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put to fea. The wind was favoura- ducheffa de Manfredonia, with whom ble, the Mediterranean calm, their fhe fixed her refidence, in compliance boatmen fkilful; and notwithftand- with the ducheffa's wifh and her ing the distance between Palermo and Naples, they arrived at the latter place without encountering any accident, and in lefs time than they even hoped for; and Viola literally rewarded Stephano, whom the wifhed by no means to return at prefent to Sicily, left the vengeance of Leopold and Ambrofio fhould await him.

Bernardo knew Naples well: he therefore conducted his lovely miftrefs and her beautiful companion to the villa di Manfredonia. The du

cheffa being eafy of accefs, our two fair fugitives found no difficulty in obtaining an interview; when Clementina, although evidently uuder the influence of that timidity fo amiable in youth, introduced herfelf and coufin, and told the thort ftory of their diftrefs with fuch a fafcinating grace, that the ducheffa inflantly promifed to protect them; and in a very few moments the beautiful fimplicity of their manners, the uncommon lovelinefs of their appearance, with their helpleffnefs, and the fingularity of their cafe, awakened her intereft and anxiety fo forcibly, that the of fered them an immediate afylum in her own house; which they, as may be fuppofed, moft gratefully accept


The ducheffa was at this period in her feventy-fixth year, and was, as Clementina had heard, a moft extraordinary woman both in mind and frame. Her grandfon was then gone with a particular friend, conte di Elfridi, into Tufcany; her domeftic chaplain, father Rinaldo, fhe therefore employed to lay before his Neapolitan majefty the grievances his fair Sicilian fubjects coinplained of; and in due time the marchefa's affairs were fecretly arranged in Sicily, and proper guardians appointed for her perion; one a Sicilian nobleman of worth and abilities; the other the January, 1808.

Leopold was excommunicated, and banished the two Sicilies. Had there been fufficient proof for entering into a legal profecution against him for the murder of the archbishop, they could not have executed it, as he abfconded from Sicily the moment he learned to whofe protection the marchefa had flown.

(To be continued.)

Journal of a Voyage performed in the Indian Seas, to Madras, Bengal, China, &c. &c. in his Majefty's Ship Caroline, in the Years 1803-4-5. Communicated by an Officer of that Ship. (Continued from Page 415, July Magazine, 1807.)

AS it is an established custom in the English China fhips, that the failors have three days liberty to go to Canton; and as they generally form parties of twenty or thirty at a time from one thip, many of whom contrive to be half feas over,' during the greater part of their leave; it may eafily be conceived, that a number of the most ludicrous scenes take place between the tars and Chinefe; and in fact a day feldom paffes without our witneffing fome of these.

Hog-lane, the general rendezvous of failors, and the Wapping of Canton, opens at the corner of the Britifh factory; and here Jack gets eafed of his dollars, and drunk into the bargain, very foon after his arrival; in fhort, to the debauched lives which the failors lead during these periods, and the confequent indirec debility induced thereby, may be ascribed in a great degree the fickness and mortality that prevail on board, the China fhips at Wampon every feafon.

Every China-man almost in Hog-

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lane goes by fome name that may attract the notice of the failors, as Jolly Jack, Bon Bobftay, Tom Bowline, &c. which he has painted on the outfide of his fhop; befides a number of advertisements, indited by tars, in the true national idiom and ftyle; which being copied by Fukki, and committed to the prefs, exhibit on each fide of the ftreet a Chinese edition of the moft ludicrous fpecimens of English literature, that are perhaps at prefent extant in any collection.

It is hardly neceffary to remark here, that the English failors are moft completely duped and cheated by their Chinese friends, who have in general picked up a few fea terms, with which they lure them into their hops when paffing through the Atreets.

It is no small amufement to liften to the dialogues that fometimes take place between the tars and Chinese on these occafions; the former being generally half drunk while on thore, and the latter being a very good-natured race of beings; the confequent relaxation which the failors feel gives play to all that fea wit and dry humour which characterise the British feamen, especially when in a foreign


In the streets of Canton a cart or waggon is never feen, and even a horfe very rarely; one fometimes fees croffing the middle of a street, a flight of twelve or fourteen fteps afcending, on the top of which is a plane of three, four, or five yards in extent; these are the arches of camals, that run up under the streets from the river to the interior part of the city, on which are paffing and repaffing boats with merchandize, while thofe who are walking over them know nothing of the matter.

Bales, and other packages of whatever fize, are carried on the Shoulders of Chincfs by means of bamboos, fome of which (if the

package be large) are made faft to it, whilft other long pieces of bamboo pafs under thefe again in various directions, until they get a fufficient purchase, when they thoulder their burden and trot off with it like a fwarm of ants carrying away a cock roach. Individuals make their bundles faft to the extremities of a bamboo, the middle of which refts across their shoulders, and thus they move along at a good round pace, at every ftep crying out in an audible voice, Li Li or clear the way! which is a fpecies of mufic one is continually regaled with in the streets of Canton.

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The elafticity of the bamboo renders it much easier for a Chinese to carry a heavy burden on his fhoulders, than the knots which the English porters ufe, could poffibly do; and befides they can go at a much quicker rate.

One fometimes meets with an inferior mandarin riding through the streets, but it is very feldom that any vehicle but the palankeen is to be feen.

It is well known how paffionately fond the Chinese are of dramatic reprefentations; fo much fo, that a kind of annual tax is laid on the inhabitants of each principal ftreet, and a houfe being pitched upon, a theatre is erected in front, one story high, decorated with the images of monArous animals, fuch as flying dragons, (a very favourite figure among thie Chinefe,) centaurs, and fierce-looking warriors, each having fix or eight arms.

Here the difciples of Rofcius perform from morning till night, to the infinite gratification of the spectators, who are fometimes in crowds of three or four hundred, rendering the paffage through the street extremely difficult. Though we often ftood for hours abferving them most minutely, we very feldom could make out either the flory or plot. Indeed the Chinese tae for theatricals will not do them


much credit: for however they may be polished otherwife, yet in this refpect they fmack very much of the rude and barbarous. Fantaftic and ftrained gefticulations, turgid exclamations, forced and unnatural action, with gaudy and tinfel trappings, feem to be the principal objects of admiration on the Chinefe ftage!

As for their mufic (Apollo forgive me for difgracing the name !) it is fo execrable, that I think the cries of jackals, the howling of wolves, the braying of affes, and caterwauling of cats, (could they be united into one concert) would form a divine fymphony, when compared with the Chinefe difcord!

This, however, is only to be underftood of the plays publicly exhibited in the ftreets, for it is very different when thefe are acted in the private houfes of gentlemen; where the mufic can be heard without pain, and the other parts of the drama afford infinite amufement to the Eu


The dramatis perfon are all males, or males and emafculates; of this laft circumftance, however we could on ly judge by the voice, which, in many of them, had a good deal of the eunoch tenor. Whatever they are, fo exceffively fond are they of acting, that it is very common to fee them faint away, through the firenuous exertions which they make to carry on the reprefentation after the natural powers have been exhausted.

fhips: and indeed to most of the European gentlemen of different nations then at Canton, to a dinger, at his houfe at feven in the evening. A little before the appointed hour, a few palankeens came to the factory to convey the typan and two or three others, which is looked upon as a compliment.

It happened by chance that I got one of thefe vehicles; though before I was half way to the merchant's house, I heartily repented of the honour done me; for paffing through a narrow freet at a confiderable diftance from the factories, fomething ftruck the palankeen fo violently that it was dathed to the ground on its broadfide, and myself very much tunned,

I was not in a very pleafant fate of mind at this moment, as I expected to be robbed at leaft, and perhaps bambooed into the bargain,

It muft, however, have been from fome accident, not defign; for the hearers inftantly thouldered the palankeen and trotted off, as if nothing had happened, fetting me fafe down at the gate of the house. Having paffed the outer gate we croffed a court, and entered through a door. into a large hall, on one fide of which was a very gaudy theatre, and on the other the tables fpread out for dinner.

Into the theatre opened feveral doors for the actors, &c. and into that fide of the hall where the tables were laid, opened two or three doors that led into withdrawing-rooms, where other tables were laid, covered with various kinds of fweetmeats and preferves.

It is customary for the cohong or government fecurity-merchants, to give frequent and very fuperb treats to the Europeans at Canton, efpecially the English, during the winter feafon when the fhips are in China; Immediately after our entering, at one of thefe I was once a guest, the actors commenced, and carriand fo highly gratified, that I cannot ed on the reprefentation in a much help giving a sketch of it. more chafte and animated style, than any thing we had before witnessed of the kind at Canton: in fhort many of us fancied we could make out tolerably clear the thread or plot of

One of the principal of thefe cohong merchants fent an invitation to the typan, the fuper-cargoes, officers of the men of war and India


the drama; and they did not fo far outstep the modefty of nature,' but that we could fee plain enough with what paffions they were occafionally agitated.

Their mufic, which confifted of a great variety of wind and fringed inftruments, was much less difcordant than what we had been accustomed to hear at the plays reprefented in the ftreets; yet it was ftill devoid of the fmalleft pretension to harmony.

The cohong merchant and a few of his relations gave us a very polite and hearty welcome, thewed and explained every thing to us in the moft kind manner imaginable; but the women were of courfe excluded; the male children, indeed, came out and dined with us, fitting on our knees and eating off our plates with the utmost familiarity; boys of five, fix, and eight years of age behaving with the utmoft decorum, and as eafy in their manner and deportment as the most accomplished courtiers!

Before dinner we ranged ourselves in front of the theatre, and paid great attention to what was going on; at which the actors feemed highly delighted, and trained every nerve in order to exhibit to the greatest advantage.

of the thickness of common black-
lead pencils. A Chinaman holds a
couple of these in the fingers of his
right hand, like pens, and manages
them fo dexterously, that he can pick
up a fingle grain of rice between their
extremities with the greatest eafe.

As the Chinefe live moftly on
hafhes, or at least have their meat
cut into fmall pieces, thefe imple-
ments are very convenient for them
to eat with; but for my own part,
after tafting one of thefe meffes for
curiofity's fake, with chopticks, I
deferted it, and applied my felf to good
beef, turkey, and hams, as being
more congenial to the English palate..

There was the greateft profufion of the most excellent wines of every defcription; and as perhaps upwards of one hundred Europeans (befides Chinefe) fat down to dinner, the novelty of the fcenes around us, con fpiring with the good cheer, did not fail to render this banquet a picture of hilarity and feftivity.

The idea of a large company affembled from various diftant nations, and fitting down in this remote quarter of the globe to enjoy the focial hour, could hardly fail to imprefs the mind with a fcene of the ineftimable advantages which fociety has derived from civilization and come. merce!

We were foon called to a more fubftantial entertainment, for by this time the tables groaned with a pro- The healths of their majefties, fufion of the most favery viands, Britannic and Chinefe, were drank, European as well as Chinele. They with great glee; the Chinefe drinking. were interfperfed in fuch a manner, wine, in compliment to their guetis: that every perfon could help himfelf in general, however, they drink a to difhes dreffed à la mode de Londres, fpirituous liquor called faifoo; a or à la mode de Canton, whichever he very favourite beverage in this coun-," might prefer..

It was ludicrous enough to fee the aukward attempts which many of us made to imitate the Chinefe, by eating with chopsticks; the Chinese themfelves could fcarcely maintain their gravity on thefe occasions.


I here for the first time, among a variety of other various luxuries, tafted the famous birds'-neft foup, fo much efteemed in China, it is faid they pay an equal weight of filver for, the nefts; and it forms a contiderable The chopiticks are formed of fmall branch of commerce. It is the nett pieces of ivory, filver, &c. about of a fmall bird that breeds among the eight or nine inches long and nearly cliffs and rocks of the Philippine and


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other eastern ifles. It is faid, the birds collect this glutinous fubftance from the rocks on the fhore, and likewife from the fea, while fkimming along its level furface, and is fuppofed to come from the fea-weed; of this the bird forms its neft; which from its adhelive quality, fticks to the fides of caverns, and the projecting parts of rocks and precipices, fafe from the rude affault of every animal but man! who no fooner found that it could be converted into that univerfal object of adoration money, than he was feen fufpended from the craggy eminence, or exploring the murky cave, and defpoiling the poor innocent birds of their peaceable habitations, in order to indulge the pampered appetites of luxurious epicures! (To be continued.)

Camire; an American Tale. tinued from page 607, Magazine, 1807.)


made; and thinking that the governor could not revoke his word, he returned home and repeated that anfwer to the youthful Guarani.

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When Camire had heard the whole, his head fell on his breaft, and his eyes were dimned with tears. Ah! my father,' faid he defpondingly, Angelina can never be mine on these terms. To comply with the governor's withes, I must make known to him roads of which the Spaniards are totally ignorant; and it is on this ignorance alone that depends the fecurity of my brethren. Shall I then be the traitor who will conduct a fierce band of executioners in the midst of my countrymen to annihilate them? No, my father; you would hate, you would defpife your fon; and how could I exift deprived of your cfteem?'

ly applauded his noble refolution, and

Maldonado embraced him, warm

confirmed him in the unthaken principle of always facrificing his dearest PEDRERAS was not of a cha- intereft, his most ardent defires, to the racter eafily to be gained 'over; his molt rigid duty. Our paffions,' faid long experience, and the many deal- he, have an end, our interefts change, ings he had been concerned in, had but virtue never changes. At all rendered him fubtle and fufpicious. times, and in all parts, the carefully While liftening to Maldonado, he recommpences thofe who fuffer in her reflected that Camire belonged to the caufe; fhe confoles them, the invi nation of Guaranis, in whofe coun- rogates, makes them enjoy mild and try he had heard there were nume- pleafing reflections, furrounds them Tous gold-mines; and concluded, with veneration and efteem, attends that it was from them our hero would them in the hour of death, and then derive his riches, and without thew- takes her abode on the tomb infcrib ing any reluctance at beftowing his ed with the name which fhe caufed to niece on the newly converted Chrif- be refpected. The virtuous beings, tian, he faid, holy father, the inte- bleffed by every worthy heart, excite reft of Spain is the only one which tears of tenderness, regret, and admioccupies my thoughts; Í have no de- ration.' fire of increafing my own fortune, but my moft ardent with is to be ufeful to my country. Your adopted fon may aflift me in this project: let him guide my people to a gold-mine,

and my
niece fhall be his.'
This propofal rendered Maldonado
thoughtful; be, however made Pe
dieras repeat the promife he had juft

Camire's breaft, while liftening to Deep fighs agitated the unhappy the jefuit. Irrevocably determined never to betray his countrymen to obtain Angelina, his only alternative ed paffion: he from that moment enwas to attempt to conquer his ill-fatdeavoured to avoid her with as much care as he before fought to meet her;


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