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THE EFFECTS OF TEMPORISING
tions and in their manners, by his IN MATTERS OF RELIGION, gentler and more artful remonEXEMPLIFIED
CONstrances, and abhorred his ironies DUCT OF ERASMUS.
no less than the bold invectives Extracted from his Life by Dr. Fortin.
of Luther. However, Erasmus
may stand excused in some mear The celebrated diet of Worms sure in the sight of candid and was held this year, 1521, where favourable judges, because he Luther, who had as much cour- talked thus, partly out of timidiage as Alexander and Julius Cæ- ty, and partly out of love and tar put together, made his ap- friendship towards him to whom pearance, and maintained his he addressed himself. opinions, in the presence of will tell me," says he,“ my dear Charles V. and of other Princes. Jonas, to what purpose these After this, his friend, the Elec- complaints, especially when it is tor of Saxony, carried him off too late? Why in the first place, secretly, and conveyed him to that (although things have been the fortress of Wartburg, where carried almost to extremities) he remained concealed for some one may still try, whether some time, being proscribed by the method can be found to compose emperor, and excommunicated these terrible dissensions. We by the Pope. Hereupon Eras- have a Pope, who in his temper mus wrote a long letter to his is much disposed to clemency ; friend Jodocus Jonas, a Luther- and an emperor, who is also mild an, in which he deplores the fate and placable.” Honest Erasmus of Luther, and of those who de- judged very wrong of both these clared themselves his associates; persons. Leo was a vain, a vo& blames them much for want of luptuous and debauched man, moderation, as if this had brought who had no religion, and no comtheir distresses upon them. passion for those, who would not Moderation doubtless is a virtue : submit entirely to his pleasure, but so far was the opposite party as he shewed by the haughty from allowing Luther to be in manner in which he treated Luthe right, as to the main points, ther, without admitting the least that it was his doctrine which relaxation in any of the disputed. gave the chief offence to the points. Such is the character court of Rome ; and he would which history has bestowed uphave gained as little upon them on him : and as to Charles V. he by proposing it in the most sub- was a most ambitious and restless missive and softest manner, as prince, who made a conscience he gained by maintaining it in of nothing, to accomplish any of his rough way. Erasmus him- his projects, as it appears from self experienced the truth of the bloody wars which he waged this ; and the monks were not under religious pretences, and induced to change any thing that indeed from his whole conduct. was reprehensible in their no- The Lutherans would have been
fools and mad, to have trusted complied with his proposal, we themselves and their cause to should have been at this day insuch a pontiff, and to such an volved in all the darkness, which emperor.
had overspread the Christian "If this cannot be
world in the fifteenth century, plished,” continues Erasmus, “I and for many ages before it. So would not have you interfere in far would the popes and the ecthese affairs any longer. I al- clesiastics have been from abanways loved in you those excel- doning their beloved interests, lent gifts, which Jesus Christ bath founded upon ignorance and su bestowed upon you ; and I beg perstition, that a bloody inquisiyou would preserve yourself, that tion would have been established, you may hereafter labour for the not only in Italy and Spain, but cause of the gospel. The more in all Christian countries, which I have loved the genius and tal- would have smothered and ex ents of Hutten, the more con- tinguished forever those lights cerned I am to lose him by these which then began to sparkle. Lutroubles; and what a deplorable theranism, gaining more strength thing would it be, that Philip and stability than Erasmus ex Melancthon, an amiable youth pected, prevented the tyranny of of such extraordinary abilities, an inquisition in Germany, and should be lost to the learned the reformation of Calvin secur: world upon the same account ! ed the liberty of other countries. If the behaviour of those, who If all Germany had yielded & subgovern human affairs, shocks us mitted to Leo & to Charles, in comand grieves us, I believe we pliance with thetimorous counsels must leave them to the Lord. of Erasmus, he himself would If they command things reason- undoubtedly have been one of able, it is just to obey them; if the first sufferers; and the court they require things unreasonable, of Rome, no longer apprebenit is an act of piety to suffer it, sive lest he should join bimlest something worse ensue.
self to the heretics, would If the present age is not capable have offered him up a sacriof receiving the whole gospel office of a sweet smelling savour to Jesus Christ, yetitis something to the monks, who did a thousand preach it in part, and as far as we times more service to that court, can !! Above all things we should than a thousand such scholars as avoid a schism, which is of per- Erasmus. nicious consequence to all good
(To be continued.) men.' There is a certain pious craft, and an innocent timeserving, which however we must so
APOSTLE use, as not to betray the cause of
PAUL, BY Milner. religion." !! &c.
Such is the gospel which Eras- -WE have now finished mus preached up to the Luther- the lives of two men of singular ans, imagining that they and excellence unquestionably, James their cause would go to ruin, and the Just, and Paul of Tarsus. that a worse condition of things The former, by his uncommon would ensue. But, if they had virtues, attracted the esteem of a
whole people, who were full of the strongest prejudices against him: and in regard to the lat. The following are the sentiments ter, the question may be asked of the British* divines at the with great propriety, whether synod of Dort, on some interest such another man ever existed ing points of divinity. among all those, who have in- (Translated for the Panoplist.) herited the corrupted nature of Adam ? He had evidently a soul Of the power of the will in cor. large and capacious, and possess
runt man. ed of those seemingly contra- THESIS 1. The will of fallen dictory excellencies, which, man is destitute of supernatural whenever they appear in combi- and saving endowments, with nation, fail not to form an extra- which it was enriched in a state ordinary character. But not on- of innocency ; and therefore ly his talents were great and va- without the energy of grace, prorious,—his learning also was duceth no spiritual acts. profound and extensive ; and
2. In the will of lapsed man, many persons with far inferior there is not only the power of abilities and attainments have ef- sinning; but a strong inclination fected national revolutions, or otherwise distinguished themselves in the history of mankind. Of works preceding conversion. His consummate fortitude was
Thesis 1. There are certain tempered with the rarest gentle external works, ordinarily requirness, and the most active chari; ed of men, before they are ty. His very copious and vivid brought to a state of regeneraimagination was chastized by the tion or conversion, which are, most accurate judgment, and was
sometimes, to be freely done by connected with the closest argu- them, and sometimes freely omitmentative powers. Divine grace ted; as to go to church, hear alone could compose so wonder the preaching of the word, and ful a temperature ; insomuch, such like. that for the space of near thirty
2. There are certain internal years after his conversion, this effects previous to regeneration man, whose natural haughtiness
or conversion, which, by the powand fiery temper had hurried
er of the word and Spirit, are him into a very sanguinary excited in the hearts of those, course of persecution, lived the who are not yet justified; such as friend of mankind; returned good for evil continually ; was a
a knowledge of the divine will, a model of patience and benevo- thoughts of being set at liberty,
sense of sin, fear of punishment, lence, and steadily attentive only and some hope of pardon, to heavenly things, while yet he
3. Those, whom God thus had a taste, a spirit, and a genius, affects by his Spirit through the which might have shone among the greatest statesmen and men
* The divines sent from Great Bri.
tain to the synod, were George Bishop of letters that ever lived.
of Landaff, John Davenant, D. D. Hist. of the Church of Christ, Samuel Ward, D.D. Thomas Goadus, vol. I. p. 127, 2d ed.
D.D. Walter Balcanquablus, B. D.
if its conclusion find thee with dismissed perhaps forever! Christ, and with God above, pause for a moment, and lift up
serving him day and night in thy soul to Heaven, and address his temple.”
to thyself this solemn inquiry, Such are some of the pros- If I should die this year, where pects wbich this, the first day of shall my eternal habitation be? the year, presents to our contem- “O that they were wise ; that plation. Thousands, amongst they understood this ; that they whom there may be some who would consider their latter end." now read these lines, shall find “ Lord, so teach us to number them fully realized before its our days, that we may apply our next return.
hearts to wisdom.” Reader, before the subject be
PRESIDENT captivating and impressive. ConDAVIES,
veying his ideas with the utmost (Concluded from page 256.)
facility, and, by the aid of a live
ly imagination, imparting the The eminence and lustre of charms of novelty, even to comMr. Davies' character as a Presi- mon subjects, he could not fail dent, were generally confessed. to rivet the attention of his puIn his mode of governing the pils. And generously commucollege, the firmness of authority nicative, as he was, of his ample was tempered with benignity, intellectual treasures, he
was mildness and condescension. He scarcely less sure to enrich their watched over his pupils with the minds, Bit while thus assidutender solicitude of a father. He ous to promote the literary imrepressed their youthful irregu- provement of the youth commit larities by the gentlest methods ted to his charge, he was still possible ; nor did he ever inflict more anxious and engaged to punishment, without evident re- cultivate their hearts. He conluctance and pain. The conse
sidered religion as unspeakably quence was, that he was equally the best and brightest of all acrevered and loved by every mem- complishments; the only sure ber of his literary family. They foundation, either of usefulness, csteemed it not a confinement, honour or felicity. He therebut a privilege and happiness, to fore bent his principal attention, be under his care. They com- as every instructor should, to implied with his injunctions, and press the youthful mind with the the general regulations of the importance of this object. He seminary, less from fear, than
seized with avidity every occafrom principle and inclination. sion to inculcate on his pupils, in In his method of instruction, private, the worth of their souls, there was something unusually and the pressing necessity of
their immediately securing the tion, that light is come into the blessings of salvation. And his world, and men loved darkness public discourses bear frequent rather than light, because their witness how near their immor. deeds were evil ;-we find the tal interests were to his heart. following pungent address to his Toward the close of a new year's pupils : “ There is not one in a sermon, he expresses himself in thousand of the sons of men that this tender, glowing language : enjoys your advantages. Light, “I beg leave of my promiscuous human and divine, natural and auditory, to employ a few min- supernatural, ancient and modutes in addressing myself to my ern ; that is, knowledge of eveimportant family, whom my pa- ry kind shines upon you, and you ternal affection would always sin- are every day basking under its gle out from the rest, even when rays. You have nothing to do I am speaking in general terms but to polish your minds, and, as to a mixed crowd. Therefore, it were, render them luminous. my dear charge, my pupils, my But let me put you in mind, children, and every tender and that unless you admit the light of endearing name! Ye young im- the glorious gospel of Christ to mortals, ye embryo angels or in- shine in your hearts, you will fant fiends, ye blooming, lovely, still be the children of darkness, kading flowers of human nature, and confined in the blackness of the hope of your parents and darkness forever. This is intelerfriends, of church and state ; ably shocking, even in supposithe hope, joy and glory of your tion. Suppose any of you should teachers! Hear one that loves be surrounded with more light you; one that has nothing to do than others, for no other purpose in the world, but to promote your but that you may have a strong, best interest; one that would ac- er conflict with conviction, and count this the greatest blessing that your consciences may with he could enjoy in his pilgrim- greater force raise tumults and age; and whose nights and days insurrections within you ; supare sometimes made almost pose your sins should be the sins equally restless, by his affection of men of learning and knowlate anxieties for you : Hear him edge, the most daring and giganupon a subject in which you are tic sins on this side hell; supmost intimately interested; a pose you should turn out sinners subject the most important that of great parts, fine geniuses, like even an apostle or an angel could the fallen angels, those vast inaddress you upon, and that is, the tellects; wise, but wicked; wise right improvement of time, the to do evil, but without knowlpresent time, and preparation for edge to do good; suppose it eternity.” He then proceeds to should be your highest characurge their immediate attention ter that you can harangue well, to religion, by the most cogent that you know a few dead lanarguments, and in a manner pe- guages, that you have passed culiarly awakening and persua- through a course of philosophy; sive.
but as to that knowledge which In another sermon, on this sanctifies all the rest, and rentext; And this is the condemna- ders them useful to yourselves or