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Mary rose blown up in charles river,
and many persons killed. viii. 23.
Mary and john, ship. v. 131. arrives
or mary and
jane, arrives with passengers; is
cast away. P. 88.
Marysville. iv. 68.
Maryland, granted by charles i. to
cæcilius, lord baltimore, a papist,
and so named after his consort, a
papist; bounds extend to new
england, and privileges are greater.
vii. P. 80.
at nantasket. P. 10.
Martha's vineyard. iii. 34. 38.
harbour much frequented. 39.
schools at. 46. ponds, rivers,
springs, meadows, &c. 47. cli-
mate. 48. soil. 49. produce.
50-53. roads and houses. 53.
animals. 53. 54. 59. birds and
insects. 54. fishes. 55-57.
shell fish. 58. cattle. 59. sheep;
wool. 60. manufactures; cha-
racter of inhabitants; their reli-
gion. 61.62. party spirit; houses,
families and religious denomina-
tions. 62. 63. emigrations from;
diseases. 63. names of first set-
tlers. 66. name of, changed. 80.
sometimes called martin's vine-
yard; origin of name. 80. 88.
injured by the revolutionary war.
89. condition of, in different
times. 89. indian names. 89.
annexed to massachusetts. 82.
granted to duke of york; pur-
chased of earl of stirling; inde-
pendent in government. 85. vis-
ited by gosnold. v. 10. indian
name. 68. progress of christiani-
ty among indians at. vi. 654.
Martha's vineyard, indians
67. mode of catching fish.
progress of civilization among. 83.
acknowledge themselves subjects
of england 84. acknowledge mr.
mayhew as governour, and swear
to further the gospel; number of.
86. answer to captain carson.
86. fidelity to the english. 87.
formerly lived chiefly by hunting
and fishing. 90. wasted away af
ter the arrival of the english, by
pestilence (yellow fever.) 91. de-
scription of. 91-94. converted
to christianity; table of decrease
of numbers. 92. present situation.
Masconomo, sagamore of the country
toward cape ann, welcomes the
english. v. 130. received under
jurisdiction of massachusetts. vi.
Mashne island. iv
ii. 47. descrip-
tion of. iii. 1. its productions
and soil. 2. 3. quantity of in-
dian corn per acre, produced at.
2. indians, manner of supporting;
under guardians; few of pure race;
number and houses. 4. 14. em-
ployed in fishing and tilling the
ground. 5. schools. 5. 9. are
dirty, immoral, intemperate, cun-
ning and false. 5. 6. religion;
meeting-house. 6. ministers. 7.
9. superstitions; fables. 7. po-
verty; privileges. 9. law relat-
ing to its indians, passed in 1763.
9. repealed. 10. not to be trusted
with power; overseers of; guar-
dians of. 10. state of in 1767. 13.
Mashpee river. iii. 1.2.
Mashpee pond. iii. 1.
Maske, a bear, or the pole star among
indians. ix. 98.
Mason, capt. john.
V. 40. ob-
tains a grant of naumkeag, and of
land between naumkeag and pas-
cataqua. 89. names cape ann.
105. 145. 151. 153. 215. 224.
death. 226. sepárates his inter-
est from that of sir f. gorges. 224.
agreement with new england pa-
tentees about his territory. 231.
heirs complain to his majesty
against massachusetts. vi. 612.
account of grants made to; copy
of grant to, from council of ply- | Mason hall, at pascataqua.
mouth. 614. accuses massachu-
setts to the privy council, but is
foiled. vii. P. 85. 88. 89. aims
at the general government of new
england. P. 88. governour of a
plantation at newfoundland. ix. 7.
Mason, major john, of connecticut,
his brief history of the pequot war,
with an introduction and notes, by
rev. thomas prince. viii. 120. 153.
bred to arms in the netherlands.
121. a relation of capt. john
mason, who claimed pascataqua;
settled at windsor, connecticut;
and the commander of connecticut
troops in the pequot war.
122. major general of the colony;
served under sir thomas fairfax,
and was esteemed by him; depu-
ty governour of connecticut. 124.
named deputy governour in the
charter of charles ii. uniting new
haven with connecticut. 124.
125. sent to relieve saybrook fort,
besieged by pequots. 131. again
marches against the pequots. 131.
and again. 133. attacks and burns
pequot fort. 139. captures many
pequots. 147. 148. 229. 232. his
victory over the pequots.
Mason, henry. iv. 241.
Mason, mrs. ann, executrix of capt.
john mason, sends over joseph ma-
son to look after her interests.
Mason, isle of. vi. 615.
Masquinnipash pond, now merry's
pond. iv. 259.
Massachusetts colony. i. (iv. viii.)
money coined in. i. (xi.) some of its
clergy defend inoculation for small-
pox. 106. first company arrive,
july 12, (according to prince, june,)
1630, and land near noddle's
island. ii. 86. dr. wilson's dona-
tion to, for military stores. 59.
their grief at the death of isaac
johnson. 87. begin to build bos-
ton, gather a church at charles-
town, and appoint rev. john wilson,
minister. 88. churches flourish.
89. third church at dorchester.
90. fourth church at boston in
1631. 91. fifth church at rox-
bury. 92. sixth church at lynn.
seventh church at watertown.
94. obliged by law to support an
orthodox ministry. 202. only
one episcopal church in, in 1692,
only three in 1727; pass a law re-
specting the taxation of episcopa-
lians, anabaptists and quakers.
203. 204. letter of its general court
to rev. john owen, requesting
him to be minister of boston. 265.
early passes a law establishing a
mint. 274. people begin agricul-
ture. iii. 129. 132. slaves in, in
1754, 1755. 95. brought in
debt £5000 by expedition to ca-
nada; issues bills to pay this debt.
260. sends troops against pequods.
iv. 44. 45. takes the pequod fort.
47. 48. defeats the pequods. 49.
capital laws; proceedings of gene-
ral court against the inhabitants of
hingham. 112. sends soldiers to
casco bay to prevent the usurpa-
tion of andros. 160. general
court grant £50 to rev. mr. hub-
bard for his history. v. (iii.) go-
vernment of, by patent; tenure of
lands by patent in free and com-
mon socage; patent brought over.
114. vii. P. 3. reasons of settle-
ment; first covenant of fellowship.
v. 116. manner of distributing land
among first settlers. 123. go-
vernment transferred from london
to massachusetts. 124. court
held on board the arbella at south-
ampton, england; desirous of
avoiding all suspicion of being un-
friendly to the church of england.
124. regrets at leaving their
friends in england; parting address
to the church of england.
fleet set sail from england.
and all arrive. 132. afflicted by
a fatal disease. 132. patentees
of, arrive. 133. suffer by fire,
scurvy and want of provisions. ii.
87. v. 139. 140. vii. P. 19. 20.
disturbed by the claim of sir f.
gorges. v. 141. governour and as-
sistants claim to be considered in
the light of a parliament. 144.
vii. P. 57. complained of by sir
c. gardiner and others, as about to
throw off their allegiance. v. 145.
first court held at charlestown.
146. accusation against, before the
king and council; measures for
preventing the indians from arm-
ing; apprehensions lest their liber-
ties should be invaded. 147. first
general court of election in 1631;
admit to freedom none but church
members; few ships arrive at, in
1631. 148. advertise a reward for
sir c. gardiner; forbid the indians
to kill him. 149. summoned by
the king in council to answer to
the complaints of sir c. gardiner
and others. 151. ships coming to,
stopped by order of privy council.
153. 154. acquitted with honour
from the charges brought against
them by gardiner and others. 154.
vii. P. 85. arrival of more planters
at. v. 155. fourth court of elec-
tion; the whole body of freemen
to be present at the court of elec-
tion only; its freemen first choose
deputies. 156. ministers con-
sulted about a body of laws for the
state and church. 157. pass a
law respecting wages. 158. first
use of grand juries in, 1635; man-
ner of proceeding in civil actions.
159. governour of, receives a let-
ter from capt. neal respecting pi-
rates; measures taken to capture
them. 160. alarmed by a report
of the coming of french jesuits, &c.
raise a fort at nantasket, and hasten
the planting of ipswich. 161. dis-
turbed by the defacing of the king's
colours at salem; punishes mr.
endicott for it; freemen jealous of
their liberties; magistrates affirmed
to be merely ministerial, and nega
tive voice questioned. 165. 166.
power of magistrates to make
peace without the consent of the
people, questioned. 166. a pre-
170. grant leave
sent of cattle to.
to certain inhabitants of watertown
and roxbury to remove to connec
ticut. 177. their difficulty with
plymouth men about connecticut.
179. spread themselves into many
new plantations. 179. 180. views
of church government; owned the
church of england a true church.
181. take a middle course be-
tween brownism and presbyterian-
ism. 182. 183. notions of the vi-
sible church; who are to be con-
sidered as members; approve of
church covenant. 183. the platform
set forth at the synod at cambridge.
184. of the persons bound to, only
one instance of perishing by ship-
wreck. 200. violent storm at, 15th
august, 1635. 199. 200. disturban-
ces in, caused by roger williams.
202. 205. 207. 212. gorges and ma-
son attempt to get its patent re-
voked. 227. 229. banish roger wil-
liams. 207. increases rapidly, es-
tablishes a standing council, regu-
lates courts of judicature. 234. au-
thority of towns; early regulation of
militia; troubles in, during the time
of sir h. vane; general court to be
held semi-annually. 235. troubles
caused by sir h. vane removed by
gov. winthrop. 236. low price of
cattle, suffering of the colony, in
1640; order the manufacture of
woollen cloth; scarceness of pro-
visions in. 238. open traffick with
the west indies and wine islands.
239. deputies from towns reduced
from three to two; its deputies
opposed to the standing council.
244. committee appointed to frame
a body of laws, which are adopted.
246. 247. punish extortioners.
248. makes peace with the narra-
gansets and with massachusetts in-
dians. 254. difficulties about the
place of holding general court.
258. 259. receives a commission
from sir f. gorges to govern the pro-
vince of maine, or new somerset.
261. quo warranto issued against,
and judgment for the king. 272.
charter confirmed afterwards by the
king; disturbances in, occasioned
by rev. mr. wheelright and mrs.
hutchinson's religious notions. 280.
mr. wheelright convicted of se-
dition, etc. 283. petitioners in his
favour, expelled the colony, go to
rhode island. 283. expels mrs.
hutchinson. 285. meeting of min.
isters about church difficulties.
286. general court take into con-
sideration the disputes among the
churches. 289. 290. synod called
and a day of humiliation appointed.
295. 296. the religious errours then
prevalent. 297. first synod at
cambridge. 298. banishes ana-
baptists on account of their sedi-
tious opinions. vi. 347. difficulties
with mr. burdet of dover. 354.
proceedings against underhill. 356.
359. 360. controversy about ligo-
nia referred to. 369. hears the
cause, but declines jurisdiction.
370. begins to look to its bounda-
ries. 371. purchases jurisdiction
of territory adjoining pascataqua;
establishes a body of laws. 372.
receives exeter under its govern-
ment; troubled by anabaptists.
373. determines that they have a
right to repress heresies. 374.
ships seized in boston harbour; dis-
tress in, causes many to remove
south. 375. 376.
passes a law for
recording all deeds of conveyance.
380. disputes about the negative
votes of the magistrates. 382. 383.
difficulties in consequence of scar-
city of provisions; early settlers at,
agree to support each other. 384.
standing council written against.
385. resolves of ministers about
the standing council. 387. 388.
deputies and magistrates to form
two bodies. 391. further disputes
about the standing council, depu-
ties, magistrates, &c. 392. 399.
troubled by gorton and other fami-
lists. 401. sends troops to arrest
gorton and his company. 402. 403.
books sent to, from england, in fa-
vour of anabaptists. 415. further
disturbed by rumours of indian hos-
tilities. 446. 449. makes peace
with the narragansets. 453. gen-
eral court of, ratify articles of con-
federation with other colonies.
474. transactions of, with the
french about acady. 478. 494.
makes a present to d'aulney of a
curious sedan in reparation of
wrong. 496. further troubled by
gorton and company. 500. or-
dered by earl of nottingham and
others to allow gorton and company
to land, and pass to their residence
without molestation. 501. sends
agent to england on the subject of
s. gorton and company. 502. pe-
titions the earl of warwick and lords
commissioners in answer to gorton
and others. 502. 506. receives
letters from committee of house of
lords and commons on the subject
of gorton's complaints. 507. 509.
substance of petition to, from dr.
child and others. 512. argument
with dr. child and others on their
petition. 515. lays a duty on
spanish wine; difficulty in collect-
ing this duty. 520. ship building
and trade early flourished in; two
ships wrecked on the coast of
spain. 524. inflicts the punish-
ment of death on mrs. jones, of
charlestown, supposed to be a
witch. 530. first law authorizing
administrators to sell lands for pay-
ment of debts of the deceased.
592. debates about calling a sy-
nod; power of magistrates in mat-
ters of religion, and liberty of con-
science. 532. 536. sends com-
missioners to maine. 542. obtains
jurisdiction of maine; orders skilful
mathematicians to run the north
line of massachusetts; grants the
privileges of free men to maine. 543.
first orders laws to be printed. 544.
unwilling to engage in war between
the dutch and new haven men.
547. adopt the platform of disci-
pline of 1648; fines the church at
malden, for settling a minister with-
out the advice of neighbouring
churches, and allowance of magis-
trates. 550. orders, that no min-
ister be settled without the appro-
bation of magistrates, and author-
izes county courts to compel the
support of ministers. 551. farms
out the fur trade with indians; gives
2000 acres of land to harvard col-
lege. 555. address to charles ii.
on his restoration. 557. answer
of the king to this address. 561.
disputes about baptism, &c. 562.
570. passes laws against quakers.
571. declaration of its general
court on proceedings against qua-
kers. 572. one of its members
publishes a book, which the court
censures; solemnly proclaims
charles ii. king. 575. sends brad-
street and norton to england to re-
present their loyalty to charles ii.
576. difficulties, debates, &c. on
the subjects agitated by the com-
missioners from charles ii. 578.
583. viii. 55. 110. determines
to exercise authority over a part of
maine. vi. 584. sends commis-
sioners to portsmouth, dover, and
exeter to settle difficulties. 586.
court reply to the petition of s. gor-
ton and others to commissioners;
presents £500 to his majesty for
the accommodation of his navy;
further disputes about baptism, &c.
587. attempts to break up a schis-
matical society of christians. 591.
passes a law, authorizing adminis-
trators to sell lands for payment of
debts of the deceased. 592. sends
commissioners to york. 593. or-
der and declaration for the govern-
ment of yorkshire (york.) 594.
authorizes the commissioners to
hold courts. 595. further difficul-
ties on the subject of baptism,
church government, &c. 601. 602.
sends william stoughton and peter
bulkley to england, to answer com-
plaints made by heirs of gorges and
mason. 613. afterwards sends
joseph dudley and john richards
with fuller powers. 614. calls a
synod of ministers on the subject of
public calamities. 621. orders
the confession of faith, agreed on at
the synod, to be published. 624.
bears an unequal share of expense,
&c. under the union of the colonies
in 1643. vii. 45. why named mas-
sachusetts. 75. its military drill-
ed eight days in the year, without
exemption, except deacons, minis-
ters, magistrates, and a few timo-
rous persons. 53. arrival of, under
gov. winthrop, (prince's advertise-
ment;) loses 200 people by death
between april and december of the
first year. P. 6. does not permit
strangers to plant there. P. 6.
seat of government at newtown,
now cambridge. P. 8. sufferings
for the want of food. P. 10. 18.
a day of fast, which is changed into
a day of thanksgiving on account of
the arrival of provisions, which are
distributed according to their neces-
sities. P. 18. each plantation to
erect a trucking house for indians.
P. 61. every person in, to be pro-
vided with arms and ammunition.
P. 23. 26. towns taxed for a canal
from charles river to newtown. P.
31. question made by watertown
people about the power of govern-
ment to lay taxes. P. 57. general
court orders, that the governour,
deputy governour and assistants be
chosen by the whole court, includ-
ing freemen, and that the governour
be chosen from among the assistants.
v. 147. vii. P. 60. general court
held once a year. P. 57. people
purchased all their land of the in-
dians; small-pox destroys many of
its indians. P. 67. sad distresses
end with terrible cold winter. P.
75. 76. sickness in; locusts very
numerous and destructive. P. 92.
reasons why more persons did not
come in 1631, 1632-sickness and
deaths and want of food in, misre-
presentations against, by morton,
sir c. gardiner, ratcliff and others.
P. 82. emigration to, increases for
several years. P. 83. seditious
words against its government pun-
ished. P. 85. without ploughs.
P. 88. is accused to the privy
council by gorges and others of
throwing off allegiance, and becom-
ing wholly separate from the laws
of england. P. 88. and is dis-
charged. P. 89. 91. expected to
prove useful to england in furnishing
masts, cordage, &c. P. 89. 91.
chooses governour, deputy gover-
nour and assistants, by general