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ills they may yet occafion.' The cadi could not refufe fo reafonable a requeft; and Caffem at length, by dear bought experience, learned the fatal

that I may not be refponfible for the Whaddon ivs, id, Steeplemenden i Barly is, id, Athwell is, Abingdon iiis, nd, Orwell iii, Wendy , ix, Wimpole is, viid, Meldieth id Arrington is, ivd, Shepreth is 4. Kelley is, vd Willing-/ ton is xd Fulmer is, vid Gilden Hattey xd Wratlingworth ixa HaftMorden is Tadlow is Croydon is d ingfield ix Bakney vind Foxten ivd Kneefworth vid.

effects of avarice.

Ancient Welch Customs refpecting

Adultery and Seduction.

IF a wife proved unfaithful to her husband's bed, the poor cuckold was obliged to pay his fuperior five fhillings as long as he cydgy/gu, (i e. lept with her :) but if he torebore cohabiting with her, and the cydgy/gu'd with her gallant, the fine fell on the offending fair:

To cuckold the prince was expiated at a very high rate-the offender was fined in a gold cup and cover, as broad as his majesty's face, and as thick as a ploughman's nail, who had ploughed nine years, and a rod of gold as tall as the king,, and as thick as his little finger.

To recompence a virgin, who had 'been feduced, and who complained that her lover had deferted her, it was ordered by the court that the was to lay hold of the tail of a bull, of three years old, introduced through a wicker door, and haven, and well greated, Two men were to goad the beaft: if the could b dint of ftrength, retain the bull, the was to have it by way of fatisfaction; if not, the got nothing but the greafe that remained in her hand.

L.

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Item received of the Town of Bitingborn on the Monday and Friday after the play together with other comers on the Monday, xivs vd

Item received on the Wednesday after the play with a pot of ale at Kneefworth all cofts deducted, is,

vid

Expences of the faid play.

First paid to the Garnement Man Garnements and Propyrts and play-books, xxs

for

To a Myntrel and three Waits of Cambridge for the Wednesday, Saturday and Monday Two of them the first day and Three the other days, vs xid

Item in expences on the Players, when the play was thewed, in bread and ale and for other Vittails at Royfton for thofe players, i3 3.

Item in expences on the playday for the bodies of vi Sheep xxiid each, ix id

Item for three Calves and half a Lamb, viiis id

Item paid five days board of one Pyke Propyrte making for himself and his Servant one day and for his horfes pafture vi days, is id

Iem paid to Turners of Spits

Extras fram an old Churchwarden's
Book belonging to the Parish of and for Sat, ixd
Bafingborne, in Cambridgeshire.

• MEMORANDUM. Received at the play held on St: Margaretsday A: D: MDXI: in Bating born, of the holy Martyr ST. GEORGE.

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Item or iv Chickens for, the Gentlemen, ivd

Dem for fith and bread and fetting up the ftages. ivd

Item to John Becher for painting of three Fanchoms and four Tor

Received of the Townfhip of mentors
Royton xis, That field vis, vilid,
Melton v, iin, Lillington x, vid,

Item to Giles Athwell for cafement of his Croft to play in, i*

Item

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Item to John Hobarde Brother-You may immerse it in the ocean, hood Prieft for the playbook, iis vii. and it will stand.' The builders This performance feems to have of Paris have given to certain incl affumed a higher dramatic character fures, in and about that city, the im than the common ftage plays of an- pofing titles of Campus Martius, and cient times; for, although it was Elyfian Fields; and yet I must conexhibited in a large encloted field in fefs to thee, in a whisper, that a the open air, and upon raised ftages, Roman emperor would, during life, yet we find by the preceding items have felt himself and his army rather that it was written; whereas the cramped in a drilling ground like the flage plays in general were traditional one, and after death, with Virgil's and oral, tranfmitted from one age hexameters yet floating in his memo to the other through the medium of 1y, would have experienced fomethe memory. There have been many thing far fhort of eternal happines plays on the fubject of the holy and in a retreat like the other. The fponwarlike martyr, St. George; but if fors, who fuperintended the baptiẩm we night venture to give an opinion of London, acted a more manly part. upon this piece, we thould oblerve, Thofe elegant public promenades that as the drama was more regular, towards the weft, not to be equaled fo the actors were of a higher clafs in Europe, are fimply called The than the common performers of ftage Parks, whilft the fquares and public plays, as appears by their having buildings, in general, are known by availed themselves of profeffional the moit fimple and uninviting epi affifiance; fuch as the minstrel, the thes, as though the builders had de property man, and the painter, and termined to beftow on thefe ftrangers, by the four chickens provided for the who do not chufe to vifit them, the gentlemen. It would have given us moft unequivocal permiffion to go great pleasure if the MS. of this cu- elfewhere. Their Chelsea hofpital rious production had been preferved. is a noble ftructure, and might be What part of the adventures of the called a palace; but candour obliges legendary hero was feized upon by me to add, that their St. James's pa the bard, whom we believe to have lace is an ignoble ftructure, and might been John Hobarde, or how the fan- be called an hofpital. I was lately choros (phantoms) and tormentors much struck, in my rambles through were employed, it would now be the city, with a magnificent Grecian ufelefs to endeavour to conjecture. building. I afked a young man in embroidered pantaloons, who was iffuing from under the portico, its name, and he told me it was the India Houfe. You must be mistaken, fir,' anfwered I; this is no Indian Pago I NEED not tell thee, who wert da, it is more like a Grecian temple, born, and will probably die on the I cannot poffibly be wrong,' repl banks of the Seine, that it is the foi- ed the youth of many feans, mak ble of our countrymen to give moun- ing me a bow, for I am a clerk in tainous names to mole-hill objects. it at a falary of one hundred pounds Thou and I, my dear Ambrofe, have per annum.' The building, often fhaken our fides in fympathy, be conteffed, whether Indian of Gre at the gafconade of Sterne's Parifian cian, forcibly frikes the eye of a barber, who, by way of recom- franger, and I have no doubt would mending the buckle of a new wig be a fource of permanent admiration to the intended purchafer, exclaimed to any inan, who, being honoured

(To be concluded in our uext.)

Endymion the Exile.

LETTER III.

6

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with an acquaintance with a peru- of the matter. If he be religious, que maker oppolite, could command and ashamed to own it, (no uncoma view of it from a first floor. A mon character here) and has no dif. ftranger in the land, like myfelf, like to the difcord of bell-clappers, placed in the midst of Leadenhall- he has only to fally forth on a SunArcet, and elbowed by a deluge of day morning, and, after looking people, could not raife his eyes with- about him to fee if the coaft is clear, out compromifing the fafety of his pop down the next blind alley, and note. I was in the act of gazing at it is ten to one he finds himself in a that ftructure, and admiring the al- magnificent gothic church, at firft legorical figure of his ambi-dextrous infpired by a jig from the organ-loft majelty at the top, when a tawny and afterwards exhorted by a guttural vender of Italian images tilted his curate, and a nafal clerk. Does not board, with its modley freight, against this remind thee of the Arabian Tales, my shoulder, and in a moment thy where we fometimes read of a blackpoor Endymion lay fprawling in the flave, and a dark paffage, leading mud, in unifon with Bonaparte, the lucky lover to a fplendid faloon, Welley, Belcher, a black poodle, and adorned with emeralds, houris, cofa green Squirrel. fee, and wax candles? Such was From the India house the tranfiti- the religious benevolence of good on is but fhort to the mansion houfe, queen Anne, who, in the words of a whole Egyptian hall. is decorated contemporary poet, feemed ́refolved with multitudes of stuffed mummies to do good by ftealth, and blush to on the annual election of the lord find it fame:" and I am led to believe mayor. This laboured quarry above that the fathion of building churches ground' was reared by an architect expired with that venerable lady. celebrated for making heavy churches Not that I would have thee fuppofe 2nd fprightly comedies, a fure way, the good people of this city to be dein either cafe, to build for immorta- void of all clerical conveniencies. On lity! As to the celebrated bank of the contrary there are chapels of cafe, England, it bears the appearance of and quaker, prefbyterian, and metho congress of ftones, met, heads and dift meetings, enough in all confcitails, to congratulate each other on ence, but none of thefe are poffeffed their efcape from the perils of chaos. of that old-fashioned ornament, a Talleyrand calls it a huge mausoleum, fteeple. The celebrated John Bunacred to the memory of departed bul- yan is faid to have styled that excrelion; but as he is an interefted wit: fçence the devil's extinguisher to put nefs, bis teftimony must be taken out the taper of true faith, and from cum grano falis, Having alluded to fo feidom finding it on modern houses fr John Vanbrugh's churches, allow of religion, I am led to fuppofe the me to enlarge upon that topic. The opinion prevalent at this day. For pious queen Anne built I do not know my own part, I feel a fort of penhow many of them, to give to all chant for a fteeple. It often guides her good fubjects of London, an the pilgrim in his progress through equal chance of reaching Heaven, and, with a laudable partiality, feattered her feeples in fuch irregular maffes, and fuch odd holes and corners, that an inhabitant of London may vifit the altar twice in every A ftranger who enters London Sunday throughout his life, without from the county of Surrey, finds leting his neighbour know any thing himfelf, before he reaches the turnJune, 1808.

woody and perplexed dutricts, and I think (with all deferénce to the author of the Pilgrim's Progrefs) that will not much impede his journey to another world.

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pike,

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pike, in St. George's Fields, near a rethodil chapel, on which thefe words The Hofe of God,' are intcribed in lage characters. It he be fuch an religious Levite as to fight this intimation, and croffes over the way to pursue his journey to the metropolis, he finds, on paffing the turnpike, an octagon chapel, on the right, frowning defiance on the Roy al Circus oppofite, and warning ftray fouls not to preter ftage to pulpit pantomime. I am, credibly informed that the founder of this tenement, who is a man of education and fome humour, intends to invite claffical countrymen to his conventicle, by infcribing the following lines, from Vigil, on the gates of the atorelaid turnpike:

Hic locus eft, partes ubi fe via fihdit in

ambas :

Dextera, quæ Ditis magni fub meenia

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friend, that furely he
may be per
mitted now and then to overkk
them in his letters.

The Deferted Wife. Letter from a
Defried Wife in America, to
Faithlefs Hufband.

I

MY DEAR HUSBAND, HO had expected, your turn from Europe with paintul anxi ety-who had counted the flow boun which parted. you from me- tha how I was fhocked at hearing vo would return no more and that d had fettled with a mifirefs in a diet state. It was for your fake th lamented. You went againft m earnest entreaties; but it was wi detire which I thouglu fincere, to vide a genteel maintenance for ver httle ones,, whom you faid you coad not bear to fee brought up in the c of poverty. I might now lamente difappointment, in not haring riches which I hear you have amat ed, but I fcorn it.-What are r compared to the delight of fince affection I deplore the lots of yea love, I deplore the frailty which is involoved you in error, and wil am fure, as fuch mistaken cond muft, terminate in mitery. But meau nouto remonftrate. It is, too late; I only write to acque you with the health, and fome en circumftances, of myself and lule ones whom you once loved.

Do not, my dear Ambrofe, contract thy lable brows, and cry nonfenfe,' at these irregular remarks, for thev ferve to beguile the folitude, to which my inability to keep pace with the expenfive amusements of this great city fometimes condemns me. A lank puste is an evil, but, in my opinion, a lank countenance is a greater Morcover I an, but an infignificant performer in the feven act farce of life. then why thould't. The house you left us in co thou with to make me dance in the not be fupported without any fetters of Ariftotle? The unites of pence which the Title fum you time and place have been fo fadly vi- behind could not long fuppy olated in the hittory of thy banished have relinquithed it, and have re ed to a neat httk cottage, thirty m from town. We make no pre ons to ciegance, but we live mg neatnels and, by frict econom fapply our moderate wants with much comfort as our deiolate the tion will allow. Your pretence, love, would inake the little cotic palace.

S.

N 0 Τ F
'Tis here, in different paths, the way
divides:
(guides;
The right, to fields Elyfian lately
The left to that unhappy region tends,
Which to the depth of Tartarus dei-
(it'd fiends.
The fat of night profound, and pun-
Dryden.

cends ;

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†The writer feems by this explor allude to the even ages of Shakespeare. Trans.

ין

• Poor Emily, who has grown a fine girl, has been working a pair of ruffles for you; and as the fits by my fide, often, repeats with a figh -When will dear papa return my The others are conftantly, afking me the fame questions; and little Henry, as foon as he began to talk, learned to lifp in the first tyllables he ever uttere 1,- When will papa come home?' S veet fellow! he is now fitting on his fool at my fide, and as onth he fees me drop a tear, afks me why I weep, for papa will coine home foon. He and his two brothers are frequently riding on your walking cane, and take particular delight in it because it is papa's.

we buy; and though poor, we are not unnappy from the want of any neceffary.

Pardon my interrupting you; L mean to give you fatisfaction Though I am deeply injured by your error, I am not refeniful. I with you all the happiness you are aa bie of and am your once loved and · EMILIA.' tid affectionate.

6

I do affure you I never open my Fps to them on the caufe of your abfence; but I cannot prevail on my felf to bid thern ceale to ask when you will return, though the queftion frequently extorts a tear (which I hide in a fmile), and wrings my foul, while I fuffer in filence. I have taught them to mention you with the greteft ardour of affection in their norning and evening pravers, and they always add of theintelves a petition for your fpeedy retora.

Ifpend my time in giving them the little inftruction I am able. I cannot afford to place them at any eminent school, and do not choote that they thould acquire meannefs and vulgarity at a low one. As to English, they read alternately, three hours every morning, the most celebrated poets and prole writers; and they can write, though not an clegant, yet a very plain and legible'

Confiderations on the Irish Character.

MR. EDITOR,

MY furprize in obferving fach a wide distinction between the manners, difpofitions, and genius of the natives of this and the fifter iflant ex.: ifled, when they were only divided from each other by a narrow gut of. water that flowed between them; was only to be equalled by my joy in difcovering, after an impartial view of the two national characters, at least as impartial as any man can view the merits of his fellow countrymen, when contrafted with thote who are comparatively trangers, that fuperiority in their qualifications is much more characteristic of the Irish, tan, of the English nation.

Perhaps, fir, peculiarity of dialec is not the leaft remarkable incident between them, an incident which I conceive to be in a great degree indicative of a people's general manners and internal feelings. No doubt, fir, the national dialect of England is more the object of admiration, than that which is peculiar to the pespie of Ireland, inafmuch as it correlponds more with the general opinion of external merit, and is more congenial Do not, my dear, imagine that to the customs and fathions of the the employment is irkfome: it affords prefent day; and indeed, to great is me a tweet confolation in your ab- the defire of conforming to thofe fa fence. Indeed, if it were not for fhions, that I am forry to fay, I have the little ones I am afraid I thould had many melancholy opportunities not fupport it. I think it will be a of obferving among Englifhmen, fatisfaction to you to hear that by fome who would rejoice in an unretrenching our wants and expences, worthy affectation of the dialect of we are enabled to pay for every thing this country, and who would torfake

hand.

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