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me, saith

For the Epistle. Joel ii. 12. “ them: (k) wherefore should Turn ye even to

“ they say among the people, the Lord, with all your heart,

“ Where is their God?” and with fasting, and with

The Gospel. Mat. vi. 16. (1) weeping, and with mourning; 13. and rend your heart, and When ye fast, be not, as the not your garments, and

and turn hypocrites, of a sad counteunto the Lord your God: for he nance : for they disfigure their is gracious and merciful, slow faces, that they may appear (m) to anger, and of great kindness, unto 'men to fast. Verily I say and () repenteth him of the evil. “ unto you, They have their re14. Who knoweth if he will re

“ ward.

17. But thou, when turn and repent, and leave a “ thou fastest, anoint thine head, blessing behind him ; even a meat- “ and wash thy face; 18. that offering, and a drink-offering unto “ thou appear not unto men to the Lord

God? 15. Blow

“ fast, but unto thy Father which the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a “ is in secret: and thy Father, fast, call a solemn assembly;

“ which seeth in secret, shall re16. gather the people, sanctify “ ward thee openly. 19. Lay the congregation, assemble the “ not up for yourselves treasures elders

, gather (h) the children, upon earth, where moth and and those that suck the breasts : “ rust doth corrupt, and where let the (i) bridegroom go forth of “ thieves break through and steal : his chamber, and the bride out of “ 20. but lay up for yourselves her closet: 17. let the priests,

“ treasures

in heaven, where the ministers of the Lord, weep

o neither moth nor rust doth corbetween the porch and the altar, “ rupt, and where thieves do and let them say, • Spare thy “ not break through nor steal :

people, O Lord, and give not “ 21. For where your treasure " thine heritage to reproach, that “ is, there will your heart be " the heathen should rule over " also.”

(8) c. 13. “ Repenteth him, &c." God's readiness to give up the vengeance he has meditated, upon the repentance of those who were to have been its objects, is strongly expressed, Jer. xviii. 7. “ at "what instant'I shall speak concerning " a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to " plack up, and to pull down, and to de

stroy it; if that nation against whom I " have pronounced, turn from their evil, “I will repent of the evil that I thought " to do unto them." Should not this consideration have an influence upon the conduct of individuals, at least in times of national calamity, when God's judgments are in the earth? The righteousness or sin of a nation is the aggregate of the nighteousness or sin of individuals, and who can tell how far his own righteousness will contribute towards saving his country,

or his own wickedness towards accomplishing its ruin?

(h) v. 16. “ The children, &c.” Old and young, to omit none.

(i) “ The bridegroom, &c.” Let there be no excuse.

(k) v. 17. “ Wherefore, &c.” This was, a common topic, on which God's protection was importuned. See post, 107. note on Isaiah Ixiii. 11.

(1) Part of our Saviour's sermon upon the mount. (m) v. 16.

Appear unto men, &c.Where ostentation is the object, to obtain praise of men, the act has no merit in the sight of God; but there are occasions, in which good deeds should be visible, that the example may influence others. See ante, 37. note on Philipp. iv. 5.

G 3

Saint Matthias's Day.

“ mouth of David spake before The Collect.

“ concerning (p) Judas, which O ALMIGHTY God, who into “ was guide to them that took

“ Jesus.

17. For he was numthe place of the traitor Judas didst choose thy faithful servant

“ bered with us, and had obtained Matthias to be of the number

“ part of this ministry. 18. Now of the twelve Apostles ; Grant

“ this man purchased (9) a field that thy Church being alway

“ with the reward of iniquity; preserved from false Apostles,

“ and falling headlong, he burst may be ordered and guided by

“ asunder in the midst, and all his faithful and true Pastors, through

“ bowels gushed out. Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

“it was known unto all the dwell

“ers at Jerusalem ; insomuch as For the Epistle. Acts i. 15. “ that field is called in their proIn (n) those days Peter stood up

“per tongue, Aceldama, that is in the midst of the disciples, and “ to say, The field of blood. said, the number of the names “ 20. For it is (r) written in the together were about an hundred “ book of Psalms, “Let his habitand twenty,) 16.

“ Men and “ ation be desolate, and let no “ brethren, this (0) Scripture “ man dwell therein:" and, “ His “ must needs have been fulfilled “ bishoprick let another take.” “ which the Holy Ghost by the “ 21. Wherefore of these men (s)

19. And

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(n) v. 15.“ In those days,” i. e.“ shortly he was the occasion of the purchase, it “ after our Saviour's ascension."

was not going beyond scripture phrase(0) v. 16. “ This scripture.” The pas- ology to state that he purchased it; and sage generally supposed to be referred to, that he fell from the place where he hung is Psalm xli. 9. Yea even mine own fa- himself, and burst asunder by the fall

. In “ miliar friend, whom I trusted, who did truth, if the variances could not be re“ also eat of my bread, hath laid great conciled, it would be of little consequence, wait for me."

for the points of difference are wholly un. (p) 9. David probably alluded to Ahitophel wrote in this instance from report, from only, without any prophetic reference to what he had heard, not from what he had Judas ; and if so, and if St. Peter really seen, one of them might have been misreferred to Psalm xli. 9. this, according led. to the present translation, is a strong in- (r) v. 20. “ It is written, &c." The first stance of stating a passage to have been of these passages is Psalm lxix. 26. the written of a thing to which it is merely other, Psalm cix. 7. applicable. See ante, 49. note on Matt. ii. 15. (s) v. 21. “ Of these men, &c." This But Abp. Newcome translates it thus : imports that Peter and the rest of the “ This Scripture, which the Holy Ghost | apostles, and many others, were generally “ spake before by the mouth of David, with our Saviour from the time he was « must needs be fulfilled concerning Judas, baptised by John the Baptist, Matt. iii. 15. “ &c. and that seems the natural reading until the time of his ascension, so that o of the Greek.” *v as potīte aveữua 1: they saw what he did, and heard from his άγιον, δια σόμαλος Δαβίδ, περί Ιέδα, &c. mouth what he said. In St. Matthew's

(g) v. 18. “ Purchased, &c." According Gospel, therefore, and St. John's, we have to the account in Matt. xxvii. 5. 7. the in general the testimony of an eye and field was purchased, not by Judas, nor in ear witness, and if St. Peter overlooked his life-time, but by the chief priests after St. Mark's Gospel (as is generally suphis death; and Judas ended his life by posed), we have in effect the same testihanging himself. Abp. Newcome recon. ciles the difference by considering, that as

mony there.

" which have companied with us “ for so it seemed good in thy « all the time that the Lord Jesus sight. 27. All things are de“ went in and out among us, “ livered unto me of my Father : “ 22. beginning from the bap- “ and no man knoweth (y) the Son utism of John unto that same “ but the Father; neither knowday that he was taken


from “eth (y) any man the Father, save "us, must one be ordained to be “ the Son, and he to whomso" a witness with us of his (t) re- “ ever the Son will reveal him. «surrection." 23. And they “ 28. Come unto me all ye that laappointed two, Joseph called Bar- « bour and are heavy laden, and I sabas, who was surnamed Justus, “ will (2) give you rest. 29. Take and Matthias. 24. And they my yoke upon you, and learn prayed and said, “Thou, Lord, (u) “ of me; for I am (a) meek « which knowest the hearts of all “ and lowly in heart: and ye “ men, shew whether of these “ shall find rest unto your souls. « two thou hast chosen, 25. that “ 30. For my yoke is easy, and “ he may take part of this minis- “ my burden is light.” “ try and apostleship, from which “ Judas by transgression fell, that “ he might go to his own place.”

First Sunday in Lent. 26. And they gave forth their

The Collect. lots: and the lot fell upon Matthias ; and he was numbered with O Lord, who for our sake didst the eleven Apostles.

fast forty days and forty nights ;

Give us grace to use such abstiThe Gospel. Matt. xi. 25.

nence, that our flesh being subAt that time Jesus answered and dued to the Spirit, we may ever said, “I thank thee, O Father, obey thy godly motions in righ“ Lord of heaven and earth, be- teousness and true holiness, to “cause thou hast hid these things thy honour and glory, who livest “ from the wise and prudent, and reignest with the Father and “ and hast revealed them unto the Holy Ghost, one God, world " babes. (2) 26. Even so, Father: without end.

. Amen.

(t) v. 22. “ Of his resurrection." As the gospel propagation, “God hath chosen this was the great event which had re- “the foolish things of the world to concently occurred, and probably had called “ found the wise, and the weak things of forth all their courage, and destroyed all “ the world to confound the mighty;" and their timidity, it was natural they should he assigns as a reason why he came not state that prominently, as the point to be unto the Corinthians with excellency of attested.

speech or of wisdom, “ that their faith (u) v. 24. “ Lord,” Kúpie, addressing Je. “should not stand in" (i. e. “have for its sus, whom in v. 22. he had called “The “ foundation”) “the wisdom of men, but “Lord Jesus," ( Kúpos 'Inces, so that Jesus “ the power of God." I Cor. ii. 1. 5. is here made the distinct object of prayer, (y) v. 27. “knoweth, &c." The claim and appealed to as having that divine at- of a divine attribute- Who, if less than tribute, a knowledge of the hearts of God, can know God? men.

(z) v. 28. “I will give, &c.” Assuming to (1) 0. 25. “Babes," i. e.

himself this power. " learned." See note on Psalm viii. 2. (a) v. 29. “Meek, &c." A quality the In 1 Cor. i. 27. St. Paul notices, that in prophecy in Zech. ix. 9. would induce

" the un

The Epistle. 2 Cor. vi. 1. knowledge, by long-suffering, by We then, as workers together kindness, by the (h) Holy Ghost, with him (6), beseech you also by love

love unfeigned, 7. by the that ye receive not the grace (c) word of truth, by the power of of God in vain. 2. (For (d) he | God, by the armour of righteoussaith, “I have heard thee in a

ness on the right hand and on the “ time accepted, and in the day left, 8. by honour (ë) and dis“ of salvation have I succoured honour, by evil report and good “ thee:" behold, now is the ac- report: as deceivers, and yet cepted time; behold, now is the true; 9. as unknown, and yet day of salvation.) 3. Giving no

well known; as dying, and, beoffence in anything, thať the hold, we live; as chastened, and ministry (e) be not blamed:

not killed; 10. as sorrowful, yet 4. but in all things approving alway rejoicing; as poor, yet ourselves as the ministers of God, making many rich; as having (k) in much patience, in afflictions, in nothing, and yet possessing alí necessities, in distresses, stripes (8), in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings,

The Gospel. Matt. iv. I. in fastings; e. by pureness, by Then (1) was Jesus led up of

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5. in things.

them to expect in the Messiah : “Rejoice Phil. iv. 5. Should not Christians of the “greatly, o daughter of Zion; shout, O present time take the like care of their “ daughter of Jerusalem : behold thy king

conduct ? “ cometh unto thee: he is just and having (g) v. 5. “Stripes." See 2 Cor. ix. 23. “ salvation ; lowly, &c.”

ante, 79. and the note there. (6) v. 1. “ Him," i. e. “Jesus Christ." (h) v. 6. “By the Holy Ghost," or in a

(c) “ The grace of God,” i.e. “ God's holy spirit, a spirit of holiness, év Ilyeópatı “gracious offers and gifts ; Christianity, Syio.. There is no article, and the accom" and the gifts of the Spirit.”

panying nouns exclude the personal sense. (d) v. 2. “ He saith," i. e. “It is said.” (i) v. 8. “By honour, &c." i, e. “ by The meaning is this : the passage in Isaiah "every species of conduct : leaving no xlix. 8. “I have heard thee, &c." tends “ means, if innocent, unemployed : beto shew that God fixes a particular time “ coming, as he says of himself, 1 Cor. for accepting, saving, &c. because he speaks “ix. 22. “all things to all men.” And of " a time accepted,” and “the day of see I Cor. ix. 20, 21. “ salvation;" this is that time, so that you (k) v. 10. “Having, &c.” So Ter. Eun. must by no means let it slip. See Luke iv. ii. 2. Omnia habeo, nec quicquam habeo : 19. The same is implied, Isaiah lv. 6. in nil cum est, nil defit tamen. Et Q. Curt.iv. the exhortation to “seek the Lord, while

1. 25. Nihil habenti nihil deficit. he may be found, and call upon him while (2) v. l. “Then," i. e. “immediately he is near,” and by the intimations in “ after he had been baptized by John in Matt. xxv. 10. and Luke xiii. 25. that the “ Jordan, and the Holy Spirit had dedoor would be shut against those who were “scended upon him, Matt. ii. 16.–Mark i. out of time; and also by Luke xix. 42. « 12.- Luke iv.1." " When he was about where, because they knew not the time of


Luke iii. 23." and their visitation, the things which belonged “ before he began his preaching and public to their peace were become hid from their “ ministry, Matt. iv. 17." Till this time, eyes. See also Prov. i. 24 to 30.

as far as we can collect from the Evan(e) v. 3. “ The ministry,” i. e. “the gelists, he had lived with his parents at “ ministers of the gospel.” The apostles Nazareth, and had been subject unto them, were anxious that the conduct of the be- see Luke ii. 51.; and with the exception lievers should confer credit upon the cause of his reasoning with the doctors in the of Christianity. See ante, 37. note on temple at the age of twelve, had done

“ thirty years

the Spirit (m) into the (n) wilder-, swered and said, “ It is (s) writness, to be (0) tempted of the “ ten, Man shall not live by bread devil. 2. And when he had “ alone, but by every word that fasted forty days and forty nights, proceedeth out of the mouth of he was afterward an (p) hungered.

« God.” 5. Then the devil 3. And

when the tempter taketh him up into the holy city, came to him, he said, “If (9) and setteth him on a (1) pinnacle of " thou be the Son (r) of God, the temple, 6. and saith unto him, “command that these stones be “ If (9) thou be the Son of God, "made bread.” 4. But he an- “ cast thyself down : for it is


Rothing to distinguish himself from ordinary Philipp. ii. 7, 8., and, as it is expressed in men. The temptation therefore was be- the collect for Christmas Day, with “ fore he had exercised any of those mira- “nature upon him,” is strongly implied culous powers which so plainly proved he (amongst other passages) from the descripcame from God.

tion of his agony, Hebr. v. 7. “who in the (7) “ The Spirit,” i. e. “ of God; the “ days of his flesh, offered up prayers and * Holy Spirit;" with the article.

“ supplications, with strong crying and (n) “ The wilderness," i. e. (most pro- tears, unto him that was able to save him bably,) “ of Sinai," in the great desert of “ from death.” And see Luke xxii. 43, 44. Arabia, where the Israelites had wandered Tertullian says, “ Adeo salva est utriusque forty years, and where Moses and Elias, “proprietas substantiæ, ut et spiritus res two types of the Messiah, had before fasted suas egerit in illo, id est, virtutes et forty days. See Middl. on Gr. art. 176.— opera et signa, et caro passiones suas Exod. xxiv. 18.- Deuter. ix. 9. 18. “ functa sit, esuriens sub Diabolo, sitiens 1 Kings xix. 8.

6 sub Samaratide, flens Lazarum, anxia (0) “ To be tempted, &c." that in his “ ad mortem, denique et mortua est.” Ter. human nature, as man, he might be ex- tullian, 847. And see Pearson on the Creed, posed to and resist the most powerful 160. temptations Satan could suggest; that if (9) v. 3. 6. “ If, &c.” doubtingly, to Satan had succeeded against the woman, draw in our Saviour to act as if it admitted Eve, he might be foiled by the woman's doubt ; or (2 Hales, 736.), "since thou art, seed. This temptation is referred to, “ &c.” to urge him to display his power.

. Hebr. ii. 18. “ for in that he himself hath “ The Son of God.” It was just " suffered, being tempted, he is able to before he was led into the wilderness, that succour them that are tempted;" and the voice from heaven announced, “ This Hebr. iv. 15. “for we have not, a high is my beloved Son, in whom I am well "priest which cannot be touched with pleased, Matt. iii. 17." or as Mark and "the feelings of our infirmities, but (one Luke record it, “ Thou art my beloved who) was in all points tempted, like as “ Son, &c. Mark i. 11. Luke iii. 22." so are, yet without sin,"

that this was an apposite topic for tempt(p) v. 2. “An hungered." This fact, ation. which is also noticed Luke iv. 2. might be (s) v. 4. “Written.” When Moges was mentioned not merely to shew how aptly reminding the children of Israel of the the first temptation was selected, but to different things God had done for them, signify that at this time our Saviour was he called to their recollection how they really man, with the human nature truly were fed with manna in the wilderness, and entirely upon him, and subject to all and gave as a reason for it, that God the wants, pressures, and passions of that "might make them know that man nature. Had his divine nature co-operated, “ doth not live by bread alone, but that where would have been the difficulty or " by every word that proceedeth out of the merit of resisting the temptation and « the mouth of the Lord doth man live. it would not have been by the seed of the “ Deut. viii. 3." So the meaning here is, woman alone that the tempter would have that God could support him by other been defeated. That our Saviour con

means, and that

should not, by worktinued till his crucifixion perfect man, what ing a miracle for himself, distrust God's is called, John i. 14. “Aesh,” “in the like.

power or inclination. * Dess of men and in fashion as a man," (1) v. 5. A pinnacle," rather, “the

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