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TEXT. 13 For we writé none other things unto you, than what you read, or

acknowledge, and I trust you shall acknowledge even to the end. 14 As also you have acknowledged us in part, that we are your re

joicing, even as ye also are ours, in the day of the Lord Jesus.

PARAPHRASE. have behaved myself towards all men, but more particularly 13 towards you. For I have no design, no meaning, in what I

write to you, but what lies open, and is legible, in what you

read: and you yourselves cannot but acknowledge it to be so; 14 and I hope you shall always acknowledge it to the end. As

part of you have already acknowledged that I am your glory'; as you will be mine, at the day of judgment, when, being my scholars and converts, ye shall be saved.

NOTE, 14 ? " That I am your glory;" whereby he siguifies that part of them which stuck

to him, and owned him as their teacher: in which sense, “ glorying” is much used, in these epistles to the Corinthians, upon the occasion of the several partisans boasting, some that they were of Paul; and others, of Apollos.


CHAPTER I. 15.--II. 17.


The next thing St. Paul justifies is, his not coming to them. St. Paul had promised to call on the Corinthians, in his way to Macedonia; but failed. This his opposers would have to be from levity in him; or a mind, that regulated itself wholly by carnal interest; vid. ver. 17. To which he answers, that God himself, having confirmed him amongst them, by the unction and earnest of his Spirit, in the ministry of the Gospel of his Son, whom he, Paul, had preached to them steadily, the same, without any the least variation, or unsaying any thing, he had at any time delivered; they could have no ground to suspect him to be an unstable, uncertain man, that would play fast and loose with them, and could not be depended on, in what he said to them. This is what he says, ch. i. 15-22,


In the next place, he, with a solemn asseveration, professes, that it was to spare them, that he came not to them. This he explains, ch. i. 23, and ii. 2, 3.

He gives another reason, ch. ii. 12, 13, why he went on to Macedonia, without coming to Corinth, as he had purposed; and that was the uncertainty he was in, by the not coming of Titus, what temper they were in at Corinth. Having mentioned his journey to Macedonia, he takes notice of the success which God gave to him there, and every where, declaring of what consequence his preaching was, both to the salvation, and condemnation, of those who received or rejected it; professing again his sincerity and disinterestedness, not without a severe reflection on their false apostle. All which we find in the following verses, viz. ch. ii. 14—17, and is all very suitable, and pursuant to his design in this epistle, which was to establish his authority and credit amongst the Corinthians.

TEXT. 15 And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that

you might have a second benefit; 16 And to pass by you into Macedonia, and to come again, out of

Macedonia, unto you; and, of you, to be brought on my way, towards

Judea. 17 When I, therefore, was thus minded, did I use lightness? Or the

things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with

me there should be yea, yea, and nay, nay? 18 But, as God is true, our word toward you was not yea



PARAPHRASE. 15 Having this persuasion, (viz.) of your love and esteem of me,

I purposed to come unto you ere this, that you might have a 16 second gratification ~; And to take you in my way to Mace

donia, and from thence return to you again, and, by you, be 17 brought on in my way to Judea. If this fell not out so as

I purposed, am I, therefore, to be condemned of fickleness ?
Or am I to be thought an uncertain man, that talks forwards

and backwards, one that has no regard to his word, any far18 ther than may suit his carnal interest ? But God is


witness, that what


have heard from me has not been uncer

NOTE. 15 a By the word xápov, which our Bibles translate “ benefit,” or

grace," it is

plain the apostle means his being present among them a second time, without giving them any grief or displeasure. He had been with them before, almost two years together, with satisfaction and kindness. He intended them another visit; but it was, he says, that they might have the like gratification, i. c. the like satisfaction in his company a second time, which is the same he says 2 Cor. ii. 1.

{TEXT. 19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by

us, even by me, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, was not yea and nay,

but in him was yea. 20 For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him amen, unto

the glory of God by us. 21 Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed

us, is God; 22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit, in our


PARAPHRASE. 19 tain, deceitful, or variable. For Jesus Christ, the Son of God,

who was preached among you, by me, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, was not sometimes one thing, and sometimes

another; but has been shown to be uniformly one and the same, 20 in the counsel or revelation of God. (For all the promises

of God do all consent, and stand firm, in him) to the glory 21 of God, by my preaching. Now it is God, who establishes

me with you for the preaching of the Gospel, who has anoint22 ed b, And also sealed me, and given me the earnest of his

Spirit in my heart.

NOTES. 21 6" Anointed,” i. e. set apart to be an apostle, by an extraordiuary call. Priests

and prophets were set apart, by anointing, as well as kings. 22 c“ Sealed," i. e. by the miraculous gifts of the Holy Ghost; which are an evi.

dence of the truths he brings from God, as a seal is of a letter. d“ Earnest” of eternal life; for of that the Spirit is mentioned, as a pledge, in more places than one, vid. 2 Cor. v. 5. Eph. i. 13, 14. All these are arguments to satisfy the Corinthians, that St. Paul was not, nor could be, a shulling inan, that miuderl not what he said, but as it served his turn. The reasoning of St. Paul, ver. 18-22, whereby he would convince the Corinthians, that he is not a fickle, unsteady man, that says or unsays, as may suit his humour or interest, being a little obscure, by reason of the shortness of his style here, which has left many things to be supplied by the reader, to connect the parts of the argumentation, and make the deduction clear; I hope I shall be pardoned, if I endeavour to set it in its clear light, for the sake of ordinary readers. “God hath set me apart, to the ministry of the Gospel, by an extraordinary call; has attested my mission, by the miraculous gifts of the Holy Ghost, and given me the earnest of eternal life, in my heart, by his Spirit; and hath confirmed me, amongst you, in preaching the Gospel, which is all uniform, and of a piece, as I have preached it to you, without tripping in the least ; and there, to the glory of God, have shown that all the promises concur, and are unalterably certain in Christ. I therefore, having never faltered in any thing I have said to you, and having all these attestations, of being under the special direction and guidance of God himself, who is unalterably true, cannot be suspected of dealing doubly with you, in any thing, relating to my ministry.

TEXT. 23 Moreover, I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you

I came not as yet unto Corinth. 24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of

your joy : for by faith ye stand. II. 1 But I determined this with myself, that I would not come again

to you in heaviness. 2 For if I make you sorry, who is he, then, that maketh me glad, but

the same which is made sorry by me? 3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have

sorrow from them, of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of



PARAPHRASE. 23 Moreover, I call God to witness, and may I die if it is not so, 24 that it was to spare you, that I came not yet to Corinth. Not

that I pretend to such a dominion over your faith, as to require you to believe what I have taught you, without coming to you, when I am expected there, to maintain and make it good; for it is by that faith you stand: but I forbore to come, as one concerned to preserve and help forward your joy, which I am tender of, and therefore declined coming to you,

whilst I thought you in an estate, that would require severity II. 1 from me, that would trouble you. I purposed in myself,

it is true, to come to you again, but I resolved too, it should 2 be without bringing sorrow with me. For if I grieve you,

who is there, when I am with you, to comfort me, but those 3 very persons whom I have discomposed with grief? And this

very thing $, which made you sad, I writ to you, not coming

NOTES. 24 + It is plain, St. Paul's doctrine had been opposed by some of them at Corinth,

vid. I Cor. xv. 12. His apostleship questioned, 1 Cor. ix. 1, 2. 2 Cor. xiii. 3. He himself triumphed over, as if he durst not come, 1 Cor. iv. 18, they saying “his letters were weighty and powerful, but his bodily presence weak, and his speech contemptible;" 2 Cor. x. 10. This being the state his reputation was then in, at Corinth, and he having promised to come to them, 1 Cor. xvi. 5, he could not but think it necessary to excuse his failing them by reasons that should be both convincing and kind; such as are contained in this verse, in the

sense given of it. I fThat this is the meaning of this verse, and not that he would not come to them,

in sorrow, a second time, is past doubt, since he had never been with them in

sorrow a first time. Vid. 2 Cor. i. 15. 3 & Rad éypal o upiv ToŰTO AŬTÒ, “ and I writ to you this very thing." That éypatx,

“ I writ,” relates, here, to the first epistle to the Corinthians, is evident, because it is so used, in the very next verse, and again a little lower, ver. 9. What, therefore, is it in his first epistle, which he here calls TOŪTO QÚTÒ, “ this very thing," which he had writ tu them ? I answer, The punishment of the fornicalor. This is plain, by what follows here, to ver. 11, especially, if it be compared with 1 Cor. iv. 21, and v. 8. For there he writes to them, to punish


TEXT. 4 For, out of much affliction and anguish of heart, I wrote unto you

with many tears ; not that you should be grieved, but that ye

might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you. 5 But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part ;

that I may not overcharge you all. 6 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment which was inflicted of

many. 7. So that, contrariwise, ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort

him; lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with over-much

8 Wherefore, I beseech

would confirm


love towards him.

PARAPHRASE. myself; on purpose that, when I came, I might not have sorrow from those, from whom I ought to receive comfort: having this belief and confidence in you all, that you, all of you,

make my joy and satisfaction so much your own, that you would remove all cause of disturbance before I came. 4 For I writ unto you with great sadness of heart and many

tears; not with intention to grieve you, but that you might

know the overflow of tenderness and affection which I have 5 for you. But if the fornicator has been the cause of grief, I

do not say, he has been so to me, but in some degree to you 6 all; that I may not lay a load on him". The correction he

hath received from the majority of you is sufficient in the ny case.

So that, on the contrary, it is fit rather that you forgive and comfort him, lest hek should be swallowed up by an ex8 cess of sorrow. Wherefore, I beseech you to confirm your

NOTES. that person ; whom if he, St. Paul, had come himself, before it was done, he must have come, as he calls it, with a rod, and have himself chastised : but now, that he knows that the Corinthians had punished him, in compliance to his letter; and he had this trial of their obedience; he is so far from continuing the severity, that he writes to them to forgive him, and take him again into their

affection. 5 h St. Paul being satisfied with the Corinthians, for their ready compliance with

his orders, in his former letter, to punish the fornicator, intercedes to have him restored; and, to that end, lessens his fault, and declares, however he might

have caused grief to the Corinthians, yet he had caused none to him. 7 i Touvortlov, " on the contrary,” here, has nothing to refer to, but imbaço,

“ overcharge,” in the 5th verse, which makes that belong to the fornicator, as I have explained it. k'O TOIŪTOS, “ such an one,” meaning the fornicator. It is observable how tenderly St. Paul deals with the Corinthians, in this epistle; for though he treats of the fornicator, from the 5th to the 10th verse inclusively; yet he never mentions him under that, or any other disobliging title, but in the soft and inoffensive terms, “ of any one,” or “ such an one.” And that, possibly, may be the reason why he says, peint én s@apo, indefinitely, without paming the person it relates to.

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