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District of Pennsylvania, to wit:

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the eighteenth Day of April, in the thirty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1811, David Hogan, of the said District, hath deposited in this Office, the Title of a Book the Right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the Words following, to wit:

"Archives of Useful Knowledge, a Work devoted to Commerce, Manufactures, Rural and Domestic Economy, Argriculture, and the Useful Arts. By James Mease, M. D. Secretary to the Agricultural Society of Philadelphia."

In Conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, intituled "An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies during the times therein mentioned." And also to the Act, entitled "An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, "An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies during the Time therein mentioned," and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other Prints."

D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the
District of Pennsylvania.

PREFACE

NEW

YORK

SOCIETY LIBRARY

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IN presenting the first volume of the " ARCHIVES OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE," to the world, the editor has great satisfaction in being able to say, that his labours have been well received, and that the encouragement has been such as to warrant a belief, that all the good which he wished or expected they might produce, will take place. He will steadily keep in mind the leading objects embraced by the work, and endeavour so to arrange the materials as that a proportion of every number shall be occupied by the several subjects forming the title page. They are all intimately connected, and mutually dependant upon each other for their extension, prosperity, and perfection. It is by Commerce that the farmer finds a sale for his produce; by Agriculture, and the introduction and multiplication of Arts and Manufactures, the merchant procures materials for his distant expeditions; while all classes,-those who contend with the waves,--who plough the earth,-or the artists who decompose the raw materials of nature, and contribute so largely to the luxury, or to the real wants of mankind, are all greatly benefited by the extended knowledge of DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

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It has been said, that we only begin to know how to live, when we are about to leave the world: and it is certain that the comforts of mankind would be much increased, were the knowledge of this last mentioned branch more studied, or not thought below the attention of the Philosopher. The immortal Franklin, while engaged in the sublimest discussions of science, did not neglect the improvement of the arts of life: other eminent men have largely contributed to their increase; and at the present moment, the economists of France are busily engaged in discovering various new means to preserve animal and vegetable substances from decay, and in collecting all the scattered knowledge on that subject from works in every language; and we may expect from their labours a great ́fund of information. The editor being in regular correspondence with the useful character* charged with the arrangement of the collected mass of instruction, expects to receive a copy of the work, the riches of which he will infuse into his pages. In the mean time, he will give all the facts upon that interesting subject, that he has met with.

The art of Dying, which is far from having arrived at perfection in Europe, and is but in its infancy in this country, is essential to the extension of our manufactures, and will claim a particular share of attention.

* Mr. Lasteyrie, so well known by his publications on sheep.

In the first number of the 2d Vol., an interesting experimental paper will be given on this subject, from a French author.

BIOGRAPHY is History teaching by example. The lives of men who have raised themselves to eminence, by their ingenuity, their method in business, and regularity of their lives, are not only highly interesting, but useful to the young. Accounts of such characters shall occasionally be given in the future numbers of this work. To the various improvements in Steam Engines, by Bolton and Watt, in Cotton and in Wool machinery, by Arkwright and Cartwright, Britain owes a very large proportion of her wealth and resources.

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The pages of the Archives are offered to ingenious Mechanics, to give to the public the result of their labours in the invention or improvement of useful implements or machines; and to the patriotic American, as a vehicle for any discovery or useful art which he may be at the pains to introduce from Europe into this country. The addition of a single art, or a single mechanic following a branch of business not already in the country, adds more to the national wealth,-to the solid resources of the Union, than the introduction of thousands,-of tens of thousands of fleeting moveable dollars.

In the first number of Vol. 2d, of the "Archives," will be given, among other articles, papers on the following interesting subjects:

1. On the application of lime as a Manure.

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2. On an economical and effectual mode of warming

large rooms and public buildings,—with a plate. 3. Description of a neat and useful Stove for warming small rooms, and halls,-with a cut.

4. Description of the New-York wheel-head, for woolspinning,-with a cut.

5. On Mordants employed in the Art of Dying, by the director of the French National Dying establish

ment.

6. A cerain method to prevent the destruction of wheat by the wheat moth.

Directions to the Binder.-The plate of Don Pedro to face

P. 104.

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