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(n) fish.

go free.

17. But he had sent a man be. 27. And these shewed his tokens fore them: even Joseph, who was among them : and wonders (i) in sold to be a bond-servant (C);

the land of Ham. 18. Whose feet they hurt in 28. He sent (k) darkness, and the stocks : the iron entered into it was dark: and they were not his soul;

obedient unto his word. 19. Until the time came that his 29. He turned their waters (1) cause was known: the word (d) of into (m) blood : and slew their the Lord tried (e) him.

20. The king sent and delivered 30. Their land brought forth him: the prince of the people let frogs : yea, even in their king's him

chambers. 21. He made him lord also of 31. He spake the word, and his house : and ruler of all his there came all manner of Aies : substance;

and lice (o) in all their quarters. 22. That he might inform his 32. He gave them hailstones (p) princes after his will: and teach for rain : and flames of fire in his senators wisdom.

their land. 23. Israel also came into Egypt: 33. He smote their vines also and Jacob was a stranger (8) in and fig-trees : and destroyed the the land of Ham. (h)

trees that were in their coasts. 24. And he increased his peo- 34. He spake the word, and ple exceedingly: and made them the (2) grasshoppers came, and stronger than their enemies; caterpillars innumerable: and did

25. Whose heart turned so, that eat up all the grass in their land, they hated his people : and dealt and devoured the fruit of their untruly with his servants.

ground. 26. Then sent he Moses his 35. He smote all the first-born servant : and Aaron whom he in their land: even the chief of had chosen;

all their strength.

(c) v. 17. “ A bond-servant:" not likely, (k) v. 28.“ Darkness," " which continued therefore, but through God's aid, to ad- “ for three days. Exod. x. 22.” In disvance their interests, or supply their paragement of one great object of Egyptian wants.

worship, the Sun. Bry. 140 to 161. (d) v. 19. “ The word, &c.” i. e. (per- (1) v. 29. “ Their waters,” which they haps) “ the power God gave him of inter- worshipped. Bryant, 15 to 19. "preting dreams."

(m)" Blood," which they abhorred. (e) • Tried him," i. e. “ distinguished Bryant, 21. “ him," “ brought him into notice,” (n) "Fish," which they also worshipped. “ proved his worth."

Bryant, 24 to 27. (g) v. 23. “ Was a stranger," or

(o) v. 31. “ Lice," which, from their "journed. B. T.”

affectation of external purity in their (h) “ The land of Ham,” i. e.“ Egypt.” | idolatrous worship, were peculiarly offen(i) v. 27. “ Wonders." The propriety sive and disgraceful. Bryant, 4, 5. &c. of these wonders with reference to the (p) v. 32. “ Hailstones :" calculated to peculiar circumstances of the Egyptians raise the greatest astonishment, because and the objects of their idolatry, is well in those parts it never hails or rains. pointed out by Mr. Bryant in his observa

Bryant, 109. tions on the plagues of Egypt. Bryant,

(9) v. 34. “Grasshoppers," or "locusts." 12 to 161.

Bryant, 120 to 140.


36. He brought them forth also stone, and the waters flowed with silver (r) and gold : there out: so that rivers ran in the was not one feeble person among dry places. their tribes.

41. For why? he remembered 37. Egypt was glad at their his holy promise : and Abraham departing : for they were afraid his servant. . of them.

42. And he brought forth his 38. He spread out a cloud to be people with joy : and his chosen a covering and fire to give light with gladness ; in the night-season.

43. And gave them the lands 39. At their desire he brought of the heathen: and they took the quails : and he filled them with labours of the people in possession; the bread of heaven.

44. That they might keep his 40. He opened the rock of statutes : and observe his laws.

(r) v. 36. “Silver and gold.” They got ports that they borrowed them, but it profrom the Egyptians “ jewels of silver,

jewels of silver, bably should be that they asked them as “ and jewels of gold, and raiment. gifts. See post, note on Exod. iii. 22. – “ Exod. xii. 35, 36." Our translation im- and on Exod. xii. 36.

Lessons for the Twenty-first Day of the Month throughout the Year.

April 21.

January 21. February 21.

March 21.
Morn. Gen. xl. Morn. Numb. xxxv. Morn. Judges x.
Matt. xix. (1)
Luke iv.

John viii. (3)
Even. Gen. xli. Even. Numb. xxxvi. Even. Judges xi.
1 Cor. ii.
Gal. iv. (2)

1 Tim. v.

Morn. 2 Sam. xiv.

Acts xviii. Even. 2 Sam. IV.

1 Pet. v. (4)

August 21.

May 21.
June 21.

July 21.
Morn. 2 Kings xxiv. Morn. Job xxxvii. Morn. Jer, ix.
Matt. xix.
Luke v. (6)

John ix.
Even. 2 Kings xxv. Even. Job xxxviii. Even. Jer. x.
1 Cor. iv. (5) Gal, v. (7)

1 Tim. vi.

Morn. Dan. iv.

Acts xix. Even. Dan, v.

2 Pet. i.

(6) ante, 187. (11) ante, 46.

September 21.

October 21.

November 21. December 21. Morn. Ecclus. xxxv. Morn. Wisd. xv. Morn. Baruch iv. Morn. Prov. xxiii. Matt. xxii. (8)

Luke vii. (9)
John xiji.

Acts xxi. Ev. Ecclus. xxxviii. Even. Wisd. xvi. Even. Baruch v. Even. Prov. xxiv. 1 Cor. vi.

Eph. i.

2 Tim.iv. (10) 1 John i. (11) (1) ante, 66. (2) ante, 51. 95. (3) ante, 98. (4) ante, 181.

(5) ante, 34, (7) ante, 209. (8) ante, 223. 231. 217. (9) ante, 213. (10) ante, 225. EVENING PRAYER.

2. Who can express the noble

acts of the Lord or shew forth Psalm cvi. (s)

all his praise ? O give thanks unto the Lord;

; 3. Blessed are they that alway for he is gracious: and his mercy keep judgment : and do righteendureth for ever.

ousness. (s) An invocation to the praise of the wilderness notwithstanding their reGod, noticing the repeated instances of peated provocations and occasional punishhis forbearance towards the Israelites in ments.


4. Remember me, O Lord, ac- | them, the waters overwhelmed cording to the favour that thou them: there was not one of them bearest unto thy people: O visit | left. me with thy salvation!

12. Then believed they his 5. That I may see the felicity words: and sang praise (u) unto of thy chosen : and rejoice in him. the gladness of thy people, and 13. But within a while they give thanks with thine inherit- forgat his works : and would not

abide his counsel; 6. We have sinned with our 14. But lust (v) came upon fathers : we have done amiss, and them in the wilderness: and they dealt wickedly;

tempted God in the desert. 7. Our fathers regarded not 15. And he gave them (w) their thy wonders in Egypt, neither desire : and sent leanness (x) kept they thy great goodness withal into their soul. in remembrance : but were dis- 16. (y) They angered (2) Moses obedient at the sea, even at the also in the tents: and Aaron, the Red Sea.

saint of the Lord. 8. Nevertheless, he helped them 17. So the earth opened, and for his Name's sake (): that swallowed up Dathan: and covered he might make his power to be the congregation of Abiram. known.

18. And the fire was kindled in 9. He rebuked the Red Sea their company: the flame burnt also, and it was dried up: so he up the ungodly. led them through the deep, as 19. They made a calf (a) in through a wilderness ;

Horeb: and worshipped the mol10. And he saved them from ten image. the adversaries' hand : and deli. 20. Thus they turned their vered them from the hand of glory (6): into the similitude of

a calf that eateth hay. 11. As for those that troubled

21. And they forgat God their (t) v. 8. « Name's sake.” See Psalm 33. “ While the flesh was yet between XXV, 10.

“ their teeth, ere it was chewed, the (2) v. 12. “ Sang praise.” It was upon « wrath of the Lord was kindled against this occasion the triumphal hymn in « the people, and the Lord smote Exod. xv., the most antient piece of “ the people with a very great plague: poetry now extant, (A. C. 1551.) was “ and he called the name of that place written,

“ Kibroth Hattaavah, because there they (u) v. 14. “ Lust,” to have flesh to eat, “ buried the people that lusted." See because they were tired of manna.

See also Ps. lxxviji. 31. Numb. xi. 4. “ The mixed multitude (y) v. 16. See Numb. xvi, 1 to 35. " that was among them fell a lusting, (z) “ Angered" or "envied.” 2. Hales, " and the children of Israel also wept 216. " again, and said, Who shall give us flesh

(a) v. 19.

6 A calf.” See Exod. « to eat?"

xxxii. 4. (w) v. 15. “ Gave them, &c." Accord- (6) v. 20.“ Turned their glory.” St. ing to Numb. xi. 31. “ There went forth a Paul uses the same expression for idol " wind from the Lord, and brought quails worship, Rom. i. 23. “They changed the "from the sea,” which they gathered up glory of the incorruptible God into an in large quantities.

image made like to corruptible man." (1) " Leanness, &c." See Numb. xi. So Jer. ii. 11. “ Hath a nation changed

the enemy;

Saviour : who had done so great | against them: to overthrow them things in Egypt;

in the wilderness; 22. Wondrous works in the land 27. To cast out their seed among of Ham (c): and fearful things the nations : and to scatter them by the Red Sea.

in the lands. 23. So he said, he would have 28. They joined themselves unto destroyed them, had not Moses Baal-peor (0) : and ate the offerhis chosen stood (d) before him ings of the dead. in (e) the gap : to turn away his 29. Thus they provoked him wrathful indignation, lest he should to anger with their own invendestroy them.

tions : and the plague was great 24. Yea, they thought scorn (8) among them. of that pleasant land : and gave 30. Then stood up Phineas, and no credence unto his word ;

prayed (k): and so the plague 25. But murmured in their ceased. tents : and hearkened not unto 31. And that was counted unto the voice of the Lord.

him for righteousness : among all 26. Then lift he up his hand (h) posterities for evermore.

“ their gods, which are yet no gods ? but
“ my people have changed their glory for
“ that which doth not profit.”.
(c) v. 22.

“ Land of Ham,” i. e. “ Egypt."

(d) v. 23. “ Stood, &c." See Exod. xxxii. 11, 12. “ Moses besought the Lord “ bis God, and said, “ Lord, why doth “ thy wrath wax hot against thy people,

whom thou hast brought forth out of " the land of Egypt, with great power, " and with a mighty hand? Wherefore “ should the Egyptians say,

“ For mis“ chief did he bring them out, to slay them « in the mountains, and to consume them “ from the face of the earth?"

(e) “ In the gap," a military metaphor. Where an enemy has made a breach in a besieged place, opposing him in the breach “ is standing against him in the gap;" a critical and perilous situation! See note on Ezek. xiii. 5.

(g) v. 24. “ Scorn, &c." See ante, 3. note on Psalm xcv. 8 to 11.

(h) v. 26. “ Lift he up his hand,” i. e. “ sware." In the Israelitish mode of swearing, the band was lifted up, and there are several passages in which the expression of " lifting up the hand" sig. nifies “swearing." See Gen. xiv. 22, 23. “ I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, “ that I will not take any thing that is " thine." So Ezek. xx. 15. 23. (i. e. God) “lified up my hand unto thein * in the wilderness, that I would not

'bring them into the land which I had “ given them, and that I would scatter “ them among the heathen, and disperse “ them through the countries." And Rev. x. 5. “ The angel lifted up his hand “ to heaven, and sware.'

See also Ezek. xx. 5. 28. 42. — Dan. xü. 7.-Ps. xliv. 21. -cxliv. 8. and xcv. 11.

(i) v. 28.“ Unto Baalpeor." See Numb. xxv. 3. “ And Israel joined him. “ self unto Baalpeor ; and the anger

of “ the Lord was kindled against Israel.”

ik) v. 30. “ Prayed,” or, “ executed

judgment (B.T.):" Dr. Hammond reads, “ made an atonement,” either of which seems right. The Bible gives no account of any prayer by Phineas, but when Zimri brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman, and God destroyed 24,000 of the people for joining themselves unto the daughters of Moab, and unto Baalpeor, Phineas slew Zimri and the woman; " and “ the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, “ Phineas hath turned my wrath away “ from the children of Israel, while he “ was zealous for my sake among “ that I consumed 'not the children of “ Israel in my jealousy : Behold, I give “ unto him my covenant of

peace, “ shall have it, and his seed after him,

even the covenant of an everlasting

priesthood, because he was zealous for “ his God, and made ax atonement for the “ children of Israel." See Numb. IXV. 10 to 13.


and he

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32. They angered him also at and they that hated them were the waters of strife (l): so that he lords over them, punished Moses for their sakes. 41. Their enemies oppressed

%. Because they provoked his them : and had them in subspirit : so that he spake unadjection. visedly (m) with his lips.

42. Many a time did he deliver 34. Neither destroyed they the them : but they rebelled against heathen (n) : as the Lord com- him with their own inventions, manded them;

and were brought down in their 35. But were mingled among

wickedness. the heathen : and learned their 43. Nevertheless, when he saw works.

their adversity : he heard their 36. Insomuch that they wor- complaint. shipped (0) their idols which 44. He thought upon his coveturned to their own decay : yea, nant, and pitied them according they offered their sons and their unto the multitude of his mercies : daughters unto devils ;

yea, he made all those that led 37. And shed innocent blood, them away captive, to pity them. even the blood of their sons and 45. Deliver us, O Lord our of their daughters : whom they God, and gather us from among offered unto the idols of Canaan, the heathen : that we may give and the land was defiled with

was defiled with thanks unto thy holy Name, and blood.

make our boast of thy praise. 38. Thus were they stained 46. Blessed be the Lord God with their own works : and went of Israel from everlasting, and a whoring with their own inven- world without end : and let all tions.

the people say, Amen. 39. Therefore was the wrath of the Lord kindled against his people : insomuch that he ab

MORNING PRAYER. horred his own inheritance.

Psalm cvii. (p) 40. And he gave them over (0) into the hand of the heathen : O GIVE thanks unto the Lord;

(1) 0.32. “ Of strife," so called, because the children of Israel strove with the Lord for want of water. See Numb. xx. 13.

(m) v. 33. « Unadvisedly, &c.” God had ordered Moses and Aaron to speak unto the rock before the eyes of the assembly, and it should give forth water ; they did so, and Moses struck the rock with his rod twice, and the water came out abundantly; but Moses used some expressions which implied a distrust in the water's being produced, and were ill cal. culated to put the minds of the people into a proper temper to give the miracle

proper effect : “ Hear now, ye rebels, “must we fetch you water out of this

“ rock?” and “ God spake unto Moses “ and unto Aaron, “ Because


believed “me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of “ the children of Israel, therefore


shall “ not bring this congregation into the land " which I have given them.” Numb. xx. 8. 10, 11, 12. Numb. xiv. 26. Deut. iii. 2. Hales, 217, 218.

Destroyed they the heathen." See Judges i. ii. (0) v. 36.40.“ Worshipped," and "

gave " them over." See ante, 356. note on Psalm lxxviii. 59.

(p) A beautiful alternate hymn, by two sets of singers, each endeavouring to surpass the other. It animates the people

(n) «


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