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3. The mountains (y) also shall 7. In his time shall the rightbring peace (2): and the little eous flourish : yea, and abundance hills righteousness unto the of peace, so long as the moon people.
endureth. 4. He shall keep the simple 8. His dominion (d) shall be folk by their right : defend the also from the one sea to the other : children of the poor, and punish and from the flood (e) unto the the wrong-doer.
world's end. 5. They (a) shall fear (6) thee, 9. They (8) that dwell in the as long as the sun and moon en- wilderness shall kneel before him : dureth : from one generation to his enemies shall lick the dust. (h) another.
10. The kings of Tharsis (1) 6. He shall come down like the and of the isles (i) shall give rain into a fleece of wool (): presents (k) : the kings of Araeven as the drops that water the bia (i) and Saba (i) shall bring earth.
judging, and attention to the poor, were and see note on Ps. cxxxiii. 3. Deuter. among the characteristics elsewhere fore- xxxii. 1, 2.- Prov. xix. 12.- Hos. xiv. 5. told of the Messiah. Thus it is said prophe- (d) v.8. “ His dominion, &c.” So when tically with reference to him, Isaiah xi. 3, 4. Zechariah foretold the meek and humble “ He shall not judge after the sight of his character of the Messiah, his disposition eyes, neither
reprove after the hearing to make wars to cease throughout the “ of his ears; but with righteousness shall earth, and to speak peace unto the hea“ he judge the poor, and reprove with then, he adds, “ His dominion shall be “ equity for the meek of the earth.” “ from sea even to sea, and from the river And Jer. xxxiii. 15. “ He shall execute “ even to the ends of the earth. Zech. ix.
judgment and righteousness in the " 10." and in Ps. lxxxix. 26. where the 6. land.”
success of the Messiah's kingdom is pro(y) v. 3. “ The mountains," i.e. pro- bably contemplated, God is represented bably, “ the places of strength, the situ- as saying, “I will set bis dominion also in “ ations usually seized upon by armed " the sea, and his right hand in the floods." “ forces; the points from which war has Numberless other passages intimate how “ generally come down."
widely the kingdom of Christ, Christianity, iz) « Peace." The disposition to pro- should extend. duce peace upon earth, was another of (e) “Flood," or, (as in the passage in the characteristics of the Messiah. In the Zechariah) “river," B.T.) referring to the spirited prophecy, Isaiah ix. 6. one of the Euphrates. appellations given him is, “the Prince of
(g) v. 9. "They, &c.” i. e. “ the most “ Peace;" in Haggai ii. 9. he is called “barbarous nations." (Jerome, “The Ethi“ Peace ;” and part of the triumphant
“ opians.") song sung by the angels at his birth, was, (h) “Lick the dust,” i. e. (probably)
“bow down before him in token of sub(a) 0. 5. “ They, &c." i. e. “ mankind.” " jection,” as in Isaiah xlix. 23. “ Kings « Thou shalt be feared."
“ shall be thy nursing fathers, and their (6) “ Fear," i. e. “ reverence, worship." “queens thy nursing mothers: they shall (c) v.6.
66 Into a fleece of wool,” or “bow down to thee with their face toward upon the mown grass,” (B. T.) i. e.“ he “ the earth, and lick up the dust of thy “ shall bring as great blessings upon the "feet.” “ earth, as rain does upon a new-mown () v. 10. “Tharsis,” “the Isles," “ Ara6 field.” The same idea occurs, Hos. vi. 8. “ bia," and " Saba," i. e. "all heathen • If we follow on to know the Lord, he “ nations." • shall come unto us as the rain ; as the (k) “Presents," and " gifts.” In token " latter and former rain unto the earth ;" “ of submission and homage." So in look
11. All kings shall fall down 16. There shall be an heap of (0) before him : all nations shall corn in the earth, high (9) upon do him service.
the hills : his fruit shall shake 12. For he shall deliver the like Libanus, and shall be green poor (m) when he crieth : the
in the city, like grass upon the needy also, and him that hath no earth. helper.
17. His Name shall endure for 13. He shall be favourable to ever; his Name shall remain the simple and needy : and shall under the sun among the pospreserve the souls of the poor. terities : which shall be blessed
14. He shall deliver their souls through him (r); and all the (n) from falsehood and wrong :
heathen shall praise him. and dear (0) shall their blood be 18. Blessed (s) be the Lord God, in his sight.
even the God of Israel : which 15. He shall live, and unto him only doeth wondrous things; shall be given of the gold of 19. And blessed be the Name Arabia : prayer (p) shall be made of his Majesty for ever : and all ever unto him, and daily shall he the earth shall be filled with his be praised.
Majesty. Amen, Amen.
ing forward prophetically to the Messiah's kingdom, Isaiah says, “The forces of the “Gentiles shall come unto thee, the mul“titude of camels shall cover thee, the “ dromedaries of Midian and Ephah ; all “they from Sheba shall come: they shall " bring gold and incense; and they shall "shew forth the praises of the Lord. " Isaiah 1x. 5, 6." Upon our Saviour's birth, wise men from the east sought him out, and “presented unto him gifts; gold, “ frankincense, and myrrh, Matt. ii. 1. 11."
(?) v. 11. “All kings shall fall down." It is said of our Saviour, Philipp. ii. 9, 10, 11. that “God hath highly exalted him, " and given him a name that is above
every name ; that at the name of Jesus " every knee should bow, of things in hea
ven, and things in earth, and things under “the earth; and that every tongue should “confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." (m2) v. 12, 13. “ The poor” and “the needy." According to the prophecy, Is. " lxi. 1. it was to be part of the Messiah's “ office, to preach good tidings unto the * meek, and to bind up the broken-hearted.”
(n) v. 14. “ Souls," i. e.“ lives.”
(0) “Dear," i. e. "precious." So Ps. cxvi. 13. “ Right dear in the sight of the " Lord is the death of his saints." See also 1 Sam. xxvi. 21. and 2 Kings i. 13. And what can be a greater proof of Christ's love for man, than his laying down his life for our sakes?
(p) v. 15. “Prayer, &c." So that it was the language of prophecy, that he should be for ever one of the objects of prayer and praise.
(9) v. 16. “High upon the hills." It strongly marks a time of abundance, when even upon the tops of the hills, which are in general barren, there are heaps of corn. See Ps. Ixv. 13. And it will mark the time of spiritual abundance, when the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.
(r) v. 17. “Blessed through him.” It was part of the promise to Abraham, Gen. xxii. 18. that in his seed (i. e. the Messiah) should “all the nations of the earth be 6 blessed."
(s) v. 18, 19. Dr. Kennicott considers these verses as a doxology, added by the compiler of the 2d book, which ends with this Psalm.
Lessons for the Fourteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year.
April 14. Morn. Gen. xxv. Morn. Numb. xiii. Morn. Josh. viii. Morn. 1 Sam. xxxi. Matt. xii. Mark xiv. (2) John i. (3)
Acts xi. (4) Even. Gen. xxvi. Even. Numb. xiv. Even. Josh. ix. Even. 2 Sam, xi, Rom. xii. (1) 2 Cor. x. 1 Thess. v.
(1) ante, 59. 67. 62. (2) ante, 108. (3) ante, 44. 37. (4) ante, 179. (6) ante, 108.
(7) ante, 61. (8) ante, 187. (9) ante, 9i. (12) ante, 96.
(10) ante, so. (13) ante, 152, 147.
(5) ante, 67. 27.
(11) ante, 100.
6. And this is the cause that Psalm lxxiii. (t)
they are so holden with pride : Truly God is loving unto Israel : and overwhelmed with cruelty. even unto such as are of a clean
7. Their eyes swell with fatheart.
ness (x): and they do even what 2. Nevertheless, my feet (u) they lust. were almost gone : my treadings 8. They corrupt other (y) and had well nigh slipped.
speak of wicked blasphemy (3): 3. And why? I was grieved at their talking is against the Most the wicked : I do also see the High. ungodly in such prosperity.
9. For they stretch forth their 4. For they are in no peril of mouth unto the heaven : and their death : but are lusty and strong. tongue goeth through the world.
5. They come in no misfortune 10. Therefore fall the people like other folk : neither are they unto them: and thereout suck plagued like other men.
they no small advantage.
(t) Upon the instability of the successes of the wicked, the certainty of their final discomfiture, and the ultimate advantages of righteousness. The same subject as Psalm xxvii. This is the first Psalm of the 3d book.
(u) v. 2. “My feet, &c." i.e. (probably) « I had almost inclined to sin,” or “I was 66 almost led to doubt, from the successes “ of the ungodly, whether sin did not lead u to happiness.'
(c) v. 7. “ With fatness." A common expression to denote pride. Thus Ps. xvii. 10. “ They are inclosed in their own fat.” And Ps. cxix. 70.“ Their heart is as fat
brawn." (y) v. 8. “ Corrupt,” or “ deride, scoff at.' Hamm. (z) “ Blasphemy," in speaking to God's disparagement, as in verse ii, “ how “ should God perceive it?” &c. See Ps. Ixxiv. 11. 19. - lxxix. 13.
for me ;
11. “ Tush (a),” say they, when one awaketh : so shalt thou “ how should God perceive it : make their image to vanish out of " is there knowledge in the Most the city.
20. Thus my heart was grieved : 12. Lo, these are the ungodly, and it went even through my these prosper in the world, and reins. these have riches in possession : 21. So foolish was I, and ignoand I said, “ Then have I cleansed rant : even as it were a beast "my heart (6) in vain, and before thee. “washed mine hands in inno- 22. Nevertheless, I am alway by cency;
thee : for thou hast holden me by 13. “ All the day long have I my right hand. “ been punished : and chastened 23. Thou shalt guide me with " every morning.”
thy counsel : and after that re14. Yea, and I had almost said ceive (e) me with glory. even as they : but lo, then I 24. Whom have I in heaven should have condemned the ge- but thee : and there is none upon neration of thy children. (c)
earth that I desire in comparison 15. Then thought I to under- of thee. stand this : but it was too hard 25. My flesh and my heart
faileth : but God is the strength 16. Until I went into the sanc- of my heart, and my portion (8) tuary of God : then understood I for ever. the end of these men ;
26. For lo, they that forsake 17. Namely, how thou dost set thee shall perish : thou hast dethem in slippery places : and stroyed all them that commit forcastest them down, and destroyest nication (h) against thee. them.
27. But it is good for me to 18. O, how suddenly do they hold me fast by God, to put my consume : perish, and come to trust in the Lord God : and to a fearful end !
speak of all thy works in the gates 19. Yea, even like as a dream (d) of the daughter of Sion. (a) v. 11. “Tush, &c.” Eliphaz imputes moment ? Though his excellency mount Job's distresses, though unjustly, to similar up to the heavens, and his head reach arrogance, “ Thou sayest, how doth God “ unto the clouds, yet he shall perish for “ know? Can he judge through the dark ever: they which have seen him shall “ cloud?"
say, where is he? He shall fly away 16) 0. 12. “ Heart” and “ hands.” Pro- as a dream, and shall not be found; yea, perly referring true religion to the thoughts “ he shall be chased away as a vision of and actions: the restraint must be put upon
“ the night." the thoughts, or how can it be expected (e) v. 23. “Receive me, &c." i. e. (perthe actions will be controlled ?
haps) “ into heaven after death.” As in (c) v. 14. “ Thy children," i. e. “ the Ps. xlix. 15. “God hath delivered my soul righteous : those who look up to thee as “ from the place of hell, for he shall re« their Father."
“ ceive me." (d) v. 19. “ As a dream, &c.” The same (g) v. 25. “ My portion." See note on idea occurs in that fine passage, Job xx. Ps. xvi. 6. 4 to 8. “ Knowest thou not this of old, (h) v. 26. “Commit fornication against "since man was placed upon earth, that “thee,” i. e. “ worship idols and false " the triumphing of the wicked is short, gods." "and the joy of the hypocrite but for a
Psalm Ixxiv. (i)
6. He (0) that hewed timber O God, wherefore art thou ab- afore out of the thick trees; was sent from us so long : why is thy known to bring it to an excellent wrath so hot against the sheep (k) work. of thy pasture?
7. But now they break down 2.0 think upon thy congre- all the carved work thereof; with gation : whom thou hast pur- axes and hammers. chased, and redeemed of old.
8. They have set fire upon thy 3. Think upon the tribe of thine holy places : and have defiled the inheritance : and mount Sion, dwelling-place of thy Name (P), wherein thou hast dwelt. (1) even unto the ground.
4. Lift up thy feet, that thou 9. Yea, they said in their hearts, mayest utterly destroy every ene- “ Let us make havock of them my; which hath done evil in thy “ altogether :” thus have they sanctuary.
burnt up all the houses (9) of 5. Thine adversaries roar in the God in the land. midst of thy congregations (m): 10. We see not our tokens (r): and set up their banners for there is not one prophet more: tokens. (n)
(i) An anxious
for deliverance, (9) v. 9. “ The houses, &c." i.e. " the probably written after the sacking of synagogues and other places of public Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar king of “ worship, as well as the temple." Babylon, when the house of the Lord, (r) v. 10. “ Tokens.” God was in the and the king's house, and all the houses habit of communicating with the Jews in in Jerusalem were burnt, and the people ways long since discontinued. They used carried to Babylon. See 2 Kings xxv. and to inquire of him, and he used to answer Jer. xxxix. and lii. It notices the relation them by a voice, or by tokens, or by other they bore to God, the dishonour they and means. In 1 Sam. xxiii. 2. 4. « David their places of worship had suffered, calls “ inquired of the Lord whether he should to mind their deliverance from Egypt and go and smite the Philistines, and the the destruction of Pharaoh and his host, “ Lord said unto him, Go, &c." In 1 Sam. observes upon God's general superintend. xxviii. 6. “ Saul inquired of the Lord, ance and power, and insinuates that it is “ and the Lord answered him not, neither God's own cause to protect them. The “ by dreams, nor by urim," (i. e. certain 79th Psalm is upon the same subject. tokens to the high priest,) “ nor by pro
(k) v. 1.“ The sheep, &c.” The Israel- “phets." Before Jehoshaphat would go ites are so called, Ps. c. 2.“ We are his up with the king of Israel against the “ people, and the sheep of his pasture.” king of Syria, he said unto the king of
(L) 0. 3. See below, note on v. 8. Israel, “ Inquire I pray thee at the word
(m) v. 5. “Of thy congregations," i.e. “ of the Lord to-day." And when God's (probably).“where the people used to meet indignation was raised against the people " for religious purposes ; in the temple.” for their iniquities, one of his denunciations
(n) “ Tokens," i.e. “ of triumph." against them was, “ Shall I be inquired (o) v. 6, 7. The meaning is, "exquisite “ of by you, O house of Israel? As I live, was the workmanship in building and
" saith the Lord God, I will not be inguired fitting up the temple, but that is now “ of by you. Ezek. xx. 3. 31." See also “ destroyed."
Ezek. xiv. 3. and 2 Sam. ii. 1. The suffer. (p) v. 8. “The dwelling-place of thy ing himself to be thus inquired of, would Name,” i.e. “ the temple at Jerusalem.” keep up in the minds of the people a high He was to be worshipped in the place opinion of God's superintending care, would which he should choose to put his Name inspire in them devotion and respect, and there, Deut. xii.5., and the place afterwards would have a tendency to deter them from fixed upon was Jerusalem.
the idolatry of the neighbouring nations.