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306
Coins of Kings of Scotland.

(Oct. the earliest and rudest bearing that long cross on No. , Snelling, is exname must be given 10 Alexander II. actly similar to those of Alexander, 11. Some of these reasons I slightly noticed nor is there any probability that this in a former letter, but as we are now cross was used on Scotish coins before about to consider the coins of Alexan- the time of William, and as there is der II. it will be proper to examine scarcely any difference between Nos. I the matter more at large in this place. and 2, except in the cross, I think it

The coins which have been assigned can hardly be contended that they beto Alexander I. bear a rude head to long to different princes. Considering, the left, generally without a crown, then, all the coins bearing the name of but in one instance having a crown of Alexander, to belong to Alexander II. pearls; some of them bear on the re- or III. let us examine those with the verse a short double cross, and some a double cross, which have been genelong one, and all of them hexagonal rally attributed to Alexander Il; of stars. With respect to the heads, it these, four distinct varieties are found, may be observed, that several of the which were probably minted in the later coins of William bear the head order I shall name them. The first also regarding the left, as do some of bears a rude head to the left, and a the coins of Alexander II. with the short double cross ou the reverse. The long double cross on the reverse, and 20 differs from the former only in bearcrown fleury on the obverse, although ing a long double cross on the reverse ; neither Snelling or Cardonnel have these two varieties have been, as before published any of the latter. The crown observed, attributed to Alexander I. of pearls is to be found on all the later The 3d class has on the obverse a head coins of William, and a few of those to the left, with a crown fleury and a attributed to Alexander II. one of long sceptre, surmounted with a cross; which is given by Snelling, Pl. I. No. this kind, although not uncommon, 17. The evidence, however, afforded has not been noticed either by Snelby the obverses of these coins, is by no ling or Cardonnel. The 4th bears the means so strong as that which their re- head to the right, with a long sceptre verses present; for the mullets do not and crown fleury. No. 17 of Snelling occur on those of William, which are also probably belongs to this class, alsupposed to be his earliest, whilst they though from the head being rude, and are found on his later, and on all the without the crown fleury, one might Scottish coins, from William to Ro- be inclined to place it after the 2d bert III.; neither are they found on class. The only towns and moneyers any English coins, except one of I have been able to discorer on these Stephen's, nor are they found on those coins, are Tomas of Annan, Johan, ancient pennies published by Snelling Walier, Robert, and Willem of Berin his Plate of coins of the Isle of Man, wick, Adam of Roxburgh, Alexander and which are supposed by many to be of Edinburgh, Renaud, and Walter of Scottish. It may indeed be objected, Perth, and Nicol on one of the 3d that coins bearing mullets have been class, in the collection of Mr. Leyattributed to David I.; and, if such bourn. The name of the town is de should be discovered, I admit the ob- faced, but seems to be EID for Edinjection would be well founded, but I burgh. Another also of the 3d class, have neither seen or heard of any such in my collection, bears on the reverse coins, except that published by Ander- 10HÓN....AEI, and does not seem to son and Snelling, which has been con- belong to any of the above towns. sidered, as I have no doubt it is, a

ALEXANDER III. blundered coin of Williamı. But to

The only coins attributed to this return to the coins of Alexander, the King, are those which bear on the reform of the cross on the reverse also verse a long single cross. This type seems seems to assign them a period later than that of William ; for the short coins of Edw. I. 1272, but as Alexan

to have been adopted from the English double cross on No. 1, Snelling, re

der III. began to reign in 1949, it is sembles that on the later coins of Wil- scarcely to be supposed that in these liam; but, except in length, it bears a

he did not coin

money. nearer resemblance to the long double cross on those of Alexander II. inase ling was clearly of this opinion, and much as the bars of the cross on Wil

supposed that many of those attributed liam's coins intersect each other. The

to Alexander II. belonged to Alexander III. but considered that there was

23 years

1828.]
Coins of Kings of Scotland.

307 no means of distinguishing them. It weight, however, of Robert the First's is indeed possible that all those bearing penny was 21+ grs., I have no doubt a head regarding the right with a whatever ; for in Mr. Leybourn's colcrown, and a long double cross on the lection is one in a perfect state of prereverse, belong to Alexander III; but servation, which weighs 21 grs. ; but I am more inclined to suppose the dis- the margin outside the legend is so tinction to lie in the form of the letter broad, that three or four grains might A in the word Alexander, which on be well clipped from it, without injursome of this class, and on all those of ing the appearance of the coin, and in the 3d class of Alexander the Second's the same collection is another, exactly coins, is like H, whilst on those of a resembling the former, which weighs, more nroderu appearance, as well as although nearly as well preserved, only on those of Alexander III. with the 164 grs.; it is, however, clipped as far single cross, the form is A. This dif- as the legend, and originally I believe ference does not appear to arise from weighed as much as the former. These the coins being minted at different two coins were found lately along with towns, for I have in my own possession a large quantity of English and Scotch two of these coins struck at Berwick, coins, none of thein later than the which bear the A of these two dif- time of Edward II. which is a strong serent forms, although it must I proof that they both belong to Robert think be admitted, that some of those 1. The very broad margin of the with the long double cross belong to largest, which admits of much clipping Alexander IIY. Perhaps the old uiode without injuring the appearance of the of classification is still advisable, as we coin, accounts most satisfactorily for cannot tell when the change of letter the light weight to which most of the was introduced. Of those of Alexan- coins of Robert I. have been reduced ; der 111. with the single cross, fire va. but as they are generally reduced by rieties occur ; one of thein bears a these means to nearly the standard of French inscription on the reverse, but those of Robert II. which probably the other four differ only in the stars afforded no such margin, it will be neor pierced mullets on the reverse. One cessary for us to look for some more variety having pierced mullets of five satisfactory niode of distinguishing the points, another ihose of six points, an- small coins of these two princes, than other stars or close mullets of six can derive from their weights. points, and another two pierced mullets Two legends occur on the reverses of of six, and iwo stars of seven points. the small coins of Robert I. and II.; JOHN BALIOL.

the first is Scotorum Rex, and the seThe varieties of this King's money cond the name of the place of mintage; are of a very trifling nature. Those the former is found on all the coins of with Rex Scot. bear some of them Alexander III., at least those compierced mullets of five, and some of six monly ascribed to him, and which are points, the former bearing a young his latest, and also on most of those of head, and the latter an old one; and on John Baliol ; whilst the name of the some, perhaps all of the latter, the place of mintage is found on most of sceptre has two small pearls about the the coios of David; the former legend centre; others bear two pierced mul- therefore was more likely to have been lels of five, and two stars of five points. used by Robert I. and the latter by Those struck at St. Andrew's bear two Robert II. The sceptre also on these pierced mullets of five, and two of six coins may afford us some evidence; on points.

several of them one or two pearls are Robert I.

found about the centre of the sceptre ; The weight of this prince's penny this peculiarity we meet with on those was, I believe, 21) grains ; this Snels in Mr. Leybourn's collection, and ling and Cardonnel admit should have often on the coins of Alexander III. been the weight according to the and Jolin Baliol, but never on the standard of 21 pennies to the oz.; but coins of David and his successors; this they say that none are found which mark, therefore, whenever it is found, exceed 18 grains, and few 17, and as is, I think, a strong proof that the the first pennies of Robert II. should, coin belongs to Robert I.; and there is if perfect, weigh 16 grs. it would be another mark on the sceptre of others impossible to distinguish them by the of these coins, which is nearly as strong criierion of weight. That the original evidence that the coins possessing it

We

Yours,

Oct. 11.

308
History of the Gunpowder Plot.

(Oct belong to Robert II. This is a small

ROBERT III. cross at the bottom or handle of the I have not discovered any of this sceptre, and is found on some of the prince's coins which are not published coins of David, and all the groats and by Cardonnel, Pl. 3 and 4. half-groats of Robert II. I believe it In my next letter. I shall offer rewill be found that these two marks marks on the coins of the James's. never occur on the same coin ; when

&c. John LINDSAY. ever, therefore, we meet with either of them on any of the small coins of these two Roberts, it will, I think, be one

MR. URBAN, of the surest modes of appropriating IN

'N my letter respecting the Powder them. The halfpence bearing on the

Plot Cellar, inserted in your Mac reverse two mullets, and the legend gazine for September 1825, I had men, Scotorum Rex, I think it extremely tioned it as a probable circumstance probable belong to Robert I., and those that the letter which occasioned the bearing four mullets, struck at Edin- discovery of the plot might have been burgh, lo Robert II ; as those of David written by Mrs. Habington, the sister struck at that city bear only two, and of Lord Monteagle, and wife of Mr. it is probable those with four were

Habington, of Henlip, Worcestershire, minted afterwards. The application of at whose house some of the conspirathe above rules will, I think, assign

tors had met. Since that time, I have all those with Rex Scotorum to Robert obtained decisive evidence of the fact. I., and those bearing the name of A small pamphlet, in 4to. entitled, the place of mintage to Robert II. ;

“ The History of the Powder Treason, but I have not seen a sufficient number with a Vindication of the Proceedings of coins or drawings to warrant me in and Matters relating thereunto fruin giving a decisive opinion on this point. the exceptions made against it, and DAVID II.

more particularly of lale years by the I have not been able to discover

Authour of the Catholic Apologye.

any coins of this King which are not pub. To which is added a Parallel, betwixt lished by Cardonnel, Pl. 2. On a

that and the present Popish Plot,” 4to. groat in my possession, struck at Edin. Lond. 1681, I have seen ; and a copy burgh, there is a small cross in one of of it is (I find from the Catalogue in the quarters of the reverse, under the V

iwo voluines, folio, printed in 1787, in Edinburgh; and the small cross on

under the article Plot) among the the handle of the sceptre is wanting; printed books in the British Museum, and-in Mr. Leybourn's collection is a

The book is an anonymous publicafine groat, which bears a large mullet

tion ; but some person, through whose of five points after the word Scotorum. hands the copy which I saw had passed, Robert II.

had written in manuscript the words On the groats and half-groats of this

" by Gilbert Burnett, D. D.” and had prince, the only places of mintage which altered the date 1681 10 1680, 30 Nov. occur are Edinburgh, Perth, and Dun. This probably was the date of the fordee; on the groats of Dundee, and mer edition ; for the preface to the some of those of Edinburgh, the letter

reader speaks of this as a reprint. B is found behind the King's head,

The book is divided into two tracts, the signification of wbich has been the

the first entitled The History, the other subject of much controversy. The opi

The Vindication ; and, in the former of nion of Bishop Nicholson and others,

these, p. 19, is the following passage : that this letter was not intended to “ But the wary Jesuit [meaning Garnet] denote either the name Bruce, or that provided for his oyn safety, and sending of the moneyer, seems highly probable; Greenwel to them for their assistance and but I have never met with any plausible direction, he himself retreated to Hall at conjecture as to its real signification; Mr. Habington's house, at Hinlip in Worcesperhaps it was the initial of the words tershire, where Hall had found a safe retreat burnt silver, which are found in many theirs informs us, Heu Meri Historia Mis

for sixteen years together, as an author of of the Acts of Parliament of those times, and which signified refined sil- of great reception; and, as much of the Plot

sionis Anglicanæ, p. 333. This was a place ver, or it may have been a mint mark.

was there hatch'd, so it was from thence It is rather singular that Snelling takes that it came to be prevented. For Mrs. no notice of this letter, which he has Habington was sister to the Lord Montnot even published on his coins. eagle, and so being solicitous for her bros

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1828.) Bell Savage Inn; und St. Peter le Poor.

309 ther, whom she had reason to believe would F for J, between I and K in the rethen be at the Parliament, she writ the ferences.

J. S. H. abovesaid letter to him, to give him so much notice of the danger as might warn Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 12. him to provide for his own safety, but not

REAT doubt has been entertained so much as she apprehended) as might discover it. From this relation betwixt the two families, it was that Mr. Habington Savage Inn on Ludgate Hill; but the alone, of all the conspirators, after sentence, point may be easily settled on decisive had his life given him. This account Mr. authority. Among the Close Rolls in Habington himself (who was alive about the Tower, 31 Hen. VI. is a grant 1645) gave to a worthy person still in being.

from John Frenshe, eldest son of John There they lay concealed for some time, Frenshe, gentleman, formerly citizen but at the last were discovered to be in that and goldsmith of London, tó Joanna place by Littleton, one of the conspirators, Frensh, widow, his mother, for the as the same author relates, p. 814, who term of her life, of the tenement called further saith, that though the help of car. Savage's Inn, otherwise called the Bell penters and bricklayers were used, yet they on the Hoop, in the parish of St. Bride, were many days before they could find them Fleet-street. The house no doubt at out; being in a vault, the way to which was in an upper room through the half piece vage, and was from that circumstance

one time belonged to the family of Sawas made like a trap door, to pluck up and called Savage's Inn, as Lincoln's Inn down, and then the bricks were laid in their

was so called because it once belonged courses and order again, as we are told by to the Bishop of Lincoln. an author of our own.' Fowlis's Romish Another etymology has also been Treasons, p. 698.

doubtful, and that is St. Peter le Poor, “ From whence these authors had this the name of a parish in London, where account of the place of their concealment, I Broad-street and the Excise Office know not, but that they are mistaken I am stand. In the Romish Calendar of very well assured from the aforesaid relator, Saints, there are several saints of the to whom Mr. Habington gave this ensuing name of St. Peter; and amongst them relation ; viz. that for some time after the the principal are St. Peter the Apostle Plot was discovered, and others apprehended, and St. Peter the Hermit, as the latter there was no notice taken of him, so that is represented as following the life of a he began to think himself secure. But one

hermit in the utmost poverty.

No night on the sudden his house was beset, doubt St. Peter le Poor is St. Peter the and he called for by the Sheriff, who as soon as he came down, told him that he was

Hermit, and the appellation was given come by special order of Council to search him to distinguish him from the Apostle. his house. Mr. Habington told him that Yours, &c.

J. S. H. he was freely welcome, and caused lights immediately to be brought. They went Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 14. from room to room, and about eleven of the THE restoration of the magnificent clock at noon had finished, and found no- sepulchral monument of Bishop thing. The Sheriff then being come into Waynflete, in Winchester Cathedral, the parlour, said to Mr. Habinton, ' Cousin; bas lately been undertaken and com. I am heartily glad that I am disappointed;' pleted, and the workmen have left it and so they drunk a glass of wine, and were

with scarcely less than its original pertaking leave, Mr. Habington accompanying the Sheriff to the door. But Francis Dingly, fection and beauty. It was severely of Charlton, Captain of the County Horse,

mutilated during the late extensive al staying a little behind, struck his hand terations in the interior of the Cathe. against the wainscot over the chimney, and dral. In particular the iron bars were finding it to be hollow, called the company removed from the compartments of the in, and forthwith breaking it down, found screen, which the original architect there what they searched for.

had thus judiciously strengthened, and “ Hence they were brought to London, which, with this addition, secured the and committed to the Tower."

interior from improper intrusion. This I observe that in my foriner letter, needless operation required immense p. 210, there is a mistake in a reference, labour, and it was not effected without as it is there said that Percy's house severe injury to the monument, as the stood on the spot R in the plan. It bars passed quite through the mullions should be the spot Q, though a part of and pillars, and were of the hardest it might have extended over the spot wrought iron. Certainly this restituR. And p. 209, there is a misprint of tion was not less necessary than that of

TH

310

Restoration of Bp. Waynflete's Monument. (Oct. the clustered turret of the canopy, de prelate, the beauty and decorations of Inolished by an accident which it was which increased the savage efforts of found had considerably weakened the the soldiery to spoil it *" adjoining members of the structure. After this violence, the figure of the These and the various injuries of time Bishop, which alone seems to have and mischief are now redeemed; the suffered, was clumsily repaired with dust which had for ages encumbered stone or putty, and coarsely painted in the delicate carved work, removed; imitation of the original colours which and many of the shafts and pinnacles concealed the material, which is stone, composing the splendid canopy, are re- though supposed by Dr. Chandler to stored from insecurity to firmness. be polished marble, or alabaster, like Though this beautiful monument is Wykeham'st. The upsightly features too well-known to require a particular have been replaced by others authorised description, I may briefly remark that both by existing remains, and approved it occupies the entire space of one of portraits of Bishop Waynflete, and the the arches in that part of the Cathedral costume re-painted and re-gilt in the built by Bishop Godfrey de Lucy, and colours in which it has always appearconsists of open screens separated and ed. The inscription on brass round supported by eight lofty pillars, which the verge of the tomb, was torn uphold the canopy, of a pyramidical away, and the altar table entirely deform, to suit the shape of the vaulted stroyed. aile. The utmost care and labour were This interesting restoration was enbestowed on the design and construc- trusted by the Society of Magdalene tion of this admirable monument; but College, Oxford, 10 Mr. Buckler, sen. the skill of the architect, and the abi. under whose direction the work has lity of the mason, seem to have been been accomplished; and it may be chiefly devoted to the canopy, the ex

added, that the various repairs were unquisite delicacy and merit of which dertaken and executed by Mr. Stobbes, cannot surely be surpassed. It is com- the able superintendent of the business posed of eighteen single and four double of the late Mr. James Cundy, of Belturrets, storied and united, and sur- grave Wharf, Pimlico. rounded by alınost innumerable shafts Bishop Waynflete's is now the most and pinnacles of various sizes, from perfect monument in the Cathedral, the centres of which rise the master- and it is hoped that neither through pinnacle rich in crockets. The effects accident nor the ignorance of the misof age and violence on this part of the chievous, it will again be deprived of delicate fabric were very numerous. any, of its appropriate and exquisite, One hundred and nine pinnacles and enrichments. shafts, thirty finials and crockets of va

AN OLD OBSERVER. rious kinds, and other, minute orna. ments, have supplied the deficiencies.

Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 29. Nearly all the renaining, pinnacles

THE very extensive repairs which were insecure, owing to the use of wooden pegs instead of brass wire, nificent Cathedral of Winchester durwith which the whole are now fasten- ing the last sixteen years, have been ed. Stone of several qualities was used repeatedly noticed in your Magazine i, in the construction of the monument, in some instances but casually, in others but the greater part is supposed to have incorrectly. As they are now brought been brought from Beere in Devon. to a conclusion, and the Church lias shire. The repairs have been made attained in consequence a degree of with Painswick and Farley, Down splendour almost unknown to a Prostone, and the whole brought to an uniform and beautiful colour. The will not, I trust, be unacceptable to

testant Cathedral, an additional notice effigy survived the Reformation unhurt, and there is reason to believe

your antiquarian friends. that, excepting the removal of the statues spondents, who styled himself “a

So early as 1819, one of your Correfrom the niches, no other injury was done to the monument. But the

Chandler's Life of Waynflete, p. 289. “ rebel army under Sir W’m. Waller, . + P. 290. partly incited by the zeal of the Col- See vol. Lxxxix. pt. ii. pp. 29, 133, lege in the Royal cause, defaced among 307; xcvu. pt. ii. pp. 111, 194, 411, 590 ; various other outrages the tomb of the xcviii. pt. i. p. 194.

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