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due allowance has been made for the preparatory stages of worth of the soul of the most degraded heathen of the wilds of Missions and for special difficulties. But what shall be included Africa, the jungles of India, or the icy solitudes of Greenland. in the term “ results"? The "results" which the Churches If Missions have brought one soul to the knowledge, love, and look for are spiritual in their nature, but many desire to know worship of the one true God, they have done that over which the the monetary value of Missions. Some people cannot grasp the angels in heaven rejoice. But the fruits of Missions are not few idea of success except in the form of dollars and cents. or hard to find. Every Mission and every Mission station that much money, they reason, has been invested in Missions. How has been planted bears them. In India, which has been, perhaps, much have we received in return? There is little difficulty in the hardest field of all, there are about 95,000 native Christian answering this question, because there is no doubt that Missions communicants; in Africa, 80,000; in Polynesia and Australasia, have a value to commerce, as well as a spiritual value. They 73,000; in Madagascar, 68,000; in China and Japan, 18,000 ; have conferred great benefits on mankind in commerce, morals, | in Burmah, 20,000. In these fields alone there are upwards of politics, society, science, and education, and it is proper to 350,000 communicants. The total in all fields is, perhaps, over include these benefits in estimating “ results.” Missions exert half a million, besides the adherents (those who have renounced an unmeasured influence on man in all his relations in life. heathenism or other untrue religions and accepted Christianity), They have gone to the savage and degraded people of the South who are three or four times as numerous. There must be fully Seas and Africa, and wrought a revolution among them. Then 2,000,000 souls who, as members and adherents, own and glorify they were engaged in wars of plunder, dovastation, and slavery, the name of Christ. But these are not all the fruits. Thousands, without peace or security, society or industry; now they form having lived the life of the righteous, have gone to receive the peaceful communities, with society and government, and follow reward of the righteous. industrial pursuits, thus contributing to, and receiving from, the And what shall I say more? For the time would fail me to markets of the world. Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton says that tell of Madagascar, and of Fiji, and of Hawaii, and of Burmah. . most of the trade of Lagos, which amounts to £800,000 a year, As the constraining love of Christ shall run from heart to is due to the industry of the natives of Sierra Leone, trained heart, like celestial fire, melting away the masses of pagans and under missionary auspices. A hundred years ago Captain unbelievers, the time of the fulfilment of the prophecy of John Cook was murdered by the savages of the Sandwich Islands ; will be near at hand, when it shall be said : “ The kingdoms of now Honolulu is an important commercial port, with a trade of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His over £600,000 a year. Other islands, which used to be the Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever." terror of shipwrecked sailors, are now valued for their commerce, and it is estimated that every additional missionary sent to the South Seas is worth £10,000 a year to British commerce. THE STORY OF THE LIFE OF DR. KRAPF, Commercial enterprise follows closely after the Central African

The Pioneer-Missionary of East Africa. Missions, to which thristy merchants of Scotland and England

TOLD BY HIMSELF. gave liberally, believing that the money was well invested. A merchant urged the missionaries in New Guinea to push forward

VII.-IN EUROPE-PLANS FOR ADVANCE. as rapidly as possible, in order, he said, to develop trade. The

ARTLY for the mprovement of my health, and partly for Missions in India have been repeatedly recognized by Indian

the welfare of the East African Mission, I decided in the statesmen as of the utmost value to the government. Lord

spring of 1850 on returning to Europe, which I had not Lawrence, who was Governor-General of India, said that the

seen since 1837. I was unwilling, however, to leave Africa missionaries had done more than all other agencies combined to

without executing a project which I had cherished for benefit India. Lord Napier said Missions “go hand in hand

years, which was to inspect the whole coast southward from Zanzibar as with the government in raising the intellectual standard of the far as Cape Delgado, where the possessions of the Sultan of Zapzibar cease Indian people, and in forming for the service of the State a body and those of the Portuguese commence; and in the company of my fellowof public servants of intelligence and morality." The same is

labourer, J. Erhardt, the voyage was performed in the February and true of other Mission fields. The Gospel everywhere makes

March of 1850. After my return from this exploration I began, in April moral, intelligent, industrious, and useful citizens.

of the same year, my homeward journey by way of Aden and Egypt, There is another class of results—the advantages which science

reaching Europe in June. has received from the labours and observations of the missionaries.

After a short stay in Basel and Würtemberg, I proceeded to London, If Sydney Smith were alive to-day, he would see the men of

to advocate in person with the Committee of the Church Missionary whom he spoke contemptuously as consecrated cobblers” re

Society, my scheme of an African chain of Missions to be established ceiving high honours. He would find in nearly every issue of through the whole breadth of the land, from east to west, in the direction

of the Equator, and to obtain their consent to the printing of my Suabili the two leading English literary weeklies (the Athenaum and the scalemy) notices of missionary travels and exploration. He

Grammar, and a Comparative Vocabulary of six East-African languages.

Tois lat:er was assenied to with the utmost readiness, and the Committee would observe how frequently missionaries appear in the pro

entered so far into the scheme of the chain of Missions, as to resolve on ceedings of the Royal Geographic:l Society, as authors of papers

founding without delay two new stution zone in the kingdom of or as recipients of honours. The contributions of the mis

Usambara, and the other in Ukambavi, or in Jagga. With that object, sionaries to geographical knowledge have been numerous and two missionaries, Pfefferle and Dihlmann, were to be despatched with important; and they have also furnished copious and valuable

myself to Eastern Africa, accompanied by three lay brothers, Hagemann, materials for the students of philology and ethnography. They Kaiser, and Metzler, of whom the first was a carpenter, the second an bave reduced many unwritten languages to writing, and compiled agriculturist

, and the third a smith, so that with the Gospel the Africans numerous dictionaries and grammars.

might be offered the blessings of Chris:ian civilisation. All these and other material results, which alone would justify the existence of Missions, the Church of Christ looks upon as [Here we interrupt Krapf's narrative to notice some incidents of his incidental. The single aim of Missions is the conversion of sojourn in Europe. souls, the value of which no man can estimate. They were The reports brought home by him excited the keenest interest in bought with a price which would not have been paid for all the

missionary circles in England, and the impression was deepened by universe besides ; and all the money which has been spent on

personal intercourse with the min, who n the Commities and their

friends now saw face to face for the first time, and whose ardent enthuMissions is as nothing in the sight of God compared with the siasm and single-eyed devotion to the Lord's service kindled all hearts


the address to the missionaries, and the Rev. Lord Wriothesley Russell said a few words with reference to Prince Albert's interest in the undertaking; after wbich the Rev. John Hambleton, of Islington, offered the intercessory prayer. Lord Wriothesley Russell alone is still spared to us of those who took part in that day's proceedings.]

Improved in health and with fresh courage and faith, and renewed strength for missionary work, I started on my return journey at the beginning of 1851, by way of Trieste, Smyrna, and Alexandria, and reached Mombaz in April. Scarcely had our new fellow-labourers (with the exception of Dihlmann, who left us at Aden, and returned to Europe) been fourteen days at Rabbai Mpia, when they were one after another attacked by fever. Missionary Pfefferle, who during the tedious voyage had endeared himself to all of us by his devotion and humility, and by his hearty faith and prayerful spirit, no less than by his determined zeal and purpose, was promising much for the East African mission, we had to bear to the grave before long, whilst the speediest possible return to Europe seemed the most desirable course for our two brothers, Kaiser and Metzler, unless they, too, were destined to a like fate.

I found the Mission much as I had left it, with the exception that the poor cripple Mringe had departed in peace, in faith in Christ, and had been baptized by Rebmann before his death. His place, however, was filled by another Mnika of the name of Abbe Gunja,* with whom I had become slightly acquainted before my departure in the April of 1850. After my departure, he was instructed by Rebmann, and has since given gratifying proofs of a renewed heart.

Another change, too, had been effected by the purchase made by my two fellow-labourers, Rebmann and Erhardt, of a considerable piece of land in Kisuludini, on which they had begun to build a new house for two missionary families. It was purchased from the chiefs of Rabbai Mpia for thirty dollars, and was to serve partly as a place of settlement for the converted Wanika, and partly by cultivation to render invitingly apparent to the Wanika, Wakamba, and Suahili, the blessings of agriculture and home life, or, in other words, the benefits of civilisation.

My instructions from the Committee were to proceed with Pfefferle to Ukambani, and to found a new station there; but as Pfefferle was dead I undertook the journey to Ukambani by myself on the 11th of July, 1851.

(Krapf's graphic account of the perils and privations of this journey will follow next month.]

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with hope that the time to favour Africa, yea the set time, bad come. It was just at this period, too, that the Yoruba Mission was expanding, and presenting so hopeful a field that it stood almost if not quite first in the sympathy and interest of the Society's friends. Krapf 's magnificent conception of an equatorial line of missions stretching right across the continent did not seem as far from realisation as hard experience has since shown it to be. His linguistic labours and his great missionary scheme attracted attention in the highest quarters. Prince Albert sent for bim, and entered with great interest into bis plans; and with a view to supporting the influence of the Mission at Zanzibar, his Royal Highness entrusted the doctor with some royal presents for the Imâm, “as an acknowledgment of the kindness shown by him to the missionaries.”

Here, too, we may introduce a graphic account of Krapf's interview with the King of Prussia and Baron Humboldt at Berlin, which we find in the journals of Henry Venn printed in the recently published memoir. The account was given to Mr. Venn by Chevalier Bunsen :

“Immediately upon Dr. Krapf's arrival at Berlin, Ritter met him, and took him to Baron Humboldt. After the first words of salutation, Humboldt asked him about the snow mountains, and five miuutes' animated conversation took place; when Humboldt expressed himself quite satisfied that it was snow, and as pleased at the establishment of the fact as a little child with a new toy. The Baron is eighty-four. The King was apprized of Dr. Krapf 's arrival, and invited him to dinner next day. The place of honour is that opposite the King and Queen, who sit together; Dr. Krapf was placed there ; Ritter being on one side and Humboldt on the other. The conversation was almost entirely between Krapf and the King, upon geograpbical and linguistic subjects. After dinner the King took Dr. Krapf aside, and then, Ritter said, the conversation was upon more religious subjects; he was not a party to it himself, but it was evident that both the King and Dr. Krapf were delighted with each other. The King, at parting, said that he must give Dr. Krapf a souvenir, and asked him what would be useful to him. Dr. Krapf said that every want had been abundantly supplied by the Society, and the King therefore presented him with a gold medal of the highest order of merit."

The Valedictory Dismissal of Krapf and his brethren, held in the old Parochial Schools at Isington on January 2nd, 1851, was an occasion of remarkable interest. The Instructions of the Committee were one of Henry Venn's most powerful productions. Krapf's reply was remarkable for the combination in it of humility and faith. He said that he had "always been disappointed when he trusted in himself,” but had never been ashamed, nor confounded, nor dismayed, when trusting in the might and help and po ver of God.” Bishop Harding of Bombay gave

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* This is the Abbe Gunja who died last year, and whose story and portrait appeared in the GLEANER of June, 1881,

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She was

To this she replied, “Well, if we will put off our meal, will you not put INCIDENTS IN A LADY MISSIONARY'S LIFE.

off [Mrs. Cain, the Australian lady (Miss Sarah Davies) whose interesting

So I promised to go the next day, and when I reached the house I found letter appeared in the GLEANER of March, 1881, has sent us some more

fifteen women gathered together, some of whom had come over the wall, of her pleasant reminiscences.]

and some had come through a hole in the wall that they might see and hear. They listened very attentively, and begged me to go again. I said

I would tell their Christian sisters in England and Australia of their sad @ 2 a

visit some of my Hindu pupils at Ellore (Telugu Mission, South state, and do all I could to persuade some to go out to India and tell O India), a little child came up the verandah steps, and asked me to them more of Him who came to bring holiness to women. go and see a friend of her mother's who was ill, so I told my hearers to

SARAH CAIN. take me to the house on my way to the town. On arriving there, and being shown into the house, I

A Brabmin's Cry for noticed a very pretty young

Light. woman of the Rajput caste

HE lying on a low cot in one

the Telugu Mission, tells corner of the inner court;

of a Brahmin who is preparas I went near she rose up

ing for the terrible ordeal of to greet me.

Christian Baptism : suffering from a slight

" When he first showed an attack of fever, and her

interest in our religion, I left arm was covered up

sent him a copy of the New with & white muslin cloth;

Testament in Telugu. Some she removed the cloth and

time after, when the catechist

was passing through his vil. showed me her arm, which

lage about 10 o'clock at night, was very much swollen, as

as he drew near this man's it had just been most elabo

house, he was surprised by rately tattooed. She told

hearing some one, in rather me that it had been done

a subdued tone, reading, with the points of very fine

Let your light so shine.' Deedles made red hot, and

He paused, and he heard the after the pattern had been

same person say, Your light! have none.

How can I thus drawn on her arm,

get it? Oh, for this light!' green powder was sprinkled

The catechist asked who in, . The arm had not healed

was there. In reply, the well, and much fever had

yard gate was opened, and accompanied the swelling.

then, during the dead hours At once I said to her

of the night, when all the "Well, I do think you

others of the family were & foolish woman to cause

sleeping, all caste feeling

being forgotten, these two yourself so much pain only

conversed concerning the to make yourself look

* True Light which lighteth beautiful.”

every man that cometh into She turned her large

the world.'" dark eyes on me, and said, "I did not do this to make

FELLAH WOMEN, EGYPT. myself look beautiful; if I have not these marks I can never get to heaven, for when I arrive at the FLOWERS CULLED FROM AVVIAR'S “ KONREI gate God will say to me, 'What have you brought to show Me?' And if I cannot show Him these marks, He will say to me, 'Go away, I do not


O worship God is always good. I said to her at once, “What will your people do with your body after

If God be angry, what will your merit serve ? you die ?"

There is no higher virtue than domestic virtue. She replied, " Of course they will burn it."

What misers defend robbers spend. “Well, then,” I asked, "if you are burned your body will only become

Who quarrels with his neighbour will ruin his own house. a very small heap of ashes, and how can God see your marks ?”

Learning is as eyes. “Ab," she replied, “ that is quite true; I never thought of that, as our

Good children are like health-giving medicine. gurus (teachers) tell us to do this.”

Although you have to beg, do what is right. I then told her that there was one thing which they ought to tell her

Quickly forget what you cannot get. about, something without which neither she nor I could enter heaven.

Speak lowly

even to the low. “What is that ? ” she asked.

If you see faults you will have no neighbours. “Holiness," I replied, "for His book tells us that without holiness no

Even with a sharp sword in hand do not boast. one shall see Him.'

Who 'll lead astray keep far away, “Holiness, holiness,” she said, with a look of astonishment; "what

Courage in misfortune will bring back a fortune. holiness can women have ?"

The wealth of the mind is better than the wealth of the hand. Ah,"

,” I said, " that is the very thing the great God knew that we poor Tattling to a tale-bearer is like wind to the fire. women bave not, so He sept His only Son that we might obtain it."

Health is made by use of spade. “Oh, tell me," she said, "tell me about Him."

The guileless will find the way to heaven. So I sat down upon a mat, and she called her mother-in-law and

A father's word is stronger than witchcraft. sister-in-law, and we had a long talk about Him who came to bring holi

A mother's word failing, what will prevail ? ness to women. They asked me to stay longer with them, and tell them

Anger not assuaged will end in blows. more, but I knew that my pupils were waiting for me, so I had to decline. The bread of work is sweeter than the bread of prayer. “Well, come again,” they asked.

Tell not your poverty even to a friend. But I had to tell them that I could not, as all my time was fully Know the way of the Book, then walk in it. occupied. The young woman then said with a tone of reproach

Even if you have milk, wait for the time to drink it. "What! you tell us that God sent His Son to bring holiness to women, White has no black spots. and yet you will not come and teach us about Him."

So I had to explain how that all my mornings were taken up with These wise sayings are written in the original in a sort of rhyme, or school work, and Zenana visiting occupied all my afternoons. She then alliteration, which is difficult to give in a translation. Some of the asked me to come after school, but I told her that that was impossible, as above retain it, but not all. In the GLEANER of February last I explained it would interfere with their midday meal.

who Avviar was.


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LABOUR AND REWARD. 1 F Go work to-day in My vineyard, Mut. 21. 28. 2.S The people had a mind to work. Neh. 4.6.

(of faith and lahour of love, 1 Th. 1. 3. 3 S 13th aft. Trin. Bp. Boven consec., 1857. Remembering your work

J. 2 K 5. I Co. 12. 8. & 13. E. 2 K. 6.1--24, or 7. Mk. S. 14--30. 4 M 1st freed slaves rec. Frere Town, 1875. Establish Thou the work,

(Ps. 90. 17. 5 T Bp. Horden's 1st Confirm., 1873. Are not ye my work in the Lord ? 6W I know thy works, Rev. 2. 2.

[1 Co. 9. 1. 7 T Employed in that work day and night, 1 Ch. 9. 33. 8 F Did the work faithfully, 2 Ch. 34. 12. (lahours, Jo. 4, 38. 9 S Renner, 1st C.M.S. Miss., d., 1821. Ye are eniered into their

thy exceeding great reward, Ge. 15. 1. 10 S 14th aft. Trin. Frere Town in peril, 1880. I am thy shield, and

Jl. 2 K. 9. 2 Co. 1. 23 to 2. 14. 2 K. 10. 1-32, or 13. Mk. 10, 1-32. 11 M French and Stuart smile for India, 1850. For My name'e sake 12 T And hast not fainted, Rer 2. 3. shast laboured, Rev. 2, 3. 13 W Always abounding in the work of the Lori, 1 Co. 15. 58. 14 T 1st bapt. in N. Z., 1825, and on Niger. 1862. Your labour is not

[in rain in the Lord, 1 Co, 15. 58. 15 F A full reward be given thee of the Lord, Ruth 2. 12. 16 S The work is great...not for man, but for the Lord God, 1 Ch.29. 1.

(receive a reward, 1 Co. 3. 14. 17 S 15th aft. Trin. Ember Wk. If any man's work abide, he shall

JL. 2 K. 18. 2 Co. 9. E. K. 19. or 23. 1-31. Mk. 14. 1-27. 18 M That which he did, ihe Lord made it to prosper, Ge. 39. 23. 19 TURp. Crowther capt, at Iada, 1867. For the work of Christ nigh 20 W Why should the work cease? Neh. 6.3. [unto death, Phil. 2.30. 21 T St. Matthew. Occupy till I come, Ln. 19. 13. 22 F Bps. Stuart and Sargent's 1st ord., 1878. The Lord working with 23 S Work, for I am with you, Hag. 2. 4. [them, Mk. 16. 20.

(my God, Is. 49. 4. 24 S 16th aft. Trin. J. T. Tucker d., 1866. Surely my work is with

IV. 2 Chr. 36. (23. E. Ye.), & 2 to 9, or 8. Lul. 17. 25 M He did it with all his heart, and prospered, 2 Ch. 31. 21. 26 T Bp. Wm. Williams ord., 1894. They rest from their lahonra, 27 W And their wo:ks do follow them, Rev. 14. 13. | Rev. 14. 13. 28 T 1st C. JI S. bapt, in China, 1851. Thou shalt see greater things

[than these, Jo. 1. 50. 29 F St. Mich. and all Angels. That do His pleasure, Ps. 103. 21. 30 S Behold, I come quickly, and My reward is with me, Rev. 22. 12.

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EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS. The Valedictory Dismissal of missionaries going out in the autumn took place (as briefly mentioned in our last) at St. George's Hall, Langham Place, on July 18th. Sir W. Muir presided, and there was a large gathering of friends. The missionaries " dismissed were- Miss Alice H. Ansell, going to the Annie Walsh Institution, Sierra Leone; the Rev. J. A. Maser, returning to Lagos; the Rev. Chas. Shaw, appointed to the same station ; Mr. J. Alfred Wray, to East Africa, as a lay agent; Dr. George Chalmers, to the new Merlical Mission at Gaza ; the Revs. William Latham. Randolph R. Bell, and Arthur J. Santer, to Calcutta ; Mise Henrietta J. Neele, returning to Calcutta for the proposed Girls' Boarding School, and Miss Alice Sampson, who accompanies her; Mr. Arthur J. Shields, B.A., who will (after his ordination) go out to join the Santal Mission ; the Rev. Charles Harı ison, appointed to the Gônd Nission, Central India ; the Rev. John Field, late of Lagos, now appointed to Trinity College, Kandy ; the Rev. George L. P. Liesching, also appointed to Ceylon ; the Rev. Albert R. Fuller, to Shaon-bing, Mid China ; and the Rev. David J. S. Hunt, to the Blackfoot Mission, Saskatchewan. The special address was given by the Rev. H. E. Fox, Vicar of Christ Church, Westminster.

Two alterations of location must be noticed. The Rev. C. Shaw, who receive his instructions for Lagos (as mentioned above), is appointed to Fuhchow instead, on grounds of health. The Rev. G. H. Weber will not retura to India, but go to Jauritius, to take charge of the Mission to the North India coolies there,

A very old friend and supporter of the Society has been taken to his rest. The Hon. Sidney Campbell Henry Roper-Curzon was a member of the Committee from 1840 to 1850, and in 1837 was appointed a Vice-President. He died on June 13th, at the age of seventy-one.

We announce with deep regret the death of one of the young missionaries sent out only last autumn. The Rev. J. S. Bradshaw was one of the Islington men orviained at St. Paul's Cathedral on St. Peter's Day last year.

He was appointed to the Yoruba Mission, and went out in Octob-r. He broke down in June, and had to be sent home; and he died at Liverpool within an hour or tivo of his being carried on shore, on July 14th. Much sympathy will be felt for his young widow, who also came home very ill, and has now this sore trial laid upon her.

We hear with much sorrow of the death of Mrs. Painter, of Travancore. She was a sister of the Rev. C. A. Veve, of that Mission, and of Dr. A. Neve, of Kashmir. She sailed for India in October last year, soon after h-r marriage to the Rev. A. F. Painter, and died on June 28.h, a few days a:ter the birth of a daughter.

In response to the earnest request of Bishop Burdon, of Victoria, Hong Kong, and in view of the considerable sums he has raised for the purpose, which he will pay over to the Society's Exten-ion Fund, the Coinmittee have a reed to open a new Mission in Western Quan-tung, the extreme south-west corner of China. The Quan-tung Province is in area twice as large as England, and has a population of nineteen millions; and in the western districts no Society is yet at work. The station will be at Hoi-low, on the north coast of the large island of Hainan, whither there is frequent steam communication from Hong Kong, and it is hoped to open an out-stati n at Pak-hoi, on the opposite milinland. Both these places are yorts recently opened to foreign trave, and have resident Britisi Censuls.

The Bill creating the new Punjab University apprints the following clergymen Fellows :-the Bishop of Lahore, Archdeacon Matthew, the Rev. E. Bickersttth (Cambridge Delhi Mis-ion), and the Revs. R. Clark, W. Hooper, and T. P. Hughes (C.M.S. missionaries).

On Trinity Sunday the Bishop of Lahore admitted to deacon's orders the Rev. E. Guildfo d, C.M.S. missionary, Amritsar, and the Rev. Yakub Ali, Pastor of the CM S. Native Church, Lthore.

The Society for Promoting Chri-tian Knowledge has granted £250 to Bishop Crowther towards building churches and schools on the Niger.

Bishop Sargent, of Tinrerelly, has been on a visit to Australia and New Zealand. He arrived at Melbourne on May làth, and afterwards proceeded to Sydney, and thence to Auckland. He proposed to be back in India aboui the time these lines appear.

The Rev. W. S. Price arrived in England on July 21st. Before leaving Frere Town he made two excursions into the Shimba country, south of Mombasa, on one of which he was nearly captured by the robber chief, Mbarnk. Serious charges were afterwards made against him to the Sultan oi Zanzibar by the Wali of Mombasa ; but the Sultan, on hearing his reply in person, was completely satisfied, and bid him farewell in terms of the utmost confidence.

The new missionary party for East and Central Africa reached Zanzibar on June 19th, all well. On the 21st Miss Havergal was marritd to the Rer, A. D. Shaw, of Frere Town. Mr. Stokes had ben making active preparations for the journey of the Nyanzi contingent, and all being ready before they arrived, they started for the interior on the 28th.

Archdeacon Henry Johnson bas sent a full and interesting report of the Mission on the Upper Niger. At Onitsha there has been a remarkable revival of ihe work since the town was destroyed by a British gunboat (see GLEANER, February, 1880). The scattered Native Christians have been rallied by Archdeacon Johnson and his helpers, and set systematically to work to preach the Gospel from house to house among their neighbuurs. A great increase in The number of attendants at church was the immediate result, and on Christmas Day Mr. Johnson preacher to a congregation of 1,100 people. At Gbebe, the Native lay agent was late'y successful in preventing a human sacritice being offered on the death of the king. The report appears in the C.11. Intelligencer this month.

RECEIVED. — Bank Notes for £15 from "A Reader of the GLEANER " ; Pearl, £10. (The remitiance from “ A Christian," acknowledg d last month, was not 58., but 1s.)

OFFERINGS AT A RECENT ANNIVERSARY. EAR MR. EDITOR.–We have just been privileged with a visit from

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many hearts, as the following donations received for their special funds will show:

£ 8. d. “One who wishes to live entirely devoted to Jesus Christ" 0 0 6 A Working Girl, for China and Persia

0 A Workiny Woman (taken out of her savings bank)

1 0 Sisters in Jesus.....

0 2 Something I wanted," given to Mr. Bruce's work in Persia 0 4 Harry, to help in Persia

0 1 3} Nina, Harry, and Susan

0 Four who love the heathen (working girls)

1 0 Offerings by Children at the Juvenile Meetings

1 6 Holy Trinity Boys' aud Girls' Day Schools (by their own request)

0 18 5 Money laid by for new clothes

10 0 0 If only those who love the Lord Jesus Christ would deny themselves, and not be ashamed to give small sums if they cannot afford larger, “ Half as much again" might easily be raised.


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Illustrated Views. PHE following sets of slides for use in the Magic Lantern or Dissolving

View Apparatus may be bad on application to Mr. E. Mantle, Church Missionary House :1. Sierra Leone.

7. China (Cheh-kiang). 2. Lagos and the Yoruba Mission. 8. Japan (Southern Islands). 3. Abeokuta and the Interior Yoru- 9, Japan (Ytzo and the Ainos). ba Mission.

10. Tinnerelly. 4. Niger Mission, and Life of Bishop 11, India (The Hill Tribes). Crowther.

12. India (Puvjab). 5. East Africa (Frere Town).

13. Palestine. 6. China ( Fuh-kien and Hong Kong

Missions). Other sets are in preparation. Each set is accompanied by suitable notes prepared for use at Jurenile and other Meetings of ibe Society. No charge is made except for the expenses of carriage to and fro.

Maps suited for lectures may also be had on application.



OCTOBER, 1882.




BY THE REV. J. B. WHITING, M.A., Ticar of St. Luke's, Ramsgate.

SEE in the GLEANER for August, 1881, a picture of VII.

a Chinese tomb, and a letter from Mr. Davys giving HE Missionary represents the Church which sends

a description of it, and it may perhaps interest him forth ; he is also the instrument through whom

your readers to know what takes place when sacrithe Holy Spirit exerts His mighty and divine

fices are offered at these tombs. The ceremonies influence on those who listen to the preacher, or vary somewhat in different parts of the Empire. watch his Christian life.

Let me then ask you to accompany me, in thought, to one of What manner of man then ought this missionary to be ? Such our Fuh-Kien villages, situated high up in the mountains, amidst a view of the position to be occupied lifts our ideas to a great beautiful waterfalls and magnificent trees, with terraced rice height. Failure in the Mission field, an imperfect Christianity fields rising one above another as far almost as the eye can among our converts, must result from inefficient agents. Better reach, and still higher yet other fields of sweet potatoes. It is send no man at all, than send a man who is not in all points the 15th day of the eighth moon, and we notice that comparasuch an one as the Holy Spirit bas indicated in the Acts of the tively few people turn out to see the “ Foreign Child," instead Apostles. The apostles of the Churches must be men who have of the crowd which usually surrounds him. Why is this? Have an experimental knowledge of the Lord Jesus from His incar- they no curiosity, or what is the reason? We find on inquiry nation to His being “ taken up.” Acts i.

that almost all the villagers are away in the hills, offering sacriThey must know Him, and the power of His Resurrection, or fices at the tombs, and only those who are considered unfilial they will never “ with power give witness of the Resurrection” and altogether bad will stay away on such an occasion. Forof Jesus Christ.

tunately for us one family is a little late in starting, so we can They must be men who can “speak the things they have seen walk along with them and have a chat. But let us first have a and heard." Acts iv. 20; 1 John i. 1.

look at them as they pass by. In front we notice a man carryThey must be men “full of faith and of the Holy Ghost.” | ing two bamboo baskets, one on either end of another bamboo How can they preach that in which they have no faith? Men carried across the shoulder. We shall see what these baskets con“ mighty in the Scriptures" like Apollos, who can “show by the tain presently. Next comes a man also carrying baskets and two Scriptures, that Jesus is Christ.” Men who will preach the joints of bamboo closed at one end and with a small hole at the truth. Acts iv. 12 ; xxvi. 18.

other. These are wine bottles, and contain native wine or samThey must be men“ full of the Holy Ghost and of power.” shoo. The next comer has a hoe over his shoulder and several They will never speak with boldness” unless they are first strings of paper money, i.e., paper punched in the shape of cash, “ filled with the Holy Ghost.” Jesus Christ is the model Mis- and also five strings of paper boats, covered with tinfoil, each sionary; and He had the Holy Spirit “ without measure.” The string containing 300. These represent ounces of silver. Now apostles had been taught by the Lord for three years, yet He comes a boy carrying a brass cymbal and a stick with which to said, “ Tarry ye at Jerusalem till ye be endued with power from beat it. Two or three other men with baskets follow, and on high.” Luke xxiv., and Acts i. 2.

although women are often present we see that there are none The herald cannot glorify Christ, unless “ being full of the amongst these. Holy Ghost” he can look steadfastly into heaven” and “ As we walk along the mountain path let us enter into conthe glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” Acts vii.

versation with these villagers. They seem nice civil men. They They must be men of discernment, able to detect impostors are much surprised to see a foreigner, and their first question, like Simon Magus. Acts viii.

the usual one in China, is, “ Teacher, where do you come They must be so “ filled with the Holy Ghost” that they shall from ?” “Where are you going ?" It would be almost rude to be able to reprove men like “ Elymas the Sorcerer.” Acts xiii. ask such questions of strangers in England, would it not, and I

They must be men of prayer like Paul, or Peter, Acts ix., X. am afraid if we did so we should very often be told to mind our

They must be men who only ask, “ Lord, what wilt Thou have own business; but we must remember that we are in China, and me to do ?” Acts xvi. 7. Men that are ready to hazard their that it is the proper thing to do here. So having told them that lives for the name of the Lord Jesus,

I lifted up my body at Kwang Tong, and am going to Ku-Cheng They must be men well reported of by the Church where they City, let us ask them where they are going. “ To worship at live, as Timothy. Men of prudence. Men who know when to the grave," they reply; and on further inquiry we find that the stand on their rights, and when to yield. Acts xvi. Men of grave is that of their grandfather, and is about three li (a mile) holy character, who answer to the high standard Paul set before distant. the Ephesian Elders. Acts xx. God honours character with And now we must reply to a whole string of questions which extensive influence. “ Barnabas was a good man.”

The con

are put to us. Why, for instance, I have no pigtail ; whether verts will never be multiplied except by men“ who walk in the my hair grows long or not; why I wear such a large and, to all fear of the Lord, and the comfort of the Holy Ghost.”

appearance, heavy sun hat; what country I come from; how Thus an impression is left on the mind while reading the Acts old I am, and so on, until presently the question I have been of the Apostles that the Holy Spirit attaches as much im waiting for comes, viz., “ Teacher, do you on the other side of portance to the fitness of the agents by whom He works, as to the sea sacrifice to your ancestors ?” Of course I say “No," the indispensable exercise of a human agency. Unhallowed but it would not be right merely to say “No” or they would talents injure the work. Not every pious young man who think that we were therefore unfilial, and so I go on to explain wishes to be a missionary is fit to be a herald of the Churches, why we do not do so, and how we do love and honour our or an instrument by whom the Holy Spirit affects the world. parents and grandparents, namely, by doing all we can for them


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