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ass (y) his master's crib: brut Israel “desolate as overthrown by stranger's(). " doth not know, my people doth not “ 8. And the daughter of Zion () is left “ consider." 4. Ah sinful nation, a " as a cottage (m) in a vineyard, as a " people laden with iniquity, a seed of “ lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a "evil-doers, children that are corrupt- “ besieged city. 9. Except the LORD " ers (a), they have forsaken the LORD, “ of hosts had left unto us a very small " they have provoked the holy One of remnant, we should have been as “ Israel anto anger, they are gone away

" Sodom, and we should have been like " backward. 5. Why (b) should ye be “ unto Gomorrah. 10. Hear the word



will revolt “ of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom (n); more and more: the whole head (d) “ give ear unto the law of our God, ye “is sick, and the whole heart faint. “ people of Gomorrah (n). 11. To what 66. From the sole (e) of the foot even purpose (o) is the multitude of your

unto the head, there is no soundness " sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: "in it; but wounds, and bruises (g), and “ I am full of the burnt-offerings of " putrifying sores: they have not been « rams, and the fat of fed beasts, and L “closed (), neither bound up, neither delight not in the blood of bullocks, “mollified with ointment.

7. Your or of lambs, or of he-goats. 12. When " country (i) is desolate, your cities are ye come to appear before me, who “ burnt with fire: your land, strangers “ hath required this at your hand, to “devour it in your presence, and it is “ tread my courts (P)? 13. Bring no fed and taken care of, not for their own sake, (k) v. 7. "Overthrown by strangers," or but for their owner's profit; and they are rather, " overwhelmed by an inundation." employed in works of the lowest drudgery: 1 Lowth, 2.--2 Lowth, 11, 12.-and Parkh, whereas it is for their own benefit alone Hebr. Lexicon, 4th ed. 185. The common that God supports his people, and had ho- reading is nearly a repetition of what prenoured them with the highest distinctions. ceded. Bochart in loco, 1 Vitr. 37, 38. Well did (1) v. 8. “ The daughter of Zion," i.e. Moses ask, “ What nation was there so “ Jerusalem," which lay under mount Zion. "great, who had God so nigh unto them, Chrys, in loco, 1 Chrys. 723. “as the Lord their God was in all things (m) "A cottage, &c." i.e. " lonely, de " that they called upon him for?” Deut. iv.7. solate, solitary; with scarce a house or

(a) v.4. Corrupters." Not content « inhabitant in it." with being wicked themselves, but cor- (n) v. 10.'“ Sodom," " Gomorrah," rupting others, causing them to fall. An i. e. “Jerusalem," called by these "names, aggravated degree of guilt !

as resembling those cities in wickedness? (6) v.5. “Why, &c." "What claim have this is another allusion to the song of + you to further warnings, or what end will Moses, where, (in speaking of the sins of * they answer?” As Gen. vi. 3. ante 507: the nation,) he says, " Their vine'is of the

My Spirit shall not always strive with “ vine of Sodom, and of the fields of God * man.

« morrah. Deut. xxxij. 52." (c) “ Stricken," i. e. " corrected;" to (o) v. 11. " To what purpose, &c." *** It roduce amendment. So Jer. v. 3.

" is not a compliance with externals only (d) The whole head, &c." i. e. “ the “God requires; he expects inward purity, corruption is universal : there is not one “ and righteous conduct." See Ps. xlix. it hath not reached."

(p) v. 12. Bp. Lowth reads, and so does (e) 0. 6. “. From the sole, &c.” i.e. "all Chrys. in loco, vol. 1. p. 725.“ Who hath ranks are infected; none is free."

“ required this at your hands ? Tread my (g) • Wounds, bruises, &c." i.e. “sins “courts no more: bring no more vain of every description."

" oblations, &c." Though God required (h) « Not closed, &c." i. e. “ nothing all the Israelites to appear before him at ras been done to make them better : stated times, it was the appearance of they are in the worst state possible." those only who did justice and obeyed the i) v. 7. “ Your country, &c.” “ These weightier matters of the law, that was ac warnings you have had : Why are you to ceptable to him. The appearance of the ave more ?" An answer to the question presumptuous sinner was an insult; and the -erse 5.

question here, “Who hath required this

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(9) more vain oblations; incense is an " are rebellious, and companions of « abomination unto me, the new moons “ thieves: every one loveth gifts (3) “ and sabbaths, the calling of assem

" and followeth after rewards: they “ blies I cannot away with (n), it is “judge not the fatherless, neither doth “ iniquity, even the solemn meeting. " the cause of the widow come unto 6 14. Your new moons, and your ap

“ them. 24. Therefore saith the LORD, pointed feasts, my soul hateth : they 6 the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of « are a trouble unto me, I am weary to “ Israel, “ Ah, I will ease me of mine “ bear them. 15. And when ye spread 6 adversaries, and avenge me of mine “ forth your hands, I will hide mine “ enemies. 25. And I will turn my

you: yea, when ye make “ hand upon thee, and purely purge many prayers, I will not hear : your away thy dross (y), and take away al “ hands are full of blood. 16. Wash


“ thy tin (g). 26. And I will restore “ make you clean, put away the evil of " thy judges as at the first (z), and thy “your doings from before mine eyes, “ counsellors as at the beginning (2):

cease to do evil, 17. Learn to do afterward thou shalt be called (al “ well, seek judgment, relieve the op- “ The city of righteousness, the faithful “pressed, judge (s) the fatherless, plead city.” 27. Zion shall be redeemed “ for the widow. 18. Come now and 6 with judgment, and her converts with " let us reason together, saith the Lord: righteousness. 28. And the destruc“ though your sins be as scarlet, they “ tion of the transgressors and of the 6 shall be as white as snow; though “ sinners (0) shall be together (c), and “they be red like crimson, they shall they that forsake the LORD shall be “ be as wool. 19. If ye be willing and consumed. 29. For they (d) shall be “ obedient, ye shall eat (t) the good " ashamed of the oaks (e) which ye have “ of the land. 20. But if ye refuse and “ desired, and ye shall be confounded “ rebel, ye shall be devoured with the “ for the gardens (e) that ye have chosen. « sword: for the mouth of the LORD 66 30. For


shall be as an oak, whose “ hath spoken it. 21. How is the faith- “ leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath “ful city become an harlot ? it was full “ no water (g). 31. And the strong 66

of judgment; righteousness lodged in “ shall be as tow, and the maker of « it; but now murderers. 22. Thy “ it (h) as a spark, and they shall both “ silver (u) is become dross, thy wine “ burn together, and none shall quench « mixed with water. 23. Thy princes

" them.

“ at your hands ?” might be intended to imply that it was that God who had also commanded righteousness, and was of purer eyes than to behold iniquity.

(9) v. 13, 14. A similar passage occurs, Amos y. 21 to 24.

(r) v. 13. “ Away with," i.e. “ endure." (s) v. 17. “ Judge,” i.e.“ do justice to."

(t) v. 19. “ Ye shall eat, &c." It shall no longer, as in verse 5. be “ devoured by “ strangers."

(u) v. 22. “Thy silver, &c." Probably proverbial expressions, to denote that their very best things and persons were become vile and degenerate, their princes rebellious, &c.

(3) v. 23. “ Gifts," i e. “ bribes.” (y) v. 25. Dross,” and “tin," i. e. “ degeneracy and wickedness ;" what is complained of in verse 23.

(z) v. 26. “ At the first,” and “at the

beginning," i. e. « at the times when it “ deserved the title given it in verse 21. of " the faithful city," when it was a full of “ judgment, &c."

(a) “ Shalt be called," i. e. “shall de serve the name of."

(6) v. 28. Bp. Lowth reads, “ But de“struction shall fall at once on the trans

gressors and the sinners."

(c) “. Together," or " sudden, entire, “ complete.'

(d) v. 29. “ They," or rather " ye."

le) “ Oaks," and “gardens;" places of idolatrous worship

(g) v. 30. “ No water." Where every thing therefore must perish.

(h) v. 31. “ The maker of it," or rather « his work ;" whatever he does."


CHAP. II. (2) The word that Isaiah the son of Amos saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. 2. “ And (k) it shall come to pass in the “ last days (I), that the mountain (m)of the “ Lord's house shall be established in " the top of the mountains (n), and shall “ be exalted above the hills (n); and “all nations (0) shall flow. unto it.

3. And many people shall go and say,

« « Come ye, and let us go up to the

mountain of the LORD, to the house 6 of the God of Jacob: and he will “ teach us of his ways, and we will walk “ in his paths : for out of Zion shall “ go forth the law, and the word of the " Lord from Jerusalem. 4. And he “shall judge (P) among the nations, “ and shall rebuke many people: and

they shall beat (9) their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into

(i) This and the two following chapters still to come a second and more glorious make one continued discourse.

It was

admission of the Gentiles, when the Jews probably delivered in Uzziah's or Jothani's shall also turn to the true religion, Mede, time.

139, 140. 29th Disc. (k) v. 2, 3, 4. These verses occur almost (p) v. 4. “Judge," i.e. (perhaps)" bring verbatim, Mic. iv. 1,2,3. Micah was con- " his judgments upon.” Vengeance upon temporary with Isaiah.

his enemies is one of the characteristics of fli “ The last days," i. e. the “ times the Messiah. According to Balaam's pro“after the Messiah's appearance, 2 Lowth, phecy, the Star and Sceptre he foresaw “ 28. ;” perhaps referring to times not yet (i. e. Christ), was to “ smite the corners of arrived, but approaching. Dr. Lightfoot “ Moab, and destroy all the children of understands it of the last days of Jerusalem “ Sheth, (i. e. his opponents). Numb. xxiv. and the Jewish state. 2 Lightf. 1074. Mr. " 17.” It was foretold of him, (Ps. ii. 9.) Faber refers it to the time of the Restor. that he should “rule the heathen with a ation of the Jews, when they shall have rod of iron, and break them in pieces like been converted to Christianity, and be a potter's vessel ;” (Ps. cx. 6.) that he settled in their own land: after the expir- “should judge among the heathen, and

fill ation of the 1260 years spoken of in Daniel “the places with the dead bodies, and and Revelations.

wound the heads over many countries :" (m) “The mountain of the Lord's house,” and (Is. xi. 4. post, 633.) that he should i.e. “ the true religion, the proper worship “ smile the earth with the rod of his mouth, " of the only true God,” or the church of “ and slay the wicked with the breath of “ Christ, the church and people of God. “ his lips." And see Ps. xxi. 8, 9. The Mede, 135. 29th Disc.”

destruction of Jerusalem, in little less than (n) In the top of the mountains," and forty years after the crucifixion, was un. “above the hills,' i.e. (probably) so as to questionably one of God's judgments; and put down every other religion.

the wars which have been so long agitating (0) “ All nations." The admission of the the world and have but lately subsided, Gentiles, and the universality of Christ's (in which probably more than six millions religion, are frequent topics of prophecy; have perished,) may have been instruments The promises to Abraham were, “In thee." in his hands to bring about his purposes. or " in thy seed, shall all families, or na- Happy they, in whom they work humble * tions of the earth be blessed." Gen. xii. and serious reflection, whom they lead to 8. — xxii. 18. And according to Ps. ii. 8. righteousness, and the fear of the Lord !! he, (i. e. Christ,) was to have the heathen (9) “ Beat, &c.”. Peace has always “ for his inheritance, and the utmost parts been the tendency of Christ's religion. " of the earth for his possession." Zech- “ On earth peace, goodwill towards men. ariah says of him, “ He shall speak peace “ Luke ii. 14." In Is. xi. 6 to 9. post, 63. “ unto the heathen ; and his dominion shall the peaceable character of Christ's king“ be from sea even to sea, and from the dom is strongly delineated ; and in Zecha“ river (i. e. the Euphrates ) even to the ends riah's prophecy of Christ and the nature " of the earth. Wech. ix. 10.” “ As in of his kingdom, he says, “I will cut off “ Adam all die,” says St. Paul, “even so “the chariot from Ephraim,” (i. e. the in Christ shall all be made alive,” (i. e. “ kingdom of Israel), « and the horse from have everlasting life within their power.) “Jerusalem,” (i.e. the kingdom of Judah); 1 Cor. xv. 22. Wr. Mede expects there is “ and the battle bow shall be cut off ; :


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\P. II. (1)
se and Jerusalem

to pass in the
the son of Amos

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(q) more vain oblations; incense is an " are rebellious, and “ abomination unto me, the new moons “ thieves: every one “and sabbaths, the calling of assem

" and followeth afte “blies I cannot away with (r), it is “judge not the fath “ iniquity, even the solemn meeting. “ 14. Your new moons, and your ap

“ them. 24. T. “pointed feasts, my soul hateth : they " the LORD of "6 are a trouble unto me, I am weary to

“ Israel, “ bear them. 15. And when ye spread " adversari “forth your hands, I will hide mine

“ enemie you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear : your awa: “hands are full of blood. 16. Wash ye, “ make you clean, put away the evil of “ your doings from before mine eyes, “ cease to do evil, 17. Learn to do “ well, seek judgment, relieve the op“pressed, judge (s) the fatherless, plead “ for the widow. 18. Come now anr “ let us reason together, saith the Lor “ though your sins be as scarlet, t! 6 shall be as white as snow; th “they be red like crimson, the “ be as wool. 19. If ye be will “ obedient, ye shall eat (t) “ of the land. 20. But if ye “ rebel, ye shall be devour " sword: for the mouth “ hath spoken it. 21. H “ ful city become an har “ of judgment; righter

and no ties of kindel

or love, were to induce a mu “ it; but now murd

pity or conceal the offender; and if “ silver (u) is becor

city were guilty, the inhabitants and a “ mixed with water


were to be destroyed utterly with the auction, edge of the sword, and the city and the

but from spoil thereof were to be burnt. Deut. 25 “ at your hands

e they are re- 6 to 16. So particular was God to keep imply that it w

&c. &c. that thou up amongst his own peculiar people, pe commanded ri

From hence to the
er is foretold the punish- his power,) that worship he prescribed

had such repeated and decisive pronk Jews for their idolatrous that reverence for himself he thought Amos v. 2

or their confidence in their own to require. (r) v.) and for their distrust of God's (a) v. 9. "The mean,

the great (s) v. stion. It predicts also the downfall

i. « all ranks." (+)

(6) "Boweth down,” and “humble Thou,” i. e. “God."

“himself,” to worship the idols. « From the east," where divination

(c) “Forgive them not," or rather to practised.

“ wilt not forgive them,” assiguing "Soothsayers." This was against the P

reason why forgiveness would be withbel injunction, Deut. xviii. 14. “These na- (d) v. io. - Enter, &e." A spinte tions, which thou shalt possess, heark- mode of insinuating the greatness of the Wened unto observers of times, and unto impending vengeance. <diviners; but as for thee, the Lord thy " They shall say to the mountains, cover God hath not suffered thee so to do.”

and to the hills, fall or us (w) “In the children,” by associating see Rev. vi. 16. with them, learning their practices, and (e) v. 11. « That day," i.e. the day of (perhaps) intermarrying with them. “God's vengeance."

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AP. II. (1)

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he shall be brought “ fear of the LORD, and for the glory
on all the cedars (g) “ of his majesty, when he ariseth to
're high and lifted “ shake terribly the earth. 22. Cease
oaks of Bashan. ye (k) from man whose breath is in
gh mountains, “ his nostrils (l): for wherein (m) is he
hat are lifted “ to be accounted of.”
high tower,
16. And

CHAP. V. (n)
hish (h),

Now will I sing to my well-beloved

“ a song of my beloved touching his 11 be “ vineyard: My well-beloved hath a of “ vineyard in a very fruitful bill. 2. And

“ he fenced it, and gathered out the “ stones thereof, and planted it with 5 the choicest vine, and built a tower

in the midst of it, and also made a "ine-press therein: and he looked ' t it should bring forth grapes, and rought forth wild grapes (o). I now, O inhabitants of Jerund men of Judah, judge, I betwixt me and my vine

hat could have been done ay vineyard, that I have not

in it? wherefore when I looked qat it should bring forth grapes,

brought it forth wild grapes (o) ? uphetic Who can therefore give no assistance .ede. And like God's. When God formed man he

nills, towers, “ breathed into his nostrils the breath cs, are here figur- “ of life, (Gen. ii. 7.)" and by this exprespersons of rank and sion Isaiah might intend to bring to their

recollection the origin and creation, and Ships of Tarshish.” Per- consequent inferiority, of man. The folly dave aggrandized themselves by of trusting to man where the reliance rce, and pleasant pictures,” those ought to be placed upon God is repro- have raised themselves by works of bated, and man's insufficiency exposed on art.

the same ground, Ps. cxlvi. 2, 3. “O put (i) v. 19. “ Holes, &c." The constern- “ not your trust in princes, nor in any ation and dismay during the sixth seal in “ child of man, for there is no help in Revelations is described in nearly the “ them : for when the breath of man goeth same manner. (Rev. vi. 15 to 17.) « The “ forth, he shall turn again to his earth, “ kings of the earth, and the great men,

" and then all his thoughts perish.” " and the rich men, and the chief cap

(m) “Wherein, &c." What assistance tains, and the mighty men, and every

can he give? What has he on which re"bond man, and every free man, hid

liance can be placed ? " themselves in the dens and in the rocks (n) This chapter is unconnected with " of the mountains, and said to the moun- what preceded or follows. It reproves the

tains and rocks, “ fall on us, and hide us Jews for their wickedness, ascribes to that " from the face of him that sitteth on the

cause calamities which had already be" throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb ; fallen them, and looks forward to the " for the great day of his wrath is come, “and who shall be able to stand."

Babylonish invasion and perhaps to more

distant judgments. (k) v. 22. “ Cease ye," i. e. “place no

(0) v.2.4.“ Wild grapes," i.e." grapes

os of no value," or rather “noxious, of a (9) “Whose breath is in his nostrils.” poisonous quality."

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