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mention him, in my following discourse; and because, although there never was any personall acquaintance betweene him and Mr. Hutchinson, yet that natural antipathie which is betweene good and evil, render'd him a very bad neighbour to Mr. Hutchinson's garrison, and one that, under the name of a friend and assistant, spoyl'd our country, as much as our enemies. He indeed gave his men leave to commit all insolencies, without any restreint, whereas Mr. Hutchinson took up armes to defend the country as much as was possible from being a prey to rude souldiers, and did oftentimes preserve it both from his and other rude troopes, which stirr'd up in him envie, hate, and ill will against his neighbour. He was not wise in ordering the scouts and spies he kept out, and so had the worst intelligence in the world. Mr. Hutchinson, on the other side, employ'd ingenuous persons, and was better inform'd of the true state of things, and so, oftentimes communicated those informations, to the chiefe commanders, which convinc'd the falsehood of his; and that was another cause of envie. Some that knew him well, sayd' he was not valliant, though his men once held him up, among a stand of pikes, while they obtein'd a glorious victory, when the Earle of Northampton was slaine; certeine it is he was never by his good will in a fight, but either by chance or necessity; and that which made his courage the more question'd was, the care he tooke, and the expence he was att, to get it weekely mentioned in the diurnalls, so that when they had nothing elce to renowne him for, they once put in that the troopes of that valliant commander Sr. John Gell tooké a dragoon with a plush doublett. Mr. Hutchinson, on the other side, that did well for vertue's sake, and not for the vaine glory of it, never would give aniething, to buy the flatteries of those scriblers, and when one of them had once, while he

To the interposition of such men as Colonel Hutchinson we must attribute the proportionably small quantity of mischief that was suffered by this nation, in so long and sharp a civil war as this was.

was in towne, made mention of something done at Nottingham, with falsehood, and given Gell the glory of an action wherein he was not concern'd, Mr. Hutchinson rebuk'd him for it, whereupon the man begg'd his pardon, and told him he would write as much for him, the next weeke: but Mr. Hutchinson told him he scorn'd his mercenary pen, only warn'd him not to dare to lie in any of his concernments, whereupon the fellow was awed, and he had no more abuse of that kind.

But to turne out of this digression into another, not altogether impertinent to the story which I would carrie on. In Nottinghamshire, upon the edge of Derbieshire, there dwelt a man, who was of meane birth and low fortunes, yet had kept company with the underling gentry of his neighbourhood: this man had the most factious, ambitious, vaineglorious, envious, and mallitious nature that is imaginable; but he was the greatest dissembler, flatterer, traitor, and hipocrite that ever was, and herein had a kind of wicked pollicy, knowing himselfe to be inferiour to all gentlemen, he put on a vizard of godlinesse and humillity, and courted the common people with all plausibillity and flattery that could be practiz'd; all this while he was addicted to many lusts, especially to that of weomen, but practiz'd them so secretly, that they were not vulgarly taken notice of, though God, to shame him, gave him up to marrie a wench out of one of the alehouses he frequented; but to keepe up a fame of godlinesse, he gave large contributions to puritane preachers, who had the art to stop the people's mouths, from speaking ill of their benefactors. By a thousand arts this fellow became popular, and insinuated himselfe so, into all the gentlemen, that own'd the parliament's party, that till he was discover'd some years after, they believ'd him a most true-hearted, faithfull, vigilant, active man for the godly interest; but he could never climb higher then a presbyterian persecutor, and in the end fell quite of to a declar'd cavalier. In Sr. George Booth's business, thinking he could

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sway the scales of a country, he rays'd a troope, and brought them into Derby, and publisht a declaration of his owne for the king, then ranne away to Nottingham, and lost all his troope in the route there, and hid himselfe till the king came in, when he was rewarded for his revolt with an office, which he enioy'd not many months, his wife and he, and some of his children, dying all together in a few dayes of a feaver little lesse then the plague. This man, call'd Charles White, att the beginning of the civil warre gott a troope of dragoones, who arm'd and mounted themselves out of devotion to the parliament's cause, and being of his neighbourhood, marcht forth in his conduct, he having procur'd a commission to be their captaine, and they, having stocks and famelies, were not willing to march as farre as the armie, but ioyn'd themselves to those who were allready in arms at Derby.

After the battle at Edge-hill Sr. John Digby, the high sheriffe of Nottinghamshire, return'd from the king, and had a designe of securing the county against the parliament, whereupon he sent out summons to all the gentlemen resident in the country to meete him at Newark. Mr. Hutchinson was at the house of Mr. Francis Pierrepont, the Earle of Kingston's third sonne, when the letter was deliver'd him, and another of the same to Mr. Pierrepont, and while they were reading them, and considering what might be the meaning of this summons, an honest man, of the sheriffe's neighbourhood, came and gave them notice, that the sheriffe had some designe in agitation, for he had assembled and arm'd about fourscore of his neighbours, to`goe out with them to Newark, and, as they heard, from thence to Southwell, and from thence to Nottingham, through which towne many arm'd men marcht day and night, to their greate Mr. Hutchinson, upon this intimation, went home, and instead of going to meete the sheriffe, sent an excuse, by an intelligent

terror.

By the king is here meant Charles the Second.

person, well acquainted with all the country, who had orders to find out their designe; which he did so well, that he assur'd Mr. Hutchinson if he and some others had gone in, they would have bene made prisoners; for the sheriffe came into Newark with a troope of 80 men, with whom he was gone to Southwell, and was to goe the next day to Nottingham, to secure those places for the king. Mr. Hutchinson immediately went with his brother and acquainted them at Nottingham with his intelligence, which they had likewise receiv'd from other hands. Although the towne was generally more malignants then well affected, yet they cared not much to have cavalier soldiers quarter with them, and therefore agreed to defend themselves against any force which should come against them, and being call'd hastily together, as the exigence requir'd, about seven hundred listed themselves, and chose Mr. George Hutchinson for their captaine, who having liv'd among them, was very much lov'd and esteem'd by them. The sheriffe hearing this, came not to Nottingham, but those who were now there thus became engaged to prosecute the defence of themselves, the towne, and country, as farre as they could. They were but few, and those not very considerable, and some of them not very hearty; but it pleas'd God here, as in other places, to carry on his worke by weake and unworthy instruments. There were seven aldermen in the towne, and of these only alderman James, then mayor, own'd the parliament. He was a very honest, bold man, but had no more but a burgher's discretion; he was yett very well assisted by his wife, a woman of greate zeal and courage, and more understanding then weomen of her ranke usually have. All the devout people of the towne were very vigorous and ready to offer their lives and famelies, but there was not halfe the halfe of the towne that consisted of these; the ordinary civill sort of people coldly adher'd to the better, but all the debosht, and such as had liv'd upon the bishops persecuting courts, and bene the lacqueys of proiectors and monopolizers, and

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the like, they were all bitterly malignant; yett God awed them, that they could not at that time hinder his people, whom he overrul'd some of their greatest enemies to assist, such as were one Chadwick and Plumptre, two who, at the first, put themselves most forward into the businesse. Plumptre was a doctor of phisick, an inhabitant of Nottingham, who had learning, naturall parts, and understanding enough to discerne betweene naturall civill righteousnesse and iniustice, but he was a horrible atheist, and had such an intollerable pride, that he brook'd no superiours, and having some witt, tooke the boldnesse to exercise it, in the abuse of all the gentlemen wherever he came.' Sr. Thomas Hutchinson first brought him into creditt and practise in the country, it having pleas'd God to make him instrumentall in the cure of Mr. George Hutchinson, who had in vaine tried the skill of the best doctors in England, for an epileptick disease, under which he labour'd some yeares. Upon this occasion, Sr. Thomas, and both his sons, gave him much respect, and this cure gave him reputation, and introduc'd him into practise, in all the gentlemen's houses in the country, which he soone lost againe by his most abusive tongue and other ill carriages, and was even gott out of favour with Sr. Thomas Hutchinson himselfe, for some abusive scoffes given out against his lady: but Mr. Hutchinson and his brother, in pitty to him, and in remembrance of what God had done through him, still owned him, and protected him a little against the bitter zealotts, though it was impossible for his darknesse and their light long to continue mix'd. This man had sence enough to approove the parliament's cause, in poynt of civil right,

1 It is said of him, in Thoroton's history of Notts," he was a person eminent in "his profession, of great note for witt and learning, as he had formerly been for poetry, "when he printed a book of epigrams:" a species of composition which the more it pleases the reader, the less it renders the author beloved. This inclination to sport with the feelings of others was not at all likely to recommend him to Mr. Hutchinson, nor make him a good associate in weighty and serious business.

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