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17. The Lord is righteous in
Psalm cxlvi. (a) all his ways : and holy in all Praise the Lord, O my soul ; his works.
while I live, will I praise the 18. The Lord is nigh unto all Lord : yea, as long as I have any them that call upon him : yea, being, I will sing praises unto my all such as call upon him faith God. fully.
2. O (6) put not your trust in 19. He will fulfil the desire of princes, nor in any child of man : them that fear him : he also for there is no help in them. will hear their cry, and will help
3. For when the breath of man them.
goeth forth (c), he shall turn 20. The Lord preserveth all
preserveth all again to his earth : and then all them that love him: but scat- his thoughts (d) perish. tereth abroad all the ungodly. 4. Blessed is he that hath the
21. My mouth shall speak the God of Jacob for his help : and praise of the Lord : and let all whose hope is in the Lord his Aesh give thanks unto his holy God; Name for ever and ever.
5. Who (e) made heaven and
(a) A spirited exhortation to trust in on whom permanent confidence, confiGod, and not in man; noticing God's dence for futurity, is to be placed ? power, beneficence, and care. It proba- (e) v. 5. “ Who, &c.” These characbly looks forward to the Messiah. See teristics agree accurately with what were note on verse 5. Dean Prideaux says, foretold of the Messiah, or are ascribed to “ This and the two following Psalms Christ. If the person here spoken of made “ seem to have been sung at the dedication heaven and earth, the sea and all that “ of the second temple;" and he gives therein is, it is said expressly of Christ, us his reason, that in the Sept., though (John i. 3.) “ all things were made by him, not in the Hebrew, they are styled the is and without him was not any thing made Psalms of Haggai and Zechariah, as if “that was made;" and Col. i. 15, 16. “ by they had been composed by them for “him were all things created that are in that occasion. 1. Prid. Conn. 191.
“ heaven, and that are in earth : all (6) v. 2. So Ps. cxviii. 8, 9. and the
were created by him and for folly of fearing man and disregarding “ him;" and Heb. i. 10, 11. ascribes to God, is finely expressed, Isaish li. 12, 13. him the passage in Ps. cii. 25. “ Thou “Who art thou, that thou shouldest be “ Lord in the beginning hast laid the “afraid of a man that shail die, and the “ foundation of the earth, and the heavens “son of man, that shall be made as grass ; “ are the work of thy hands.". If part of " and forgettest the Lord thy maker, that the character here be “ to help them to “ hath stretched forth the heavens, and “ right that suffer wrong," what else. “ laid the foundations of the earth ?" where are foretold as characteristics of So Isaiah ii. 22. “ Cease ye from man, the Messiah? According to Ps. lxxii. 24. “ whose breath is in his nostrils,” (that “ He was to keep the simple folk by their is, whose life depends upon so many ac- "right, defend the children of the poor, cidents) ; " for wherein is he to be
" and punish the wrong doer;" and, ac« accounted of?"
cording to Isaiah, “ with righteousness (c) v. 3. “Goeth forth," i. e." ceaseth,"
was he to judge the poor, and to reprove when he dies.
" with equity for the meek of the earth, (d) “ Thoughts," i. e. “ earthly plans
" Isaiah xi. 4.;
nor was he“ to fail or be " and devices : whatever he had been con- “discouraged, till he had set (or established) “ triving :" not that he will not hereafter "judgment in the earth, Isaiah xlii. 4.;" see have thoughts and other operations of the also Ps. Ixxii. 12, 13, 14. If the person here mind, but that whatever in this world he referred to was to loose men out of prison, had been setting his mind upon, would and to give sight to the blind, what was to be lost to him for ever. Is he then one be part of the office of the Messiah ?
earth, the sea, and all that therein are fallen : the Lord careth for is : who keepeth his promise for the righteous. ever ;
9. The Lord careth for the 6. Who (8) helpeth them to
helpeth them to strangers; he defendeth the faright that suffer wrong : who therless and widow : as for the feedeth the hungry.
way of the ungodly, he turneth it 7. The Lord looseth men out upside down. of prison : the Lord (h) giveth 10. The Lord thy God, O Sion, sight to the blind.
shall be King for evermore : and 8. The Lord helpeth them that throughout all generations.
" to open the blind eyes, to bring out the
“ another, Ps. Ixxii. 5." • Of the increase “ of his government and peace there “ shall be no end, upon the throne of
David and upon his kingdom, to order “ it and to establish it with judgment and “ with justice from henceforth, even for “ ever, Isaiah ix. 7." “ His kingdom is " that which shall never be destroyed, « Dan. ii. 44. - Dan, vii. 14.;" and in the language of the seventh angel, Rev. xi. 15. “ He shall reign for ever and ever." See 4. Hamm. 399.
(g) v. 6. Isaiah xxxv, 4.
Lessons for the Thirtieth Day of the Month throughout the Year,
September 30, October 30. November 30, Morn. Tobit iv. Morn. Ecclus. xii. Morn. Prov. xx. Mark iïi.
Luke xvi. (8) Acts i. (10) Even, Tobit vi. Even. Ecclus. xiii. | Even, Prov. xxi. 1 Cor. xv. (7) Phil. iv. (9)
Morn. Isa. lxiii. (11)
Acts xxvü. Even. Isa. lxiv.
(1) ante, 102. 134. (2) ante, 122.
(3) ante, 42.
(4) ante, 81,
(5) ante, 924. (10) ante, 162, 86.
8. Who covereth (n) the heaven
with clouds, and prepareth rain Psalm cxlvii. (i)
for the earth : and maketh the O PRAISE the Lord; for it is a
grass to grow upon the mountains, good thing to sing praises unto
and herb for the use of men. our God : yea, a joyful and 9. Who giveth fodder unto pleasant thing it is to be thankful. the cattle (0) : and feedeth the
2. The Lord doth (k) build up young ravens (P) that call upon Jerusalem : and gather (1) to- him. gether the outcasts of Israel. 10. He hath no pleasure in
3. He healeth those that are the strength (9) of a horse : broken in heart : and giveth neither delighteth he in any medicine to heal their sickness. man's (9) legs.
4. He telleth (m) the number 11. But the Lord's delight is in of the stars : and calleth them them that fear him: and put their all by their names.
trust in his mercy, 5. Great is our Lord, and great
12. Praise the Lord, O Jerusais his power : yea, and his wis- lem : praise thy God, O Sion. dom is infinite.
13. For he hath made fast (r) 6. The Lord setteth up the the bars of thy gates : and hath meek : and bringeth the ungodly blessed thy children within thee. down to the ground.
14. He maketh peace in thy 7. O sing unto the Lord with borders : and filleth thee with the thanksgiving : sing praises upon
four of wheat. the harp unto our God,
15. (s) He sendeth forth his
(i) An invocation to the praise of God, for his peculiar favour to the Jews in bringing them back from the Babylonish captivity, and re-establishing them in Jerusalem ; calling to mind the general wisdom, extent, and kindness of his providence, and his distinguishing attention to the people of Israel, by giving them particular statutes and ordinances in preference to all other nations.
(k) v. 2. “ The Lord doth, &c." i. e. “it is the Lord that doth it ; it is his
O“ Gather, &c.”
The same expression as Is. lvi. 8.“ The Lord God, which “ gathereth the outcasts of Israel ;" and see Isaiah xliii. 5, 6.
(m) v. 4. “ Telleth, &c." And he who had such knowledge would have no difficulty in knowing where every Jew was, and bringing every one back.
(n) “ Who covereth, &c.” The Psalm here
passes for a time to the consideration of God's general providence. See Psalm Ixv. 9, 10, 11.- Psalm civ. 6 to 15.
(0) v.9.“ Fodder, &c." or to the beast his " food, B. T.” Perhaps the wild beasts are
here intended, which are not provided for
It is with peculiar propriety they are mentioned, for the old ones are supposed to desert them as soon as they are hatched. Hamm. in loco. In the spirited and magnificent description of God's providence and power, Job xxxviii. the young ravens are described as crying unto God for sustenance, verse 41. “Who provides for the
raven his food? When his young ones
cry unto God, they wander for lack “ of meat." The passage in Job might suggest this in the Psalm.
(9) v. 10.“ Strength of a horse," and “ legs," i. e. “ bodily powers," "strength, “ and swiftness;" in contradistinction to what is mentioned in verse 11.“ the fearing “ him, and trusting in his mercy ;” the tribute of the mind; the homage of the understanding.
(r) v. 13. « Made fast, &c.” to protect thee from foreign enemies.
(s) v. 15. The meaning perhaps is, “ he commands, and the thing is instantly ye heavens :
commandment upon earth : and 3. Praise him, sun and moon : his word runneth very swiftly. (1) praise him, all ye stars and light. 16. He giveth
4. Praise him, all wool (u): and scattereth the hoar- and ye waters that are above the frost like ashes.
heavens. 17. He casteth forth his ice (2) 5. Let them praise the Name like morsels (y) : who is able to of the Lord : for he spake the abide his frost ?
word (b), and they were made ; 18. He sendeth out his word, he commanded, and they were and melteth them : he bloweth created. with his wind and the waters 6. He hath made them fast for flow.
ever and ever : he hath given 19. He sheweth his word (2) them a law (c) which shall not be unto Jacob : his statutes and ordi- broken. nances unto Israel.
7. Praise the Lord upon earth : 20. He hath not dealt so with ye dragons and all deeps. any nation : neither have the 8. Fire and hail, snow and vaheathen knowledge of his laws. pours : wind and storm fulfilling
his word ; (d) Psalm cxlviii. (a)
9. Mountains and all hills : O PRAISE the Lord of heaven : fruitful trees and all cedars; praise him in the height.
10. Beasts and all cattle : worms 2. Praise him, all ye angels of and feathered fowls; his : praise him, all his host.
11. Kings of the earth and all “ done : his word alone will terminate your and earth, and all things therein, animate “misery, and fill you with joy." The next and inanimate, to join in praising God. three verses illustrates this position ; " for Milton has imitated it in his Morning “ though he sends the keenest frost,” (a Hymn, Paradise Lost, B. v. I. 153 to 208. symbol of the afflictions you have had,) It is a strong and expressive figure to call “ he puts an end to it in an instant ; when upon his works to join in praising God, “ he commands, the waters flow.” because they furnish ground for praise. See
(t) “ Runneth very swiftly," i. e. (per- Psalm xix. 1.-Ps. Ixv. 14. and the note haps) “ is instantly fulfilled." See Psalm there ; Isaiah xliv. 23. and Isaiah xlix. 19. cxlviii. 5.
(6) v. 5. “ He spake the word, &c." (u) v. 16. “Like wool," perhaps from Not unlike the passage in Gen. i. 3. the largeness of the flakes.
“God said, Let there be light, and there (a) v. 17. “ Ice,” or “hail."
“ was light.” That passage is often noticed (y) " Morsels,” to intimate the size.
as a passage of unrivalled sublimity, beThe object is to give ideas of intense cold, cause it implies that the light was proand then to shew how speedily God's com- duced the instant the command issued: a mand disperses it.
proof of the perfect power of God! A (z) v. 19. “ His word.” So that Jacob similar passage occurs, Ps. xxxii. 9. " He (the Israelites) had his choicest blessings ; “ spake, and it was done ; he commanded, they were distinguished above all other « and it stood fast." nations. Moses asks (Deut. iv. 7, 8.) (c) v. 6. “ Law, &c.” So Ps. civ. 9. in “ Whạt nation is there so great, who hath speaking of the waters, it is said, “ thou “ God so nigh unto them, as the Lord our " hast set them their bounds which they “ God is in all things that we call upon
66 cannot pass.
See the note there. “ him for ? And what nation is there so (d) v. 8. “ Fulfilling his word,” i.e. "in
great, that hath statutes and judgments “ struments in his hands to execute his so righteous as all this law which I set purposes.” In Ps. xvii. 13. the ungodly “ before you this day?
is called " sword” of God. See note on (a) A spirited invocation to heaven Psalm xvii. 14.
people : princes and all judges of 5. Let the saints be joyful with the world ;
glory : let them rejoice in their 12. Young men and maidens, beds. old men and children, praise the 6. Let the praises of God be Name of the Lord : for his Name in their mouth and a two-edged only is excellent, and his praise sword in their hands ; above heaven and earth.
7. To be avenged of the hea13 He shall exalt the horn of then : and to rebuke the people. his people; all his saints shall 8. To bind their
their kings in praise him : even the children of chains : and their nobles with Israel, even the people that ser- links of iron. veth him.
9. That (h) they may be Psalm cxlix. (e)
avenged of them, as it is written : O SING unto the Lord a new
Such honour (1) have all his song : let the congregation of saints. saints praise him.
Psalm cl. (K) 2. Let Israel rejoice in him that made him : and let the children O PRAISE God in his holiness : of Sion be joyful in their King. praise him in the firmament of
3. Let them praise his Name in his power. the dance (8) : let them sing 2. Praise him in his noble acts : praises unto him with tabret and praise him according to his excelharp.
lent greatness. 4. For the Lord hath pleasure 3. Praise him in the sound of in his people : and helpeth the the trumpet : praise him upon the meek-hearted.
lute and harp.
(e) A spirited triumphal hymn, proba- house of Obededom, he danced before the bly upon some success against the heathen. Lord with all his might, 2 Sam. vi. 14. 16. It is not improbable it was written in Je- Dancing therefore was part of the solemboshaphat's time, when the children of nity. See Psalm cl. 4. Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir went (h) v. 9. “ That, &c.” or to execute up against Jehoshaphat, and God stirred upon them the vengeance written (or them up to destroy each other, which they “ decreed), B. T.” God directed the dedid; and Jehoshaphat and his people were struction of the Canaanites, (Deuter. vii. three days in gathering the spoil; after 2. 16.) and of the Amalekites, (1 Sam. xv. which they returned " to Jerusalem with 3.) and when God requires, man stands in "psalteries and harps and trumpets unto very
different situation than when he acts “ the house of the Lord.” See 2 Chron. of himself. “Vengeance is mine, I will rexx. & Ps. cxxxvi.
pay," saith the Lord; and when man, (g) v. 3. “ The dance." In the first (who has so much need of forgiveness for triumphal thanksgiving which occurs in himself,) in the pride of human power, and history, (that of Moses for the overthrow the insolence of human strength, takes of the Egyptians in the Red Sea,) the wo- upon himself to avenge, does he not enmen joined with timbrels, and with dances, croach upon the peculiar prerogative of Exod. xv. 20. When David slew Goliath, God? the women came out singing and dancing (2) “ Such honour," i. e." of being the to meet Saul. | Sam. xviji. 6. and they “ instruments to execute the vengeance sang to one another in dances, “ Saul hath “ God decrees.” “slain his thousands, and David his ten (he) A spirited invocation to praise " thousands." 1 Sam. xxi. 11. - xxix. 5. God. And when he brought up the ark from the