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THE MISSIONARY MAP OF THE WORLD. MAP like this, however carefully it may be done, cannot but be Fourthly, the density of population entirely fails to be shown. The

rather deceptive. First, the scale is too small to define the boun- Christianity of Australia and North-West America covers as large a space *daries of the various religions with accuracy. Secondly, the same in the map as the heathepism of India or China, although the latter area frequently contains, as in the Turkish Empire, India, and North comprises as many millions of souls as the former does thousands. Africa, large populations professing different religions, which can only be The Map, therefore, affords no true idea of the “darkness that covers roughly indicated by bars with different shading. Thirdly, it is not the earth, and gross darkness the people”—of the immense mass of ignopossible to have so many shadings in a wood engraving as we can have rance and superstition yet untouched by missionary effort. Still it is colours in a tinted map (as in the Church Missionary Atlas); so that all interesting as far as it goes; and for the relative numbers of_souls pronon-Protestant Christendom, whether Roman or Greek or Armenian, &o., fessing different forms of religion we must look rather to the Diagram of has to appear with one shade, and Buddhism and Brabmanism cannot be the Population of the World printed in the GLEANER of Feb., 1881, and distinguished, as they should be, from the simpler Paganism of Africa. in the Church Missionary Almanack for this year.

and in Kashmir, and the great Afghan Mission at Peshawar ; | his new church, and the patient labours of our English brethren rejoicing as we go to see both clergy and laity who were once among the proud Mohammedans; and then to Tinnevelly, where Moslems or Sikhs or Hindu idolaters.

we must remain a long while indeed if we are to accompany Turning eastward, and coming down into the great valley of Bishop Sargent to all the 875 villages where the 53,000 C.M.S. the Ganges, we move on to Agra, and Lucknow, and Allahabad, Native Christians live (besides many more of S.P.G.), and say a and Benares, and Gorakpur, and many other places, with here a kind word to all the sixty C.M.S. Native clergy, and worship in college and there an orphanage, here a Christian village and there the great churches with their immense congregations, and visit all a vigorous evangelistic agency, and schools of all sorts everywhere, the girls' schools that Mr. Lash started, and go over the scene of and numerous Christian congregations. Then a tour southwards Ragland's itinerant preachings, where the Rev. V. Vedhanayagam into Central India, to see the zealous young missionaries among the now works so admirably. We must not tarry; we must cross the aboriginal Bheels at Khairwarra and the Gônds at Jubbulpore and Ghauts into Travancore and Cochin, and see Bishop Speechly Mandla ; and back to see the similar work among the Santâls in the midst of his sixteen Native clergy and 19,000 Christians, of Bengal, where two thousand Christians and four Native and thank God for the colleges and churches and widely extended clergymen, the fruit of scarcely twenty years work, are ready to missions that tell of the labours of those who are gone, Bailey welcome us. Then down into Lower Bengal, visiting village and the Bakers and Peet and Hawksworth, and many others. after village in Krishnagar ; and so to Calcutta, where the vacant Leaping, like Hanuman, the monkey-god in the great Hindu places of Welland and Vaughan remind us how short the time is, epic, across the straits into Ceylon, we find our missionaries and how weak the C.M.S. is in the capital of India, despite its labouring among two classes of people, the Tamils and the Divinity College and Boarding Schools and Christian congrega- Singhalese, in the central hill-country covered with the far-famed tions, and work among all castes and classes, from the Brahmin coffee plantations, in the low country at Colombo and Cotta and graduate of Calcutta University to the poor leper in the hospital. Baddegama, and in the northern peninsula of Jaffna ; and we

Another steamer now carries us across the Bay of Bengal to rejoice to see growing congregations and faithful Native clergy of Southern India. Landing at Masulipatam, we visit the tomb of both races, and to inspect the flourishing schools of all grades at Robert Noble, and his School, and his Brahmin converts; and then Kandy and Cotta and Jaffna. And the sight of Christian coolies by boat and bullock cart travel over the flat plains between the who are immigrants from India reminds us that we must pay a Kistna and the Godavery, everywhere received by faithful flying visit to the little island of Mauritius, 2,000 miles off in the missionaries and humble Christian villagers ; not forgetting Indian Ocean, to see a similar blessing upon a similar work. go General Haig and his Koi Mission far up the latter river. We now go on eastward to Ch a. First we touch at Hong Then on southward to Madras, to see Mr. Satthianadhan and Kong, and look in at the evening preaching in St. Stephen's

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Church, so vividly depicted in one of our recent pictures. Then up the coast to Fuh-Chow; and here we shall have to occupy many weeks in trudging up and down mountain paths to visit the hundred towns and villages occupied in the Fuh-Kien Province. Still we are only in South China : Mid-China comes next; and here, in the great slow canal-boats, Bishop Moule will conduct us from Ningpo to Shaou-hing, and from Shaou-hing to Hang-chow, and also to many smaller places, all with their little bands of Chinese believers. It is pleasant to see them, and we thank God for them ; yet the overwhelming feeling is, What are all of these, missionaries and teachers and converts too, among so many ? Even after visiting all the stations of all the societies in China, and counting more than forty thousand converts, we remember this is only one Christian to every 9,999 heathen!

But we must still push on towards the rising sun. Japan awaits our visit; and here, while admiring the great work of the American societies, we rejoice to find our own missionaries at Nagasaki, and at Osaka, and at Tokio, and at Niigata, and at Hakodate, and to meet many true and intelligent Japanese Christians gathered round them.

We are now looking out over the broad Pacific ; and across that ocean we must speed our course. The mail steamer will land us at San Francisco; and thence another steamer will carry us northwards to the coast of British Columbia. Long before we reach Metlakahtla we shall hear its fame; and presently we find it is by no means a solitary post, but that at Fort Rupert among the Quoquolts, and in Queen Charlotte's Islands among the Hydahs, and up the Nass and Skeena rivers among the Kitiksheans, our brethren are at work. But we want to get across the Rocky Mountains. The easiest way will be to return to San Francisco, take the Pacific Railroad half across the United States, and then go by the branch railway north to Winnipeg, the flourishing capital of Manitoba, close by the spot where, sixty years ago, the early C.M.S. missionaries lived in a log-hut among the Indians. But we can still find log-huts to lodge in if we like.

If only we give time enough—say three years—we may traverse those vast dioceses of Rupert's Land, and Saskatchewan, and Moosonee, and Athabasca, and find station after station, and missionary after missionary, until we stand among the Esquimaux on the shores of the Polar Sea. Our canoe-men and carriole-drivers are Red Indians, but they will sing their hymns and join in prayer together ere they dig out their snow bed at night or march on in the morning; and we thank God with full hearts for such trophies of His grace.

Which way shall we at length bend our course homewards ? Let us take the annual ship from Moose or York in Hudson's Bay, and, escaping (D.V.) the icebergs of Hudson's Strait and the Labrador coast, we cross the North Atlantic and at last sight the Orkneys.

But stop a moment. Even now we have left part of our task undone ; we have missed New Zealand ! A special voyage must be made to get there ; and what shall we find ?

In one part, where Marsden landed among the cannibals seventy years ago, and slept soundly in their midst, smiling Christian villages and pretty churches. In other parts, flourishing colonies of white men, with whom, in the Colonial Parliament, Maori M.P.'s debate on equal terms; while twenty-seven faithful Maori clergymen (besides ten others gone to their rest) are ministering to happy and prosperous Maori flocks.

The devil here, too, has been busy, as everywhere ; and his best instruments are not coloured men ; yet we can rejoice in the thousands of Maori believers that have died in the faith of Christ, and the thousands more that live to praise Him.

So at last we return to highly privileged England with this prayer on our lips :

"Bid the glorious Mission speed from sea to sea,
Till the whole creation worship only Thee !"

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE. 1799. Foundation of the Society, at the Castle and Falcon, Aldersgate

Street, April 12th. Rev. Thomas Scott, first Secretary.
Letter sent to the Archbishop of Canterbury, trusting that he would

be pleased favourably to regard this attempt to extend the benefits

of Christianity," July 1st. 1800. The Archbishop of Canterbury, after thirteen months' delay, having at

length "acquiesced in the hope expressed that the Society might go forward," the Committee resolved to proceed in their great design

with all the activity possible," August 4th. First linguistic and translational work undertaken, in the Susu language ;

and proposals considered for similar work in Arabic and Chinese. 1801. T. Scott preached first annual sermon, May 26th.

Proposals for translation of Scriptures into Persian.
1802. Proposals for missionary work in Greece, Tartary, and Ceylon.

Rev. Josiah Pratt appointed Secretary,
M. Renner and P. Hartwig, from the Berlin Seminary, accepted as the

first missionaries of the Society. 1803. Henry Martyn corresponding with the Society with a view to missionary

work (but took East Indian Chaplaincy instead). 1804. First congregational collections for the Society,

Renner and Hartwig sailed for West Africa, March 8th. 1805. First Local (congregational) Association started at Bentinck Chapel

Paddington, by Rev. Basil Woodd. 1806. Second band of missionaries (three) sailed for West Africa, 1807. First C.M.S. grant to India : £200 for translational work.

Slave Trade abolished.
1808. Mission at Rio Pongas, West Africa, begun.

Marsden proposed a Mission to New Zealand.
First Sunday school collection for the Society, on Christmas Day, at

Matlock, £4 113. 5d. 1809. First missionaries (Hall and King) sailed for New South Wales, August

25th, to reach New Zealand when possible. 1811. Admiral Lord Gambier first President of C.M.S. 1812. Claudius Buchanan, at request of C.M.S., wrote a work advocating an

Episcopate in India. 1813. New Charter to East India Co. opened the door for Missions in India,

Agra Mission begun by Abdul Masih.

First large Associations in aid of the Society formed at Bristol, &c. 1814. First C.M.S. missionaries sent to India : Rhenius to Madras.

Missionaries sent out in 1809 landed in New Zealand. S. Marsden

preached first sermon there on Christmas Day. 1815. Greenwood and Norton sent to India (first two clergymen of the Church

of England to go out as missionaries). Rev. W. Jowetto (first University graduate sent out: 12th Wrangler)

began Mediterranean Mission, at Malta.

Rev. E. Bickersteth appointed Secretary. 1816. Sierra Leone Mission begun; E. Bickersteth's visit; first baptisms, on

Easter Day.
Travancore Mission begun by Norton and Bailey.
Basle Missionary Seminary established, which afterwards gave 80

missionaries to C.M.S.
1817. Benares Mission begun.
1818. Ceylon Mission begun.
1819. Constantinople temporarily occupied.
1820. C.M.S. Tinnevelly Mission begun by Rhenius.

Bombay Mission begun. 1821. First Female Schools in India opened for C.M.S. by Miss Cooke. 1822. North-West America Mission begun by West, at Red River. 1823. Up. to this year fifty-three missionaries or missionaries' wives died in

West Africa. 1825. Islington Institution opened, Jan. 31st.

Abdul Masih ordained by Bishop Heber-first Native clergyman in any

Mission.
W. Williams (afterwards Bishop of Waiapu) to New Zealand; and S.

Gobat (afterwards Bishop of Jerusalem) to Abyssinia.

First baptism in New Zealand. 1826. West ludies Mission begun.

Egypt Mission begun.
Foundation stone of New Islington College laid, July 31st.
Fourah Bay Institution, Sierra Leone, established. Samuel Crowther

first name on the list.
1827. British Guiana Mission begun.
1830. Smyrna Mission begun.

John Devasagayam, first Native clergyman in Tinnevelly, ordained. 1832. W. Smith and Leupolt began their forty years' work at Benares,

Deccan (Western India) Mission begun. 1834. Krishnagar Mission begun.

Slavery abolished in British dominions, August 1st. 1835. Earl of Chichester President of C.M.S.

Waiapu and East Coast (N.Z.) Missions begun by W. Williams. 1837. Attempt to establish a Mission in Zululand.

Hadfield (now Bishop of Wellington) sailed for New Zealand. 1838. Missionaries expelled from Abyssinia.

C.M.S. Cottayam College, Travancore, opened. 1810. New Zealand ceded by Maori chiefs to British Crown. 1841. Henry Venn appointed Hon. Seć. of C.M.S.

Archbishops of Canterbury and York and Bishop of London joined the

Society.
Bishoprics of New Zealand and Jerusalem founded.

First Niger Expedition,

1878. Henry Venn steamer sent to Niger. Telugu Mission begun by Fox and Noble.

News of Smith and O'Neill's death in Africa. Fresh Expedition vid the 1813. Ordination of S. Crowther, first African clergyman, June 11th,

Nile. 1844. Krapf began the East Africa Mission at Mombasa.

Mpwapwa Mission begun. First C.M.S. missionaries to China: Smith and McClatchie.

Mission to the Gônds of Central India begun. 1845. Yoruba Mission begun.

Gift of £35,000 by Mr. W. C. Jones for Native Churches of India. 1846, Bishop Gobat consecrated to see of Jerusalem.

1879, Beluch Mission begun. 1818. Discoveries by Krapf and Rebmann in East Africa.

Alexandra Christian Girls' Boarding School opened at Amritsar. Ningpo Mission begun.

Voyage of the Ilenry Venn up the River Binue. Jubilee of C.M.S. celebrated, November 1st.

Bishops Ridley and Speechly consecrated to sees of Caledonia and 1849. Bishoprics of Victoria and Rupert's Land founded-G. Smith first Bishop

Travancore, July 25th. of Victoria,

1880. Mediation of the Archbishops and Bishops in the Ceylon Question. Church Missionary Intelligencer started by Rev. J. Ridgeway.

Rev. Henry Sutton appointed Central Sec, of C.M.S. 1850, Sindh Mission begun.

Henry Wright drowned, August 13th. Fuh-Kien Mission begun.

Bishop Moule consecrated, October 28th. French and Stuart (now Bps. of Lahore and Waiapu) sailed for India,

Mission to the Bheels of Rajputana begun. 1851, Palestine Mission began.

Rev. F. E. Wigram appointed Hon. Sec. of C.M.S.
Punjab Mission begun by Robert Clark.
Hudson's Bay Mission begun.

First baptism in China.
1852. Bishopric of Sierra Leone founded.

BISHOP WILBERFORCE ON THE CHURCH Lagos Mission begun.

MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 1853. Missionaries' Children's Home opened at Highbury.

First Native ordained in New Zealand, by Bishop Selwyn. 1854. Second Niger Expedition.

Extract from the Speech of Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, at the Ragland's Itinerant Mission in North Tinnevelly begun.

Jubilee Meeting of the Society, November 2nd, 1818. 1855. Afghan Mission begun at Peshawar by R. Clark and Pfander,

HEN I fix my mind on the humble room in which, fifty Tainil Cooly Mission established in Ceylon.

years ago, were gathered together that little company of Bishop Weeks consecrated to see of Sierra Leone.

overworked parish priests, labouring together day and night 1856. Mauritias Mission began.

in their holy vocation, in the midst of the almost overConstantinople Mission re-established, 1857, Indian Mutiny.

whelming multitude of the world of this metropolis, and North Pacific Mission begun.

called to mind what glorious thoughts were then struggling Niger Mission begun.

in their souls-what mighty impulses God's Spirit was working in their Bishop Bowen consecrated to see of Sierra Leone, September 21st. hearts-as I look back to that scene, I feel humbled with admiration and 1858, Oudh Mission begun,

wonder at the means then used for producing these great results. I Santal Mission begun.

hardly know of any period since the time when the whole Church of Athabasca Mission begun by Archdeacon Hunter. Speke discovered Victoria Nyanza, August 1st.

Christ was gathered together in that upper chamber, with the door shut 1859. Bishoprics of Waiapu and Wellington founded: W. Williams first Bishop

upon them for fear of the Jews, when mightier issues were struggling in of Vaiapu.

fewer miods. It was purely and entirely a work of faith. They under1860. Mission to Kois begun, under auspices of Col. Haig.

took that work, not as shallow and capricious men often undertake Sarah Tucker Female Institution established in Tinnevelly.

benevolent beginnings, to lay them aside at the first blast of a strong 1861. Lagos became a British settlement.

opposition, but gravely and thoughtfully, as men who knew that it was å 1862, New Church Missionary House opened, March 7th.

great thing to labour for God, and a mighty trust to begin anything in Sierra Leone Native Church organised on a self-supporting basis. furtherance of His kingdom. They saw the Church slumbering in the Hong Kong Mission begun. Metlakahtla Village founded.

midst of the world, and, all unlikely as it seemed to them that they could 1863, Madagascar Mission begun.

arouse its slumbering heart, they said, “Nevertheless, if God be willing, 1864. Bishop Crowther consecrated, June 29th.

we will go forth in this undertaking." Rev. C. C. Fenn appointed Sec. of C.M.S.

Many were the difficulties that arose in their onward path. There 1865. Volkner killed by Hauhaus in New Zealand, March 2nd.

was first the difficulty which always waits on any mighty work of GodKashmir Medical Mission begun by Dr. Elmslie.

the certain opposition to it always stirred up by the great enemy of Christ 1866. Bonny Mission begun.

and man, and exhibited in the hatred-in the direct opposition—in the 1867. Missionaries expelled from Abeokuta.

mocking scorn—and often in the cold and pretended sympathy-of the Bishop Ryan's Letter to Lord Chichester began movement against East world around them. But this was not their only difficulty. There was

African Slare Trade. 1868. Missionary Jubilee in Ceylon.

still a greater difficulty to be met and overcome. Not only were they First English missionary (Rev. G. Ensor) sent out by C.M.S. to Japan.

met by the opposition of the world, but by the utter coldness and apathy 1863, Rev. R. Bruce began Persia Mission,

of the Church herself. The beginning of this work was in what was First Native Church Council in Tinnevelly, February 12th.

perhaps the darkest and coldest time in the whole history of the Church 1870. Bishop Hadfield consecrated to see of Wellington, N.Z., October 9th. of England-a period of coldness and of darkness of which we in these Lahore Divinity College opened.

days, and with our knowledge of what now exists, can hardly have a con1871. Parliamentary Committee on East African Slave Trade obtained, mainly ception, without going patiently back and inquiring into the events and by exertions of C.M.S.

circumstances of that time, and comparing the principles of action in 1872. Henry Wright appointed Hon. Sec. of C.M.S. Bishops Royston, Russell , and Horden consecrated to sees of Mauritius, self-denial then current, with those which are now admitted and acted

every single department of Christian work, Christian labour, and Christian North China, and Moosonee, December 15th. First Day of Intercession, December 20th.

upon by all men. They lived at the close of a period when the Church 1873. Henry Venn died, January 13th.

was so apathetic, that not only had she done nothing towards her great Gift of £2,000 by Mr. W.C. Jones for support of Native evangelists.

work of evangelising the heathen, but allowed her influence at home to 1874. Church Missionary Gleaner started, in new and enlarged form, January 1st. wither and decay in her hand, leaving our own increasing population

Bishop Burdon consecrated to see of Victoria, Hong Kong, March 15th, to grow up in heathenism, and only showed her semi-vitality, or rather Bishop Bompas consecrated to see of Athabasca, May 3rd.

her anti-vitality, by casting out from her bosom that great and good man W. S. Price to East Africa, to revive Mombasa Mission.

—that saint of God-John Wesley. 1875, Rev. W. H. Barlow appointed Principal of 0.M. College. Persia Mission formally adopted by C.M.S.

It was at the close of such a period as this, when all was darkness Frere Town Freed Slave Settlement established.

around them, that God put these thoughts into the hearts of these men. Seychelles Mission begun.

They knew that God's Word remains sure, and they determined to act Important Conference at C.M. House on Missions to Mohammedans,

upon it; and so the blessing which waits always upon faithful endeavours October 20ch and 21st.

was vouchsafed unto them-not given at once, not given without days of Prince of Wales met Tinnevelly Christians, December 10th.

waiting, without nights of prayer, without self-denial, without the frown 1876. Victoria Nyanza Expedition started.

of the world, without " fightings without,” without “fears within";' but Fourah Bay College affiliated to Durham University. The “Ceylon Difficulty” with Bishop Copleston began.

given in God's time, given surely, given abundantly. Surely we may Mission in Queen Charlotte's Islands begun.

thank God heartily that He gave them the zeal, that He gave them the 1877. Conference at C.M. House on Missions to Non-Aryan Races of India,

wisdom, that He gave them the ability, to lay these foundations, upon February 21st.

which others since have built; that He suffered them in that day to Bishop Sargent consecrated for Tinnevelly, March 11th.

freight their vessel with His truth; that He allowed them, in the daring Bishop Stuart consecrated to see of Waiapu, December 9th.

of true faith, to set it upon the tides of His mysterious providence, Bishop French consecrated to see of Lahore, December 21st.

leaving to Him to guide its course, leaving to Him to accomplish its Constantinople and Smyrna Missions closed.

adventure.

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MISSIONARY ALMANACK.

FIpril.

6.38 p.m.

F. M. 3rd
.... 8.47 p.m.

N. M. 17th ..
L. Qr. Ilth .. 6.30 &.m.

F. Qr. 25th .. 13.35 å.m. CHRIST THE SAVIOUR.

[4. 14, 1 S The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world, 1 John

(upon an ass, Zec. 9. 9. 2 s 6th in Lent. He is just, and having salvation ; lowly, and riding

M. Ex. 9. Mat. 26. E. Ex. 10 or 11. Lu. 19. 28, or 20. 9-21. 3 M H. Budd d., 1875. Saved by His life, Ro. 5. 10. 4 T Stanley's meeting with Mtesa, 1875. Look unto Me, and be ye 5 W Behold the Lamb of God, John 1. 29. (saved, Is. 45. 22. 6 T He hath poured out His soul unto death, Is. 53. 12. 7 F Good Friday. Even the death of the cross, Phil, 2. 8.

M. Ge. 92. 1-20. Jo. 18. E. Is. 52. 13, & 53. 1 Pe. 2. 88 Miss, Children's Home opened, 1853. He shall save the children,

[Pg. 72. 4. 9|S Easter Day, Exalted to be a Prince and a Saviour, Acts 5. 31.

M. Ex. 12. 1-29. Rev. 1. 10_19. E. Ex. 12. 29, or 14. Jo. 30. 11-19, or Rev. 3. 10 M My spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour, Lu. 1. 47. 11 T My refuge, my Saviour, 2 Sam. 22. 3.

[Lu. 19. 10. 12 W C.M.S. established, 1799. To seek and to save that which was lost, 13 T Freed Slaves bapt. East Africa, 1879. Redeemed out of bondage,

[Deu. 13. 5. 14 F 1st Af. bapt. S. Leone, 1816. Redeemed from the hand of the 15 S Their Redeemer is mighty, Prov. 23. 11. [enemy, Ps. 107. 2.

[our justification. Ro. 4. 25. 16 S 18t. aft. Easter. Delivered for our offences, and raised again for

M. Nu. 16. 1-36. 1 Cor. 15. 1-29. E. Nu. 16. 36, or 17.1-12. Jo. 20, 24–30. 17 M The Author of eternal salvation, Heb. 5. 9. 18 T Proclam. of Sultan of Zanzibar against slavery, 1876. Who gave

[Himself a ransom for all, 1 Ti. 2. 6. 19 W One Mediator bet. God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 1 Ti. 2.5. 20 T 1st bapt. at Ningpo, 1851. His arm brought salvation, Is. 59. 16. 21 F Waganda Envoys arr., 1880. All flesh shall see the salvation of 22 S Show forth His salvation fr. day to day, Ps. 96.2. [God, Lu. 3. 6.

(1 Pet. 2. 21. 23 s 2nd aft. Easter. Christ suffered for us, leaving ns an example,

M. Nu. 20. 1-14. Lu. 17. 20. E. Nu. 20. 14 to 21. 10, or 21. 10. Eph. 6. 10. 24 M Say unto my soul, I am thy salvation, Ps. 35. 3. 25 T St. Mark. He loved me, and gave Himself for me, Gal. 2. 20. 26 W 1st bapt. at Kagoshima, 1879. Thy salvation cometh, Is. 62. 11. 27 T We look for the Saviour, Phil. 3. 20.

(Heb. 9. 28. 28 F Unto them that look for Him shall He appear the second time, 29 S Imad-ud-din bapt. 1866. Mighty to save, 18. 63. 1.

[Me there is no Saviour, Is. 43. 11. 30 S 3rd aft. Easter. 1st C.M.S. bapt. at Constantinople, 1862. Beside

M. Nu. 22. Lu. 21. 5. E. Nu. 23 24. Col. 2. 8.

THE CAMBRIDGE MISSIONARY EXHIBITION.
VERY remarkable sight was presented by the spacious Corn
Exchange at Cambridge on the 7th, 8th, and 9th of March. By

the enterprise of the Rev. John Barton, a Loan Exhibition of objects of interest from the various countries in which the Church Missionary Society labours had been projected, and articles had poured in from all parts of quarters. The result was most surprising. The Africa, India, China, Japan, and North America courts, as well as others, were full of interest; and everything was arranged with the utmost taste, Our only regret was that the Exhibition was so little known beyond its immediate locality, and that it could only be kept open three days. It ought to have been visited by the Society's friends from all parts of the country.

The place and the date of the Exhibition were singularly appropriate. It was Charles Simeon, of Cambridge, who originated the idea of a Church Missionary Society, and March 8th was the 78th anniversary of the sailing of the first missionaries for West Africa. It was impossible to walk round this Exhibition, and at the same time to look back to those days of old, without the exclamation rising to the lips, What hath God wrought!

THANK OFFERINGS-AN EXAMPLE WORTH

COPYING. IN the last C.M.S. Annual Report, among the contributions from Holy Trinity, Huddersfield, appeared the following suggestive list :

THANK OFFERINGS. For success in a new plan.......

£2 0 0 For a valuable life still spared.....

3 0 For one gone before.......

0 For a proof of love in chastening..

0 10 0 For recovery from illness .....

0 10 For comfort in sorrow.....

0 10 For good news from a far country..

0 10 0 For confirmation blessings...

0 10 0 For unity in the congregation......

1 0 0 For peace and contentment.........

0 10 For restored health .........

0 10 0 For one unknown....

1 1 For good health....

1 0 For a blessing on a Mothers' Meeting.

1 0 0 For the love of Jesus..

0 10 0 For a good purchase.......

5 0 For efficient help when wanted.

1 0 0 Census offering......

2 0

EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS, The annual C.M.S. sermon is fixed for Monday evening, May 1st, at St. Bride's, when (as before mentioned) the Bishop of Ossory will preach. The annual meetings will be held next day, Tuesday, May 2nd. Among the speakers appointed for the morning are Sir Bartle Frere, the Bishop of Victoria, Canon Tristram, the Rev. R. Bruce, and the Rev. R. C. Billing. The address at the Breakfast is to be given by the Rev. Canon T. Green, formerly Principal of the C.M. College. Bishop Cheetham, of Sierra Leone, will preside in the evening. Further arrangements are in progress.

We greatly regret to announce the retirement from the Principalship of the Church Missionary College of the Rev. W. H. Barlow, who has accepted the Vicarage of St. James's, Clapham.

On February 20th a social gathering and conference was held at the C.M. House for the purpose of considering the best ways of fostering Juvenile and Sunday-school Missionary Associations, which was attended by a large number of representatives from Sunday-schools supporting the Society. The Rev. F. E. Wigram presided ; and the Revs. J. M. West, H. Sutton, and Gordon Calthrop, General Hutchinson, and many others spoke. The con. ference was of a very practical and helpful character; and it is proposed to repeat the meetings three or four times each year.

Our last number quoted a letter from the Rev. J. Deck, Vicar of St. Stephen's, Hull, respecting the late Mr. Vaughan. Before that number appeared, Mr. Deck also had been taken to his rest. By his death the Society has lost a faithful friend, who for forty years promoted its interests in Hull. Another old and valued friend has also passed away, the Rev. R. Collins of Kirkbarton,

The Society's venerable missionary, the Rev. J. T. Wolters, of Smyrna, and Mrs. Wolters, died almost together on February 17th and 20th. Mr. Wolters, like Hoernle, Pfander, and others, was first a missionary of the Basle Society in North Persia, whither he went in 1832. On that Mission being expelled by the Russians, he, like them, joined the C.M.S. in 1837. He was stationed first at Syra, and then at Smyrna, and at the latter city he lived forty years, to the day of his death, although the Society's Mission was closed in 1877. His son, the Rev. T. F. Wolters, is one of our missionaries at Jerusalem.

The Rev. Piripi Kingi Patiki (i.e., Philip King Patiki), one of the C.M.S. Maori clergy, and the senior in the Diocese of Auckland, died on October 4th, at the age of about seventy. He was baptized by the Rev. W. Williams (afterwards Bishop of Waiapu), in 1839, and ordained by Bishop Selwyn in 1861. “As a preacher he was unequalled among the Maori clergy.'

We hear with much regret of the death of Isaac Nyondo, one of our best Native agents in East Africa. He was son of the late Abraham Abe Gunga, and for many years personal attendant to Mr. Rebmann, and he has worked most faithfully under the Rev. H. K. Binns, of Kisulutini. His portrait was in the GLEANER of May, 1877, with that of his wife “Polly."

In December there was a renewal of persecution at Bonny, the still heathen chiefs prohibiting the attendance of the Christians at church. Bishop Crowther advised them to stay away a Sunday or two until he could arrange with the chiefs ; but as the latter paid no attention to him, the people resolved to attend, and on Christmas Day between 400 and 500 were present at St. Stephen's. Two or three were arrested, and threatened with death ; but on the rest avowing themselves also guilty and demanding to be killed too, the chiefs gave way, and withdrew the prohibition.

On October 31st Archdeacon Crowther baptized cighty-six candidates at Bonny, of whom he writes, “They had all been well prepared in class. Most of them had been under training for the last eighteen months."

** In a footnote in our February number it was stated that the Rev. W. H. Perkins, S.P.G. missionary at Cawnpore, was killed in the Mutiny. This was a mistake, which we much regret. Mr. Perkins is living in England now.

Received:-From “The Little J's,” for Japan, 108.
“S. R." should apply to a good local printer.
"J. G. C.” is requested to write to the Rev. F. E. Wigram, Hon. Sec.

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NOTICE. THE CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER can be ordered through any bookseller in town and country. As accounts reach us that it is not always easily procured, we beg to say that it has never once been late in appearing, and there is no reason why it should not be in the hands of every subscriber by the 1st of the month. All back numbers are kept in stock. Orders can also be sent direct to Messrs. Seeley & Co., Fleet Street; or to the Church Missionary House, Salisbury Square, London, E.C. One copy, post free, 1}d.; for twelve months, 1s. 3d. Twelve copies, post free, 1s. 3d. ; for twelve months, 158. P. O. Orders payable to General George Hutchinson, Lay Secretary.

The GLEANER has been localised in several parishes as a Parochial Magazine. Apply to the printers, Messrs. James Truscott & Son, Suffolk Lane, E.C.

THE CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER.

MAY, 1882.

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THE WORKING TOGETHER

NOTES FROM EAST AFRICA.
OF GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE CHURCH IN THE
EXTENSION OF CHRIST'S KINGDOM.

Sent for the GLEANER by the Rev. W. S. PRICE.
BY THE Rev. J. B. WHITING, M.A., Vicar of St. Luke's, Ramsgate.

N December 9th, just three weeks from leaving Eng.

land, I landed at Zanzibar. A sudden transition IV.

from wintry winds and overcoats and snug firesides EADER, the Gospel is not only a priceless blessing

to the temperature of a Dutch oven, where everyto a sinner's own soul. Salvation sets the believer

body night and day is melting away, and the only free to work out the will of God in the salvation luxury is a bit of ice from the Sultan's machine. " of the world." "Ye are the light of the world ;” To my dismay I found I was just a week too late. The N.E.

“Ye are the salt of the earth.” To the disciples, monsoon had set in steadily, and as Frere Town, my destination, men and women, gathered on the side of Olivet, the ascending lies 120 miles to the north, I was sorely puzzled to know how Saviour said, “ Go ye into all the world;” “Ye shall be My to get there. Few native craft will venture the passage at this witnesses to the uttermost parts of the earth.”

season, and those that do are generally two or three weeks tackSince all cannot go, some must be sent as “ messengers of the ing about among reefs and currents before they reach the port. Churches." Where are the men, and of what sort are they? Zanzibar is not a pleasant town to live in at any time, especi

Before we reply, we must read another lesson out of the ally in the hot season and when you have nothing to do; and to Acts-8., xiii., xiv., xv. Driven by persecution, unauthorised make matters worse, just now, owing to the cruel massacre of evangelists went "as far as to Antioch.” Tidings came to“ the Captain Brownrigg by Arab slave-traders, the gloom of the shadow Church in Jerusalem." The watchful “ Church” immediately of death hangs over the place and finds its into

every house. sent a well-chosen man to guide and organise the company of The lamented officer was deservedly popular—a kind-hearted, believers. The evangelists, loyal to the Church at Jerusalem, at genial man, and the very life of the station—and so every one once acknowledged Barnabas. A “Church” was inmediately seems oppressed with a sense of personal bereavement. formed (xi. 26). In that Church “the middle wall of partition" No wonder I was restless and anxious to get away-longing to was completely broken down. Jew and Gentile were gathered reach Frere Town, and set about my work. But my wings were under one new name, the glorious name of Christian, which does clipt, and I had to learn, not for the first time, that, in East away with all race distinctions.

Africa, Patience is a cardinal virtue. My only comfort was in the In the city to which this high honour was given of finding a thought that the Lord knows all about it, and that no doubt there common name for converts of every land the foundation was is some good “ wherefore" for

my

detention. laid of Church missionary enterprise. Internal indications at At the end of a fortnight, one evening as I was at dinner, to my Antioch point to external action. To the believers assembled joy came a note from Colonel Miles to say that the Sultan was as a “Church the Holy Ghost manifests His will : “Separate sending some troops next day to Lamoo, and that His Highness me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called was kind enough to offer me a passage as far as Mombasa in his them.” The Church laid their hands on them after “prayer steamer. I gladly jumped at the offer, as giving me my only and fasting,” and “sent them away. So they being sent forth chance of escape perhaps for weeks to come.

Not that the prosby the Holy Ghost went away” to their missionary work. Herepect was in any way inviting, but it promised at least to give one is the combined action of the Holy Spirit with “ the Church " in a new experience, and some faint idea of what “the middle pas" that city," in the selection and mission of the men. On their

sage” used to be. return they rendered an account of all that the Holy Ghost had Next morning I rose with a light heart, packed up my traps, done by them in a missionary meeting of the Church (xiv. 27). and having taken a hasty leave of the Consul and other friends And " being brought on their way by the Church” at Antioch, who had shown me much kindness and hospitality, I went on board they were received of the Church at Jerusalem, and again related the Sultan's little Star. As it was nigh upon Christmas the name all that God had done by them.

naturally suggested to my mind “ the Star of the East”; but, In after years the Churches of whose formation we read in alas ! the happy train of thought this might have led to was soon the Acts are still separately exhorted to maintain a missionary sadly disturbed by my surroundings and the necessities of the spirit. The Roman Church must take a missionary interest in moment. Presently boat after boat came off laden with sepoys Spain. Some Churches must be "robbed that the Gospel going to the war in Lamoo, firing off guns and shrieking and may be preached in Corinth, giving “wages." The Thessa- yelling as only East Africans know how. Then came a scene of lonians must pray with missionary energy that “the Word of indescribable confusion. The decks swarmed with a dusky crowd God may have free course and be glorified.” To older Churches of men of all ages and sizes, clothed and armed after every posall owe the missionary labour which led to their conversion, and sible fashion, scrambling for places amidst piles of boxes and by " the Church" is made known the manifold wisdom of God. iron cooking-pots and kegs of powder. Soon after 5 P.m. the last How beautifully does Ephesians iv. blend the responsibilities of instalment came and we steamed away, and very glad I was to the individual with the action of the whole body!

find myself on the wing again, and to watch the Sultan's electric Thus the Churches were instructed to seek the spread of the light fade away in the distance. Saviour's kingdom. It was as much an essential part of their Verily it was a night long to be remembered. Pigs and sheep Christian life to unite in missionary operations as to unite in in a railway truck in England have a jolly time of it as compared public worship. Is this the case now? · Does the “ Church,” with our condition. Travelling under such circumstances makes or body of believers in each separate parish, find the missionary one acquainted with strange bed-fellows. Here in a boat with idea not only engaging attention now and then, but entering into bare accommodation for 20 passengers, there were 200 of the the substance of its “ life,” so that it can be said of that Church, dirtiest, noisiest, most disreputable-looking fellows that even " It is clothed with the testimony of Jesus”? How few are our Zanzibar could produce. Some of them were just recovering parochial “ churches” where the pleading of Isaiah is fully from small-pox, whilst others were suffering from disagreeable realised : “ Arise, shinc, for thy light is come!”

ulcers; and I had to shake down with this filthy herd in the best

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