The Reformation of Rights: Law, Religion and Human Rights in Early Modern Calvinism

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Cambridge University Press, 2007 - 388 من الصفحات
John Calvin developed arresting new teachings on rights and liberties, church and state, and religion and politics that shaped the law of Protestant lands. Calvin's original teachings were periodically challenged by major crises - the French Wars of Religion, Dutch Revolt, the English Civil War, American colonization, and American Revolution. In each such crisis moment, a major Calvinist figure emerged - Theodore Beza, Johannes Althusius, John Milton, John Winthrop, John Adams, and others - who modernized Calvin's teachings and translated them into dramatic new legal and political reforms. This rendered early modern Calvinism one of the driving engines of Western constitutionalism. A number of basic Western laws on religious and political rights, social and confessional pluralism, federalism and constitutionalism, and more owe a great deal to this religious movement. This book is essential reading for scholars and students of history, law, religion, politics, ethics, human rights, and the Protestant Reformation.
 

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summary and conclusions
77
The duties of conscience and the free exercise
81
By 1572 both sides were worn out by a decade
84
If your brother sins against you go and tell him
99
The Magdeburg Confession
106
Calvin and the Marian exiles
114
Natural rights popular sovereignty and covenant
143
majesty But this is only the start The authorities will
150
the hearts of all mankind Milton wrote and it provides
227
morality of duty for all persons and a higher morality
231
Church and state
235
makes no difference that the political covenant between the people
252
more it argues the chief society thereof to be in
256
by real and sincere devotion to God and man not
271
Covenant liberty
277
founding rights and liberties
279

the work of johannes althusius
151
natural law common law and positive law
156
of the Decalogue infuse a vital spirit
162
every lust to defend what is ours and to keep
163
coffee houses was considerably more restrictive than Althusiuss Politics
176
rights of sovereignty Through the creation of the national covenant
193
Tyranny
200
summary and conclusions
203
John Milton
209
forces lined up in support of Parliament Many Anglicans remained
212
Cambridge University to study for the Anglican priesthood After
221
tyrant merely by the liberty and right of free born
224
religious rights and liberties
226
in England and a number of surprising innovations The document
281
covenant called on the rulers and the people to protect
288
covenants of liberty
294
established according to God to order and dispose of the
298
we will submit ourselves to be ruled and governed according
299
Religious liberty and the church covenant
303
Third political officials were to be the catalysts and champions
309
I know of no particular Form of
315
for their respective executive legislative and judicial officials127 Between
318
The biography and biology
321
for human rights is required if the entire tradition is
335
Religion and human rights
336

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نبذة عن المؤلف (2007)

John Witte, Jr. is Robitscher Professor of Law and Director of the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory University, Atlanta.

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