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accord?” elicited many earnest replies of "No!" " no !” “Man the

A PLEASANT REUNION AT NAGASAKI. boat!” was the order given, and in little more time than it takes to write T Nagasaki, Japan, the Rev. Herbert Maundrell bas a little theothe account, the college boat was ready, and rapidly pursuing the fugitives, logical institution for training Native evangelists and teachers. upon whom it was evidently gaining head, when an uncle of Guru Churun's, the leader of the capturing party, sternly demanded, “Will you promise stationed out at important cities, and doing excellent work. Mr. Maundrell

(See GLEANER, December, 1878.) Some of the men are already not to be baptized ?" "I

cannot,” said the youth ; "I will not deny my Saviour." Upon this the uncle, in furious anger, seized the slight youth, sends a pleasant account of a ten days' gathering of the whole number at and throwing him overboard, left him struggling in the rapid, dangerous head-quarters last November :current. Those in the college boat redoubled their efforts, and were On St. Andrew's Day, the anniversary of the opening of the College, providentially able to rescue the poor fellow from the watery grave. we had full morning service with Holy Communion at Deshima Church,

Shortly after this he was received into the Christian Church, being when I preached from Matt. iv. 19, “ Follow Me, and I will make you baptized in October, 1842, by Bishop Dealtry. He was only between 19 fishers of men.” In the afternoon there was a football game between the and 20 years of age when two or three months later he was appointed as catechists and the students, in which Mr. Andrews, as always, was a Head Master of the Agarpara English School, where, notwithstanding his champion; and in the evening there was a tea for the catechists, students, youth, his efficient aid enabled Mr. De Rosario to record such satisfactory and a few other Native friends, at my house. And this evening Mr. results in the progress of the Mission school. His daughters were pupils Andrews entertained them in Deshima School, with a Natural History in our Agarpara Upper School; their well-written examination papers lecture on Bees, with the help of magic-lantern slides, which afforded and intelligent replies elicited the approval of the school inspectors, while much profitable amusement, and he kindly invited the catechists and our a letter from one of them shows what is the spirit of many of our Bengali foreign staff (Mrs. Goodall, Miss Shaw, and ourselves) for another Christians. After telling of her marriage with a man in a good position evening's social entertainment at his house. There was no examination under Government, she says, "He employs his leisure hours in writing this time (that is to be at future gatherings), but there were many for a Christian vernacular paper, and in preaching the blessed Gospel. I profitable meetings for the discussion of matters concerning the work of am thankful to say he is doing both these works gratis."

our Church in Kiu-Shiu, and there were some devotional meetings, at

which St. Paul's Epistles to Timothy and the work of the ministry The foregoing account of Agarpara is condensed from an generally, and in Japan particularly, formed subjects for prayer and article by Miss Neele in the C.M. Intelligencer for December meditation. There were frequent opportunities for preaching at Deshima, last. The Rev. F. Gmelin is now in charge. Miss Neele her

and each catecbist gave one or two good sermons while here.

We had als) a missionary meeting in Deshima School, at which there self is returning to India this autumn, but she is now to establish

were six speeches, each not more than twenty minutes long. The first a Boarding School at Calcutta for Christian girls of the better and introductory one referred to the Society's work throughout the world classes, a work of very great importance. She will be accom- in general, and then to the particular work of the Society in Japan. panied by Miss Alice Sampson, daughter of the Rev. J. E. Then followed an account from each of the catechists of his own special Sampson, Vicar of Barrow-on-Humber. In last month's C.M.

field of labour, and Mr. Andrews read a paper (Japanese) on the intro

duction of Christianity into Britain. After the catechists of the Intelligencer Miss Neele describes her plans, which call for our

out-stations had spent ten days or more here, including two Sundays, warmest sympathy and most earnest prayers.

they returned to their work.


L. Qr. 6th ....
4.13 a.m.

F. Qr. 22nd.. 12.55 a.m.

FIugust. N. M. 13th.... 9.10 p.m.

F. M. 28th .. 9.19 p.in. SOWING AND REAPING.

(126.5. 1 T Slavery abol., 1834. They that sow in tears shall reap in joy, Ps. 2 W H. Williams' landed N. Zealand, 1823, Bearing precious reed,

(Ps. 126. 6. 3 T Speke discov. V. Nyanza, 1858. The field is the world, Mat. 13.38. 4 F The seed is the word of God, Lu. 8. 11. 5 S Which liveth and abideth for ever, 1 Pe. 1. 23.

[Thee according to the joy in harvest, Is. 9. 3. 6 S 9th aft. Trin. 1st stone Metlakahtla ch., 1873. They joy before

M. I K. 10. 1—25. Ro. 6. E. I K. 11. 1--15, or 11. 26. Mat. 19. 27 to 20. 17. 7 M 2nd Niger exped. at furthest point, 1854. Blessed are ye that sow be8 T In the morning sow thy seed, Ecc. 11.6. (side all waters, Is. 32.20. 9 W In the evening withhold not, Ecc. 11. 6. [life, Ro. 6. 22. 10 T E. Auriol d., 1880. Fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting 11 F Peet d., 1865. Shall come again, his sheaves with him, Ps. 126. 6. 12 s To him that soweth righteousness a sure reward, Pro. 11. 18.

[bountifully shall reap also bountifully, 2 Co. 9. 6. 13 S 10th aft. Trin. H. Wright drowned, 1880. He which soweth

M. I K. 12. Ro. 11. 1-25. E. I K. 13 or 17. Mat. 23. 13. 14 M Put ye in the sickle, Joel 3. 13.

(reapeth, Jo. 4. 37. 15 T 1st Niger exped, ent. River, 1841. One soweth and another 16 W Gordon killed at Kandahar, 1880. If it die, it bringeth forth much 17 T The barvest is the end of the world, Mat. 13. 39. (fruit, Jo. 12. 24. 18 F The reapers are the angels, Mat, 13. 39. 19 S Krapf vis. Rabai, 1844. The seed should spring and grow up,

she knoweth not how, Mk. 4. 27. 20 S 11th aft. Trin. From Me is thy fruit found, Hos. 14. 8.

M. I K. 18. 1 Co.1.1-26. E. 1 K. 19 or 21. Mat. 26. 57. 21 M First the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear, Mk. 22 T The husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit, Jas. 5. 7. (4.28. 23 W Be ye also patient, Jas. 5. 8.

(reap, Gal. 6. 9. 24 T St. Barthol. Jowett to the East, 1815. In due season we shall 25 F 1st Miss. sailed for N. Z., 1809. If we faint not, Gal. 6. 9. 26 S Japan Treaty Ports op., 1858. Look on the fields, for they are

[white already to harvest, Jo. 4.35. 27 S 12th aft. Trin. My word shall not return to Me void, Is. 55. 11.

MIK. 22. 1-41. 1 Co. 7. 25. E. 2 K. 2. 1-16, or 4.8–38. Mk.2.1--23. 28 M It shall prosper, Is. 55. 11. (the labourers are few, Mat. 9. 37. 29 T China Treaty Ports op., 1842. The harvest truly is plenteous, but 30W Lord Dufserin vis. Metlakahtla, 1876. The fruit thereof shall

[shake like Lebanon, Ps. 72. 16. 31 T Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that He will send

[forth more labourers into His harvest, Mat. 9. 38.

EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS. The C.M.S. Committee have lately had interesting testimonies respecting the Society's work from influential independent witnesses who have attended their meetings. On April 11th, they received Archdeacon Matthew, of Kandy, Ceylon; on May 8th, Bishop Strachan, the new Bishop of Rangoon, late a missionary of the S.P.G. in South India ; on May 15th, Bishop Suter, of Nelson, N.Z. ; on June 6th, Bishop Steere, of the Universities' Mission, Zanzibar ; on July 4th, Mr. F. Holmwood, H.B.M. Consul at Zanzibar, and Mr. Odell, á merchant at Fuh-Chow; on July 10th, Archdeacon Mathews, of Mauritius. All of them spoke in warm terms of the C.M.S. Missions they had visited. Mr. Holmwood's testimony concerning the men and the work in East and Central Africa was especially important.

We are thankful to say that the Rev. A. E. Moule is now permitted by the Medical Board to return to China. The Revs, J. P. Ellwood and G, H. Weber, and Miss Neele, are returning this autumn to North India; the Rev. R. Bateman, to the Punjab; the Rev. R. Bruce, to Persia ; and the Rev. J. A. Maser toʻLagos. These, with the new missionaries whose appointments have been beforc-mentioned, and also Miss Alice Sampson, appointed to Calcutta, and Miss A. H. Ansell to Sierra Leone, received their instructions at a Valedictory Dismissal on July 17th, too late in the month for us to give full particulars in this number.

On St. Peter's Day, June 29th, Bishop Crowther held an ordination at St. Paul's, Onslow Square, when the Rev. T. Phillips, B.A., who is about to join the Niger

Mission as English Secretary, was admitted to Priest's Orders. The Rev. W. N. Ripley, Vicar of St. Giles's, Norwich, preached the sermon; and the Revs. H. W. Webb-Peploe, W. H. Barlow, and F. E. Wigram, also took part in the service. This is the first instance of a white clergyman being ordained by a black Bishop.

On March_5th, at Trinity Church, Palamcotta, Bishop Sargent ordained eight more Tamil clergymen for the Tinnevelly Mission, viz. : the Revg. N. Mutthu, Arulanantham, Selvanagagam, P. Suviseshamuttu, A. Gurubathem, S. Sarkunen, J. Kohlhoff, and E. Asirvadem. The candidates were presented by the Rey. T. Kember, Principal of the Training Institution; and the sermon was preached by the Rev. V. W. Harcourt, Principal of the Sarah Tucker Female Institution. There was a congregation of 1,246 Native Christians, including 44 Native clergy.

On Whit-Sunday, the Bishop of Lahore held an Ordination at Simla, when Mr. Thomas Howell, a Native Agent of the C.M.S., was admitted to Holy Orders. He will be in charge of the Jhelum Mission, Pind Dadan Khan, as a "deacon evangelist," that is, he will not be a pastor of a congregation under the Native Church Council, but be employed directly by the Society as an evangelistic missionary.

The Bishop of Madras writes that in his recent charge (noticed in our June number), he under-stated the number of Natives confirmed in his Diocese in the four years 1878-81. He gave it as 8,722 : it should be 11,432, viz. -by himself, 1,290 males and 1,100 females ; by Bishop Caldwell, 2,080 males and 1,981 females; by Bishop Sargent, 2,753 males and 2,228 females.

Bishop Moule, in January last, made a tour in the Chu-ki district (better known by the name of one of the villages, “Great Valley," concerning which interesting accounts have appeared in the GLEANER), in ihe province of Cheh. Kiang, Mid-China. He confirmed 42 Chinese Christians there. The Rev. A. Elwin writes, “Five years ago, there was not one Christian in this vast district ; indeed the name of Jesus was unknown. Now there are Christians in 33 villages, and the Bible is read, prayer offered, hymns sung, the Gospel preached, at nine convenient centres every Lord's Day in rooms set apart for the purpose."

The Divine blessing is manifestly resting upon the labours of the C.M.S. missionaries in Japan. The number of baptisms in the year was 99. Of these, 44 were of children, which in a young Mission is a noteworthy sign of progress, as indicating an increasing number of Christian families. Among the 55 adult converts were some men of position and influence, including a leading ex-cfficial, well-known for his scholarship, and a Shinto priest, in the Island of Yezo; and two gentlemen Samurai, father and son, with their respective families, at Kagoshima.

The number of Christian adherents connected with the C.M.S. Mission to the Hindu coolies in Mauritius, has increased during the year from 1,406 to 1,551. There were 96 adult baptisms. Forty services are held weekly in different parts of the island, most of them conducted by the two Native clergymen and a staff of Native teachers, but a good many by volunteer Christians, who, writes Mr. Buswell, “ are happily beginning to understand that the way to enjoy religion is to communicate it to others. The newly-formed Native Church Council is working well, “ a supply of the oil of kindliness having kept the wheels in motion with hardly a jarring sound.”

The reports from the Fuh-Kien Mission this year are again deeply interesting. The Christian adherents now number 4,099, an increase of 549 in the year. The communicants number 1,386. There are 112 stations and out-stations. We hope to print some extracts from the reports shortly in the GLEANER.

The Editor acknowledges the following contributions to the Society's Funds with many thanks :-Two Friends, South Devon, £5; Anonymous (Almonds. bury), £1"; Anonymous, Bath, £1; Miss Joy, for Persia, 10s. ; Topsy, 108.

Among recent remittances to the Society are:-5s, from "A Christian," proceeds of books sold; and 13s. from the Rev. W. Lloyd, Lillingstone Lovell, Bucks, being moiety of a church collection in his parish, which contains 160 souls, 76 of them under 20 years of age, and all of the labouring class.

The GLEANER EXAMINATION will be held in January next. Conditions the same as last year. We hope for a large increase in the number of competitors.

“ Freely ye have received, freely give." THERE HERE is, on the coast of Somersetshire, a small fishing village, with a

population of above one hundred souls. A short time since I received a letter from the valued clergyman who has the spiritual charge of this little flock, and, in answer to an inquiry which I had put to him as to what he had been able to do for the C.M.S., he makes the following interesting and suggestive reply :

"You ask what I have done for you in the way of improvement. Little, I fear; but still, progress may be hoped for. I told the people here that we must do something, and it seemed better to have a quarterly subscription, I thought, than a yearly collection. I waited some weeks, and then, having all the heads of families, about twenty, one evening at my Bible class, I asked for the names of any who, as a thank-offering to God for the free of cost spiritual blessings they received in this parish, were anxions to give each quarter for this year something, as they could afford, to the C.M.S. It was pleasant to hear the ready response, and offers varying from one shilling to threepence a quarter, to count from last October, will, I trust, make a worthy offering by October, 1882" (the time of the annual sermons and meetings in the parish of which this fishing village is a hamlet).

Very earnestly do I trust that the example thus set may be followed by many a small village and hamlet, and that so many more even of the very poorest in our land may have the opportunity of doing something to tell others of that Saviour whom they themselves have been taught to love.

H. H, S.

Topics for Thanksgiving and Prayer. Thanksgiving for Mr. W. C. Jones's benefaction of £72,000 for China and Japan. Prayer that the money may be wisely used, and be greatly blessed to the extension of the kingdom of Christ in those empires. (Page 89.)

Thanksgiving for the Giriama Christians. Prayer for the advance of missionary enterprise in East Africa. (Page 90.)

Prayer for the Holy Land (page 94); particularly for Nazareth (page 96). Prayer for the Caste Girls' Schools at Masulipatam (page 97); for Agarpara (page 97); for the new Girls' Boarding School at Calcutta (page 99); for the Catechists at Nagasaki (page 99); for the new Native Clergy in Tinnevelly (page 100): for the new Secretary of the Niger Mission (page 100).



an answer



from among themselves"! Surely prayer for misOF GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE CHURCH IN THE

sionaries means prayer for diligence to look for them, discernment

to discover them, wisdom to choose them, self-denial to “separate EXTENSION OF CHRIST'S KINGDOM.

them to the work," and willingness to spend time and money to BY THE REV. J. B. WHITING, M.A., Vicar of St. Luke's, Ramsgate. train them. VI.

Last year money was received from 5,500 parishes by the

Church Missionary Society. Suppose 3,000 of the churches EADER, no one can survey the widely opening in these parishes were to embrace the habit of looking for

Mission field without a deep conviction that men of missionaries, how apostolic, how Christ-like, the object they note and education are required to meet the difficult would set to themselves ! There would then be no lack of heralds questions which have arisen in the natural develop- possessing the highest qualifications of mind and heart and body ment of events. And we turn once more to the

to tell to the perishing masses the tidings of a Saviour's love. Sacred Word for guidance.

This the Church in every place may do by keeping the In John xvi. we read, "I will send the Comforter unto you, missionary enterprise before the minds and near the hearts of and when He is come (i.l., to the disciples) He will reprove the young converts, by reckoning the name of missionary as the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment."

among the noblest titles of a Christian, and counting the records St. Luke was moved by the Holy Spirit to illustrate by of Mission work a source of real joy (Acts xv. 31). Then, examples this action of the Comforter upon the world” through watching the development of character in young Christians, to and by means of the men whom Jesus Christ had chosen. It

set apart those whom God endows with especial wisdom, faithwas through their “ witness” that “the Lord added daily to fulness, and ability for the noble office of a messenger of the the Church”; “the Lord working with them." The Lord did

Churches. not work without them, but by them.

It was the especial work of the Lord Jesus during his earthly ministry to select, and for three years to train, this agency,

DIG DITCHES. through whom the power of the Holy Ghost might operate.

“Make this valley full of ditches.”—2 Kings iii. 16. The Apostolic Churches followed the example of their Lord and “Dig the trenches wide and deep ! It was done: but o'er the plain Master. They "chose” men after prayer. They “ looked out Dig by night, nor dare to sleep! Blew no wind, and fell no rain:

Can it be God doth not care, from among themselves66 men full of the Holy Ghost and of See, the fee is nigh at band !

Ur, then!'tis the Lord's command- After all the faith and prayer ? power.”

Nay! Behold, from Edom's land

Dig the trenches ! And you 'll see Iminediately after the Ascension, the Church, consisting of How He giveth victory."

Water for the faithful band ! about 120 disciples, calling to mind the direction of the Holy Thus the Prophet spake: and lo! Dig the trenches, wide and deep! Ghost by the mouth of David, selected with great discrimination Obediently the warriors go ; God will sure His promise keep : two men who had a personal knowledge of Christ, and then Ftarless through the darksome night, Labour here, and labour there; prayed that the Holy Spirit would show which of the two should Trusting in Jehovah's might; Open channels everywbere;

Twiling that the morning sun be "numbered with the eleven.” Stephen, selected by the

Then, in ev'ry barren place,

Might behold their labour done. Shall flow streams of saving grace. Grecian section of the Church at Jerusalem, was the means for the


J. D. V. ultimate conversion of Saul of Tarsus, himself a Grecian Jew. When the city of Antioch had been moved by men of Cyprus, the Church at Jerusalem sent, as their commissioner to inquire,

EGYPT AND THE C.M.S.* Barnabas, himself a man of Cyprus. Barnabas, observing the kind of man wanted at Antioch, went to seek for Paul. Paul

T a time when the eyes of the world are upon Egypt, secured the help of Timothy when he was “ well reported of by

the readers of the GLEANER will be glad to be the Brethren."

reminded that it was formerly a Mission field of The instance in Acts xiii. was noticed in the last paper ; but

the Church Missionary Society. In the Society's we recur to it again, for it is evidently intended to exhibit the

early days there was a great desire to revive the combined action of God the Holy Spirit with the Church in this corrupt Christian Churches of the East, that they might be led most important duty. The Church at Antioch was guided by the

to witness more faithfully for Christ among the Mohammedan Holy Ghost to perceive, as clearly as if a voice had spoken, that Turks and Arabs by whom they were surrounded. After the they must separate to a work which He Himself had designed, overthrow of Napoleon, the Mediterranean seemed an open highgifted men, eminent for usefulness among themselves. And they way for missionary effort, and in less than three months after then make choice of the very men whom the Spirit had Himself the Battle of Waterloo, the Rev. W. Jowett was on his way to prepared for the work. In this selection and sending forth the

Malta. Mr. Jowett, who was Twelfth Wrangler, and Fellow of whole Church at Antioch co-operated with the Holy Spirit.

St. John's, Cambridge, was the first English clergyman and Surely these instances are related to point to the Church in University graduate to offer himself for missionary service. A every place the duty of selecting, training, and separating to the great part of his work was to consist of inquiries into the religious work the agents by whom the Gospel may become "the

state of the Oriental Churches, of which but little was then

power of God unto salvation.”

He was “ to visit and to correspond with the ecclesiBut in these days how few Churches have made it a duty to

astics at the head of the different communions," Greek, Armenian, furnish missionaries! All that has been done has been to catch Copt, Maronite, &c., with a view to the spread of education and at some good young man offering himself, and to approve or

the circulation of the Holy Scriptures. His journals excited disapprove after he has come to a decision in his own mind.

great interest in England, and for many years afterwards An annual Day of Intercession has for some years been

“ Jowett's Christian Researches " was a standard book. observed for Foreign Missions. But in how many cases has this

Among other places visited by Mr. Jowett was Egypt. been only idle prayer! How few Churches bave “looked” for

* All the pictures in this number are Egyptian scenes.




He was there for
months in 1819, and in
1820, and again in 1823,
and had much intercourse
with the priests and monks
of the Coptic Church, the
Patriarch giving him letters
of introduction to several of
the convents; and he dis-
tributed many Arabic copies
of the Scriptures. One of
the most interesting results
of his visits was the pur-
chase of a remarkable manu-
script translation of the
Bible in Amharic, the ver-
nacular language of Abys-
sinia. This translation had
been made

a few years before by the French Consul at Cairo, M. Asselin de Cherville, assisted by an aged Abyssinian monk named Abu Rumi. The manuscript consisted of no less than 9,539 pages, the whole written out by Abu Rumi in the Amharic character. It was purchased by Mr. Jowett for the Bible Society; and portions of it were printed, many thousands of copies of which were afterwards circulated by Gobat, Krapf, and other C.M.S. missionaries in Abyssinia. The revision of this version for the Bible Society was one of the tasks of Krapf's old age, and it was only finished three years ago, and printed at the St. Chrischona Mission press, near Basle.

At the close of 1825 five missionaries were sent by the Society to Egypt. These were Samuel Gobat (afterwards Bishop of Jerusalem), J. R. T. Lieder, Theodor Müller, William Kruse, and Christian Kugler. All five were Germans from the Basle Seminary. Gobat and Kugler afterwards went on to Abyssinia ; the rest travelled up and down Egypt, visiting the Coptic schools, distributing portions of the Bible, and making known the true Gospel ; and subsequently opened schools at Cairo. As in all these Eastern Missions, the society's ultimate purpose was to reach the Mohammedan population; but the diffi.

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