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things which I have made (n) unto

5. Good luck have thou with the (0) King

thine honour: ride on, because (t) 2. My tongue is the pen of a of the word of truth, of meekready writer.

ness, and righteousness; and thy 3. Thou () art fairer (7) than right hand shall teach thee territhe children of men: full of grace ble things. are thy lips, because God (r) hath 6. Thy arrows (u) are very sharp, blessed thee for (s) ever.

and the people shall be subdued (m) 4. Gird thee with thy sword unto thee : even in the (y) midst upon thy thigh, 0 thou most among the King's (y) enemies. mighty : 'according to thy worship 7. Thy seat, O God (r), enand renown.

dureth for ever (a): the scep

nity, foretelling a period not yet arrived, Psalm refer to the Messiah, though he when the Jews should be converted to was to have “no form or comeliness, no the religion of Christ, and stand foremost “beauty that we should desire him, (Is. liii. in their

attachment to Christianity : when “ 2.)” he did no sin, neither was guilę the Messiah should have grounds for “ found in his lips. 1 Pet. ii. 22.” selecting the Jewish nation above all others (r) • God." Hebr. Elohim. as a man selects one woman for his wife, (s) “ For ever;" true of Christ : far from and when the Jewish nation should look true of Solomon. See ante, 43. note (y). up to him above all others as a woman (t) v. 5. “ For “because,". Bishop looketh up to her husband. It might Horsley reads " in the cause of.” mean, first, under the type of the bride. (u) v. 6. “ Thy arrows, &c." The groom, to express the great affection the time of the Messiah is repeatedly noticed Messiah should have for his Church, and as a time of signal vengeance. See note the protection and blessings he should on Psalm ii. 9. confer upon it; and, secondly, under the (or) “ Subdued, &c.” This is so far true type of the bride, to intimate the zeal of Solomon that he “ reigned over all and attachment with which the Christian “ kingdoms, from the river” (Euphrates). Church should look up to the Messiah, “ unto the land of the Philistines, and unto and the perfect dependence it should place “ the borders of Egypt, 1 Kings iv, 21," on him; and the description of the King, but his was a reign of peace. the bride, and her companions might be (y) “ The King's," i. e. “ thine," he is intended to intimate the power of the addressing the King. “In the midst :” Messiah, the glory of his Church, and even there where they would be least the success of his religion. It is one assailable; so completely should they be of the Psalms for Christmas Day. See

subdued. The same idea occurs in the Dr. Hales's 9th Dissertation, 301. 2 Slade, prophetic Psalm, cx. 2. “ Be thou ruler, 195.

“ even in the midst


thine enemies.' (m) . 1. “ Indiling of a good matter," (z) v. 7. “ O God." Hebr. Elohim; reor " labouring with a godly theme." ferring to the Messiah, Euseb. Eccl. Hist. Bishop Horsley.

B. 1. c. 3. p. 9. Basil. 80. Vaill. 37. (n) « Unto” or " of ; concerning." And “ would the Holy Ghost” (says Justin Bishop Horsley renders it, “I address my Martyr) call any one Lord or God, experformance to the King.”

cept the Father of all, and his Christ ?” (0) “ The King,” i.e. " the Messiah.” Justin Martyr, Dial. cum Tryphone, 277. Hammond and Bishop Horsley observe,

and see 287. from the Jewish expositors, that “ the (a) “ For ever." The perpetual duraKing" in the Psalms always applies to the

tion of Christ's kingdom is repeatedly Messiah, unless there is something in foretold ; and as its fulfilment is now going the context to direct it to some other on before our eyes, it is one of the many person.

proofs of the authenticity of the Scriptures, (p) v. 3. “ Thou,” i.e. either" Solomon” and of the divine origin of our religion. In or is the Messiah.”

Ps. Ixxxix. 30. it is said, “ His seed will I (9) “ Fairer” or “ purer:'' and if the “ makc to endure for ever, and his throne


tre of thy kingdom is a right |

12. So shall the King have pleasceptre. (6)

sure in thy beauty : for he is 8. Thou hast loved righteous- thy Lord God (h), and worship ness, and hated iniquity : where- thou him. fore God (c), even thy God (c), 13. And the daughter of Tyre hath anointed thee with the oil of () shall be there with a (k) gift gladness above thy fellows. like as the rich also among the

9. All thy garments smell of people shall make their supplicamyrrh, aloes, and cassia : out of tion before thee. the ivory palaces, whereby they 14. The King's (1) daughter have made thee glad.

is (m all glorious (n) within : her 10. King's daughters were clothing (0) is of wrought gold. among thy honourable women : 15. She shall be brought unto upon thy right hand did stand the King in raiment of needlethe (d) queen in a vesture of gold, work : the virgins, that be her wrought about with divers co- fellows, shall bear her company, lours.

and shall be brought unto thee. 11. Hearken, O daughter (e), 16. With joy and gladness shall and consider, incline thine ear : they be brought : and shall enter forget (g) also thine own people, into the King's palace. and thy father's house.

17. Instead (o) of thy fathers

as the days of heaven." In Ps. Ixxii. 5. " those peculiarities which separate you “ They shall fear thee, as long as the sun “ from other nations, (Justin M. Dial. “ and moon endureth, from one gene- cum Tryphone, 287.) or“ disregard every “ ration to another.” According to Ps.cx. “ attachment which will interfere with 1. he is to sit at God's right hand, till God your duty;" for in the language of shall make his enemies his footstool. His Christ, “ He that loves father or mother is the kingdom, which, (according to Dan. “ more than me, is not worthy of me, ii. 44.) “ The God of heaven should set “ Matt. x. 37." “ up, which shall never be destroyed ;” it (h) v. 12.“ Thy Lord God," or rather was to him that, (according to Dan. vii. 14.) “ thy Lord,” (Hebr. Adoni). “God” is not “ there was given dominion and glory, and in the original. “ a kingdom, that all people, nations, and (i) v. 13. “ The daughter of Tyre," i. e. “ languages should serve him, whose do- (perhaps)“ the greatest Gentile nations." “ minion is an everlasting dominion, which (k) “ A gift," i. e.“ in worship. " “ shall not pass away, and whose kingdom il) v. 14. “ The King's daughter," i. e. “ is that which shall not be destroyed ;" (probably) her who in verse 10. is called and, according to his own prophecy, “ the queen,” and in verse 11. is addressed (Matt. xvi. 18. ante, 190.) the gates of as “ daughter." hell shall not prevail against his church. (m)... Ls," i. e. (probably)

« must be," (6) Or, “a sceptre of righteousness is the this will be required. “sceptre of thy kingdom."

(n) “ All glorious within,"j. e. (probably) (c) v. 8. “ God," Hebr. Elohim, so that endowed with all internal graces, with here is in verse 8. God anointing, and every good quality of heart and mind. by referring to verse 7. it is God who is (0) “Her clothing, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) anointed. God the Father anointing, and she has really all the worth she seems to Christ the God anointed. Vaill. 18. have: there is no deception, no false shew.

(d) v. 10. “ The queen," i. e. (as many (p) v. 17. “Instead, &c." Bp. Horsley writers think) the Jewish nation when it thinks the rendering may be, “ Thy childshall have embraced Christianity.

“ ren shall be what their fathers were, i. e. (e) v. 11. “Daughter," i. e. (probably) “ God's chosen people; their zeal for her who in v. 10. is called “ the queen. “ Christ's religion, when converted, shall

(g) “ Forget," i. e. either, “ lay aside “ intitle them to that distinction."

thou shalt have children : whom the tabernacle of the Most thou mayest make princes in all | Highest. lands.

5. God is in the midst of her; 18. I will remember thy Name therefore shall she not be refrom one generation to another : moved : God shall help her, and therefore shall the people give that right early. thanks unto thee, world without 6. The heathen make much end.

ado (s), and the kingdoms are Psalm xlvi. (9)

moved: but God hath shewed his God is our hope and strength : a voice, and the earth (t) shall melt very present help in trouble. away.

2. Therefore will we not fear, 7. The (u) Lord of hosts is with though the earth be moved : and us: the God of Jacob is our refuge. though the hills be carried into 8. O come hither, and behold the midst of the sea;

the works of the Lord: what 3. Though the waters thereof destruction (x) he hath brought rage and swell : and though the upon the earth. mountains shake at the tempest of

9. He maketh (y) wars to cease

in all the world : he breaketh (2) 4. The rivers (r) of the flood the bow, and (x) knappeth the thereof shall make glad the city spear in sunder, and (3) burneth of God : the

: the holy place of the chariots in the fire.

the same.

(g) A song of triumph, written with (s) v. 6.“ Make much ado," i. e.“ hosgreat spirit upon some signal victory or tilely raise their forces, &c.deliverance, describing in very animated (t) “The earth," i. e.“all human power." language the advantage of God's assistance (u) v. 7. “ The Lord, &c.” The triand his irresistible power, and introducing umphant burthen of the song; the reason God himself to increase the effect. It is why they may despise all human efforts : supposed to have been written either, lst, where God assists, the event cannot be upon David's successes mentioned 2 Sam. doubtful. vii.; or, 2dly, upon the destruction of the (3) v. 8. “ Destruction, &c." i. e.“ upon Moabites and Ammonites, who came up

our enemies." against Jehoshaphat, but turned against (y) v. 9.“ Maketh wars to cease, &c." each other, as recorded 2 Chron. xx. (See i. e. (probably,)" by overcoming all human post, 313. note on Psalm xlviii.); or, 3dly, “ means, frustrating all human devices.” upon the annihilation of Sennacherib's army,

(z) “ Breaketh, knappeth, burneth, &c." when the angel of the Lord smote in their It was usual to burn and otherwise destroy camp one hundred and eighty-five thousand

much of the armour of their enemies after men. (See 2 Kings xix. 35. and Isaiah xxxvii. | gaining a victory: This custom is probably 36.) The recurring frequently to hymns

referred to, Isaiah ix. 4, 5. Post, And written on signal instances of God's assist- in Ez. xxxix. 9, 10. after denouncing deance, was calculated to keep the events con- feat upon the heathen on the mountains of stantly in their minds, and to inspire the Israel, God says, “ They that dwell in the highest opinion of God's power, and a

" cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall thankful remembrance of his protection.

set on fire and burn the weapons, both (r) v. 4. “ The rivers, &c." i. e. (per

" the shields and the bucklers, the bows and haps) " the most violent commotions, or the “ the arrows, and the handstaves, and the "most formidable irruptions shall be so con- spears, &c.” So Virgil, Æn. viii. 561. " trolled by God's power, that instead of dismay and despair, they shall produce

« Scutorum incendi victor acervos." "exultation and triumph, shall make the "city glad."

See 2 Lowth's Isaiah 100. and Hog, ii. 18.

10. “ Be still (a) then, and know 11. The Lord of hosts is with « that I am God: I will be exalted us : the God of Jacob is our

among the heathen, and I will refuge. “ be exalted in the earth.”

Lessons for the Ninth Day of the Month throughout the Year.

January 9.

Morn. Gen. xv.

Matt. vii. (1) Even. Gen. xvi.

Rom. vii.

February 9.
March 9.

April 9.
Morn. Exod. xxiv. Morn. Deut. xxxii. Morn. 1 Sam. xxi.
Mark ix.
Luke xx.

Acts vi.
Even. Exod. xxxii. Even. Deut. xxxii. Even. 1 Sam. xxii.
2 Cor. v.
Col. iv.

Heb. xi.

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our feet.


under us : and the nations under Psalm xlvii. (6) O CLAP your hands together, 4. He shall choose out an heriall ye people : 0 sing unto Godtage for us : even the worship of with the voice of melody.

Jacob, whom he loved. 2. For the Lord is high, and 5. God (c) is gone up with a to be feared : he is the great merry noise : and the (c) Lord King upon all the earth.

with the sound of the trump. 3. He shall subdue the people 6. O sing praises, sing praises

“ I will break the bow and the sword, and God stirred up their enemies to destroy " the battle out of the earth.”

each other, which they did. (a) v. 10. “ Be still then, &c.” Evi. (6) A spirited hymn, upon some solemn dently a change of person : God himself is procession with the ark. It is one of the introduced. This direction agrees with proper Psalms for Ascension Day. that given to the Jews in Jehosha- (c) v. 5. “ God,” and “ the Lord," phat's time, when, in answer to Jehosha- typified by the ark," the symbol of God's phat’s anxious prayer, God gave him this presence. Justin M. considers this and all assurance, “ Ye shall not need to fight in that follows in this Psalm as prophetical, “this battle ; set yourselves, stand ye still, applying to the Messiah. Dial. cum Try. " and see the salvation of the Lord with phone, 255. f you, 2 Chron. xx. 17." and accordingly

unto our God : O sing praises, 2. The hill of Sion is a fair sing praises unto our King. place, and the joy of the whole

7. For God is the King of all earth : upon the north side lieth the earth : sing ye praises with the city of the great King; God understanding. (d)

is well known in her palaces as a 8. God reigneth over the hea- sure refuge. then : God sitteth upon his holy 3. For lo, the (i) kings of the seat.

earth : are gathered, and gone by 9. The princes (e) of the peo- (1) together. ple are joined unto the people of 4. They marvelled to see such the God of Abraham : for (8) things (1) : they were astonished God, which is very high exalted, and suddenly cast down. doth defend the earth, as it were 5. Fear came there upon them, with a shield.

and sorrow : as upon a woman in

her travail. Psalm xlviii. (h)

6. Thou shalt break the ships Great is the Lord, and highly to (m) of the sea : through the east be praised : in the city of our God, wind. even upon his holy hill.

7. Like as we have heard, so

(d) o. 7. “ Understanding, i. e. “skill, lem, with psalteries and harps and trum“ judgment."

pets unto the house of the Lord. This (e) v. 9.“ The princes, &c." i.e. either, was about 896 years before the birth of " the heads of the Gentile nations are Christ. The Psalm notices the protection “ united in worship with the Jewish peo- God afforded to Jerusalem, the discomfi"ple," or “the governors of distant districts ture of her enemies, the advantages of its "are come to join the rest of the people.” situation, and her perfect exemption from

(g)“For God, &c." “ For whilst they are damage. It is also probably prophetical, "concurring in the worship of God, their taking occasion from this great interposi“ territories will be safe. God shall defend tion of God's assistance, to look forward to "them." In Exod. xxxiv. 23, 24. when God that preeminent deliverance, the redempdirects all the males to appear before him tion by Christ ; and signifying beforehand thrice every year, he assures them that at

the opposition it should experience, those times no man shall desire their land ; the discomfiture of its opponents, and (that is,) they shall be free from invasions. the success and triumphs of its adherents.

(b) A song of triumph upon some signal Jerome evidently so considers it. The deliverance, perhaps ihat in the time of strength of Sion may be considered as inJehoshaphat, when the Moabites and

timating the strength of Christ's church; Ammonites, and the inhabitants of founded on that rock, against which the Mount Seir came up against him. See powers of hell shall not prevail. It is one 2 Chron. xx. and the note on the 46th Ps. of the Psalms for Whitsunday. The alarm was great, and a fast was (i) v. 3. So in Psalm ii. 2. “ the kings of proclaimed; all Judah was gathered to- “ the earth” are described as Christ's opgether out of all their cities to ask help

posers. of the Lord, and they stood before him (k) “ Gone by," i. e. (probably) “ in with their wives and their children. God military array promised them deliverance, and stirred up (?) v. 4.“ To see such things," i. e.“ at their enemies to fall upon each other, “ what they saw." which they did so effectually, that none (m) v. 6.“ The ships, &c.” The Moabescaped. The spoil was so great, that the ites, &c. came from beyond the sea, Jews were three days in gathering it; on (2 Chron. xx.

2.) and this may refer to the the fourth, they assembled in the valley destruction of their ships ; or it may be only of Berachak, and there they blessed the another similitude, « Thou destroyedst Lord: and then they went up to Jerusa- “ them, as the east wind destroys ships.”

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