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2 Sam. xv, 32. And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head.

1 Kings xxi, 27. And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes. and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.

NOT ONLY WERE CLOTHES
RENT, BUT SACKCLOTH
WAS ALSO WORN, AND
CLOTHES WERE COVERED
WITH DUST.

Isa. xxxvii, 1, 2. And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and

Gen. xxxvii, 34. And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth up-covered himself with sackcloth, on his loins, and mourned for his and went into the house of the son many days. LORD. And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Sheb priests, covered with gackcloth, na the scribe, and the elders of the unto Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz.

2 Kings vi, 30. And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; and he passed by upon the wall, and the people looked, and, behold, he had sackcloth within upon his flesh.

2 Kings xix, 1, 2. And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of

Amoz.

And came even before the king's gate: for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth. And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he re

ceived it not.

Neh. ix, 1. Now, in the twenty and fourth day of this month, the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.

Esther iv, 1-4. When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on Backcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry; I

Job xvi, 15. I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.

Ps. XXXV, 13. But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting, and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.

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and be clean, and change your garments.

Gen. xli, 14. Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they dungeon: and he shaved himself, brought him hastily out of the and he changed his raiment, and

came in unto Pharaoh.

Gen. xlv, 22. To all of them he gave each man changes of rai

ent; but to Benjamin he gave five changes of raiment. three hundred pieces of silver, and

2 Kings v, 5, 22. 23. And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment. And he said, All is well. My master hath sent me, saying, Behold, even now there be come to me from mount Ephraim two young men of the sons of the prophets: give them, I pray thee, a talent of silAnd Naaman said, Be content, ver, and two changes of garments. take two talents. And he urged him, and bound two talents of silver in two bags, with two changes them before him. of garments, and laid them upon two of his servants; and they bare

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clothes, and bathe his flesh in | gathereth the ashes of the helfer
water, and afterward he shall shall wash his clothes, and be un-
come into the camp.
clean until the even.

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even. And if he that hath the issue spit upon him that is clean; then he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even. And whomsoever he toucheth that hath the issue, and hath rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even. And whosoever toucheth any thing that she sat shall wash his

not

were purified, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered bathe himself in water, and be them as an offering before the LORD; and Aaron made an atone

and

unclean until the even.

ment for them to cleanse them.

Lev. xvi, 26, 28. And he that let go the goat for the scape-goat

shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp. And he that burneth them shall wash his

Num. xxxi, 24. And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye shall come into the camp.

Num. viii, 7, 21. And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purifying upon them, and let them shave all their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and so make themselves clean. And the Levites OFTEN LAID UP AND MOTH

EATEN.

Job xiii, 28. And he, as a rotten thing consumeth, as a garment that is moth-eaten.

Num, xix, 7, 10. Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall

Job xxvii, 16. Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay.

Your gar

bathe his flesh in water, and
afterward he shall come into the
James v, 2.
camp, and the priest shall be un-ments are moth-eaten.
clean until the even. And he that I (See under Animals, MOTH.)
163

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Job xxx, 15, 16, 19. Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind; and my welfare passeth away as a cloud. And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me. He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.

Eccles. v, 17. All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

Isa. xxxviii, 9-11. The writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been sick, and was recovered of his sickness: I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years. I said, I shall not see the LORD, even the LORD, in the land of the living: I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.

Rev. xvi, 10. And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain.

BUT SENT BY GOD.

Gen. xxxi, 42. Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the Fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction, and the labour of my hands, and rebuked thee yesternight.

2 Sam. vii, 14. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If ho commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men.

AND DEATH.

Job v, 6, 7. Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground; Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.

Job x, 17. Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me: changes and war are against me.

Job xvi, 14. He breaketh me with breach upon breach; he runneth upon me like a giant.

Job xxx, 11, 26. Because he hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before me. When I looked for good, then evil came unto me; and when I waited for light, there

came darkness.

Ps. lxvi, 10. For thou, O God, hast proved us: thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.

Ps. lxxxix, 30-33. If his children my judgments; If they break my forsake my law, and walk not in statutes, and keep not my commandments; Then will I visit their trangression with the rod, Nevertheless my loving-kindness and their iniquity with stripes. will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.

that thy judgments are right, and Ps. cxix, 75. I know, O LORD, that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.

Eccles. vii, 14. In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.

Isa. xxi, 4. My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.

Isa. xxvii, 7, 8. Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him? In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

Jer. viii, 15. We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of health, and behold trouble.

Jer. xv, 11. The LORD said, Verily it shall be well with thy remnant; verily I will cause the enemy to entreat thee well in the time of evil, and in the time of affliction.

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Ps. xcl, 15. He shall call upon chasteneth not? But if ye be me, and I will answer him: I will without chastisement, whereof all be with him in trouble; I will de-are partakers,then are ye bastards, liver him, and honour him. and not sons.

Ps. cxxix, 1,2. Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth, may Israel now say: Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth; yet they have not prevailed against me.

Ps. cxl, 12. I know that the LORD will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.

Ps. cxlvi, 8. The LORD openeth the eyes of the blind: the LORD raiseth them that are bowed down: the LORD loveth the righteous.

Ps. cxlvii, 2, 3. The LORD doth build up Jerusalem: he gathereth together the outcasts or Israel. He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.

Prov. iii, 11. My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction.

Isa. xxv, 3, 4. Therefore shall the strong people glorify thee, the city of the terrible nations shall fear thee. For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.

Micah vi, 9. The LORD's voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it. Nah. 1,9,12. What do ye imagine

against the LORD? he will make an utter end: affliction shall not rise up the second time. Thus saith the LORD, Though they be quiet, and likewise many, yet thus shall they be cut down, when he shall pass through. Though I have afflicted thee, I will afflict thee

no more.

Acts vii, 10. And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt, and all his house.

Phil. iv, 19. But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.

gotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father

AFFLICTION SOMETIMES
NOT IMPROVED.
time of his distress did he
2 Chron. xxviii, 22. And in the

Isa. xxvi, 8, 9, 16. Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the detres-and to the remembrance of thee. sire of our soul is to thy name. With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the LORD, in trouble have they visited world will learn righteousness. when thy chastening was upon thee; they poured out a prayer them.

this is that king Ahaz.
pass yet more against the LORD:

Job xv, 11. Are the consolations
of God small with thee? is there
any secret thing with thee?

Isa. ix, 13, 14. For the people them, neither do they seek the turneth not unto him that smiteth LORD of hosts; Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.

Jer. ii, 30. In vain have I smitten your children; they received no devoured your prophets, like a correction: your own sword hath destroying lion.

Job xxxvi, 8-10, 21. And if they be bound in fetters, and be holden in cords of affliction; Then he sheweth them their work, and their transgressions that they have exceeded. He openeth also their ear to discipline, and commandeth that they return from iniquity. Take heed, regard not iniquity: for this hast thou chosen rather than affliction.

Ps.lv, 19. God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.

P3. lxxviii, 34, 35. When he slew them, then they sought him; and Heb. xii, 5-8. And ye have for-they returned and enquired early after God: And they remembered that God was their Rock, and the high God their Redeemer.

Zeph. iii, 2. She obeyed not the she trusted not in the LORD; she voice; she received not correction; drew not near to her God.

ADVANTAGES OF AFFLIC

TION.

2 Chron. xxxiii, 12, 13. And when he was in affliction he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, And prayed unto him: and he was entreated of him, and heard his supplication, and 2 Cor. iv, 17. For our light brought him again to Jerusalem affliction, which is but for a mointo his kingdom. Then Manas-ment, worketh for us a far more seh knew that the LORD he was exceeding and eternal weight of glory.

God.

afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word. It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes.

Ps. xciv, 12, 13. Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law; That thou mayest give him rest from the days of adversity, until the pit be digged for the wicked.

Ps. cxix, 67, 71. Before I was

Isa. xlviii, 10. Behold, I have I have chosen thee in the furnace refined thee, but not with silver; of affliction.

Lam. iil, 19-21, 27, 28. Remembering mine affliction and my gall. My soul hath them still in misery, the wormwood and the remembrance, and is humbled in me. This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope. It is good for a man that he bear the yoke in his youth. He sitteth alone, and keepeth silence, because he hath borne it upon him.

Hosea v, 15. I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.

Heb. xil, 11. Now, no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.

DISEASES GENERALLY.

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Micah vi, 13. Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thee, in making thee desolate because of thy sins.

John xi, 1-4. Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha. (It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.) Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.

Phil. ii, 26. For he longed after you all, and was full of heaviness, because that ye had heard that he

had been sick.

2 Tim. iv, 20. Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.

LEANNESS.

2 Sam. xiii, 4. And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day?

wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.

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BLINDNESS.

Lev. xix, 14. Thou shalt not
Job xvi, 8. And thou hast filled
me with wrinkles, which is a wit-bling-block before the blind, but
curse the deaf, nor put a stum-
ness against me: and my leanness
rising up in me beareth witness
to my face.

shalt fear thy God: I am the
LORD.

Ps. cii, 11. My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.

Ps. cix, 24. My knees are weak through fasting, and my flesh

faileth of fatness.

and it became a boil breaking
forth with blains upon man, and
upon beast.

SPECIAL FORMS OF DISEASE MENTIONED IN SCRIPTURE.

AGUE.

Lev. xxvi, 16. I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart; and ye shall sow your seed in vain; for your enemies shall eat it.

Deut. xxviii, 22. The LORD shall

Lev. xiii, 18-23. The flesh also, in which, even in the skin thereof, was a boil, and is healed, And in the place of the boil there be a white rising, or a bright spot, white, and somewhat reddish, and it be shewed to the priest; And if, when the priest seeth it, behold, it be in sight lower than the skin, and the hair thereof be turned white, the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is a plague of leprosy broken out of the boil. smite thee with a consumption... But if the priest look on it, and, behold, there be no white hairs therein, and if it be not lower than the skin, but be somewhat dark; then the priest shall shut him up seven days. And if it spread much abroad in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is a plague. But if the bright spot stay in his place, and spread not, it is a burning boil; and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

Take a lump of figs. And they
2 Kings xx, 7. And Isaiah said,
took and laid it on the boil, and he

recovered.

that maketh the blind to wander
Deut. xxvii, 18. Cursed be he
shall say, Amen.
out of the way: and all the people

Matth. ix, 27. And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou son of David, have mercy on

us.

John ix, 1-3, 39, 40. And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth. And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.....

Deut. xxviii, 29. And thou shalt grope at noon-day, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways; and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee.

ness.

light, but behold obscurity, for brightness, but we walk in darkWe grope for the wall like the blind, and we grope as if we had no eyes: we stumble at noonday as in the night; we are in desolate places as dead men.

BOILS.

Exod. ix, 10. And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses ment far from us, neither doth sprinkled it up toward heaven; ' justice overtake us: we wait for

Job xxix, 15. I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame. Isa. lix, 9, 10. Therefore is judg

CONSUMPTION.

Lev. xxvi, 16. I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart....

DEAFNESS.

Mark vii, 32. And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him.

Lev. xix, 14. Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the Lord.

Isaiah xxix, 18. And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.

DEBILITY.

Job xxxili, 22. Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.

Ps. cii, 23. He weakeneth my strength in the way: he shortened my days.

Ezek. vii, 17. All hands shall be feeble, and all knees shall be weak as water.

DEMONIACAL POSSESSION. Matth. iv, 24. And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.

(See under MIRACLES.)

DROPSY.

(See under MIRACLES.)

DUMBNESS.

Luke 1, 20. And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their

season.

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