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abide (9) under the shadow (r) of 8. Yea, with thine eyes (u) shalt the Almighty

thou behold : and see the reward 2. I will (s) say unto the Lord, of the ungodly. “ Thou art my hope, and my 9. For thou, Lord, art my hope: “ strong hold : my God, in him thou hast set thine house of defence " will I trust.”

very high. (0) 3. For he shall deliver thee from io. There shall no evil happen the snare of the hunter: and from unto thee: neither shall any plague the noisome pestilence.

come nigh thy dwelling. 4. He shall defend thee under 1 11. For (w) he shall give his his wings, and thou shalt be safe angels charge over thee : to keep under his feathers : his faithful- thee in all thy ways. ness and truth shall be thy shield 12. They shall bear thee in their and buckler.

hands : that thou hurt not thy 5. Thou shalt not be afraid for foot against a stone. any terror by night: nor for the 13. Thou shalt go upon the (1) arrow that flieth by day.

lion and adder : the young lion 6. For the pestilence that walk- and the dragon shalt thou tread eth in darkness : nor for the under thy feet. sickness that destroyeth in the 14. “ Because he hath set his noon-day.

“ love upon me, therefore will I 7. A thousand shall fall beside o deliver him: I will set him thee, and ten thousand at thy up,

because he hath known right hand: but it (t) shall not

“my Name. come nigh thee.

15. “ He shall call upon me,


names. This is made highly probable by verse 11. and by the reference to it

upon our Saviour's temptation.

(9) v. 1. “ Abide, &c." or "« be safe “ under the protection.". The meaning is, whoever trusts in God, will be sure to find security.

(1) "Shadow," or " covering," as effectually protected as if covered, or sur. rounded by the Almighty Power. The expression is figurative, from the protection a hen affords her chickens, by covering them with her wings. See post, verse 4. and ante, 268. note on Ps. xvii. 8.

(s) v. 2. “ I will say,” or “saying," "so “ as to be able to say," making it the speech of those who dwell under God's defence. In several of Dr. Kennicott's MSS. the participle is used : not the first future. (t) v. 7. It," i.

“ the destruction “ by which others fall."

(u) v. 8. “ With thine eyes, &c." i. e. (perhaps) “ thou shalt see it only, in its " coming upon others; it shall not reach “ thee. It shall be within thy sight, yet " shalt thou be safe."

(v) v. 9. “ Thine house of defence very “high," i. e. figuratively, “thou puttest “ them whom thou protectest beyond the o reach of danger.”

(w) v. 11. 12, This is the passage mentioned to our Saviour during his temptation in the wilderness, to induce him to throw himself from the pinnacle of the temple, that, by being miraculously preserved, he might satisfy himself he was what he assumed to be, the Son of God. Matt. iv. 6. See ante, 90. And if this verse referred prophetically to the Mes. siah, the whole Psalm must look forward to him.

(x) v. 13. “ The lion and adder, &c." put (perhaps) figuratively for all the “powers of darkness," including the

dragon, that old serpent, which is the “ devil. Rev. xx. 2." The object pro: bably is to foretell the spiritual success of Christ. St. Chrysostom, in his homily upon this Psalm, says, “ And who was this " adder, but that serpent the devil, who “ imposed upon the innocence and igno“ rance of our first parent ?" 1. Chrysostom. Basil edition, 945.


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" and I will hear him : yea, I am green as the grass, and when all “ with him in trouble ; I will the workers of wickedness do “ deliver him, and bring him to flourish : then shall they be de" honour.

stroyed for ever ; but thou, Lord, 16. With long life will I sa- art the Most Highest for evertisfy him : and shew him my more. “salvation."

8. For lo, thine enemies, O Psalm xcii. (y)

Lord, lo, thine enemies shall

perish : and all the workers of It is a good thing to give thanks wickedness shall be destroyed. unto the Lord : and to sing 9. But mine horn shall be expraises unto thy Name, O Most alted like the horn of an unicorn: Highest;

for I am anointed with fresh oil. 2. To tell of thy loving-kind- 10. Mine eye also shall see his ness early in the morning : and lust of mine enemies : and mine of thy truth in the night-season ; ear shall hear his desire of the

3. Upon an instrument of ten wicked, that arise up against me. strings, and upon the lute : upon 11. The righteous shall flourish a loud instrument, and upon the like a palm-tree : and shall spread harp.

abroad like a cedar in Libanus. 4. For thou, Lord, hast made 12. Such as be planted in the me glad through thy works : and house of the Lord : shall flourish I will rejoice in giving praise for in the courts of the house of our the operations of thy hands. God.

5. O Lord, how glorious are 13. They also shall bring forth thy works : thy thoughts are very more fruit (a) in their age : and deep!

shall be fat and well-liking ; 6. An unwise man doth not 14. That they may shew how well consider this : and a fool doth true (b) the Lord my strength is : not understand it.

and that there is no unrighteous. 7. When (2) the ungodly are

ness in him.

(y) A spirited invocation to the praise quisitely is it described, Job xx. 4 to 8. of God, noticing the punishments he

ante, 347. note on Ps. lxxiii. 19. brings upon the wicked, and the exalta

(a) v. 13. “ More fruit, &c.” like the tion to which he advances the righteous. palm tree mentioned in verse 11.: the older It was used by the Jews on their Sab. the palm tree, the more it is productive. bath.

(6) v. 14." True," i. e. “ steady to those (z) v. 7. " When, &c." The certain “ who trust in him ; never deserting downfall of the wicked is the subject of "" them." the 37th and 73d Psalms, and how ex

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Lessons for the Eighteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year.

April 18.

January 18. February 18.

March 18.
Morn. Gen. xxxiii. Morn. Numb. xxiv. Morn. Judg. iv.
Matt. xvi. (1)
Lukei. 39.(2)

John v.
Even. Gen. xxxiv. Even. Numb. xxv. Even. Judg. v.
Rom. xvi.
Gal. i.

1 Tim. i.

Morn. 2 Sam. viii.

Acts xv.
Even. 2 Sam. ix.

1 Pet. ii. (3)

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Lord, the floods have lift up Psalm xciii. (c)

their voice : the floods lift up The Lord (d) is King, and hath their waves.

5. The waves of the sea are put on glorious apparel : the Lord hath put on his apparel, and mighty and rage horribly: but yet girded himself with strength.

the Lord, who dwelleth on high, 2. He hath made the round is mightier. world so sure : that it cannot be 6. Thy testimonies, O Lord, moved.

are very sure : holiness becometh 3. Ever since the world began, thine house for ever. hath thy seat been prepared :

Psalm xciv.(g) thou art from ever-lasting.

O LORD God, to whom ven4. The floods (e) are risen, o geance belongeth (h): thou God,

(c) A spirited hymn on the transcen- impetuosity of an enemy is compared to dency of God's power.

a flood ; " when the enemy shall come in (d) v. 1.“ The Lord, i. e. (perhaps) “the like a flood, the spirit of the Lord shall “ Messiah." Dr. Hamm. says of it, “ It “ lift up a standard against him.”. “ is resolved by the Jews" (R. Saad Gaon, (g) An earnest prayer to God for deRasi, and Kimchi) “ to have its fullest liverance from the persecutions and unjust “ completion in the Messiah.”

decisions of the wicked, and a confident (e) v. 4. “ The floods," i. e. (perhaps) assurance in his protection. “ the great men of the earth.” In 2 Sam. (h) v. 1. “ To whom vengeance bexxii

. 5. and in the Bible translation of " longeth.” In the Song of Moses, Deut. Ps. xviii. 4. David speaks of " the floods xxxii. 35. God is represented as saying, of ungodly men,as making him afraid ;

“ To me belongeth vengeance and reand in that fine passage, Is. lix. 19. the compence ;” and St. Paul refers to it,

to whom vengeance belongeth, thou chastenest, O Lord : and shew thyself.

teachest him in thy law; 2. Arise, thou Judge of the 13. That thou mayest give world : and reward the proud him (k) patience in time of adafter their deserving.

versity : until the pit be digged 3. Lord, how long shall the up for the ungodly. ungodly : how long shall the un- 14. For the Lord will not fail godly triumph ?

his people : neither will he for4. How long shall all wicked sake his inheritance; doers speak so disdainfully : and 15. Until (1) righteousness turn make such proud boasting ? again unto judgment : all such

5. They smite down thy people, as are true in heart shall follow O Lord : and trouble thine it. heritage.

16. Who will rise up with me 6. They murder the widow and against the wicked : or who will the stranger : and put the father- take my part against the evil less to death.

doers? 7. And yet they say,

“ Tush, 17. If the Lord had not helped " the Lord shall not see : neither me: it had not failed, but my “ shall the God of Jacob regard soul (m) had been put to silence. " it."

18. But when I said,

My 8. Take heed, ye unwise among

« foot hath slipped :” thy mercy, the people : 0 ye fools, when O Lord, held me up. will ye understand ?

19. In the multitude of the sor9. He that planted the ear, rows that I had in my heart: shall he not hear: or he that made thy comforts have refreshed my the eye, shall he not see?

soul. 10. Or he that nurtureth the 20. Wilt thou have any thing heathen : it is he that teacheth (i) to do with the stool of wickedman knowledge, shall not he ness (n) : which imagineth (0) punish ?

mischief as a law ? 11. The Lord knoweth the 2 21. They gather them together thoughts of man : that they are against the soul (p) of the rightebut vain.

ous : and condemn the innocent 12. Blessed is the man whom blood.

(Rom. xii. 19. ante, 62.) “ It is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, saith “the Lord.” Before man then taketh upon himself revenge, it is worth considering whether he is not encroaching upon one of God's peculiar prerogatives, what God hath said shall belong wholly to himself.

(i) v. 10. “ Teacheth :” and if he is at the pains to teach, shall not he punish those who will not learn?

(k) v. 13." That thou mayest give him," i. e. (perhaps) “ so as to give him.”

(l) 0. 15.“ Until, &c. i. e. (perhaps)

“ until the righteous again prevail; until “ righteousness again possesses the seat “ of judgment, and gives its recompence “ to every act.

(m) v. 17.“ My soul, &c.” i. e. “my life « had been taken away.”

(n) v. 20. “ The stool of wickedness," i. e. (probably) " the judgment-seat of “ wicked judges."

(0) “Imagineth, &c." i. e. (perhaps) “ treateth mischief as a law, a rule of o conduct."

(p) v. 21. “ Soul,” i. e. “ life.”

22. But the Lord is my re- as in the provocation, and as fuge : and my God is the strength in the day of temptation in the of my confidence.

wilderness; 23. He shall recompense them 9. When your fathers tempted their wickedness, and destroy me : proved me, and saw my them in their own malice : yea, the works. Lord our God shall destroy them. 10. Forty years long was I

grieved with this generation, and

said : “ It is a people that do err MORNING PRAYER.

“ in their hearts ; for they have Psalm xcv. (p)

“ not known my ways.”

11. Unto whom I sware in my O COME, let us sing unto the Lord : let us heartily rejoice in

wrath : that they should not enter the strength of our salvation.

into my rest. 2. Let us come before his pre

Psalm xcvi. (9) sence with thanksgiving : and O sing unto the Lord a new shew ourselves glad in him with song: sing unto the Lord, all the psalms.

whole earth. 3. For the Lord is a great 2. Sing unto the Lord, and God : and a great King above praise his Name : be telling of his all gods.

salvation (r) from day to day. 4. In his hand are all the 3. Declare his honour unto the corners of the earth : and the heathen: and his wonders unto strength of the hills is his also.

all people. 5. The sea is his, and he made 4. For the Lord is great, and it : and his hands prepared the cannot worthily (s) be praised : he

is more to be feared than all gods. 6. O come, let us worship and 5. As for all the gods of the fall down : and kneel before the heathen, they are but idols (1): Lord our Maker;

but it is the Lord that made (u) 7. For he is the Lord our the heavens. God: and we are the people of 6. Glory and worship are behis pasture, and the sheep of his fore him : power and honour are hand.

in his sanctuary. 8. To-day if ye will hear his 7. Ascribe unto the Lord, O voice, harden not your hearts : ye kindreds of the people : ascribe

dry land.

(p) See ante, p. 3. where this Psalm also occurs.

(9) A spirited invocation to the praise of God. It is part of the hymn deliver. ed by David to Asaph and his brethren, on the day he brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom to Mount Sion. See 1 Chron. xvi. 7. and 23 to 34. The former part of the hymn is to be found in Ps. cv. “By common consent of “ Jews and Christians," (say Doyley and Mant,)“ it is applied to the times of the

« Messiah." Justin M. so considers it, Dial. cum Tryphone, 298, 299.

(r) v. 2." His salvation," i. e. “ the aid “ he gives."

(s) v. 4. “ Worthily," i. e. “ as much as " he deserves."

(t) v.5.“ Idols." The absurdity of idol worship is admirably ridiculed in Is. xliv. 19 to 19. See post,

note on Psalm cxv. 15.

(u) 0. 5. 10. Made, &c." so that he must be the true God.

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