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the cooling efficacy of a medium of of age. He is a Kejer, an inconfi.

tranfimiffion in a fcolding match. The late doctor R. F. when he first fettled in this country, brought over a wife and a numerous, family not one of whom, except his cleft fon George, knew a word of English. It was not long before mifunderftandings arofe between the miftiefs and the fervants; and one morning a lodger in the house was witnefs to the following feene:-Mrs. F. ftood at her chamber door, the maid at the ftair foot, and George, upon the landing-place. The lady, in harth Teutonic, thundered invectives, which George tranflated in their paffage, My mother fays you are a thief, and a flut, and a naughty woman The wench, in an equally loud key, retorted that her miffres was a liar, a flanderer, and fo-forth; which George, with the fame fidelity, and in the fame calm unvaried tone, tranflated to his mother. Thus the dialogue was divefted of all the acceffary violence of speech and gefture, and paffion foon fubiided for want of fuel I fhould fuppofe that the difcaffions of plenipotentiaries by means of interpreters enjoy a fimilar advan tage; otherwife, the mutual complaints of rough and uncivilized peo ple might be apt to bring their refpective agents to blows. Yours, &c.


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derable tribe in the neighbourhood of Tahiran, and of no repute before the acceffion of Aga Mohammed Khan to the throne of Perfia. Indeed, during the reign of Kerim Khan they were in general disrepute, nothing being more common than the lowest people of the Bazar refusing to fell them any article, on the plea that they had nothing fit for a Kejer fufficiently bad and vile. But now, owing to the very great partiality the king evinces for his tribe, they have become the most confiderable people in the kingdom; and the name of Kejer is detefted and feared in every part of the empire of Persia. All the refponsible trufts are confer1ed upon them, and the prefent gover nor of Ispahan, and of the difrict of Irac, was elevated from his former fituation of a feller of greens to his prefent flation merely becauíe he was a Kejer.

The manners of the king are faid to be very dignified, though at the fame time very affable and prepoffef fing; and he is allowed to poffefs all the exterior accomphhments of a Perfian: In his perion he is fuperior to most men; and the imminenfe length of his beard (a gift highly valued by the Peilians) is a perpetual theme of difcourfe and admiration. He has been engaged in no military enter prife, and in confequence at this the public opinion denies him the only Perfian virtue, courage*. His annual expeditions towards Khorafan are made with the view of engaging the attention of his fubjects, and accaftoring his troops to the fatigues of actual fervice, but without the fmalleft defign of attempting the reduction of that province. The greateft blemish in his character is the murder of Haji Ibrahim, who had regarded him as a fon, and had evinc

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ed for him the affection of a father. It is faid that the minifter ufed to take greater liberties than the extent of his fervices allowed; but I know of no excufe which can palliate fuch barbarous inhumanity.

The court of Tahiran is faid, by thofe who have had many opportunities of judging, to be very magnificent and fplendid, and in every refpect becoming the fovereign of an extenfive and flourishing empire. When the king receives any one in ftate, his fons, who are very numerous, fland in a line from the throne his minifters and officers of state behind them; and the avenues are perhaps more than two thoufand golamfhakis fumptuoufly clothed. The mafter of the ceremonies introduces the ftranger, and every thing is con ducted with the greateft decencyand folemnity. Permiffion to be feated in the prefence of the king is only granted to ambaffadors, and envoys from foreign ftates, and to, I believe, the Shaik al Iflum, as the chiet prieft of the Milem religion. The king fometimes wears his regalia; and by allowing the rays of the fun to fall upon him, I have heard it was impoffible to behold him with any degree of steadiness. His jewels are fuppofed to be fuperior to any potentate's in the world: indeed it would be furprifing were it otherwife, as he is poffeffed of all the valuable jewels in his empire.

The king's eldeft fon, Mir Ali Khan, is an enterprifing young man, much efteemed by the foldiers; and as his illegitimacy deprives him of all hope of peaceably fucceeding his father, it is difficult to fay what the intrigues of difcontented noblemen might notexcite him to attempt. He has frequently declared to the prefent king, his father, that the fword fhould either fecure or deprive him of


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His family amounts to above fifty, fveral of whom were born on the fame day.

the throne; and that it was his determination to overcome the obftacles that were placed in his way. Such is the fituation of princes in a defpotif, that it is the only means they have of preferving their lives; and in the event of the king's death, Perfia will again be deluged with blood; for as the princes are the governors of various diftricts in the empire, they have each the means of afferting their claims to the throne.


Remarks on a Charge delivered by the Bishop of Durham, to the Cler gy of his Diocefe.-Coyne, CapelStreet.

DR. SHUTE's charge has been the fubject of much animadverfion in England. There have been three anfwers to it published already, which are at this inftant reprinting in Duislin, and which will fhortly be publifhed together-one by the rev. mr. Le Mefurier, another by the rev. mr.. Faber, and a third by an anonymous clergyman of his lordship's own dio


It is not for us to enter on the arena of polemical divinity-we difcharge our duty to the publie by noticing publications of the intereft and bearing of the prefent, without obtruding our own private opinions on either fide. The venerable bishop of Durham ftands high in public confideration as a divine and a philofopher. His prefent opponent is of no mean prowefs.

There is much candor in the fol

lowing remarks, (a candor which we with it was in our power to enforce among all religious difputants) and for that purpoe we felect it equally as a fpecimen of the mind as the file of the author.

• The man who embraces a religious opinion from conviction has un

doubtedly a right to maintain it by


argument. But truth will be his firft prelate. Each affertion would be

and principal object; and the chain- previously weighed, and its accuracy pion of truth will difdain the petty anxioufly afcertained. The eruditi artifices of fubftituting affertion for on of the audience, the facredness of proof, and mifreprefentation for fact. the place, this fanctity of the epifcoHe will never condefcend to fwell the pal character, demanded that truth and crowd of difputants, whofe ingenuity charity fhould guide and reftrain the firft frames a creed for the church of zeal of the preacher. If then in the Rome, and then, after combating a following pages, I fhall have occafi phantom of its own creation, exults on to complain, that the tenets of ca in an eafy and decifive victory. That tholics have been incorrectly stated, this expedient fhould have been fre- and their practices unfairly defcribed, quently adopted by the herd of minor I would not be understood to impeach and hungry writers, is not furptifing. the fincerity or veracity of the bithop It has often proved the most certain of Durham. But while I applaud road to reputation, and, what they the uprightnefs of his intention, I probably valued more than reputati- may be allowed to lament the influon, to wealth and preferment.*ence of prejudice, which could conBut the bishop of Durham is placed ceal the truth from his view, and far above fuch paltry temptations. prompt him to study the doctrine of The reputation which he enjoys may the catholic church in the writings of fatisfy his utmoft ambition; and the her adverfaries. I may regret that ecclefiaftical dignity which he fills, he fhould fometimes condefcend to if not the first in rank, is at leaft the first in opulence in the united kingdom. If then, notwithfanding his great age and high occupations, he be ftill inclined to thiver a lance in the lifts of controverfy, we may fasely affirm, that his motives are laudable, and truft that his conduct, like his courage, will be fair and honourable.


join the company of those misinformed but pofitive writers, who, Without the care of knowing right from


Always appear decifive, clear, and strong.
Where others toil with philofophical force,

Their nimble nonfenfe takes a fhorter

Flings at your head conviction in a lump,
And gains remote conclufions at a jump.


The charge, which I purpose to review, was delivered in circumftances peculiarly folemn. It was addreffed to the numerous clergy of A VIRTUOUS parent, whilst the diocefe of Durham, in a temple taking leave of his fon on the eve of dedicated to the worship of the most his departure for a distant land, exhigh, and from the pulpit, the oracle claimed: All I ask of you, my of truth. On fuch an occafion, we fon, is to bring back with you the may justly prefume, that no un- fame fet and expreffion of features.' guarded word would be permitted to drop from the mouth of the learned


T E.

Thus when the duke of York asked archbishop Sheldon, if it were the doctrine of the church of England that Roman catholics were idolators? he answered, that it was not; but that young men of parts would be popular, and fuch a charge was the way to it.' Burnet, Hiftory of his own Times, anno 1673*

I will give my life that yonder man is a rafcal,' exclaimed Titus, pointing to the prieft Tacitus. I faw him weeping and fobbing three times, when nothing could caufe a tear to flow, and turning his face away to hide a fimile when vices or calamities were mentioned.'


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