation, &c.” i. e. “

(s) v. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. 9. 11, 12. 14, 15, 16. «« nation from the midst of another," as the 22, 24, 25, 27, 28. 32, 33. “ The Lord.” Israelites were taken from the midst of the Heb.“ Jehovah.” Gr. Kúpoos. Egyptians.

(t) “ Horeb,” i. e. “ Mount Sinai :" in (p)“ Temptations," or trials.

the first year after they left Egypt. See (9) v. 41. 46, 47. “ This side,” i.e. “ the Exod. xix. and xx. ** east side."

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one

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“ fore me.

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“ LORD made not this covenant with brought thee out thence, through a

our fathers, but with (u) us, even us, mighty hand, and by a stretched out “ who are all of us here alive this day. “ arm, (w) therefore the LORD thy God

4. The Lord talked with you face to commanded thee to keep the sabbath“ face in the mount, out of the midst of “ day. 16. Honour thy father and thy “ the fire, 5. (I (v) stood between the “mother, as the LORD thy God hath “ Lord and you at that time, to shew “ commanded thee; that thy days may you

the word of the LORD: for ye “ be prolonged, and that it may go well were afraid by reason of the fire, and “ with thee, in the land which the LORD went not up into the mount) saying, “ thy God giveth thee. 17. Thou shalt

6. “ I am the LORD thy God, which “ not kill. 18. Neither shalt thou com“ brought thee out of the land of Egypt, “ mit adultery. 19. Neither shalt thou “ from the house of bondage. 7. Thou “ steal. 20. Neither shalt thou bear 6 shalt have none other Gods be- “ false witness against thy neighbour

. 8. Thou shalt not make “ 21. Neither shalt thou desire thy “ thee any graven image, or any like- “ neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou ness of any thing that is in heaven

“ covet thy neighbour's house, his field, “ above, or that is in the earth beneath, or his man-servant, or his maid6 or that is in the waters beneath the servant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing " earth. 9. Thou shalt not bow down “ that is thy neighbour's.” 22. These

thyself unto them; nor serve them : “ words the LORD spake unto all your “ for I the LORD thy God am a jealous assembly in the mount out of the “ God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of “ upon the children, unto the third and “ the thick darkness, with a great voice, “ fourth generation of them that hate " and he added no more : and he wrote

me, 10. And shewing mercy unto “ them in two tables of stone, and de6 thousands of them that love me and “ livered them unto me.

23. And it “ keep my commandments. 11. Thou

came to pass when ye heard the voice “ shalt not take the name of the LORD 6 out of the midst of the darkness (for “ thy God in vain, for the Lord will “ the mountain did burn with fire) that “ not hold him guiltless that taketh his ye came near unto me, even all the “ name in vain. 12. Keep the sabbath- “ heads of your tribes, and your elders

. “ day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy “ 24. And ye said, “ Behold the LORD “ God hath commanded thee. 13. Six our God hath shewed us his glory, “ days thou shalt labour and do all thy " and his greatness, and we have heard 6 work : 14. But the seventh day is the “ his voice out of the midst of the fire: “ sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it we have seen this day that God doth 6 thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor “ talk with man, and (x) he liveth. “ thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy “ 25. Now therefore why should we die? “ man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, “ for this great fire will consume us. “ nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any “ If we hear the voice of the Lord our “ of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is “ God any more, then we shall die. “ within thy gates; that thy man-servant “ 26. For who is there of all flesh that " and thy maid-servant may rest as well “ hath heard the voice of the living God, “ as thou.

15. And remember that “speaking out of the midst of the fire " thou wast a servant in the land of

“ (as we have) and lived ? 27. Go ! Egypt, and that the LORD thy God “ thou near, and hear all that the LORD

(u) v. 3. “Us," so that he is appealing “ days the Lord made heaven and earth, to their own knowledge.

"&c.” applies equally to all mankind. (v) v. 5. “ I stood, &c.” See Exod. xix.

(x) v. 24. “ And he liveth.” See ante, 20. Exod. xx. 18, 19.

Deut. iv. 34. (w) v. 15. “ Therefore, &c.” This reason (y) v. 27. “Go thou near, &c." See applied peculiarly to the Israelites : but the Exod. xx. 19. reason assigned, Exod. xx. 11. “ For in six

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“our God shall say; and speak thou ments which the (a) LORD

your

God unto us all that the Lord our God “ commanded to teach you, that ye “ shall speak unto thee, and we will “ might do them in the (6) land whither “ hear it, and do it.28. And the ye go to possess it : 2. That thou “ Lord heard the voice of your words, mightest fear the LORD thy God, to “when ye spake unto me; and the keep all his statutes, and his com“ Lord said unto me, “ I have heard “ mandments which I command thee; " the voice of the words of this people, “thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, “ which they have spoken unto thee: “ all the days of thy life, and that thy " they have well said all that they have days may be prolonged. 3. Hear

spoken. 29. O that there were such “therefore, O Israel, and observe to do “ an heart in them, that they would fear it, that it may be well with thee, and “ me, and keep all my commandments “ that ye may increase mightily, as (c)

always, that it might be well with “ the LORD God of thy fathers hath " them, and with their children for ever. “ promised thee, in (6) the land that “ 30. Go say to them, “ Get you into

“ floweth with milk and honey. 4. Hear, your tents again.” 31. But as for “ O Israel, the (d) Lord our God is one “ thee, stand thou here by me, and I “ LORD. 5. And (e) thou shalt (g) love “will speak unto thee all the command- “the LORD thy God with all thine “ments, and the statutes, and the judg- “ heart, and with all thy soul, and with

ments which thou shalt teach them, « all thy might. 6. And these words " that they may do them in the land 66 which I command thee this day, shall “ which I give them to possess it.” o be in thine (h) heart. 7. And thou “ 32. Ye shall observe to do therefore, “ shalt teach them diligently unto thy

as the LORD your God hath com- “ children, and shalt talk of them when manded

you : you shall not turn aside " thou sittest in thine house, and when “ to the right hand or to the left. 6 thou walkest by the way, and when “ 33. You shall walk in all the ways “ thou liest down, and when thou ris66 which the LORD

your

God hath com- « est up. 8. And thou shalt bind them “manded you, that ye may live, and “ for a sign upon thine hand, and " that it may be well with you, and that “ they shall be as frontlets between ye may prolong your days in the land “ thine eyes. 9. And thou shalt write

ye
shall possess."

“ them upon the posts of thy house, CHAP. VI.

“ and on thy gates. 10. And it shall Now (z) these are the command

“ be when the LORD thy God shall have ments, the statutes, and the judg

“ brought thee into the (i) land which (z) Continuation of the address of Moses.

estimated. “ Jehovah Aleinu. Jehovah Before Christ, 1451.

" Ahed.(a) v. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 10. 12, 13, 15, 16, 17,

(e) v. 5. “ And," or " therefore.” Pearson 18, 19, 20, 21, 22. 24, 25. « The Lord." on the Creed, 25. Heb. « Jehovah." Gr. Kúpros.

(g) “ Love, &c." “ The characteristic (6) v. 1. 3. “ The land, &c.” i.e. “ of Ca

« excellence of the Mosaic law is, that it naan."

enjoins obedience upon this high prin(c) v. 3. “ As, &c.” part of the oath to ciple, the love of God. 2 Hales, 257.Abraham, (Gen. xxii. 17.) was “ in multi- (h) v. 6. “ Thine heart,” to regulate all "plying, I will multiply thy seed as the thy conduct, to be ever uppermost in thy “ Stars of heaven;" and part of the promise thoughts, never to be lost sight of, even to Isaac, (Gen. xxviii. 14.) “ Thy seed shall for a moment. The amplification in the “ be as the dust of the earth."

three following verses shews the unvaried (d) v. 4. “ The Lord, &c.” Heb. (liter- attention with which they were to be really) " Jehovah our God, (is) one Jehovah. garded. Another instance of a plural for what we (i) v. 10. “ The land, &c.” “ of Canaan." render “ God," and om the solemnity

Gen. xii. 5 to 7. Gen. xiii. 14, 15. Gen. of the introduction not to be lightly

xv. 18 to 21. Gen. xvii. 8. Gen. xxvi. I to 3. and Gen. xxviii. 18.

“ which

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