صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني
[ocr errors]

“ wine in the streets, all joy is dark- “ treacherously, yea, the treacherous “ ened, the mirth of the land is gone. “ dealers have dealt (p) very treach« 12. In the city is left desolation, and erously. 17. Fear (q) and the pit, “the gate is smitten with destruction: 5 and the snare are upon thee, O in66 13. When thus it shall be in the “ habitant of the earth (r). 18. And it $ midst of the land among the people; “ shall come to pass, that he who fleeth " there shall be as the shaking of an

“ from the noise of the fear, shall - olive tree, and as the gleaning- “ fall (s) into the pit: and he that co“ grapes (i) when the vintage is done. “ meth up out of the midst of the pit, “ 14. They (k) shall lift up their voice; “ shall be taken in the snare: for the " they shall sing for the majesty of the “ windows (t) from on high are open(u), “ Lord, they shall cry aloud from the 6 and the foundations of the earth do 15. Wherefore, glorify ye the

u shake.

19. The earth is utterly “ Lord in the fires (1), even the name “ broken down, the earth is clean dis" of the LORD God of Israel in the isles * solved, the earth is moved exceed4 of the sea. 16. From (m) the utter- “ ingly. 20. The earth shall reel to and “ most part of the earth have we heard “ fro like a drunkard, and shall be re66

songs, even glory to the righteous : “ moved like a cottage, and the trans6 but I said, My leanness, my lean- gression thereof shall be heavy upon “ness (n), woe unto me: the treach- “ it, and it shall fall, and not rise erous dealers

(o) have dealt (p) again. 21. And it shall come to pass,

[ocr errors]

“ val

haps) “a scarcity of," "complaints for dealer dealeth treacherously, and the “ want of it."

“ spoiler spoileth." The meaning may be, (i) d. 13. “ As the shaking of an olive that the Jews, who had so often dealt de“ tree, and as the gleaning grapes, &c." ceitfully with God, would deal much more i. e. (probably) “ a remnant,” for which so, and incur much heavier punishments

. these might be proverbial expressions ; (p) “ Have dealt,” or “ deal.” It prosuch as remains to those who have to shake bably refers to future conduct. the olive tree, or glean the grapes. See Jer. (q) v. 17. “ Fear," rather “ the terror;" xlix. 3. “ If grape-gatherers come to thee, a contrivance to frighten beasts into the “ would they not leave some gleaning toils. The same idea and expressions “ grapes ?” and Obad. i. 5. the same ex. occur, Jer. xlviii. 3. “ Fear, and the pit, pression; and see post, Is. Ixv. 8.

“ and the snare, shall be upon thee, O in(k) y. 14. “ They," i.e. " the remnant." “ habitant of Moab: he that feeth from (l) v. 15. “ Fires," or rivers,"

“ the fear shall fall into the pit; and he “ lies.”

" that getteth up out of the pit shall be (m) v. 16. The first part of this verse “ taken in the snare." probably refers to the reception of the (r) “ Earth,” i. e. probably, “ Judea." Gospel by the Gentiles ; the latter, to the (s) v. 18. “ Shall fall, &c.”

The dan rejection of it by the Jews : the former,

gers shall be so numerous, that by evading a subject of exultation, the latter, of grief: one, a man shall only fall into another. and then the following verses intimate the So Amos v. 19. “ As if a man did flee heavy vengeance which would come upon “ from a lion, and a bear met him; or the Jews.

“ went into the house, and leaned his (n)“ My leanness," i. e. (probably) “ hand on the wall, and a serpent bit hjm." either an exclamation of sorrow, (t) “ The windows, &c." The same “ alas, alas,” or it may refer to the Jews, expression as Moses uses in his descrip Isaiah's people, and intimate a great tion of the deluge (Gen. vii. 11.), “ All scarcity of true worshippers amongst “ the fountains of the great deep were them.

“ broken up, and the windows of heaven (0).” The treacherous dealers,” i. e. “were opened." It might be intended to probably, “the Jews." The expression intimate, that the judgments contemplated here used might have some well-known would not be much inferior to that of the application in Isaiah's time. It occurs deluge. again, Isaiah xxi. 2. “ A grievous vision (u)

“ Open,"

to send forth God's “ is declared unto me: the treacherous ! " judgments."

as

even

66

" in that day, that the LORD shall pu- “ shadow from the heat, when the blast “nish the host of the high ones that

“ of the terrible ones is as a storm are on high, and the kings of the against the wall (6). 5. Thou (c) “ earth upon the earth. 22. And they “ shalt bring down the noise of “ shall be gathered together as prisoners strangers, as the heat in a dry place; “are gathered in the pit, and shall be

the heat with the shadow of a “shut up in the prison, and after many 6 cloud: the branch of the terrible

days shall they be visited. 23. Then ones shall be brought low. 6. And “the moon (v) shall be confounded, “in this mountain shall the Lord of " and the sun (v) ashamed, when (w) " hosts make unto all people a feast (d) “the Lord of hosts shall reign in 6 of fat things, a feast of wines on the “ mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and " lees, of fat things full of marrow, of “ before his ancients gloriously.”

“ wines on the lees well refined. 7. And

“ he will destroy in this mountain the CHAP. XXV. (2)

“ face of the covering (e) cast 'over all O Lord thou art my God, I will ex- people, and the veil (e) that is spread

alt thee, I will praise thy name; for over all nations. 8. He will swallow “thou hast done wonderful things; thy up (g) death in victory, and the Lord “ counsels of old are faithfulness and “ God will wipe away tears from off all “ truth. 2. For thou hast made of “ faces, and the rebuke (h) of his peo

a (y) city an heap; of a defenced city, ple shall he take away from off all "a ruin: a palace of strangers (z) to be “ the earth: for the LORD hath spoken no city, it shall never be built (r). " it. 9. And it shall be said in that

3. Therefore shall the strong people day, “ Lo this is our God, we have “ glorify (a) thee, the city of the ter- 66 waited for him, and he will save us ;

rible nations shall fear thee. - 4. For “ this is the LORD, we have waited for " thou hast been a strength to the “ him, we will be glad, and rejoice in

poor, a strength to the needy in his - his salvation. 10. For in this “ distress, a refuge from the storm, a 6 mountain shall the

the hand of the

66

e.

" the

(v) v. 23. “ The moon,” and “the sun," “ shadow of a cloud frustrates the effect i. " the chief rulers. Mede, 449." Or of heat. See post, 643. Is. xxxii. 2." “the moon" may mean “the people," and (d) v. 6. “ A feast, &c." i. e. “the sun" " their ruler. Sir I. Newton, “ Christian dispensation. 1 Barr. 49." Or “ 2 Lowth, 187."

it may refer specially to that period when, (w) “ When, &c." This may (perhaps) (according to Isaiah ii. 2. & Isaiah ix. 9.) refer to a period not yet arrived.

" the mountain of the Lord's house shall () An hymn of triumph and thanks- “ be established in the top of the moungiving ; looking back upon past inter- “ tains, &c. and all nations shall flow unto positions of God's power, and forward to “ it, &c." “ and they shall not hurt nor future blessings and the times of the “ destroy in all God's holy mountain." Messiah : perhaps, to some events not (e) v. 7. “ The face of the covering,” even yet accomplished.

“ and the veil,” i. e. either “ the marks (y) v. 2. “ of a city, &c.” referring “ of mourning,” or “ignorance." to some destruction upon their adversa- (g) v. 8.

• Swallow

" When ries.

“ this corruptible shall have put on in(z) Strangers,” or “oppressors," or corruption, and this mortal shall have “ deceivers ;"“ built," i. e. rebuilt." “put on immortality, then shall be

(a) v. 3. “Glorify," i. e. probably,“ brought to pass the saying that is turn to thy worship.”

“ written, “ Death is swallowed up in vic. (6) v. 4. “ A storm against the wall," “ tory. 1 Cor. xv. 54.” or “a winter storm, Bishop Lowth ;" or (h) “ The rebuke, &c.” “ The taunts "an inundation of water."

“ cast upon them in their distress, (c) v. 5. The meaning perhaps is, “ that theirs could not be the true God " Thou shalt frustrate the violence of “ who could suffer them to be so de

strangers, as easily and effectually as the “pressed."

up, &c."

66 dust.

“ LORD rest (i), and Moab (i) shall “ the ground, he bringeth it even to the be trodden down under him, even as

6. The foot sball tread it “ straw is trodden down for the dung- “ down, even the feet of the poor, and “ hill. 11. And he shall spread forth " the steps of the needy. 7. The way “ his hands in the midst of them, as “ of the just (p) is uprightness: thou

, “ he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his “ most upright, dost weigh the path " hands to swim : and he shall bring “ of the just. 8. Yea, in the way “ down their pride together with the “ of (9) thy judgments, O LORD, have “ spoils of their hands. 12. And the for- we waited for thee; the desire of our “ tress of the high fort of thy (k) walls “soul is to thy name, and to the re“ shall he bring down, lay low, and “ membrance of thee. 9. With my “ bring to the ground, even to the dust." • soul have I desired thee in the night

, 66

yea with my spirit within me will I CHAP. XXVI. (1)

“ seek thee early: for when thy judg“ In that day (m) shall this song be “ments are in the earth, the inhabit" sung in the land of Judah, “ We “ants of the world will learn right“ have a strong city, salvation (n) will eousness. 10. Let favour (r) be God appoint for walls and bulwarks. “shewed to the wicked, yet will be not “ 2. Open ye the gates, that the right- “ learn righteousness; in the land of “eous nation (0) which keepeth the “ uprightness will be deal unjustly, and “ truth may enter in.

3. Thou wilt “ will not behold (r) the majesty of “ keep him in perfect peace, whose 6 the LORD. 11. LORD (s), when thy “ mind is stayed on thee: because he “ hand is lifted up, they will not see: “ trusteth in thee. 4. Trust ye in the but they shall see, and be ashamed « LORD for ever: for in the LORD “ for their envy at the people, pea “ JEHOVAH is everlasting strength.

“ the fire of thine enemies shall “ 5. For he bringeth down them that 6 devour them. 12. LORD, thou wik “ dwell on high, the lofty city he lay- “ ordain peace for us: for thou also “eth it low; he layeth it low, even to “ hast wrought (t) all our works in (0) (i) v. 10. “ Rest,” or “ give rest. Bp.

the Jews should deserve this appellation. “ Lowth." Moab,” i. e. “ God's ad- See ante, Isaiah i. 26. “ versaries ;" the people who opposed his (p) v. 7. Bp. Lowth reads, “The way religion. See ante, 634. Is. xi. 14. and the “ of the just is strait : thou most exacus note (u) there.

' levellest, &c.” And then the idea is (k) 0. 12. i Thy,” i. e. (perhaps)

.” i. e. (perhaps) figurative, that God relieves the upright " Moab's ;" " the places that oppose the

from all difficulties. “ true religion ;" or it may mean, that God (9) v. 8. “ In the way of," i. e. (perwill bring down the fortress of the fort of haps) “ during." the walls of his holy mountain, because it (r) v. 10. “Let favour, &c." Neither will no longer stand in need of human kindness nor example will affect bim. means for its protection; for (as in the “ Behold," i. e.“ regard." first verse of the following chapter).“ sal- (s) v. 11. The Sept. translation is, "Lord, vation shall God appoint for walls and thy hand has been lifted up, and they “ bulwarks.”

“ have not seen: but they shall

see, (1) A hymn upon a renewal of God's « • ashamed: Sorrow shall seize the people kindness, calling to mind past misconduct,

o that will not learn; and even now, the but professing perfect confidence in future “ fire destroyeth those who have set theaprotection.

“selves against thee.” Bp. Lowth reads, (m) v. 1. “ That day.” Some period in “ They shall see with confusion thy zeal the times of the Messiah : a period refer- " for thy people; yea, the fire shall burn red to in the preceding chapter.

up thine adversaries." (n) “Salvation," i. e. his protection, (1) v. 12. “Thou also hast wrought, &c. “ instead of human means.”

i. “ whatever we have done, (o) v. 2." The righteous nation." Per- “ ascribed to thy aid." haps, “ all righteous people ;" or an (u) “ In” or “ for." Fab. 199. intimation, that at the time referred to

[ocr errors]

and be

e.

is to be

66

us.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

13. O LORD our God, other “ draweth near the time of her delivery, “lords besides thee have had dominion “ is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs;

over us: but by thee (v) only will “ so have we been in thy sight, O LORD.

we make mention (w) of thy name. 16 18. We have been with child, we have “ 14. They are dead, they shall not “ been in pain, we have as it were “ live; they are deceased, they shall not “ brought forth wind, we have not “ rise: therefore (x) hast thou visited wrought any deliverance in the earth, “ and destroyed them, and made all “ neither have the inhabitants of the “ their memory to perish. 15. Thou hast “ world fallen. 19. Thy dead (z) men “ increased the nation, O LORD, thou “ shall live, togetherwith my dead body(z) « hast increased the nation, thou art 6 shall they arise: awake and sing ye

glorified ; thou hast removed it 6 that dwell in (a) dust: for thy dew is as “ far unto all the ends of the earth. “ the dew (b) of herbs, and the earth “ 16. LORD, in trouble have they (y) vi- “ shall cast(c)out the dead. 20. Come my s sited thee, they (y) poured out a prayer “people, enter(d) thou intothy chambers, when thy chastening was upon them(y). “ and shut thy doors about thee; hide “ 17. Like as a woman with child that thyself as it were for a little moment,

(v) v. 13. “ By thee, &c." i. e. (perhaps) “ sleep in the dust shall awake, some to we have had such wonderful deliverances “ everlasting life, and some to shame and “ from thee, as constrain us to make thee “ everlasting contempt : and they that be alone the object of our worship.". " wise shall shine as the brightness of the (w) “Make mention of,” i.e. “ call upon,

“ firmament, and they that turn many to “ invoke, worship.” One of the injunc- “ righteousness as the stars for ever and tions to the Israelites was, (Exod. xxiii.

“ ever."

The passages upon this point 13.) “ make no mention of the name of (viz. the doctrine of a resurrection during “ other gods, neither let it be heard out of the times of the Old Testament) are col“ thy mouth."

lected and the question fully discussed, in (2) v. 14.“ Therefore, &c.” or “because the third part of Dr. Graves's Lectures, " thou hast. Fab. 199," A distinction Lec. 4. See Ps. xvii. 16. - Ps. xlix. may be intended between those whom God

and Ps. lxxiii. 23. See also visits with death for their wickedness, and Acts xxii. 8. and 1 Cor. xv. 12. to the the righteous who die in the course of end. nature, and who may be referred to in (a) “ Dust,” or “the dust,” the grave. verse 19. by the appellation of “thy” (i. e. 16) “ The dew, &c.” perhaps a proverGod's) “ dead :" that the former shall not bial expression, to denote extraordinary inrise lo future happiness, the latter shall. vigoration, or great numbers. The meaning See 2 Graves's Lectures, 248. -Peters on here may be, either that the dead should Job, 223 to 226.-Mede, 578.

receive as signal a revival, as parched (y) v. 16. “ They,” i.e. (probably) “ the grass does from a heavy dew, or that the “people, the nation."

bodies raised should equal the drops of (z) v. 19. “ Thy dead, &c." This may dew in number. See Ps.cx. 3. “ The dew mean that “the just,” or “ such as die in “ of thy birth is of the womb of the “God's service, Mede, 578," shall rise « morning.” again, or that they who are spiritually (c) “ Cast out," i. e. “ yield up." See dead, as the Gentiles, shall be raised into Rev. xx. 13. “ The sea gave up the dead life, shall have the opportunity of obtain- « which were in it, &c." ing life everlasting. See 2 Lightfoot, 590. (d) v. 20. “ Enter, &c." An intimation 1105. Mr. Faber reads, “ Thy dead shall that in the time of God's visitation they “ live, my dead body shall arise :” and he should escape. During the destruction of considers it as referring to the political re- the first born of Egypt, it was an injuncestablishment of the Israelites and Jews. tion to the Israelites, that none of them He notices also, as does Bp. Lowth, that should “ go out of the door of his house the doctrine of a resurrection must have “ until the morning. Exod. xii. 22." and been known at this time, otherwise the the direction here to enter into their cham. verse could not have been understood. In bers, &c. implied that they should now Dan. xii. 2, 3. that idea is most unequivo- meet with a similar deliverance. cally expressed : “ Many of them that

Ps. xv.

“ until the indignation be overpast. ! " the bunches of camels, to a people “ 21. For behold, the LORD cometh out that shall not profit them." 7. For " of his place to punish the inhabitants “ the Egyptians shall help in vain, and “ of the earth for their iniquity : the " to no purpose: therefore have I cried “ earth also shall disclose her blood, “ concerning this, “Their strength(m)is " and shall no more cover her slain.” “ to sit still.” 8. Now go, write it before

" them in a table, and note it in a book, CHAP. XXX. (e)

" that it may be for the time to come Woe to the rebellious children, saith “ for ever and ever: 9. “That this is a " the LORD, that take counsel, but not “ rebellious people, lying children, chil6 of me; and that cover (g) with a co

“ dren that will not hear the law of the “ vering, but not of my spirit, that they

« LORD: 10. Which say to the seers (R), " may add sin to sin : 2. That walk to “See not;" and to the prophets

, “ Progo down into Egypt (and have not “phesy not unto us right things (0), “ asked at my mouth), to strengthen

“ speak unto us smooth things, pro“ themselves in the strength of Pharaoh,

phesy deceits : 11. Get you out of the " and to trust in the shadow of Egypt. way (P), turn aside out of the path, “ 3. Therefore shall the strength of Pha- “ cause the Holy One of Israel to cease “ raoh be your shame, and the trust in (9) from before us.' 12. Wherefore “ the shadow of Egypt your confusion.” “ thus saith the Holy One of Israel, (4. For his princes were at Zoan (h), and “ Because ye despise this word, and his ambassadors came to Hanes (h). “ trust in oppression and perverseness, 5. They (i) were all ashamed of a people

“i and stay thereon: 13. Therefore this that could not profit them, nor be an help

“ iniquity shall be to you as a breach nor profit, but a shame, and also a re- “ ready to fall, swelling out in a high proach). 6. The burden (k) of the beasts wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly of the south: “Into the land(1) of trouble

“ at an instant. 14. And he (r) shall break “ and anguish, from whence come the

“ it as the breaking of the potter's ves young and old lion, the viper and

“ sel that is broken in pieces, he (r “ fiery flying serpent, they will carry

“ shall not spare ; so that there shall " their riches upon the shoulders of

“not be found in the bursting of it a young asses, and their treasures upon

« sherd to take fire from the hearth, or

[ocr errors]

(e) A severe rebuke for looking to man (l) “ Into the land, &c. to the end of for help instead of God; an intimation that the verse." “ This is the cry.” An inGod would shew forbearance that the peo- timation that they were giving their treple might turn to him, and that he would

sures to a people who would do them harm, then take ample vengeance upon their ad- not good. versaries. It might refer to the destruction (m) 0.7." Their strength, &c." " Their of Sennacherib's army in Hezekiah's time; “ absence will do more good than their but it probably referred also to more dis- « aid." tant judgments, and perhaps in part to (n) v. 10. “ Seers," who received comtimes not yet complete. It was perhaps munications from God. written in the time of Ahaz.

(0) " Right things," i. e. " the truth, . (g) v.1. “ Cover, &c.” i. e. “ look to w what God really imparts,” least it should “ other aid than mine ; put themselves be unfavourable. “ under Egypt, not under me.”

(p) v. 11. “Get ye out of the way," i.e. (h) v. 4." Zoan” and “ Hanes," places avoid, as far as possible, communications in Egypt.

“ from God, instead of seeking them." (i) v.5. " They," i.e." the Egyptians.” (9) “ To cease, &c." i.e. • let us have

(k) v. 6. “ The burthen, &c." i. e. (pro- “ no communications from him." bably) the cry against the Jews for their (r) v. 14.,“ He shall break it," and "he folly in bribing the Egyptians, in lading “shall not spare," i.e. (impersonally)," j the beasts of the south (i.e. of Egypt) with " shall break or be shivered," and " there their treasures.

« shall be no sparing."

[ocr errors]
« السابقةمتابعة »