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We cannot calculate the loss a as tended to excite the highest
person may sustain by being detestation of the crime.*
thrust, without warning, into the Our Lord, during his personal
unseen state. The loss may be ministry, gave a comment upon
immense, the injury irreparable. the Decalogue. On the com-
Besides, society receives

hereby mandment which I am now exa deep wound, being prematurely plaining he is particularly full. deprived of one of its members. Let us listen to the unerring Our relation to one another Teacher, and imbibe divine wisought to restrain us from such dom from his lips. “Ye have atrocious deeds. We sprung heard that it was said by them from the same parents, and, be- of old time, Thou shalt not kill; ing,

brethren, are bound to live and whosoever shall kill shall be together in unity. Injuries, in danger of the judgment. But which affect the lives of others, I say unto you, That whosoever have from the first received the is angry with his brother without most marked expressions of the a cause shall be in danger of the divine displeasure. From the judgment;

and whosoever shall creation of the world until the say to his brother, Raca, shall be days of Noah, God was pleased in danger of the council ; but to reserve the punishment to be whosoever shall say, Thou fool, inflicted upon murderers, im- shall be in danger of hell-fire." mediately with himself. This The axe is here laid at the root appears from the history of Cain, of the evil. It aims at the ran

whom he banished from the corous thought, or rash expres; house of Adam, but would not sion. Let them be immediately

allow his life to be taken. Cain restrained. God seeth not as dragged out his days in great man seeth. He recognizes the misery. His mind agonized in crime in embryo, and in that reflection on what was past, no state demands its extirpation. less than in the anticipation of To him, the malicious thought, what was to come. After the or provoking word is displeasing. flood, the sword was put into

the Let neither be indulged. The hand of civil magistrates, with flame is yet under, but let it get directions that it should spare the mastery, and you are undone. none, by whom such an act

was From a trifling disgust, the most perpetrated. The murderer serious and widely extended miswas ordered to be dragged from chiefs have arisen. What reathe city of refuge, nay from son therefore to keep the heart,

God's altar itself, and to be led, and to put a bridle upon the without the possibility of re- tongue. Or should we ever be demption, to certain death. Life off our guard, and give too loose is a gift, which God values at the a reign, let us take the alarm, rehighest rate, and guards with the pairing as fast as we can the misseverest penalties. When a chief, and being for the future murdered person was found, and more guarded and cautious. the perpetrator not known, such Weighing the crime in its prosteps were required to be taken, gress from the first disgust to the

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perpetration of the most atrocious ten of the most trivial nature, act, God has adjusted the severi- must be expiated by meeting the ty of the punishment to the ag- antagonist in the field. If anothgravations of the crime, and shall er injures

me, it is a poor reassuredly in his judgment beparation, to put it in his power to known to do right.

murder my person, as he has The court of Areopagus, so already murdered my reputation. venerable among the Greeks, If I have given the offence, must and so justly celebrated among nothing satisfy me, but to add all other nations for the wisdom the guilt of blood to the injuries and impartiality of its decisions, already offered ? Is this, in eithcondemned to death the person er case, consistent with the supagainst whom the intention to pression of passion, the forgivemurder could be proved, even ness of injury, and the exercise when that intention had not been of meekness, so often inculcated carried into effect. Nay the by Christ and enforeed by his symptoms of a cruel disposition own example? But why speak were marked with carey and to such of Christ or his example? punished with great severity. A They know him not; they honchild, having been found taking our him not. In defiance of God's a savage pleasure in wounding law, in defiance of Christ's docand maiming such insects as fell trine ; in defiance of the wrath in his way, was by this court which guards that law, and that considered as one, from whom doctrine; in defiance of hell, society was in danger. In guard- kindled for the punishment of ing its welfare, therefore, they those who take away their own thought it their duty to order lives, and the lives of others, such a child to be cut off. The their revenge must be gratified, Indian tribes, we are informed, and their blasted reputation blazexpiated murder in the follow- oned abroad. The pretended ing manner. The relations of honour often mentioned as renderthe deceased, as the avengers of ing the practice necessary, is a blood, seek after the murderer. gilding over indelible disgrace. But if he be not found, the blood If it be honour to writhe in pain; of the first they meet is shed, if it be honour to die accursed; however innocent, to atone for if it be honour to be joined with the guilty. In such instances murderers; this honour, O duelwe see great deviations from the list, thou hast purchased ; to this law of God, and indeed when- dignity thou shalt be advanced. ever we are deprived of Scripture Thy name is execrated in hea. as a guide, we shall greatly err. ven and on earth. If it be re

The sixth commandment, as membered at all, it shall be reexplained by our Lord, is totally membered with dread, as repugnant to a practice, which beacon to warn future ages of of late years has drenched our hidden and destructive rocks. land in blood, and calls aloud for vengeance. Duelling can be

PHILOLOGOS. excited and encouraged by him only, who was a murderer from (To be continued.) the beginning. An affront, of

lignant zeal for the doctrines of NTNE CONNEXION BETWEEN grace to blast the genuine spirit THE DOCTRINES AND DUTIES OF and fruit of these very doctrines ! CHRISTIANITY.

It has led some to lay that stress Messrs. Editors,

on the appendages, which is due So far as my small

experi- only to the substance of religion ; ence will enable me to judge, I to confine their heads and hearts find among Christians, two op-* within a small circle of favourite posite errors, equally prejudi- speculations, expressions and cial to pure and undefiled relig- sounds; and to suspect, yea, ion, and dangerous to the souls positively condemn, as an ignoof men. These have been very rant or unconverted heretic, evhappily delineated by the late ety Christian brother or preachpious and beloved Dr. Tappan. er, who steps over this

circle. By publishing the following

note But such persons should rememto a sermon, delivered at Ply- ber that as Christian divinity is mouth, January 5th, 1800, you one regular and immense whole, may be instrumental in remov- so each part has its claim on the ing "the veil from the eyes of evangelical instructor ; that by prejudice,” and in correcting

a duly

attending to any one branch, mistake, which might otherwise he really befriends and enforces have proved fatal to the everlast- all the rest, as connected with ing peace of many; and at the it; that he cannot declare the same time you will gratify the whole counsel of God, if his diswishes of one, whose “professed, courses be limited to a few darobject is to promote general hap- ling topics; that he cannot do piness, and to do good to the justice, even to the doctrinal souls of his fellow-men.” part of the gospel, without large

CLIO. ly explaining and urging its cor, EXTRACT.

responding precepts; and final" The connexion between the ly, that it would be as absurd to several branches of our religion, charge him with making light of especially between its doctrines certain truths, merely because and duties, while it presents one he does not interweave them distinguishing proof of its excel- with every sermon, as to infer lence and divinity, claims the that the compilers of the Westunceasing and careful attention minster Catechism did not beof its professors and teachers. lieve in the depravity of man, or The most lamentable errors and the satisfaction of Christ, because mischiefs have arisen from a dis- they do not notice them in every proportionate or exclusive zeal for answer, but expressly mention certain parts of Christianity, de- each, only in one answer out of tached from the system at large. an hundred and nine ! This has frequently led one de- “ To avoid this disgraceful and scription of its votaries to mag- pernicious extreme, another nify orthodox opinion at the ex- class of believers seem fond of pense of a gospel temper, to considering Christianity merely make faith swallow up charity, as a moral or practical system, good feelings supplant good enforced by the assurance of a works, yea, an ungracious, ma- future state. They consider virtue as the sum and end of the and recovery by grace; by inspir


gospel ; and think the practice ing it with a proper respect ; of it sufficiently secured by the the revealed holiness and mercy

precepts of our religion, which of God, to the wonderful mediaenjoin, under so awful a sanction, tion and example of the Redeemthe highest moral attainments. er, and to the promised suecours



refined, is equally dangerous ident that Christian piety and with the former. It equally

sep: morality must rise or fall, as arates what God and the nature these principles, which support of the thing have joined together, and exalt them, are regarded or While it extols Christian pre- neglected ?

cepts, it strips them of their “Those who would see, in a full • main light, and life, and force. and convincing light, the impor

Though we grant that these pre- tant influence of these truths on
cepts eset before us a sublime practical religion, are referred
pitch of virtue, we insist that the to Evans on the Christian tem-
peculiar doctrines of the gospel, per, or to Wilberforce's Practia
and these only, direct and oblige, cal View, &c.”
encourage and enable us to prac-
tise it ; and if these were set
aside, the leading duties enjoined
would have no obligation nor surveY

ENGLAND meaning. It is generally agreed,

CHURCHES that Christian duty may be sum

(Continued from page 17.) med up in love to God, to Jesus Christ, and our fellow-men. The most cursory survey of But this love neither is nor can our churches will convince us, be excited merely by the pre-* that, in their whole internal cepts enjoining it ; but it is pro- state, they are far removed from duced and nourished by a cordial the sacred standard. Duties belief of those doctrines, which plainly inculcated by Scripture # hold up the proper objects and are omitted ; wbile opinions and inciteinents of it, or which ex-practices are common, for which hibit the true character and rela- there is no foundation in the tions of God, of Jesus Christ, of word of God. The neglect of our human and Christian breth- gospel discifiline, in its various ren. While these doctrines branches, is so prominent a feamake us see and feel our corres- ture in our cliurches, it has so ponding obligations, they pre- marred their beauty, and opened sent motives which constrain us a door for such disorders, that it to fulfil them, and convey those cannot justly pass unnoticed divine influences, comforts, and In this survey it will be pro. hopes, which render our obedi- per briefly to remark on a varie-, ence not only practicable, but ty of irregularities, which are fervent and delightful. They found in our ecclesiastical disci. also give to our moral obedience pline, and which greatly obscure a new and evangelical complex. the primitive glory of our Zion. ion, by connecting it with a deep Let us inquire, then, whether impression of our ruin by sin, the members of our thurenes in

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general exercise a suitable watch in private. In this way many and care over each other. One smaller improprieties in the important end of forming gospel conduct of Christians might be churches is, that Christians, be- corrected, and their character ing united in a social state, may rendered much more amiable. have greater advantages to pro- When any one grossly violates mote each other's holiness, com- the laws of our holy religion, it fort, and usefulness. This end becomes a very serious and imwould be answered in an eminent portant affair. Whether his ofdegree, if Christian benevolence fence be of a public or private were always active, and always nature, his brethren should imdirected by inspired precepts. mediately adopt the measures Each believer might,

in a mea- prescribed in order to bring him sure, avail himself of the wisdom to repentance. And no comand piety of the whole body, plaint should be made to the while the influence of the whole church as a body, before every body would be the conjoined en- proper method has been used in ergy and usefulness of all its private. But the duty of private members. But how little of the reproof and admonition is so mutual watch and care, enjoined generally neglected, that an ofby the gospely do we find among fender is often quite surprised, nominal Christians ! How little if not irritated at the visit of does their conduct show, that brethren, who come to reprove. they are seeking to improve The faults of Christians are uneach other in knowledge and in noticed, except by the tongue of virtue!

slander. And it is not unfreWhen a brother is chargeable quently the case, that those, who, with misconduct, it is our indis- for some reason, will not go and pensable duty to treat him ac- tell a brother a fault, which has cording to Christ's direction in been charged against him, nor Matt. xviii. “Go, and tell him even take pains to inquire, whethhis fault between thee and him er he is guilty, are among the first alone." If church members to circulate a report, which eswould faithfully comply with this sentially injures, if not destroys divine rule, and endeavour, in his reputation. the spirit of Christian meekness Church members, who have reand love, to reclaim every of- ceived no personal affront, some. fending brother; much would times excuse themselves for the be done to diminish the frequen- neglect above mentioned by saycy of public censure, and to pro- ing, that the offending brother mote the peace and purity of the has done nothing to injure them, church. The duty of privately and therefore that it is not their admonishing is not confined to particular concern to reprove. pastors, but is expressly extend- But even this excuse, so freed by the apostle to Christians quently made, shows that our in general. There are faults in churches are generally chargeaprofessors, which admit of no ble with seeking their own things, definition, and cannot be the and not the things of Jesus Christ. ground of any public transac- How little of the gospel spirit do tion, but yet ought to be noticed men

of such a character discov

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