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armes in the country. While these things were in transaction, the king made a solemne protestation before the lords, as in the presence of God, declaring that he would not engage them in any warre, against the parliament, but only for his necessary defence; that his desire was to maintaine the protestant religion, the liberties of the subiect, and privelledge of parliament; but the next day, he did some action, so contrary to this protestation, that two of the lords durst not stay with him, but return'd to the parliament; and one of them comming back through Nottinghamshire, acquainted Mr. Hutchinson with the sad sence he had, discovering that falsehood in the king.

Now had the king rays'd an armie of three thousand foote and one thousand horse, with which he went to Beverly, in order to besiege Hull. When he was within two howers march of the place, Sr. John Hotham floated the country about it, and Sr. John Meldrum, sallying out of the towne, with five hundred townsmen, made the king's party retreate to Beverly: but however they beleaguer'd the towne, into which the parliament sent a reliefe of five hundred men, by water, with whom Meldrum made another sally, routed the leaguer-souldiers, kill'd some, made others prisoners, tooke the magazine of armes and ammunition, which was in a barne, with their fire-balls, and fired the barne. Hereupon the king's councell of warre broke up the siege, from whence the king went back to Yorke, and about the middle of August came to Nottingham, where he set up his standard royall, and hither 'his two nephewes, Prince Rupert and Prince Maurice, came to him and were put into commands. The king marching through Nottingham, Derby, and Leicestershire, call'd together the trained bands as to attend him, disarm'd those counties, and march'd to Shrewsberry, and there sett up a mint and coyned the plate, that had bene brought in to him. Here a greate many men came in to him, with whom, marching into Warwickshire, he there fought his first

battle at a village call'd Keynton; it not being yett agreed who gain'd the victory that day.

As the king, on his part, made this progresse, so the parliament, on theirs, upon the twelfth of July, voted an armie to be rays'd, and the Earle of Essex to be generall of it. Divers of the lords, and severall members of the house of commons, tooke commissions, and rays'd regiments and companies under his command, who march'd with his armie of about fourteen thousand horse and foote to his rendezvous at Northampton, whither the parliament sent a petition to him, to be deliver'd to the king, in a safe and honorable way; the summe of which was, to beseeche him to forsake those wicked people with whom he was, and not to mix his danger with theirs, but to returne to his parliament, &c. The king intending to make Worcester a garrison, sent Prince Rupert thither; the Earle of Essex, to prevent him, sent other forces, betweene whom there was some skirmish, but the prince left the towne at their approach. My lord of Essex left a garrison in Northampton, putt others into Coventry and Warwick, and went to Worcester. Here he made some stay, till the king, marching from Shrewsberrie, there was some apprehension of his going up to London, for which cause my lord left part of his artillery behind him, and follow'd the king's motions, which the king perceiving, tooke an opertunity, before his artillery and the foote left with it were come up to him, and resolv'd to give him battle; which was not declin'd on the other side, but fought with doubtfull successe, the circumstances whereof may be read at large in the stories of those things. The king's generall was slaine, his standard was taken, though not kept; but on the other side

b Commonly called Edge-hill fight. Both king and parliament claimed the victory, but our authoress shews rather more candour than either. The king's main design of marching to London was however frustrated, and therefore the parliament might be most properly termed gainers.


alsoe there were many brave men slaine and prisoners. My lord of Essex marcht to Coventry; the king to take up his winter quarters at Oxford, from whence Prince Rupert flew about the countries with his body of horse, plunder'd and did many barbarous things; insomuch that London, growing into apprehensions of the king's armie, the parliament call'd back the Earle of Essex to quarter about London; and he being return'd thither, the king was advanc'd as farre as Colebrooke, where he was presented with a petition from the parliament for accommodation, to which he answer'd, with a protestation to God, how much he was griev'd for his subiects sufferings, and, in order to peace, was willing to reside neare London, to receive their propositions, and to treate with them. Assoone as ever the commissioners were gone, the king advanc'd with his horse and artillery towards London, and, taking the advantage of a greate mist, fell upon a broken regiment of Col. Hollis's, quartered at Brainford, and kill'd many of them, and had destroy'd them all, but that Brooke's and Hampden's regiments, by Providence, came seasonably to their rescue; and then so many forces flockt with the generall, out of London, that the king was enclos'd, and the warre had bene ended, but that I know not how three thousand of the parliament's forces were call'd away by their procurement who design'd the continuance of the warre; and so the king had a way of retreate left open, by which he gott back to Oxford, and the parliament's generall was sent out againe with their armie; whose proceedings I shall take up againe in their due places, so farre as is necessarie to be remember'd, for the story I most particularly intend.

The account Mrs. Hutchinson gives of the affair of Brentford is much more clear. and probable than that given by Rapin, vol. ii. p. 465. Indeed he himself seems dissatisfied with those varying accounts he could collect of that business from Clarendon and others: but Ludlow, who was a military man and an eye-witness, gives a clear account, agreeing with that of Mrs. Hutchinson.


Before the flame of the warre broke out in the top of the chimnies, the smoake ascended in every country; the king had sent forth commissions of array, and the parliament had given out commissions for their militia, and sent of their members into all counties to put them in execution. Betweene these in many places there were fierce contests and disputes, allmost to blood, even at the first; for in the progresse every county had the civill warre, more or lesse, within itselfe. Some counties were in the beginning so wholly for the parliament, that the king's interest appear'd not in them; some so wholly for the king, that the godly, for those generally were the parliament's friends, were forc'd to forsake their habitations, and seeke other shelters: of this sort was Nottinghamshire. All the nobillity and gentry, and their dependents, were generally for the king, the chiefe of whose names I shall summe up here, because I shall often have occasion to mention them. The greatest famely was the Earle of Newcastle's, a lord so much once beloved in his country that, when the first expedition was against the Scotts, the gentlemen of the country sett him forth two troopes, one all of gentlemen, the other of their men, who waited on him into the north at their owne charges. He had indeed, through his greate estate, his liberall hospitality, and constant residence in his country, so endear'd them to him, that no man was a greater prince then he in all that northerne quarter, till a foolish ambition of glorious slavery carried him to court, where he ran himselfe much in debt, to purchase neglects of the king and queene, and scornes of the proud courtiers. Next him was the Earle of Kingston, a man of vast estate, and not lesse covetousnesse, who devided his sonns betweene both parties, and conceal'd himselfe, till at length his fate drew him to declare himselfe absolutely on the king's side, wherein he behav'd


This title was at that time in the family of Cavendish, of which this line ceased with the nobleman here mentioned.

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himselfe honorably, and died remarkably. His eldest sonne was lord lieftenant of the county, and at that time no nobleman had a greater reputation in the court for learning and generosity then he, who was so high of the king's partie, that the parliament was very much incens'd against him. Lord Chesterfield and all his famely were highly of the royall party: so was the Lord Chaworth: the Earle of Clare was very often of both parties, and I thinke never advantag'd either. All the popish gentry were wholly for the king, whereof one Mr. Golding, next neighbour to Mr. Hutchinson, had bene a private collector of the catholicks' contributions to the Irish rebellion, and for that was by the queene's procurement made a knight and baronett. Sr. John Biron, afterwards Lord Biron, and all his brothers bred up in arms, and valiant men in their owne persons, were all passionately the king's. Sr. John Savill, a man of vast estate, was the like: so were Sr. Gervas Eyre, Sr. John Digby, Sr. Matthew Palmer, Sr. Thomas Williamson, Sr. Roger Cowper, Sr. W. Hickman, Sr. Hugh Cartwright, Sr. T. Willoughby, Sr. Thomas Smith, Sr. Thomas Blackwell, Markham, Perkins, Tevery, Pearce, Palme, Wood, Sanderson, Moore, Mellish, Butler, with divers others. Of the parliament men, Mr. Sutton, afterwards Lord Lexington, and Sr. Gervas Clifton, forsooke the parliament, went to the king, and executed his commission of array. Mr. William Stanhope left the parliament, and came home disaffected to them, whose eldest sonne was after slaine in the king's service. Mr. William Pierrepont, second sonne of the Earl of Kingston, was of the parliament,

e Lord Newark, before spoken of. In Collins's Peerage, under the title of Duke of Kingston, there are cited singular proofs of this nobleman's learning.

From this gentleman the late Duke of Kingston and the present Earl Manvers are lineally descended. His wisdom as a politician is sufficiently evinced by this masterly stroke, which decided the fate of the king and the parliament: of his moderation Whitelock speaks repeatedly: of his eloquence there are preserved by Rush

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