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66 is near.
CHAP. LV. (x)
“thee, because of the LORD thy God, Ho every one that thirsteth, come “ and for the holy One of Israel; for ye to the waters (y), and (2) he that “ he hath glorified (h) thee. 6. Seek “ hath no money, come ye buy and eat,
“ye the Lord while he may be yea, come, buy wine and milk with- “ found (i), call ye upon him while (i) he money and without
7. Let the wicked forsake “ 2. Wherefore do ye spend money for
“ his way, and the unrighteous man his “ that which is not bread (a)? and your
“ thoughts: and let him return unto “ labour for that which satisfieth (a)
“ the LORD, and he will have mercy “ not? hearken diligently unto me,
upon him; and to our God, for he “and eat ye that which is good (6),
“ will abundantly pardon. 8. For my “ and let your soul delight itself in fat- thoughts are not your thoughts (k),
ness (6). 3. Incline your ear and come “ neither are your ways my ways, saith “ unto me: hear, and your soul (c)
" the Lord. 9. For as the heavens “shall live, and I will make an ever
are higher than the earth, so are my “ lasting covenant with you, even the
ways higher (l) than your ways, and “sure mercies of David (d). 4. Be- my thoughts than your thoughts. hold, I have given him (e) for a wit
“ 10. For as the rain cometh down, “ness to the people (e), a leader and
" and the snow from heaven, and re“commander to the people (e). 5. Be
“ turneth not thither, but watereth the “ hold, thou (g) shalt call a nation that “ earth, and maketh it bring forth and “thou knowest not, and nations that “ bud, that it may give seed to the “knew not thee (g) shall run unto
and bread to the eater :
() An invitation to all mankind, Gen- to be procured for man by the Messiah, of tiles as well as Jews, to faith and repent
whom David was a type. ance; and assurances of pardon and bless. (e) v. 4. “ Him," i. e. “ the Messiah." ings to all believers.
“ The people,” i. e. “ the Gentiles ;" “ all (y) v. l. “ Waters," i. e.
“ of life;
" mankind." spiritual meat and drink; what will sup- (g) v.5. “Thou," and “thee," i.e.“ the port and invigorate the soul.” Our “ Messiah." The nations who have not Saviour enlarges upon this idea, (John vi. practised or known the true worship of 27. 33. 35.) “ Labour not for the meat God, shall be converted to Christianity, and “ which perisheth, but for that meat embrace the true religion. See ante, 625. " which endureth unto everlasting life. | Is. ii. 2. and Is. ii. 10. “ The bread of God is he which cometh (h) “ Hath glorified," i. e. “shall glo"down from heaven, and giveth life unto “rify,” the perfect for the future; it be" the world. I am the bread of life: he ing as certain as though it had already " that cometh to me shall never hunger, happened. " and he that believeth on me shall never (i) v. 6. “While he may be found,”
thirst;" and see John vi. 53 to 58. and and " whilst he is near;" to intimate, that John vii. 37 to 39. So John iv. 14. if the opportunity is not seized when it * Whosoever drinketh of the water that I occurs, it may never be again offered. shall give him shall never thirst." The same intimation is given, Prov. i. 24.
(z) “ And,” or “ even," money is not ante, 608. and in the parable of the ten necessary for this purchase.
virgins, Matt. xxv. I to 12. (a) v. 2. “ Not bread,” and “ satisfieth (k) v. 8. “My thoughts are not your not,” “ what hath no spiritual nourish. thoughts," i. e. (probably) “ upon the ment, will not feed the soul."
“ subjects of mercy and pardon God (6) “ Is good,” and “fatness," “ what “ greatly differs from man : man cannot hath in it the true goodness, nutriment “ easily grant a full and free forgiveness for the soul.”
“ to one who has offended him: God (c) v. 3. “ Your soul,” it is for that I 6 can.” vill provide.
(l) v. 9. “ Higher," i. e. “more excel. (d) “ The sure mercies of David," i. e. “ lent, more exalted, kinder, more bene'the gospel dispensation ;” the blessings / “ volent, more merciful.”
“11. So (n) shall my word be that
goeth forth out of my mouth : it shall
not return unto me void (o), but it 66 shall accomplish that which I please, 6 and it shall prosper in the thing " whereto I sent it. 12. For
go out with joy, and be led forth with "peace: the mourtains and the hills “ shall break forth before you into “ singing (P); and all the trees of the “ field shall clap their hands. 13. In“ stead of the thorn shall come up the “ fir-tree, and instead (9) of the brier “ shall come up the myrtle-tree : and “it (r) shall be to the LORD for a “ name (s), for an everlasting sign that “ shall not be (3) cut off.”.
CHAP. LVI. (4) THUS saith the LORD, “ Keep re “ judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come (u), and my righteousness to be revealed."
2. Blessed is the man that doeth this " and the son of man that layeth hold
on it; that keepeth the sabbath from
polluting it, and keepeth his hand “ from doing any evil. 3. Neither let “ the son of the stranger (r) that hath “ joined himself to the LORD, speak, “ saying, “ The Lord hath utterly se “parated me (y) from his people ;" “ neither let the eunuch (7) say, " Be“ hold, I am a dry tree (z)."' 4. For 66 thus saith the Lord unto the eunuchs “ that keep my sabbaths (a), and
(n) v. 11. “So, &c." i. e. as “rain me
in punishments, are both held out as in“ Jiorates the earth, and produces fruit in centives in this chapter.” “the vegetable world, so shall my word im
(x) v. 3. “ The stranger," and "the “prove the hearts of man, and bring forth
eunuch, &c." This encouragement to “ works of righteousness and goodness."
the strangers and the eunuchs (who stand (0) “ Void," i. e. “ without producing here for the Gentiles) intimates that times " fruit."
are referred to when the great distinction (p) v. 12. “ Into singing;" highly po- between Jew and Gentile should no longe etical; inplying a state of exalted
exist; when the blessings of God's kinghappiness and exultation.
So Virgil, dom should be equally open to all; and (who had probably seen Isaiah,)," Ipsi when, as it is expressed in verse 7. God's “ lætitiâ voces ad sidera jactant Intonsi “ house should be called an house of “ montes. 5 Eclog. 62.” Milton advances a step higher, and makes the trees join in
"prayer for all people." According to
the Mosaic law, eunuchs were never to an act of devotion :
enter into the congregation of the Lord
, “ And wave your tops, ye pines, Moabites or Ammonites not until the tenth With every plant, in sign of worship wave. generation, nor Edomites or Egyptisse (9) v. 13. “Instead, &c." figurative, to until the third. (See Deut. xxiii. 1. 5. 7. express a change to better times : per- The old distinction between Jew and Genhaps, a spiritual change.
tile Christ destroyed. See Acts x. 34, sá. (r) “ It, &c.” or is the Lord shall be, Rom. iii. 29, 30.-- Gal. iii. 28. - Eph “ &c." and "shall not fail. 2 Just. M. 48.” ii. 11 to 16. (s) “ For a name, i. e. perhaps,
(y) “ Separated me,” i.e. “ by those “ topic of praise."
“ Mosaic institutions which forbad their (t) An exhortation to justice, from the “ entering into the congregation." consideration that some signal deliverance (z) “A dry tree,” i.e. « excluded from by God was near. Encouragements to “ the blessings ;” in the situation of a tree strangers and aliens to turn to God's wor. without moisture to support it, or of a man ship and keep his commandments; with without son or daughter. It was looked an intimation, on account of the indolence upon as a signal blessing and a mark of and misconduct of the rulers and teachers God's favour, to have sons and daughters of the people, of some approaching judg- to perpetuate the father's name and fament.
mily: it gave him an interest upon
earth (u) v. 1. “ Near to come;" so that beyond his own life. See verse 5. whoever shall not have qualified himself (a) v. 4. “My sabbaths;" one of the to deserve it, shall be excluded for ever. distinguishing marks of God's people
, and See Is. Iv. 6. The chance of sharing in a constant acknowledgement of his super: blessings, and the risk of being included intendance and rule ; the whole subject of
- choose the things that please me, upon mine altar; for mine house (e) 56 and take hold of my covenant (6);
“ shall be called an house of prayer for ** 5. Even unto them will I give in “ all people (g). 8. The LORD God, ** mine house and within my walls, a “ which gathereth the outcasts of Is* place and a name better than of sons
" rael, saith, “ Yet will I gather ** and of daughters: I will give them “ others (h) to him, besides those that “ an everlasting name, that shall not be are gathered (h) unto him.” 9. All « cut off. 6. Also the sons of the ye beasts of the field, come to de“ stranger that join themselves to the
vour (i), yea,
beasts in the fo“ LORD to serve him, and to love the rest. 10. His (k) watchmen (l) are
name of the LORD, to be his ser- 6 blind: they are all ignorant; they
vants, every one that keepeth the are all dumb dogs (m), they cannot " sabbath from polluting it, and taketh “ bark: sleeping, lying down, loving “ hold of my covenant: 7. Even them " to slumber. 11. Yea, they are “ will I bring to my holy mountain (c), “greedy (n) dogs which can never " and make them joyful in my house of “ have enough, and they are shepherds
prayer: : their burnt-offerings (d) and 66 that cannot understand (n): they all “ their sacrifices (d) shall be accepted - look to their own way, every one for the 4th commandment, and the foundation x. 16.) “ Other sheep I have, which are of a special promise, Is. lviii. 13, 14. “ If “ not of this fold : them also I must bring, “ thou turn away thy foot from the sab- " and they shall hear my voice : and there “ bath, from doing thy pleasure on my “ shall be one fold, and one shepherd." “holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, (i) v. 9. “ Come to devour;" an inti“ the holy of the Lord, honourable ; and mation of heavy judgment upon those “ shalt honour him, not doing thine own who should disregard the offers he had "ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, been making : whether it refers to any “nor speaking thịne own words: then judgment in particular, or to judgments “shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; God should from time to time inflict, can" and I will cause thee to ride upon the not well be known. The Jews experienced
high places of the earth, and feed thee dreadful visitations in little more than a “ with the heritage of Jacob thy father ; century, when they were attacked by “ for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken Pharaoh Nechoh, (2 Kings xxiii. 33.) by “ it.” An intimation so expressed how the Chaldees, Syrians, Moabites, and can man neglect !! See also note on Isaiah Ammonites, (2 Kings xxiv. 2.) and were lviii. 13.
at length carried captive into Babylon, (6) “ Take hold of my covenant,” (2 Kings xxiv. 25.); and they had a still i. e. “ take to my religion, follow my heavier visitation within 40 years after our “ commandments, walk in my laws, and Saviour's crucifixion, when Jerusalem was “ look up to my promises."
destroyed by the Romans. In our own (c) v.7. “My holy mountain," i. e. times too there have been such visitations, " the place for worshipping me: my as bore strong marks of being “ God's “ church, the mountain of the Lord's judgments.” A similar invitation to the “ house, which is to be established in the beasts during the Babylonish captivity oc“ top of the mountains, and to be exalted curs, Ezek. xxxix. 17 to 22. ; and another, “ above all the hills; unto which all na- Rev. xix. 17.; so that if Isaiah's was not “tions shall flow ; Isaiah ii. 2." i. e. “ the intended to reach to our times, that in the “ church of Christ."
Revelations may, (d) “ Burnt offerings," and “sacrifices," (k) v. 10. “ His," or " the." i.e. “ their worship; " " their prayers and il “ Watchmen," i. e. (probably) “ the “ praises."
is referred to by our Saviour, Matt. xxi. 13. “ and to give warning." - Mark xi. 17. and Luke xix. 46.
(m) “ Dumb dogs," who give no alarm (g) “ All people,” Gentiles as well as when thieves approach.
(n) v. 11. "Greedy,'
me too intent upon (h) v. 8. “ Others," i. e. “the Gen- “ gain :" “ cannot understand," i.e. "have " tiles:" those that are gathered," i. e. no understanding." “the Jews.” So says our Saviour, (John
U U 4
,, his gain, from (o) his quarter. “ draw near hither, ye sons of the sor" 12. Come ye, say they, I will fetch ceress (2), the seed of the (a) adul“ wine (p), and we will fill ourselves terer and the whore. 4. Against " with strong drink; and to-morrow “ whom do ye sport yourselves ? against « shall be as this day, and much more “ whom make ye a wide mouth and “ abundant."
“ draw out the tongue? are ye not
“ children of transgression, a seed of CHAP. LVII. (9)
“ falsehood ? 5. Enflaming yourselves The righteous perisheth, and no man 6 with idols under every green tree (1), “ layeth (r) it to heart; and merciful slaying the children (c) in the vallers “ men are taken away, none consider- “ under the cliffs of the rocks? “ ing that the righteous is (s) taken “ 6. Among the smooth stones of the " away
from the evil to come. 2. He (t) “ stream is thy portion (d); they, they “ shall enter (u) into peace : they (t) shall are thy lot (d): even to them hast “ rest in their beds, each (x) one walk- “ thou poured a drink-offering, thou “ing in his uprightness. 3. But (y) “ hast offered a meat-offering. Should
(o) “ From his quarter," or
« from “ every quarter;" rich and poor, old and young, all ranks and ages, without distinc. tion or exception ; ad unum omnes. Vitr.
(p) v. 12. “ Fetch wine;" giving theinselves up to sensual indulgencies, without regarding threats or warnings, or looking to futurity.
(9). A strong remonstrance with the people for their idolatries; an intimation of pardon to those who repent, and a strong denunciation against those who do not. (r) v. 1.
“Layeth it to heart," i. e. “ looks upon it as a forerunner or presage “ of approaching distress. See 2 Justin “ M. 52.” The last chapter ended with a censure upon the disregard of God's warnings; he here specifies as one warning, the death of righteous men, who are removed when judgments are at hand, to rescue them from the wretchedness of the times.
(s) Æneas observes upon the death of Anchises,
“ Heu tantis nequicquam erepte periclis. SÆn. 712."
(i) v. 2. “ He,” and “they," i. e. “the “ righteous and merciful.”
(u) “ He shall enter, &c.". God gives good men a peaceful death: they come to their end in quiet in their beds: the death for which Balaam in vain wished, (Numb. xxiii. 10.) “ the death of the righteous."
" Each one, &c.” i. e. “ every one " that is righteous." See 2 Tillots. 161.
(y) v. 3. “ But, &c.” After an intimation of mercy to the righteous, a remonstrance and denunciation against the wicked.
(z) “ Sons of the sorceress, &c. i.e.
“ whoever resort to witchcrafts, diviti“ ations, and enchantments." See ante, 653. Isaiah xliv. 25.
(a) “ The adulterer, &c.” meaning those who have given themselves up to false idol worship, which is often treated as spiritual adultery.
(6) v. 5. “ Under every green tree," and verse 7. “ upon a lofty and high moun. “ tain ;'' places of idolatrous worship, where they sacrificed and paid homage to the false gods, Ezek. vi. 13. - 2 Kings xvi. 4.- 2 Chron. xxviii. 4.
(c) “ Slaying the children, &c." ie. (probably) « sacrificing them to idok." This is mentioned as one of the sins of the Israelites, Ps. cvi. 36, 37. “ they of "fered their sons and daughters unto “ devils, and shed innocent blood, even " the blood of their sons and of their “ daughters, whom they offered unto the “ idols of Canaan ;" and it was practised in Isaiah's time by Ahaz, who “burnt incense “ in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and “ burnt his children in the fire, after the « abomination of the heathen, 2 Chrou. " xxviii. 4." See also Ezek. xvi. 20. and Ezek. xxiii. 39.
(d) t. 6. “Thy portion,” “thy lot." i. e. (probably) “ the objects of your wor. “ship, your gods.” In many passages God is said to be “the portion of his “ people," and the false gods might therefore be referred to by the words, " por“ tion" and “ lot:" thus, Ps. xvi. 6. "The “ Lord himself is the portion of mine in“ heritance." Ps. lxxiii. 26. “ God is the “ strength of my heart, and my portion for « ever.” Ps. cxix. 57. " Thou art portion, O Lord;" and Ps. cxlii. 6.)
"I receive (e) comfort in these? “ 7. Upon a lofty and high moun“ tain (6) hast thou set thy bed : even “thither wentest thou up to offer sacri
8. Behind the doors (g) also “ and the posts (g) hast thou set up “thy remembrance (h): for thou hast “discovered thyself (i) to another than “ me, and art gone up: thou hast en“ larged thy bed (k), and made thee
a covenant with them; thou lovedst " their bed where thou sawest it. “9. And thou wentest to the king (1) “ with ointment (m), and didst increase “thy perfumes (m), and didst send thy
messengers (n) far off, and didst abase
thyself even unto hell. 10. Thou “art wearied (0) in the greatness of “thy way; yet saidst thou not, “ There
“is no hope:" thou hast found the life “ of thine hand (p); therefore thou wast
not grieved. 11. And of whom (9) “ hast thou been afraid or feared, that 6 thou hast lied (r), and hast not re“ membered me, nor laid it to thy “ heart? have not I held (s) my peace
even of old, and thou fearest me not? “ 12. I will declare (t) thy righteous“ ness, and thy works, for they shall “ not profit (t) thee. 13. When thou “ criest, let thy companies (u) deliver “ thee: but the wind shall carry them “all away, vanity shall take them: but “ Jie that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit
my " holy mountain: 14. And shall say, “ “ Čast ye up (x), cast ye up, prepare “ the way, take up the stumbling block
« cried unto thee, O Lord, and said, Thou, some event then well known; perhaps “art my hope and my portion in the land during the reign of Ahaz. " of the living ;" and Lam. iii. 24. “ The (m) “ Ointment,” and “perfumes,” (per“ Lord is my portion, saith my soul, there- | haps) both “for your own persons,” to “ fore will I hope in him :" and see Deut. shew your respect, and “ for presents to xxxii. 9. “ The Lord's portion is his peo- " the idol." “ ple, Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.' (n) “ Send thy messengers, &c." i.e.
le) “Should I receive, &c." or (per- " to make obeisance before your own haps) “ shall not mine anger be kindled “ arrival." " for these things, Sept."? “ Shall not I (o) v. 10. “ Art wearied, &c.” i. e. (pro
complain ? &c.” not unlike Jer. v. 9. bably) “ such was your confidence in the “ Shall I not visit for these things ? shall “ idol, the distance and difficulties of the soul be avenged on such a na- way
did not dishearten you." “ tion as this?"
(p) “ The life of thy hand,” i.e. (g) v. 8. “ Behind the doors," and “the (probably) “ the idol," from whom alone “posts;” two of the places where they you look for life and strength :-ironically! set up their idols in their private houses : (9) v. 11. “ Of whom, &c.” So ante, not content to introduce them into public Is. li. 12, 13. worship, but making them the objects (r) “ Lied," i. e. “dealt falsely, by also of private domestic devotion.
“ turning to idols, and by thy deeds (h) “ Thy remembrance," i. e. (proba- “ denying me.” bly) “ thy idol ;" instead of remembering (s) "Held my peace, &c." i.e. (probably) God, and looking up to him; making the shewn forbearance ; treated thee with idol the only object of their thoughts and mercy; tried what lenity would do: but hopes.
this has had no effect. (i) “ Discovered thyself," i. e. (proba- (t) v. 12. “Declare," or
expose," bly)“ opened thy mind, made known thy “ thy righteousness," i.e. "what you pre“ wants, applied for aid.”
“ tend so to call." See post, 670. Is. Ixiv. (k)" Enlarged thy bed," i. e. “to ad
6. “They shall not profit thee,” “ I will “ mit strange gods.” Idolatry (which is “shew their worthlessness.” “ They shall infidelity towards God) is often expressed “ furnish you no ground for hope." by ternis used for infidelity towards hus- (u) v. 13.“ Companies," i.e. " the idolabands. See Jer. iii. I to 9. — Ezek. xvi. “ trous powers : the forces you may get 26. 28, and Ezek. xxiii. 3 to 48.
“ from idolatrous nations." (1) v. 9. “The king," or, differently (1) v. 14. “ Cast ye up, &c.” To make pointed, “Moloch." It probably means good the way, and remove every obstrucsome distant idol. It seems to refer to tion, that his worshippers may have easy