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66 of man.

66 ber

all things: 4. But flesh (p) 6 make between me and you,


every “ with the life thereof, which is the “ living creature that is with you, for “ blood thereof, shall

you not eat. perpetual generations : 13. I do set(u) " 5. And surely (9) your blood of your “ my bow in the cloud, and it shall be “ lives will I (r) require : at the hand of 6 for a token of a covenant between me every beast will Î require it; and at

66 and the earth. 14. And it shall come “ the hand of man, at the hand of every “ to pass, when I bring a cloud over “ man's brother will I require the life " the earth, that the bow shall be seen

6. Whoso sheddeth man's “ in the cloud : 15. And I will remem“ blood, by man shall his blood be shed: my

covenant which is between me, “ for (s) in the image of God made he " and you, and every living creature of o man.

7. And you, be ye fruitful and « all flesh; and the waters shall no more “ multiply; bring forth abundantly in the “ become a flood to destroy all flesh. " earth, and multiply therein.” 8. And “ 16. And the bow shall be in the cloud, God spake unto Noah, and to his sons

66 and I will look upon it, that (x) I may with him, saying, 9. “ And I, behold, “ remember the everlasting covenant “ I establish my covenant with


and “ between God and every living creature " with your seed after you; 10. And “ of all flesh that is upon the earth.”. “ with every living creature that is with 17. And God said unto Noah,

6 This you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of " is the token of the covenant which I “every beast of the earth with


from “ have established between me and all “ all that go out of the ark, to every beast “ flesh, that is upon the earth.” 18. And “ of the earth. 1]. And I will establish the sons of Noah that went forth of the

my covenant with you, neither (t) shall ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Ja“ all flesh be cut off any more by the pheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.

waters of a flood: neither shall there 19. These are the three sons of Noah : “any more be a flood to destroy the and (y) of them was the whole earth “ earth.”

12. And God said, “This is overspread. “ the token of the covenant which I

precious in God's sight, and that God had

great atonement by the blood of the still as great an abhorrence of murder, the Messiah. wilful killing of man, as before.

(9) v.5. “ Your blood of your lives, &c." (p) v. 4. With the life thereof, which They were not to suppose, from the licence “ is the blood thereof, &c.” The meaning to kill animals, that the life of man was to of this command was, (as some suppose,) be less sacred than before, and this inthat they should not take off a part from junction is introduced to put them most the living animal, which would be most particularly upon their guard against this cruel, or that they should not eat it imme- high offence. diately after its death, before the blood had (r) “ Require." Psalm ix. 12. speaks properly drained from it, or before it had of God as “ making inquisition for blood,” been properly dressed: but the more gene. as if it were particularly his care to bring ral understanding is, that it was intended murder to light. altogether to prohibit the eating of blood; (s) v. 6. For in the image, &c.” that the blood might be deemed sacred, striking reason, to point out the enormity and dedicated to God. It was a special of the offence, and the presumption in cominjunction afterwards to the Israelites not mitting it. to eat blood, but to pour it upon the earth (t) v. 11. “ Neither, &c." or, “ that all “ like water, Lev. xvii. 13.-Deut. xii. 23." 6 Aesh shall never more be cut off, &c.” and this reason is given for it, Lev. xvii. 11. Wils. 16. " for the life of the flesh is in the blood : (u) v. 13. “My bow," called, Ps. Ixxxix. ** and I have given it to you upon the altar, 36. “ the faithful witness in heaven." See " to make an atonement for your souls : II. a. 28. “for it is the blood that maketh an atone- (.x) 16." That I may remember, &c." or "ment for your souls." The object pro- “ for a memorial of. Wils. 17." bably was, to prepare their minds for the

(y) v. 19. “Of them, &c.” All the histo


took Sarai his wife, and Lot his broCHAP. XII.

ther's son, and all their substance that Now the Lord (z) had said unto they had gathered, and the souls that Abram, “ Get thee out of thy country, they had gotten in Haran; and they o and from thy kindred, and from thy went forth to go into the land of Canaan, “ father's house, unto a land that I will and into the land of Canaan they came. « shew thee. 2. And I will make of 6. And Abram passed through the land “thee (a) a great nation, and I will bless unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain “ thee, and make thy name great; and of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then “ thou shalt be a blessing. 3. And I will in the land. 7. And the LORD appeared “ bless them that bless thee, and curse unto Abram, and said, “ Unto thy seed “ him that curseth thee: and (6) in “ will I give this land:” and there build“ thee shall all families of the earth be ed he an altar unto the LORD, who ap« blessed.” 4. (c) So Abram departed, peared unto him. 8. And he removed as the Lord had spoken unto him; and from thence unto a mountain on the Lot went with him: And Abram was east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, seventy and five years old when he de having Beth-el on the west, and Hai on parted out of Haran. 5. And Abram the east; and there he builded an altar ries of ancient nations are consistent with son, (amongst whom are the Saracens and this account. Noah is the Saturn of many Arabs of the present day) and besides the nations, Pole ; 3 Hales, 15; the Xisuthrus descendants of Esau, (one of Abraham's of the Chaldeans, 1 Shuckf. 101. 1 Newt. grandsons, the descendants of his other 148, 149; the Fohi of the Chinese, 1 Shuckf. grandson (Jacob) had so multiplied in less 102; and the Bacchus of the Indians, than 500 years, that the males of eleven of 2 Shuckf. 50.

the tribes, from twenty years old and up(z) v. 1.“ Had said,” or “ said." There wards, that were able to go to war, (ex. is nothing in the original to insinuate that cluding therefore old men, women, and the narrative refers to an antecedent com- children), were 603,550 ; the males of the mand. Terah, Abraham's father, had be- other tribe, from two years old and upfore this taken Abraham and Sarah and wards, were 22,000. See Numb. i. 46. Lot from Ur of the Chaldees, in Mesopot- Numb. iii. 39. See also post, Exod. xii

. 37. amia, in order to go into the land of Ca- - And the Jews, a part of his descendants, naan; but when they reached Haran, which have formed a distinct people to the prewas also in Mesopotamia, 300 miles from sent time. the land of Canaan, they stopped and dwelt (6) v. 3. “ In thee, &c." One of the there. See Gen. xi. 31. Abulfaragi says, promises to Abraham! Others occur, Gen. they sojourned there 14 years. 2 Hales, xviii. 18. “ All the nations of the earth 123. This, therefore, was a command to “ shall be blessed in him;" and Gen. xxii. Abraham to advance from Haran. In 18.“ In thy (viz. Abraham's) seed shall all Acts vii. 2, 3. St. Stephen says, “the God “ the nations of the earth be blessed." I “ of glory appeared unto our father Abra- was by bis seed (viz. Christ) that the ser. * ham, when he was in Mesopotamia, be- pent's head was bruised, that a way was “ fore he dwelt in Charran (i. e. Haran), opened for avoiding that curse which “ and said unto him, “Get thee out of thy Adam's sin had introduced, and that ever“ country, and from thy kindred, and come lasting life was made attainable by all the “ into the land which I shall shew thee. nations of the earth. “ Then came he out of the land of the (c) v. 4. “So Abraham departed." Abra “ Chaldeans, and dwelt in Charran : and ham had 300 miles to go to Canaan; he “ from thence when his father was dead, had no knowledge of the country, and had « he removed him into this land, wherein to pass the dangerous and barren desarts “ye now dwell.” There might therefore of Palmeryna. Patr. His obedience is ac have been two commands, one whilst they cordingly applauded, Heb. xi. 8.“ By faith were at Ur, in Terah's life-time, the other “ Abraham, when he was called to go out whilst they were at Haran, after Terah's “ into a place which he should after redeath. See Poole. 2 Hales, 123 to 125. “ceive for an inheritance, obeyed : and he

(a) v. 2. “A great natiou.” Besides the went out, not knowing whither he ment." descendants of Ishmael, Abraham's first See 1 Chrys. 256.

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very fair.

unto the Lord, and called upon the day. 2. And he lift up his eyes, and name of the LORD. 9. And Abram looked, and lo, three (k) men stood by journeyed, going on still towards the him: and when he saw them, he ran to south. 10. And there was a famine in meet them from the tent-door, and bowthe land : and Abram went down into ed himself toward the ground, 3. and Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine said, “ My Lord, if now I have found was grievous in the land. 11. And it “ favour in thy sight, pass not away, I came to pass when he was come near to pray thee, from thy servant. 4. Let a enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai “ little water, I pray you, be fetched, his wife, “ Behold, now I know that " and wash your feet, and rest your“ thou art a fair woman to look upon. 66 selves under the tree. 5. And I will “ 12. Therefore it shall come to pass, “ fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort “when the Egyptians shall see thee “ye your hearts; after that you shall “ that they shall say, This is his pass on: for therefore are ye come “ wife : and they will kill me, but they “ to your servant.” And they said, “ So “ will save thee alive. 13. Say, I pray “ do, as thou hast said.” 6. And Abra

thee, thou art my sister : that it may ham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, “ be well with me for thy sake; and (d) and said, “ Make ready quickly three “my soul shall live because of thee." measures of fine meal, knead it, and 14. And it came to pass, that when “ make cakes upon the hearth.” 7. And Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyp- Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht tians beheld the woman that she was a calf tender and good, and gave it unto 15. The princes also of Pha

a young man; and he hasted to dress it. raoh saw her, and commended her be- 8. And he took butter, and milk, and fore Pharaoh : and the woman was the calf which he had dressed, and set taken into Pharaoh's house. 16. And it before them; and he stood by them he entreated Abram well for her sake: under the tree, and they did eat. 9. And and he had sheep, and oxen, and her they said unto him, “Where is Sarah asses, and men-servants, and maid-serv- “ thy wife?” And he said, “ Behold, ants, and she-asses, and camels. 17. And 66 in the tent." 10. And he said, “I the Lordplagued Pharaoh and his house “ will certainly return unto thee accordwith great plagues, because of Sarai

“ing to the time of life; and lo, Sarah Abram's wife. 18. And Pharaoh called “ thy wife shall have a son.” And SaAbram, and said, “ What is this that rah heard it in the tent-door, which was " thou hast done unto me? Why didst behind him. 11. Now Abraham and “thou not tell me that she was thy wife? Sarah were (i) old, and well stricken in “19. Why saidst thou, She is my sister? age: and it ceased to be with Sarah

so I might have taken her to me to after the manner of women. 12. There" wife: now, therefore behold thy wife, fore Sarah laughed within herself, say"take her, and go thy way.” 20. And ing, “After I am waxen old, shall I have Pharaoh commanded his men concern- “ pleasure, my lord being old also ?” ing him: and they sent him away, and 13. And (k) the Lord said unto Abrahis wife, and all that he had.

ham, “Wherefore did Sarah laugh, sayCHAP. XVIII.

“ ing, Shall I of a surety bear a child, And (e) the Lord appeared unto (8)

66 which am old? 14. Is

any thing too him in the plains of Mamre: and he (g)

" hard for the LORD? At the time apsat in the tent-door, in the heat of the

pointed will I return unto thee, ac(d) v. 13. “ My soul shall live," i.e. “I angels. 2 Hales, 131. and so Justin M. Dial. life.”

cum Tryphone, 275. (e) v. 1.“ The Lord." Heb.“ Jehovah." (i) v. ll. “ Old.” See Is, li. l. note. (g) “ Him” and “ he" i.e. " Abraham." Rom. iv. 18 to 22. and Heb. xi. 11, 12.

() v. 2. “ Three men" i.e. (as Dr. Hales (k) v. 13. 17. 20. 26. 33. “ The Lord." apprehends) the Lord and two attendant Heb. “Jehovah.". Gr. "Kúpros."

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“ cording to the time of life, and Sarah “ 25. That be far from thee to do after 66 shall have a son.” 15. Then Sarah “ this manner, to slay the righteous with denied, saying, “ I laughed not :" for “the wicked: and that the righteous she was afraid. And he said, “ Nay, 6 should be as the wicked, that be far “ but thou didst laugh.” 16. And the “ from thee: shall not the judge of all men rose up from thence, and looked “ the earth do right?" 26. And the towards Sodom: And Abraham went LORD said, “If I find in Sodom fifty with them to bring them on the righteous within the city, then I will 17. And the LORD said, “ Shall I hide spare all the place for their sakes." “ from Abraham that thing which I do; 27. And Abraham answered, and said, “ 18. seeing that Abraham shall surely “ Behold now, (m) I have taken upon me “ become a great and mighty nation, and “ to speak unto the (n) LORD, which am “ (l) all the nations of the earth shall 6 but dust and ashes. 28. Peradventure “ be blessed in him ? 19. For I know “ there shall lack five of the fifty right• him, that he will command his chil- eous: wilt thou destroy all the city for “dren, and his houshold after him, and lack of five ? And he said, “If I " they shall keep the way of the LORD, “ find there forty and five, I will not “ to do justice and judgment; that destroy it.29. And he spake unto “the Lord may bring upon Abra- him yet again, and said, “ Peradventure " ham that which he hath spoken of “ there shall be forty found there." And “ him.” 20. And the Lord said, “ Be- he said, “I will not do it for forty's “ cause the cry

of Sodom and Gomorrah “ sake.” 30. And he said unto him, "O, “ is great, and because their sin is very “ let not the (n) Lord be angry, and I

grievous; 21. I will go down now, and “ will speak : Peradventure there shall “ see whether they have done altogether " thirty be found there.”. And he said, “ according to the cry of it, which is “ I will not do it, if I find thirty there." “ come unto me; and if not, I will 31. And he said, “ Behold now, I have “ know.” 22. And the men turned their “ taken upon me to speak into the (n) faces from thence, and went towards “ Lord : Peradventure there shall be Sodom : but Abraham stood yet before twenty found there." And he said, " ] the LORD. 23. And Abraham drew “ will not destroy it for twenty's sake." near, and said, “ Wilt thou also de- 82. And he said, “0, let not the(n) “ stroy the righteous with the wicked ? “ LORD be angry, and I will speak yet “ 24. Peradventure there be fifty right- 6 but this once : Peradventure ten shall “ eous within the city : wilt thou also “ be found there." And he said, " I “ destroy, and not spare the place for “ will not destroy it (0) for ten's sake." “ the fifty righteous that are therein? 33. And the LORD (P) went his way as

(l) v. 18.“ All the nations, &c." because fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth from him the Messiah, the great Redeemer, “ much. Jam. v. 16.” And though God should descend. See ante, note on Gen. has spoken, “concerning a nation, and xii. 3.

“ concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and (m) v. 27. “ I, &c.” or “ I, which am but

“ to pull down, and to destroy it, if that na“ dust and ashes, have taken upon me to “tion against whom he has pronounced, " speak unto the Lord.”

turn from their evil, God will repent of (n) v. 27. 30, 31, 32. “ The Lord.” Heb.

“ the evil that he thought to do unto them. “ Adonai."

“ Jer. xviji. 7, 8." Goodness, therefore, (o) v. 32. “ For ten's sake.” So that

may be the truest patriotism. there may be cases in which the fate of a

(p) v. 33. “ The Lord.” “ And who was country may depend upon the goodness of “this, (says Eusebius,) that appeared in one person. The aggregate of goodness or “ the likeness of man" (see v. 2.), but he wickedness in any place is made up of the " who subsisted before all things, the goodness or wickedness of individuals, and “ Word of God, Euseb. Eccl. Hist, b. i. the addition of one to the number of the "c. 2. p. 4. and c. 4. p. 12." good may avert God's vengeance. " The

his place.

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soon as he had left communing with put forth their hand, and pulled Lot Abraham : and Abraham returned unto into the house to them, and shut to the

door. 11. And they smote the men that

were at the door of the house, with CHAP. XIX.- to verse 30.

blindness, both small and great : so that

they wearied themselves to find the door. And there came two (q) angels to So- 12. And the men said unto Lot, “ Hast dom at even; and Lot sat in the

of 66 thou here


besides ? son in law, and Sodom; and Lot seeing them, rose up to “thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatmeet them; and he bowed himself with “soever thou hast in the city, bring his face upon the ground; 2. And he them out of this place. 13. For we said, “Behold now my (r) lords, turn in, 6 will destroy this place: because the “I pray you, into your servant's house,

cry of them is waxen great before the "and tarry all night, and wash your “ face of the Lord, and the Lord hath “ feet, and ye shall rise up early, and “ sent us to destroy it.” 14. And Lot go on your ways." And they said, went out, and spake unto his sons in

Nay, but we will abide in the street law, which married his daughters, and “ all night.” 3. And he pressed upon said, “ Up, get ye out of this place; for them greatly; and they turned in unto - the (s) Lord will destroy this city;" him, and entered into his house: and he but he seemed as one that mocked unto made them a feast, and did bake unleav- his sons in law. 15. And when the ened bread, and they did eat. 4. But morning arose, then the angels hastened before they lay down, the men of the city, Lot, saying, “ Arise, take thy wife, and even the men of Sodom, compassed the “thy two daughters, which are here; house round, both old and young, all “ lest thou be consumed in the iniquity the people from every quarter. 5. And “ of the city.” 16. And while he linthey called unto Lot, and said unto him, gered, the men laid hold upon his hand, " Where are the men which came in to and upon the hand of his wife, and " thee this night? bring them out unto upon the hand of his two daughters; “ us, that we may know them.” 6. And the (s) LORD being merciful unto him : Lot went out at the door unto them, and and they brought him forth, and set shut the door after him. 7. And said, him without the city. 17. And it came " I pray you, brethren, do not so wick

to pass, when they had brought them “edly. 8. Behold now, I have two forth abroad, that he said, “ Escape for “ daughters, which have not known “thy life; look not behind thee; nei“man; let me, I pray you, bring them “ther stay thou in all the plain; escape out unto you,

and do
ye to them as is

“ to the mountain, lest thou be con“ good in your eyes : only unto these “ sumed.” 18. And Lot said unto them,

men do nothing; for therefore came “ O not so, my (t) lord. 19. Behold " they under the shadow of my roof.” now, thy servant hath found grace in 9. And they said, “ Stand back.” And “ thy sight, and thou hast magnified they said again, “ This one fellow came “thy mercy, which thou hast shewed “in to sojourn, and he will needs be a “ unto me in saving my life; and I * judge.” Now will we deal worse with

“ cannot escape to the mountain, lest thee than with them. And they pressed

evil take me, and I die. 20. Besore upon the man, even Lot, and came “ hold now this city is near to fee unto, near to break the door. 10. But the men 6 and it is a little one: O let me escape


(9) v. 1.“ Two angels," i. e. “ the two " who had been with Abraham in the pre.

ceding chapter." Justin M. considers that they proceeded on their way, whilst the third person called “the Lord,". (one of the persons of the Trinity,) was commun

ing with Abraham. Dial. cum Tryphone, 279.

(r) v. 2. “ My lords," Hebr. “ Adonai,"

(s) v. 14. 16. 24. 27. • The Lord," Hebr. “ Jehovah."

(1) v. 18. “ My lord,” Hebr. “ Adonai,”


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