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CHAP. XVII.

Philistine, they were dismayed, and Now (9) the Philistines gathered to greatly afraid. 12. Now (x) David was gether their armies to battle, and were the son of that Ephrathite of Bethgathered together at (r) Shochoh, lehem-judah, whose name was Jesse, and which belongeth to Judah, and pitched he had eight sons: and the man went between Shochoh and Azekah (r), in among men for an old man in the days Ephesdammim. 2. And Saul and the of Saul. 13. And the three eldest sons men of Israel were gathered together, of Jesse went and followed Saul to the and pitched by the valley of Elaħ, and battle: and the names of his three sons set the battle in array against the Phi- that went to the battle were Eliab the listines. 3. And the Philistines stood first-born, and next unto him, Abinadab, on a mountain on the one side, and and the third, Shammah. 14. And Israel stood on a mountain on the other David was the youngest : and the three side : and there was a valley between

eldest followed Saul. 15. But David them. 4. And there went out a cham- went and returned (y) from Saul, to pion out of the camp of the Philistines, feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem. named Goliath, of Gath, whose height 16. And the Philistine drew near mornwas six cubits and a span (s). 5. And ing and evening, and presented himself he had an helmet of brass upon his forty days. 17. And Jesse said unto head, and he was armed with a coat of David his son, “ Take now for thy mail: and the weight of the coat was

“ brethren an ephah of this parched five thousand shekels (t) of brass. corn, and these ten loaves, and run to 6. And he had greaves of brass upon “ the camp to thy brethren. 18. And his legs, and a target of brass between carry these ten cheeses unto the caphis shoulders. 7. And the staff of his “ tain of their thousand, and look how spear was like a weaver's beam, and his “thy brethren fare, and take their spear's head weighed six hundred she- pledge.” 19. Now Saul, and they, kels

, (u) of iron : and one bearing a and alĩ the men of Israel were in the shield went before him. 8. And he valley of Elah, fighting with the Phistood and cried unto the armies of Is- listines. 20. And David rose up early rael, and said unto them, “ Why are in the morning, and left the sheep with

ye come out to set your battle in a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse " array? am not I a Philistine, and you had commanded him; and he came to

servants to Saul ? choose you a man the trench, as the host was going forth “ for you, and let him come down to to the fight, and shouted for the battle. me. 9. If he be able to fight with

21. For Israel and the Philistines had “ me, and to kill me, then will we be put the battle in array, army against “your servants : but if I prevail against army.

22. And David left his carriage “ him, and kill him, then shall ye be in the hand of the keeper of the carriage,

our servants, and serve us.” 10. And and ran into the army, and came and the Philistine said, “I defy the armies of saluted his brethren. 23. And as he “ Israel this day; give me a man,

that talked with them, behold, there came up may fight together.” 11. When Saul the champion (the Philistine of Gath, and all Israel heard those words of the Goliath by name) out of the armies of

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(9) v. l. “ Now.” Before Christ, 1063 years.

(7) “ Shochoh and Azekah,” which both belonged to Judah. Josh. xv. 35.

(s) v. 4. “ Six cubits and a span," i. e. "if a cubit be only 18 inches, 9 ft. 9 in.; if “ 21 inches, eleven' feet four inches and a "half. A span was half a cubit.”

(t) v.5. - 5,000 shekels," i. e. "190 pounds."

(u) v. 7. “ 600 shekels," i. e. « about “ 22 pounds."

(3) v. 12 to 31. is omitted in the Sept.

(y) v. 15. “ Returned from Saul.” He had before been sought out to play upon the harp before Saul, and Saul had made him his armour-bearer. See 1 Sam. xvi. 16 to 23.

near

the Philistines, and spake according to go against this Philistine, to fight with the same words : and David heard them. “ him for thou art but a youth, and 24. And all the men of Israel, when they " he a man of war from his youth." saw the man, fled from him, and were 34. And David said unto Saul, “ Thy sore afraid. 25. And the men of Israel “servant kept his father's sheep, and said, “ Have ye seen this man that is 66 there came a lion and a bear, and “ come up ? surely to defy Israel is he “ took a lamb out of the flock: 35. And “ come up: and it shall be that the man “ I went out after him, and smote him, 6 who killeth him the king will enrich “ and delivered it out of his mouth :

him with great riches, and will give 6 and when he arose against me, I “ him his daughter, and make his fa- “caught him by his beard, and smote 6 ther's house free in Israel.” 26. And “ him, and slew him. 36. Thy servant David spake to the men that stood by “ slew both the lion and the bear: and him, saying, “ What shall be done to " this uncircumcised Philistine shall be " the man that killeth this Philistine, " as one of them, seeing he hath defied “ and taketh away the reproach from “ the armies of the living God." 37. Da66 Israel ? for who is this uncircumcised vid said moreover, “ The (z) Lord that “ Philistine that he should defy the ar- “ delivered me out of the paw of the “ mies of the living God ?" 27. And “ lion, and out of the paw of the bear, the people answered him after this man- " he will deliver me out of the hand of ner, saying, “ So shall it be done to the 6 this Philistine.” And Saul said unto “ man that killeth him.” 28. And Eliab | David, “ Go, and the Lord be with his eldest brother heard when he spake “ thee.” 38. And Saul armed David unto the men; and Eliab's anger was with his armour, and he put an helmet kindled against David, and he said, of brass upon his head, also he arme " Why camest thou down hither? and him with a coat of mail. 39. And “ with whom hast thou left those few David girded his sword upon his arm“ sheep in the wilderness? I know thy our, and he assayed (a) to go, for he had “pride, and the naughtiness of thy heart; not proved it: and David said unto Saul. “ for thou art come down that thou I cannot go with these: for I have not “ mightest see the battle.” 29. And “ proved them.And David put them David said, “ What have I now done? off him. 40. And he took his staff in 6 Is there not a cause ? 30. And he his hand, and chose him five smooth turned from him towards another, and stones out of the brook, and put them spake after the same manner : and the in a shepherd's bag, which he had, eren people answered him again after the in a scrip, and his sling was in his hand, former manner. 31. And when the and he drew near to the Philistine. words were heard which David spake, 41. And the Philistine came on, and they rehearsed them before Saul: and drew near unto David, and the man that he sent for him. 32. And David said bare the shield went before him. 42. And to Saul, “ Let no man's heart fail be- when the Philistine looked about and cause of him; thy servant will

go

and saw David, he disdained him: for he “ fight with this Philistine.” 33. And Saul was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a said to David, “ Thou art not able to fair countenance. 43. And the Philis

(z) v. 37. “ The Lord, &c.” So that he “ tration of the nature of that Spirit of the confided, not in his own arm, or in his own Lord, by which he was then so fully act. strength, but in him who alone is a buckler “ uated. '2 Hales, 349." David had alto all that trust in him, who alone girdeth ready been anointed by Samuel and the with strength unto the battle and giveth Spirit of the Lord came upon him from the victory unto kings and delivereth his serv

time of his being anointed. See 1 Sam. ants from the peril of the sword. Dr. Hales xvi. 13. observes upon this passage: “ The zeal (a) v. 39. “ Assayed, &c." or " scrupled “ David evinced, and his confidence in the « to take it." “ divine protection, afford the finest illus

tine said unto David, “ Am I a dog, that a stone, and smote the Philistine and “ thou comest to me with staves ?" and slew him ; but there was no sword in the the Philistine cursed David by his gods. hand of David. 51. Therefore David 44. And the Philistine said to David, ran and stood upon the Philistine, and “ Come to me, and I will give thy flesh took his sword,' and drew it out of the “ unto the fowls of the air, and to sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut “ the beasts of the field.” 45. Then off his head therewith. And when the said David to the Philistine, “ Thou Philistines saw their champion was dead “comest to me with a sword, and

they fled.

52. And the men of Israel “ with a spear, and with a shield; but and of Judah arose, and shouted, and “I come to thee in the name of the pursued the Philistines, until thou come “ Lord of hosts, the God of the armies to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron: " of Israel, whom thou hast defied. and the wounded of the Philistines fell “ 46. This day will the LORD deliver down by the way of Shaaraim, even unto 5 thee into mine hand, and I will smite Gath, and unto Ekron. 53. And the 5 thee, and take thine head from thee, children of Israel returned from chasing " and I will give the carcases of the after the Philistines, and they spoiled "host of the Philistines this day unto their tents. 54. And David took the “ the fowls of the air, and to the wild head of the Philistine, and brought it “ beasts of the earth; that all the earth to Jerusalem; but he put his armour

may know that there is a God in Israel. in his tent. 55. And (1) when Saul saw “ 47. And all this assembly shall know David go forth against the Philistine, he " that the LORD saveth not with sword said unto Abner the captain of the host, 6 and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, “ Abner, whose son is this youth?" And " and he will give you into our hands.” Abner said, “ As thy soul liveth, Oking, 48. And it came to pass when the Phi- “I cannot tell.” 56. And the king listine arose, and came and drew nigh said, “ Enquire thou whose son this to meet David, that David hasted, and “ stripling is.” 57. And as David reran toward the army to meet the Phi- turned from the slaughter of the Philistine. 49. And David put his hand listine, Abner took him and brought into his bag, and took thence a stone,

him before Saul, with the head of the and slang it, and smote the Philistine in Philistine in his hand. 58. And Saul his forehead, that the stone sunk into said to him, “ Whose son art thou, thou his forehead; and he fell upon his face young man ?” And David answered, to the earth. 50. So David prevailed I am the son of thy servant Jesse the over the Philistine with a sling and with

66 Bethlehemite."

II. SAMUEL.
CHAP. XII.

“ his own cup, and lay in his bosom,

“ and was unto him as a daughter. And the LORD (c) sent Nathan unto 66 4. And there came a traveller unto David: and he came unto him, and said “ the rich man, and he spared to take unto him, “ There were two men in one 66 of his own flock, and of his own herd, city, the one rich, and the other poor.

“ to dress for the wayfaring man that “ 2. The rich man had exceeding many

was come unto him, but took the

poor “flocks and herds : 3. But the poor 6 man's lamb, and dressed it for the

man had nothing save one little ewe- man that was come to him.” 5. And " lamb, which he had bought and nou- David's anger was greatly kindled "rished up: and it grew up together against the man, and he said to Nathan, “ with him, and with his children; it

" As the LORD liveth, the man that “ did eat of his own meat, and drank of “ hath done this thing shall surely die.

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(6) v. 55. to the end is omitted in Sept.

(c) v. 1. “Sent.” Before Christ, 1034. “ 6. And he shall restore the lamb four- and it was very sick. 16. David there “ fold, because he did this thing, and fore besought God for the child, and “ because he had no pity.” 7. And David fasted, and went in, and lay all Nathan said to David, “ Thou art the night upon the earth. 17. And the elders “ man.” “ Thus saith the LORD God of of his house arose, and went to him, to “ Israel, “ I anointed thee king over Is- raise him up from the earth : but he “ rael, and I delivered thee out of the would not, neither did he eat bread with “ hand of Saul: 8. And I gave thee thy them. 18. And it came to pass on the “ master's house, and thy master's wives seventh day, that the child died: and « into thy bosom, and gave thee the the servants of David feared to tell him “ house of Israel and of Judah ; and if that the child was dead : for they said, " that had been too little, I would more- “ Behold, while the child was yet alive, “ over have given unto thee such and we spake unto him, and he would not “such things (d). 9. Wherefore hast “ hearken unto our voice: how will he “ thou despised the commandment of " then vex himself, if we tell him that “ the LORD, to do evil in his sight? “ the child is dead ?" 19. But when " thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite David saw that his servants whispered, “ with the sword, and hast taken his David perceived that the child was dead: " wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him therefore David said unto his servants, “ with the sword of the children (e) of “ Is the child dead ?" And they said, “ Ammon. 10. Now therefore the sword “ He is dead.” 20. Then David arose 66 shall never depart from thine house; from the earth, and washed, and anointed " because thou hast despised me, and himself, and changed his apparel, and “ hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hit- came into the house of the LORD and “ tite to be thy wife. 11. “Thus saith the worshipped : then he came to his own - LORD, “ Behold, I will raise up evil house, and when he required, they set

against thee out of thine own house, bread before him, and he did eat. “ and I will take thy wives before thine 21. Then said his servants unto him, “ eyes, and give them unto thy neigh- “ What thing is this that thou hast « bour, and he shall lie (g) with thy “ done? Thou didst fast and weep

for 6 wives in the sight of this sun. 12. For " the child while it was alive, but when “ thou didst it secretly: but I will do “ the child was dead, thou didst rise “ this thing before all Israel, and before 66 and eat bread.” 22. And he said, 66 the sun.” 13. And David said unto “ While the child was yet alive, I fasted Nathan, “I have sinned against the “ and wept: for I said, “ Who can tell “ LORD.” And Nathan said unto David, " whether God will be gracious to me, “ The Lord also hath put away thy sin; “ that the child may live.” 23. But now “ thou shalt not die. 14. Howbeit, be- “ he is dead, wherefore should I fast? cause by this deed thou hast given “can I bring him back again ? I shall

great occasion to the enemies of the go to him, but he shall not return to “ LORD to blaspheme, the child also “ me.” 24. And David comforted Batithat is born unto thee, shall surely sheba his wife, and went in unto her, 6 die.” 15. And Nathan departed unto and lay with her: and she bare a son

, his house : and the LORD struck the and he called his name Solomon; and child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, the Lord loved him.

(d) v. 8. “Such and such things,” i.e. heinous conduct, of which he bitterly reeven greater things than these."

pented. (e) v.9. “ Of the children of Ammon.” (g) v. ll. “Lie with, &c." This was David first committed adultery with Uriah's fulilled by Absalom. He“ went in unto wife, and then gave directions that Uriah, “ his father's concubines, in the sight of who was in his army, should be put in the “ all Israel,” that the people might be sure .front of the hottest battle against the chil- he would not be reconciled to David, and dren of Ammon, and be there deserted, might therefore be the less afraid to follow that he might be smitten and die : - very him. Sam. xvi. 21, 22.

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25. And he sent

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by the hand of Nathan the prophet, and voice, "O my son Absalom, O Absalom, he called his name Jedidiah (h), be- my son, my son.” 5. And Joab came cause (i) of the Lord. 26. And Joab into the house to the king, and said, fought against Rabbah of the children “ Thou hast shamed this day the faces of Ammon, and took the (k) royal city. “ of all thy servants, which this day have 27. And Joab sent messengers to David, “ saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and said, “ I have fought against Rab- “ and of thy daughters, and the lives of “bah, and have (1) taken the city of thy wives, and the lives of thy con“ waters. 28. Now therefore, gather “ cubines : 6. In that thou lovest thine " the rest of the people together, and “ enemies, and hatest thy friends; for "encamp against the city, and take it: “ thou hast declared this day, that thou " lest I take the city, and it be called after “ regardest neither princes nor servants: "my name.”

29. And David gathered “ for this day I perceive that if Absalom all the people together, and went to " had lived, and all we had died this Rabbah, and fought against it, and took “ day, then it had pleased thee well. it. 30 And he took their king's crown

7. Now therefore arise, go forth, and from off his head, (the weight whereof speak comfortably unto thy servants : was a talent of gold, with the precious “ for I swear by the LORD, if thou go stones) and it was set on David's head : not forth, there will not tarry one and he brought forth the spoil of the “ with thee this night; and that will be city in great abundance. 31. And he worse unto thee than all the evil that brought forth the people that were “ befell thee from thy youth until now.” therein, and put them under saws, and 8. Then the king rose, and sat in the under harrows of iron, and under axes gate: and they told unto all the people, of iron, and made them pass through saying, “ Behold, the king doth sit in the brick-kiln : and thus did he unto all " the (o) gate :” and all the people the cities of the children of Ammon. So came before the king: for Israel had David and all the people returned unto fled every man to his tent. 9. And all Jerusalem.

the people were at strife throughout all

the tribes of Israel, saying, " The king CHAP. XIX.

66 saved us out of the hand of our And (m) it was told Joab, “ Behold, the enemies, and he delivered us out of " (n) king weepeth and mourneth for “ the hand of the Philistines, and now “ Absalom.” 2. And the victory that “ he is fled out of the land for Absalom. day was turned into mourning unto all “ 10. And Absalom, whom we anointed the people : for the people heard say over us, is dead in battle: now therethat day, how the king was grieved for “ fore why speak ye not a word of bring

3. And the people gat them “ing the king back (p).” U. And king by stealth that day into the city, as peo- David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar ple being ashamed steal away when they the priests, saying,

the priests, saying, “ Speak unto the flee in battle. 4. But the king covered “ elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye his face, and the king cried with a loud “ the last to bring the king back to

(h) v. 25. “ Jedidiah," i. e. “ beloved of (l) v. 27. "Taken, &c." or " deprived the Lord.”

“ the city of its water." See Josephus (i) “ Because, &c.” or “because the

Antiq. B. 7. c. 7. sed quære. “Lord loved him."

(m) v.1. Before Christ 1023. (k) . 26. “ The royal city," i. e. (pro- (n) “ The king," i. e.“ David.” He was bably) not the whole, but the lower part, at Mahanaim. where the royal palace might be, and which (o) v. 8. “ The gate," i. e. “ of the city lay near the water; that part which is called “ of Mahanaim." in the next verse " the city of waters.” Had (p) v. 10. “ Back," i.e. “ to Jerusalem," the whole city been taken, how could he be from whence he had fled. sending for David, as in verse 28. to come and encamp against the city and take it?

PP

his son.

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