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“ his (m) temple, even the mes- “ a swift witness against the sor: “senger of the covenant, whom “ cerers, and against the adul

ye delight in : behold, he shall “ terers, and against false swearers, “ come,” saith the Lord of Hosts. “ and against those that oppress 2. But who may abide the day “ the hireling in his wages, the of his coming? and who shall “ widow, and the fatherless, and stand when he appeareth ? for he “ that turn aside the stranger from is like a (n) refiner's fire, and like his right, and fear not me,”

saith . as a refiner and purifier of silver : and he shall purify the sons of

The Gospel. Luke ii. 22. Levi, and purge them as gold and And when the days of her purifisilver, that they may offer unto cation according to the law of the Lord an offering in righteous-Moses were accomplished, they

4. Then shall the offering brought him to Jerusalem, to preof Judah and Jerusalem be plea- sent him to the Lord ; 23. (as it sant unto the Lord, as in the days is (o) written in the law of the of old, and as in former years. Lord, “ Every male that openeth 5. “ And I will come near to “ the womb shall be called holy ‘ you to judgment; and I will be “ to the Lord;") 24. and to


the people of Israel, and his priests and ger here spoken of, John the Baptist : levites to go up to Jerusalem, and ordered « Now also the ax is laid unto the root them a large supply of money and other “ of the trees : therefore every tree which things (Ezra vii.), and though this was not “ bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn in terms an order to restore and to rebuild “ down, and cast into the fire: I indeed Jerusalem, it was so in effect. In the 20th “ baptize you with water unto repentance, year of Artaxerxes, Nehemiah complained “ but he that cometh after ine shall bapthat the city, the place of his father's “ tize you with the Holy Ghost, and with sepulchres (i. e. Jerusalem) lay waste, and “ fire: whose fan is in his hand, and he intreated leave to go up to build it, and “ will thoroughly purge his floor, and Artaxerxes gave him leave, and he went “ gather his wheat into the garner; but he up accordingly (Nehemiah ii.) This “ will burn up the chaff with unquench477 ordinary years before the crucifixion, " able fire. Matt. iii. 10–12." If it was but it was rather more than 483, or sixty- so much God's object then to produce this nine weeks of Chaldean years, and as inward purity, must it not equally be his Daniel had lived near his whole life in object now ? and if he then visited so Chaldea, the Chaldean computation might heavily those who disregarded his warnbe adopted in this prophecy. See Prid. ings, will he not equally visit the sinful Conn. Part 1. Book 5., and Chandl. De. and despisers of after times? The period fence, No. 8. c. 2. s. 1. p. 132–150.

of sinning cannot, with a God of perfect (m) “ His." So that he was to have a justice, make a difference in the quantum temple, to be an object of worship! and of punishment. God might make the who that is not God, can have that right? punishment more visible in our Saviour's See 3 Horsl. Serm.

time, to make his detestation of sin and (n) v. 3. “A refiner's fire, &c." This unbelief more notorious; but will the implies that the object of his coming was punishment for subsequent sin and unbenot to raise them to temporal grandeur, | lief be less certain, or less heavy ? but to cleanse their hearts, to correct their (o) v. 23. Written.” Exod. xii. 2. dispositions; and as St. Paul expresses it, “ The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, (Tít. ii. 14.) “ to purify to himself a pe- Sanctify unto me all the first-born, what“ culiar people, zealous of good works." soever openeth the womb among the The same might be collected from the “ children of Israel, both of man and of preaching of his fore-runner, the messen- “ beast: it is mine."

Joseph and his Tanother marvelled


upon him.

offer a sacrifice according to that thy people which is said (p) in the law of the Joseph and his mother marvelled Lord, “ a pair of turtle

doves, at those things which were spoken “or two young pigeons.” 25. And of him. 34. And Simeon blessed behold, there was a man in Jeru- | them, and said unto Mary his salem, whose name was Simeon ; mother, “ Behold, this child is and the same man was just and “ set for the fall and rising again devout, waiting for the (9) Con- of many in Israel ; and for a solation of Israel: and the (r) sign which shall be spoken Holy Ghost

against; 35. (yea, (x) a sword 26. And it was revealed unto “ shall pierce through thy own him by the Holy Ghost, that he “ soul also,) that the thoughts of should not see death before he had “ many hearts' may be revealed." seen the Lord's Christ. 27. And 36. And there was one Anna, a he came by the Spirit into the prophetess, the daughter of Phatemple: and when the parents nuel, of the tribe of Aser; she brought in the child Jesus, to do was of a great age, and had for him after the custom of the lived with an husband seven years law, 28. then took he him up in from her (y) virginity; 37. and his arms, and blessed God, and she was a widow of about foursaid 29. “ (s) Lord, (1) now lettest score and four years, which de“thou thy servant depart in parted not from the temple, but peace, according to thy word: served God with fastings and “ 30. for mine eyes have seen thy prayers night and day. 38. And (u) salvation, 31. which thou hast she coming in that instant, “ prepared before the face of all gave thanks likewise unto the " people; 32. a light to lighten Lord, and spake of him to all “the Gentiles, and the glory of them that looked for redemption

() v. 24. “ Said in the law, &c.” She character was expected. In John iv. 25. Fas to bring a lamb, and a turtle-dové or the woman of Samaria says, “I know that young pigeon; but if she were not able to Messias cometh ;" and in John vi. 4. bring a lamb, she was to bring two turtles, when the people saw the miracle of the of two young pigeons, one for a burnt- loaves and fishes, they exclaimed, “ This offering, the other for a sin-offering. Lev. “ is of a truth that prophet which should vii. 6. 8.

come into the world.“See ante, 35. (9) . 25. “ The Consolation of Israel,” () “ The Holy Ghost," rather “a dia i e' “ the Messiah,” called, (Hagg. ii. 7.)

" vine influence.” No article. Middl.
" The Desire of all Nations ;” and (Mal. iii. (s) See ante, 8.
1.) “ The Messenger of the Covenant, in

(t) v. 29.
Lord,” not

Κυριε,” but “ whom ye delight.” He was anxiously « δεσποτα.expected at this time, on account of (u) “ Thy salvation," i. e. " the Mes Daniel's prophecy of the seventy weeks, < siah.” He was called Jesus, because he Dan. ix. 24. ante 69. Anna spake of him was to save his people from their sins. (infra, v. 38.) “ to all them that looked for Matt. i. 21.

redemption in Jerusalem.” Joseph of (2) v. 35.“ A sword, &c." Epiphanius Arimathea was one of those “ who waited says she was put to death. The expression “ for the kingdom of God," that is, the may be figurative, to intimate the anguish times of the Messiah, Luke xxiii. 51. The she would have to sustain. question, (Matt. xi. 3. ante, 35.) “ Art thou (y) v. 36. " Virginity," i. e. (probably) " he that should come, or do we look for " the time she was marriageable." “ another ?", implies that some important

F 4

in Jerusalem.. 39. And when | (c) bond of perfectness. 15. And they had performed all things ac- let the peace of God (d) rule in cording to the law of the Lord, your hearts, to the which also ye they returned into Galilee, to their are called in (e) one body; and own city, Nazareth.

40. And be ye (g) thankful. 16. Let the the child


and waxed strong word of Christ dwell in you richly in spirit, filled with wisdom: and in all wisdom; teaching and admothe grace of God was upon him. nishing one another in psalms and

hymns and spiritual songs, sing

ing with grace in your hearts to Fifth Sunday after the Epiphany.

the (h) Lord. 17. And whatsoThe Collect.

ever ye do in word or deed, do O LORD, we beseech thee to keep all in the (i) name of the Lord thy Church and household con- Jesus, giving thanks to God and tinually in thy true religion ; that (k) the Father by him. they who do lean only upon the hope of thy heavenly grace, may The (1) kingdom of heaven is

The Gospel. Matt. xiii. 24. evermore be defended by thy mighty power, through Jesus likened unto a man which sowed Christ our Lord. Amen.

good seed in his field : 25. but

while men slept, his enemy came The Epistle. Col. ii. 12.

and sowed tares among the wheat, Put on therefore, as the elect and went his way.

26. But of God, holy and beloved, (2) when the blade was sprung up, bowels of mercies (a), kindness, and brought forth fruit, then aphumbleness of mind, meekness, peared the tares also. 27. So the long-suffering; 13. forbearing servants of the householder came one another, and forgiving one and said unto him, “Sir, didst another, if any any man have

“ not thou sow good seed in thy quarrel against any :

“ field ? from whence then hath hrist forgave you, so also do ye. “ it tares ?" 28. He said unto 14. And above all these things them, “An enemy hath done this." put on charity (6), which is the The servants said unto him, “ Wilt




(z) v. 12. “ Bowels, &c.” not the out- (d) v. 15. “ Peace of God," i.e. “ godward appearance, but the inward feeling like peaceableness. and affection. True religion goes to the (e)" In one body," i. e. “ together," to root, it regulates the heart.

make one fraternity, whose characteristic (a) “Mercies, &c." The character of shall be universal goodwill. See ante, 39. the Christian virtues deserves notice : how Eph. ii. 19. &c. admirably are they calculated to promote (g) “ thankful,” or “ kind," gracious. the comfort and happiness of individuals (h) v. 16. “ The Lord,” “7w Kupiw," i.e. and of society!

“ Christ.” (6) v. 14. “ Charity," i. e. “ not mere (i) “ In the name of," “ because of, for “ almsgiving, but general goodwill to all « the sake of.” So 1 Cor. x. 31.“ Whether " mankind. The extensive sense in " therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever which the word “charity” is used, may “ ye do, do all to the glory of God. be collected from 1 Cor. xiii. post.

(k) v. 17. “ And," or " even." (c) “ Bond of perfectness," i. e. (per- (1) v. 24. “The kingdom of heaven," haps) “ the most perfect bond:” uniting i.e. “God's dispensation under the gosman to man more than any other quality. “pel." In the conclusion of this chapter,

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u thou then that we

that we go and

go and hope, we may purify(m) ourselves, “ gather them up?"

29. But he

even as he is pure; that when he said, “ Nay; lest, while ye gather shall appear again with power and “ up the tares, ye root up also great glory, we may be made like " the wheat with them. 30. Let unto him in his eternal and glori“ both grow together until the ous kingdom ; where with thee, O “ harvest: and in the time of Father, and thee, O Holy Ghost, “ harvest I will say to the reapers,

he liveth and reigneth, ever one “Gather ye together first the God, world without end.

Amen. “tares, and bind them in bundles

The Epistle. I John ii. 1. - to burn them : but gather the BEHOLD, what (n) manner of “wheat into my barn."

love the Father hath bestowed

upon us, that we should be called Sixth Sunday after the Epiphany.

the (o) sons of God! therefore The Collect.

the world (p) knoweth us not, (9) O God, whose blessed Son was because it knew him not.

2. Bemanifested that he might (m) de- loved, now are we the sons of stroy the works of the devil, and God; and it doth not yet appear make us the (m) sons of God, and what we (r) shall be: but we heirs of eternal life; Grant us, we know that, when (s) he shall apbeseech thee, that having this pear, we shall be like (t) him; our Saviour thus explains this parable to (n) v.1. “ What manner of, &c." i. e. his disciples : “ He that soweth the good “ how great,” and of what kind, to treat us “ seed, is the Son of Man : the field is the

as sons. " world: the good seed are the children (o) “ The sons of God.” So St. Paul “ of the kingdom," (i.e. the true believers), assures the Roman converts, Rom. viii. 15. * but the tares are the children of the “ Ye have received the spirit of adoption, “ wicked one: the enemy that sowed them “ whereby we cry Abba, Father ; " and " is the devil : the harvest is the end of (Gal. iv. 4, 5.) he tells the Galatians that " the world; and the reapers are the co God sent forth his Son, &c. that we "angels : As therefore the tares are “ might receive the adoption of sons." See * gathered, and burnt in the fire, so shall it ante, 52. note on Gal. iv. 6. " be in the end of this world : The Son of (p)“ Knoweth,” i. e. “ countenanceth, " Man shall send forth his angels, and “ favoureth, sheweth attachment to." " they shall gather out of his kingdom all (9) “Because, &c." So John xv. 19. " things that offend, and them which do our Saviour says to his disciples, “ If ye "iniquity: and shall cast them into a fur. “ were of the world, the world would love "nace of fire – there shall be wailing and “ his own : but because ye are not of the " gnashing of teeth. Then shall the world, but I have chosen you out of the "righteous shine forth as the sun, in the “ world, therefore the world hateth you.” " kingdom of their Father. Matt. xiii. 37. (r) v. 2. “What we shall be," i. e. " to 43." Because God's judgment against “ what further privileges we shall have.” an evil work is not executed speedily, it is (s) “ When he shall appear," probably not to be concluded that it will never come. alluding to his expected appearance at one One object of God's forbearance and long- of those periods so often mentioned as suffering is to lead men to repentance,

“the appearance,” “the Rom. ii. 4.; and where men do not repent, “ day of the Lord,” viz. “ the destruction indignation and wrath, tribulation and an- 6 of Jerusalem.” See ante, 28. note on guish, will sooner or later be rendered to Rom. xiii. 11. every soul of man that doeth evil. Rom. i. (1) “Like him.” It is very possible 6.8.9.

St. John and the other disciples might so (m) “Destroy, &c." Most of the ex- far have formed a wrong notion of the pressions in this collect are taken from nature of Christ's approaching appearance, the Ephesians. See ch. v. 1, 2, 3. 8.

“ the coming

for we shall see (u) him as he is. , ceive you: he that doeth right3. And every man that hath this cousness, is (d) righteous even as hope in him, purifieth (r) himself he is righteous. 8. He that comeven as he is pure. 4. Whoso- mitteth sin, is of the devil ; for ever committeth sin transgresseth the devil sinneth from the beginalso the law: for sin is the trans- ning. For this purpose the Son of gression of the law. 5. And ye God was manifested, that he might know that he (y) was manifested (e) destroy the works of the devil. to (2) take away our sins; and in him is no sin. 6. Whosoever (a)

The Gospel. Matt. xxiv. 23. abideth in him (6) sinneth not: | THEN (8) if any man shall say whosoever sinneth, hath not (c) unto you, “Lo, here is Christ," seen him, neither known him. “ there ;” believe it not. 7. Little children, let no man de- 24. For there shall arise false


as to expect that his faithful followers

pass at or near the same period. Benson's would at that time be singularly glorified, Introduct. xxix. and perhaps taken up into heaven: and a (u) “See, &c." i. e. (perhaps,) “ have mistake in this respect, so far from im- “as perfect knowledge as sight ordinarily peaching the epistles, seems to furnish a “ gives.” See note on 1 Cor. xiii. 12. strong argument as to the time when they post. were written, viz. before the destruction of (2) v. 3. “Purifieth, &c." i. e. “endeaJerusalem : after that event their expect- vours to purify." ation would have been corrected, and they (y) v. 5.* “ He,” Who? No one is mencould no longer have been under this mis- tioned before, save God. This then is a take. Thus, (1 Thess. iv. 15, &c.) St. passage to prove our Saviour's divinity! Paul says, “We which are alive and re- that he was what St. Paul calls him, 1 Tim. “ main" (as if he expected it whilst some iii. 16.“ God manifest in the flesh." of them remained alive, before that gener- (z) “ Take away,” i.e. “ to remove the ation should have passed away) “unto “penal consequences of the past, and to “ the coming of the Lord, shall not pre- “ restrain us from sinning in future.” “ vent them which are asleep : for the (a) v. 6. “Abideth in," i. e. “ adheres “ Lord himself shall descend from heaven “ stedfastly to." “ with a shout, with the voice of the arch- (6) “ Sinneth not.”

“ Takes care to “ angel and with the trump of God: and “ commit no sin." « the dead in Christ shall rise first: then (c) “ Not seen him, &c.” i. e. “ not to “ we which are alive and remain, shall be any purpose.” “ caught up together with them in the (d) “ Is, &c." i. e.“ endeavours to be," “ clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: “ aims at perfect righteousness." “ and so shall we ever be with the Lord.” (e) v. 8. “Destroy, &c." i. e. “reform So (Philipp. iii. 20, 21.) “Our convers- “ mankind, repress sin, and advance right“ ation is in heaven, from whence also we “ eousness;" according to Tit. ii. 14. “ look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus “purify to himself a peculiar people, zea“ Christ, who shall change our vile body, “ lous of good works.” “ that it may be fashioned like unto his (g) v. 23. “ Then, &c.” Part of our Sa“ glorious body.” Again, (Col. iii. 4.) viour's prophecy in answer to the ques. “ when Christ, who is our life, shall ap- tion “when the temple should be de. “ pear, then shall


also appear with him “stroyed, and what should be the sign of « in glory." See also 2 Pet. iii. 10. - “ his coming." Rom. viii. 18. post, - and ante, 33., note (h) v. 24. “ False Christs." Many imon Luke xxviii. 32. and post, – note on postors, (according to the Jewish historian 1 Cor. xv. 23, 24.-See also Matt. xxiv. 31. Josephus,) did accordingly appear before might think the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world would come to

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