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"willingly offered (s) themselves. gates : was there a shield or spear " 3. Hear, O ye kings, give ear, Oye “ seen (e) among forty thousand in

princes, I, even I will sing unto the “ Israel ? 9. My (d) heart is toward

LORD, I will sing praise to the LORD “ the (e) governors of Israel, that offered “ God of Israel. 4. LORD, (t) when “ themselves willingly among the people: “thou wentest out of Seir, when thou “ Bless ye the Lord. 10. (g) Speak “ marchedst out of the field of Edom,


that (h) ride on white asses, ye that “the earth trembled, and the heavens “ sit in judgment, and (h) walk by the “ dropped, the clouds also dropped way. 11. (i) They that are delivered

water. 5. The mountains melted “ from the noise of archers in the places “ from before the LORD, even that Sinai “of drawing water; there shall they « from before the LORD God of Israel. “ rehearse the righteous acts of the “6. In (u) the days of (x) Shamgar the “ LORD, even the righteous acts towards “son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the the inhabitants of his villages in Israel: “high-ways were (y) unoccupied, and " then shall the people of the LORD go “ the travellers walked through bye- “ down to (k) the gates. 12. Awake,

ways. 7. The (z) inhabitants of the “ awake, Deborah : awake, awake, ut

villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, “ ter a song: arise Barak, and lead “ until that I Deborah

that I arose

“thy (1) captivity captive, thou son of “ a mother in Israel. 8. They (a) chose “ Abinoam. 13. Then (m) he made

new gods; then (0) was war in the “ him that remaineth have dominion

(s) v. 2. “ Offered themselves," i.e. “ to (g) v. 10. “ Speak” or “ join in meditago up with Barak.”

tivn, or worship." (t) v. 4. Part 2. calling to mind the (h) “ That ride, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) the scenes when God was with them. The princes and judges, and ye that " walk by same expression as in Psalm 1xviii. 7, 8. “ the way," i. e. (perhaps) “ the common

(u) v. 6. Part 3. describing the condition “ people," so as to include all ranks. to which they had been reduced, “ in, &c."

(i) v. 11. "
They, &c." or

they shall or from the days of Shamgar, &c. to the

« be free from the noise of archers in the “ days of Jael, &c."

“ places of drawing water, there shall they (2) “ Shamgar," who about forty years

“ rehearse the righteousness of Jehovah, before slew of the Philistines 600 men with “ his righteousness towards his villages in an ox goad, and delivered Israel. Judges “ Israel; then shall the people of Jehovah iii. 31.

go down to the gates. They were (y). “Unoccupied,” i. e. “ unfrequent- frequently molested and attacked at their ed," through fear.

wells, and fetching water was a service of (z) v. 7. Read “the villages were de- danger, especially near their villages, serted, they were deserted in Israel.” where they were weak. This verse inti2 Hales, 305.

mates that these dangers were removed, (a) v. 8.“ They,” i. e. “ the Israelites.” and that they might go to their watering 16) “ Then,” or “ therefore.”

places and to their gates in safety. (c) “ Seen,” or “ to be seen,” (2 Hales, (K) “ To the gates” where their courts 305.) so much were they reduced.” It of justice sat, and the markets were held, was the policy of their enemies when they and which were places of resort therefore had the ascendancy, to deprive them of for all people, for those who lived in the all their arms. See post, 571. 1 Sam. xiii. 19. town, and those who lived in the villages no smith found throughout

or country round it. " all the land of Israel : for the Philistines (2) v. 12. “ Lead, &c." i. e. (perhaps) “said, “ Lest the Hebrews make them overpower those, who before overpowered swords or spears.”

you. (d) v. 9. Part 4. an invocation to praise (m) v. 13. “ Then, &c." or

- for God God for their deliverance.

“ made a remnant of the people triumph (e) “ My heart is towards the gover- over the nobles, (i. e. the weak over the nors, &c." i.e. (probably) “ them I first strong,) the Lord made me triumph over “invoke,” or “ address” and “ applaud." “ the mighty. 2 Hales, 306."

“ There was

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over the nobles among the people : 66 22. Then were the horse hoofs broken " the Lord made me have dominion “ by the means of the pransings, the “ over the mighty. 14. (n) Out of pransings of their mighty ones.

Ephraim was there a (o) root of them “ 23. Curse ye (a) Meroz (said the against Amalek, after thee Benja- angel of the LORD,) curse ye bitterly

min, among thy people : out of “ the inhabitants thereof: because they “ Machir (p) came down governors, came not to the help of the Lord, “ and out of Zebulun they that handle “ to the help of the LORD against the “ the pen of the writer. 15. And the

mighty. 24. (6) Blessed above woprinces of Issachar were with Debo- men shall Jael the wife of Heber the “ rah: even Issachar, and also Barak, “ Kenite be, blessed shall she be above “ he was sent on foot into the valley : 66 women in the tent. 25. He asked “ for the (9) divisions of Reuben there

water, and she gave him milk, she “ were great thoughts (r) of heart. “ brought forth butter in a lordly dish. “ 16. Why abodest thou among the “ 26. She put her hand to the nail, and “ sheep-folds, to hear the bleatings of “ her right hand to the workmen's “the focks? For the divisions of Reu- “hammer: and with the hammer she “ ben, there were great searchings of smote Sisera, she smote (c) off his “ heart. 17. Gilead abode beyond “ head, when she had pierced and “ Jordan: and why did Dan remain in “ stricken through his temples. 27. At “ ships ? Asher continued on the sea- “ her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down; " shore, and abode in his (s) breaches. “ at her feet he bowed, he fell; where “ 18. Zebulun and Naphtali were a “ he bowed, there he fell down dead.

people that (t) jeoparded their lives “ 28. (d) The mother of Sisera looked “ unto the death, in the high places of “out at a window, and cried through “ the field. 19. (u) The kings came “ the lattice, “ Why is his chariot so and fought, then fought the kings of “ long in coming? why tarry the wheels “ Canaan in Taanach by the waters of “ of his chariots ? 29. Her wise ladies

Megiddo ; they took no (x) gain of “ answered her, yea, she returned an

money. 20. They (y) fought from swer to herself. 30. 66 Have they “ heaven, the stars (z) in their courses “ not sped ? have they not divided the fought against Sisera. 21. The river

“prey? to every man a damsel or two? “ of Kishon swept them away, that “ to Sisera a prey of divers colours, “ ancient river, the river Kishon: O my prey of divers colours of neeille-work, 66 soul, thou hast trodden down strength. " of divers colours of needle-work on


(n) v. 14. Part 5. An enumeration of those who joined Barak, and a censure upon those who did not.

(0) “ A root, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) “ the “ first rising : Its commencement. Benja“ min followed, &c."

(p)“ Machir," i. e. « Manasseh. 2 Hales, 307."

(9) v. 15. “ The divisions," i. e. “ their “ backwardness, their separation, their

neglecting to come up.”

(r) v. 15, 16. “ Thoughts, searchings," i. e. « Uneasiness," " inquiries," because they did not join.

(s) v. 17. “ Breaches,” i. e. strong “ holds."

(t) v. 18. “Jeoparded their lives unto the “ death," i. e. "disregarded all danger."

(u) 7. 19. Part 6. the battle and victory.

(2) “ No gain of money," i. e. " they “obtained no spoil. 2 Hales, 306."

(y) v. 20. “ They fought from heaven," i. e. “ heaven joined in the fight : it gave “ its assistance to Barak.”

(z) “ The stars, &c." It is hardly to be supposed that Deborah, even in the freedom of poetry, would attribute any real effect to the stars: she might mean to ridicule the Canaanites, who probably (a) v. 23." Meroz," perhaps a place in

. ” Canaan, 2 Hales 309; or (rather) a people that should have joined Barak.

(6) v. 24. Part 7. a panegyric upon Jae!.

(c) v. 26. “ Off," or rather “ through, and read, “she pierced and struck through “his temple." See 2 Hales, 307.

(d) v. 28. Part 8. a taunt upon the ex•

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“both sides, meet for the necks of them let them that love him (e), be as the " that take the spoil ? 31. So let all sun when he goeth forth in his might.” “thine enemies perish, O Lord: but

And the land had rest forty years.


“ Lord killeth (m), and maketh alive: And (g) Hannah (h) prayed, and said,

“ he bringeth down to the grave, and “ My heart rejoiceth in the Lord, mine

“ bringeth (n) up. 7. The Lord mak"horn is exalted in the LORD: my

“ eth poor, and maketh rich : he bring“ mouth is enlarged over mine enemies:

“ eth low, and lifteth up. 8. He raiseth “ because I rejoice in thy salvation.

“ up the (o) poor out of the dust, and " 2. There is none holy as the LORD: for

“ lifteth up the beggar from the dung“(i) there is none beside thee: neither

“ hill, to set them among princes, and to " is there any rock like our God. 3. Talk

“ make them inherit the throne of glory: no more so exceeding proudly, let not

“ for the pillars of the earth are the arrogancy come out of

“ Lord's, and he hath set the world mouth :

your “ for the LORD is a God of knowledge,

upon them. 9. He will keep (p) the "and by him actions are weighed.

feet of his saints, and the wicked shall “4. The bows of the mighty men are

6 be silent in darkness; for by strength broken, and they that stumbled are “ shall no man prevail. 10. The adgirt with strength. 5. They that were

“ versaries of the LORD shall be broken “full, have hired out themselves for

“to pieces ; out of heaven shall he “ bread, and they that were hungry,

“ thunder upon them : the LORD shall ceased (k): so that the barren hath

judge the ends of the earth, and he “ born seven ; and she that hath “shall give strength unto his (9) king,

many “ children is waxed (1) feeble. 6. The

“ and exalt the horn of his (r) anointed."

pectation of Sisera's house, finely ridicul- (p) v.9.“ Keep the feet," i.e. (probably) ing their confidence and impatience.

prevent them from falling," figuratively, (e) v.31. “Him,” or “thee." 2 Hales, 308. guard them against danger." Like Ps.

(g) v. 1 to 10. Hannah's thanksgiving for xci. 11. “ He shall give his angels charge Samuel's birth. B. C. 1165.

“ over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways : () “ Hannah," i. e. Samuel's mother. ". They shall bear thee in their hands, (i) 0. 2. “ For, &c." or, there is none be- “ that thou hurt not thy foot against a side thee; there is no Rock like our God. “ stone.”

(k) v. 5. “Ceased," i. e." to hunger," or (9) v. 10. “ His king" and his “anointed," exulted," " were filled.”

She is con- looking forward probably to the Messiah. trasting the changes God effects by de- There was as yet no king in Israel. 2 Hales, pressing the great, and raising up the

poor. 332. The Messiah might, even then, be well Like the passage in Mary's thanksgiving, an object of expectation from Jacob's pro(Luke i. 53.) " He hath filled the hungry phecy, (Gen. xlix. 10.) “ The sceptre shall " with good things, and the rich he hath is not depart from Judah, &c.” ante, 540. sent empty away.”

and from that of Balaam, Numb. xxiv. 17. (1) v.5. "Waxed feeble," i.e. "brought ante, 540. “ I shall see him, but not now, low," “ dispirited,” “ as much broken “ &c." Dr. Gray observes upon this pas“ hearted as if she had no child."

sage, “ The inspired hymn of Hannah (m) v. 6. “Killeth, &c." so Deut. xxxii. “ furnishes us with a grand prophecy of 39. “ See now that I, even I, am he, and “ Christ, who is here for the first time in “ there is no God with (or like) me: I kill, scripture described as the Messiah, or “ and I make alive ; I wound and I heal ; “ the anointed of the Lord, as the exalted “ neither is there any that can deliver out Sovereign, and appointed Judge of the " of my hand.”

“ earth. Gray 174.' (n) “Bringeth,” or “ raiseth."

(r) “ Anointed,” in the Hebrew " Mes (o) v. 8. * The poor, &c.” So Psalm “ siah,” in the Greek “ Christ."

0 0 3

cxiii. 7,8.

11. And Elkanah (s) went to Ramah to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20. And Eli his house : and the child (s) did minister blessed Elkanah, and his wife, and said, unto the Lord before Eli the priest. “ The LORD give thee seed of this wo12. Now the sons of Eli were sons (t) of “ man for (c) the loan which is lent Belial (t), they knew (u) not the LORD. 6 to the Lord.” And they went unto 13. And the priest's custom (2) with the their own home. 21. And the LORD people was, that when any man offered visited Hannah, so that she conceived sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while and bare three sons, and two daughters: the flesh was in seething (y), with a and the child Samuel grew before the flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand : LORD.

LORD. 22. Now Eli was very old, and 14. And he struck it into the pan, or heard all that his sons did unto all Israel, kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the and how they lay with the women that flesh-hook brought up, the priest took assembled at the door of the tabernacle for himself: so they did in Shiloh, unto of the congregation. 23. And he said all the Israelites that came thither. unto them, “Why do ye such things? 15. Also before they burnt the (z) fat, “ for I hear of your evil dealings, by all the priest's servant came, and said to “ this people. 24. Nay my sons, for it the man that sacrificed, “ Give flesh to “ is no good report that I hear; ye “ roast for the priest; for he will not “ make the Lord's people to transgress. “ have sodden (a) flesh of thee, but raw." “ 25. If one man sin against another, 16. And if any man said unto him, “ the judge shall judge him: but if a “ Let them not fail to burn the fat pre- man sin against the LORD, who shall 6 sently, and then take as much as thy

“ intreat for him?" Notwithstanding, • soul desireth :" then he would answer they hearkened not unto the voice of him, “ Nay, but thou shalt give it me their father, because the LORD would “now: and if not, I will take it by slay them. 26. (And the child Samuel « force.” 17. Wherefore the sin of grew on, and was in favour both with the young men was very great before the the Lord, and also with men.) 27. And Lord: for men abhorred the offering there came a man (d) of God unto Eli, of the Lord. 18. But Samuel mini- and said unto him, “ Thus saith the stred before the LORD, being a child

6 LORD, “ Did I plainly appear unto girded with a linen (6) ephod. 19. More- “ the house of thy (e) father, when they over his mother made him a little coat, were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house? and brought it to him from year to year, 66 28. And did I choose him (g) out of when she came up with her husband to

" all the tribes of Israel, to be my prie (s) v.11. “Elkanah,” “Samuel's father.” (6) v. 18. “ Ephod.” One of the holy “ The child," i.e. “ Samuel.”

garments made for Aaron, that he miglit (t) v. 12. “Sons of Belial,”i.e“wicked." minister unto God in the priest's office “ Belial," " wickedness.”

Exod. xxviii. 4. (u)“ Knew," i.e. “regarded," "rever- (c) v. 20. “ The loan," i. e. “ Samuel." “ enced.”

Hannah says, 1 Sam. i. 27, 28. “ For this (.x) v. 13. “ Custom.” This was contrary “ child I prayed; and the Lord hath to the Levitical law : the parts the priest given me my petition which I asked of was to have were fixed. See Lev. vii. 34. “ him : therefore also I have lent him to (y)" Seething," i. e. “ boiling."

“ the Lord: as long as he liveth he shall (z) v. 15. “ The fat.” It was one of the be lent unto the Lord." Mosaical ordinances, that the fat of every (d) v. 27.“ A man of God," i.e.“ a prosacrifice should be burnt upon the altar. “phet,” a “messenger from God." Lev. i. 9. 13. — iii. 4, 5. 9. 11. 15, 16. (e) v. 27, 28." Thy father," i. e. « Asiv. 8. 10. 19. 26. 31. 35. -- vii. 3. 5. 31. ron," who, with his descendants, were And it was a special injunction, Lev.vii. 23. appointed exclusively to the priest's office. “ Speak unto the children of Israel, say- See Exod. xxvii. “ing, Ye shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, (g) v. 28. “ Him," i. e. “ Aaron." See " or of sheep, or of goat.”

Exod. xxviii. (a “ Sodden," i. e. « boiled.”

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" to offer upon mine altar, to burn in- me up a faithful priest, that shall do

cense, to wear an ephod before me ? according to that which is in mine " and did I give unto the house of thy “ heart and in my mind : and I will “ father all the offerings made by fire of “ build (1) him a sure house; and he “ the children of Israel? 29. Where- “ shall walk before mine Anointed for “ fore kick ye at my sacrifice and at

36. And it shall come to pass, “mine offering, which I have com- that every one that is left in thine “ manded in my habitation; and ho- 6 house shall come and crouch to him “ nourest thy sons above me, to make “ for a piece of silver and a morsel of “ yourselves fat with the chiefest of all “ bread, and shall say, “ Put me (I pray “ the offerings of Israel my people ?" thee) into one of the priests' offices, 30. “Wherefore the LORD God of Israel “ that I may eat a piece of bread.” " saith, “ I said indeed that thy house,

CHAP. III. " and the house of thy father should " walk before me for ever:" but now

And the child Samuel ministered unto “ the LORD saith, “ Be it far from me;

the Lord before Eli; and the word of 5 for them that honour me, I will ho- the LORD was precious (m) in those days; “nour, and they that despise me, shall there was no open (n) vision. 2. And “ be lightly esteemed. 31. Behold, the it came to pass at that (o) time, when

days come that I will cut off thine Eli was laid down in his place, and his arm (h), and the arm of thy father's eyes began to wax dim, that he could house, that there shall not be an old

not see ;

3. And ere the lanıp of God “ man in thine house. 32. And thou went out in the (P) temple of the Lord, “shalt see an (i) enemy in my habitation, where the ark of God was, and Samuel « in all the wealth which God shall give

was laid down to sleep; 4. That the “ Israel: and there shall not be an old

LORD called Samuel. And he answered, man in thine house for ever. 33. And 66 Here am I.” 5. And he ran unto " the man of thine whom I shall not Eli, and said, “ Here am I; for thou

cut off from mine altar, shall be to 66 calledst me.” And he said, “I called

consume thine " thine heart: and all the increase of and lay down. 6. And the Lord called “thine house shall die in the flower of yet again Samuel. And Samuel arose “their age. 34. And this shall be a

and went to Eli, and said, “ Here am I, sign unto thee, that shall come upon

“ for thou didst call me." And he an“thy two sons, on Hophni and Phi- swered, “ I called not my son, lie down

neas; in one (k) day they shall die again" 7. Now Samuel did not yet “ both of them. 35. And I will raise know the LORD (9), neither was the

(h) v. 31. “ Arm," i.e. " strength." “ not frequent.” God made but few com(i) v. 32. “An enemy, &c." or " distress, munications. " because of thy iniquity, in every thing (n) “ No open vision," i. e. probably, “ wherein the strength of Israel hath

o no visible manifestation of his presence, "blessed thee;" alluding probably to the as there was in the wilderness, when the capture of the ark by the

Philistines which glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle: occurred shortly afterwards, and caused Exod. xl. 35. : and in later times, when his death. See 1 Sam. iv. 17, 18.

an angel of the Lord occasionally appeared, (k) v. 34. “ In one day, &c.” This hap- as to Gideon, Judges vi. 11. and to Manoah pened accordingly in the war against the and his wife, Judges xviii. 1. 9. And see Philistines, 1 Sam. iv. 11. “ The ark of

post, verse 21. “God was taken, and the two sons of Eli, (o) v. 2. “ At that time." B.C. 1141. “Hophni and Phineas, were slain."

(p) v. 3. “Temple," rather“ tabernacle." (9) v. 35. “Build, &c.” i. e. “ continue There was no temple at that time. “ his seed after him." This is often called (9) v. 7." The Lord, i.e.“ the voice of " building a house." See Exod. i. 21. — “ the Lord.” “ God had not been in the Deut. xxv.9.- Ruth iv. 7.-Ps.cxxvii. 1. “ habit of speaking to him. Pearson on the (m) v.1. “ Precious," i. e. “ uncommon,

“ Creed, 7."


eyes, and

to grieve not ; lie down again.” And he went

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