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war with him, and all the mighty men
of valour. 8. And the LORD said unto Now (r) it came to pass, when Adoni
Joshua, “ Fear them not: for I have zedek king of Jerusalem had heard how delivered them into thine hand : there Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly 6 shall not a man of them stand before destroyed it, (as he had done to Jericho " thee.” 9. Joshua therefore came un. and her king, so he had done to Ai and to them suddenly, and went up from her king,) and how the inhabitants of Gilgal all night. 10. And the LORD Gibeon had made peace with Israel, discomfited them before Israel, and slew and were among them; 2. That they them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, feared greatly, because Gibeon was a and chased them along the way that great city, as one of the royal cities, goeth up to Beth-horon, and smote and because it was greater than Ai, and them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. all the men
thereof were mighty. 11. And it came to pass as they fled 3. Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jeru- from before Israel, and were in the salem, sent unto Hoham king of Heb- going down to Beth-horon, that the ron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, Lord cast down great stones from heaand unto Japhia king of Lachish, and ven upon them unto Azekah, and they unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, died: they were more which died with 4. “ Come up unto me, and help me, hailstones, than they whom the children " that we may smite Gibeon: for it of Israel slew with the sword. 12. Then “ hath made peace with Joshua, and spake Joshua to the Lord in the day 6 with the children of Israel.” 5. There- when the Lord delivered up the Amofore the five kings of the Amorites, the rites before the children of Israel, and king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, he said in the sight of Israel, “ Sun (5) the king of Jarmuth, the king of La- “ stand thou still upon Gibeon (t), and chish, the king of Eglon, gathered “ thou moon, in the valley of Ajalon (t)" themselves together, and went up, they 13. And the sun stood still, and the and all their hosts, and encamped be- moon stayed, until the people had fore Gibeon, and made war against it. avenged themselves
avenged themselves upon their enemies
. 6. And the men of Gibeon sent unto Is not this written in the book of JaJoshua to the camp at Gilgal, saying, sher? so the sun stood still in the midst “ Slack not thy hand from thy ser- of heaven, and hasted not to go down “ vants; come up to us quickly, and about a whole day. 14. And there was “ save us, and help us : for all the kings no day like that, before it or after it, that " of the Amorites that dwell in the the Lord hearkened unto the voice of a “ mountains are gathered together man: for the Lord fought for Israel
. " against us." 7. So Joshua ascended 15. And Joshua returned, and all Israel from Gilgal, he and all the people of with him, unto the camp to (u) Gilgal
(r) v. 1. “ Now." The year the Israelites passed over Jordan. B.C. 1451.
(s) v. 12. “ Sun, &c." or, “ Let the sun “ stand still upon Gibeon, and the moon
on, &c.” The Sept. is so: and the Heb. admits equally of either construction. The pronoun
vi thou" is not in the original ; and the same word stands for the second and third persons imperative. The beginning of the verse states that Joshua addressed himself to the Lord, and v. 14. that
the Lord hearkened, &c.; and would it not have been presumptuous, without God's command or permission, to have thus addressed the sun and moon ?
Gibeon," which was eastward. and “ Ajalon," westward. 2 Hales, 290.
(u) v. 15. is probably inserted here by mistake : it is not in the Vatican or Ales. andrine MSS.; and it occurs rightly in v. 43. Verse 21. states that the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makke
16. But these five kings fled, and hid to pass at the time of the going down of themselves in a cave at Makkedah. the sun, that Joshua commanded, and 17. And it was told Joshua, saying, they took them down off the trees, and the five kings are found hid in a cave at cast them into the cave wherein they Makkedah. 18. And Joshua said, “Roll had been hid, and laid great stones in
great stones upon the mouth of the cave, the cave's mouth, which remain until " and set men by it for to keep them. this (v) very day. 28. And that day “ 19. And stay you not, but pursue after Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it “ your enemies, and smite the hindmost with the edge of the sword, and the “ of them, suffer them not to enter into king thereof he utterly destroyed, them " their cities : for the LORD your God and all the souls that were therein, he “ hath delivered them into your hand.” let none remain: and he did to the king 20. And it came to pass when Joshua of Makkedah, as he did unto the king and the children of Israel had made an (w) of Jericho. 29. Then Joshua passed end of slaying them with a very great from Makkedah, and all Israel with slaughter till they were consumed, that him, unto Libnah, and fought against the rest which remained of them entered Libnah. 30. And the LORD delivered into fenced cities. 21. And all the peo- it also, and the king thereof, into the ple returned to the camp to Joshua at
hand of Israel, and he smote it with the Makkedah in peace: none moved his edge of the sword, and all the souls that tongue against any of the children of were therein : he let none remain in it, Israel
. 22. Then said Joshua, “Open but did unto the king thereof, as he did " the mouth of the cave, and bring out unto the king of Jericho. 31, And “ those five kings unto me out of the Joshua passed from Libnah, and all “ cave." 23. And they did so, and
Israel with him unto Lachish, and enbrought forth those five kings unto him camped against it, and fought against it. out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, 32. And the LORD delivered Lachish the king of Hebron, the king of Jar
into the hand of Israel which took it on muth, the king of Lachish, and the the second day, and smote it with the king of Eglon. 24. And it came to pass edge of the sword, and all the souls when they brought out those kings un- that were therein, according to all that to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the he had done to Libnah. 33. Then Homen of Israel, and said unto the cap
ram king of Gezer, came up to help tains of the men of war, which went Lachish; and Joshua smote him and with him, “Come near, put your feet his people, until he had left him none
upon the necks of these kings.” And remaining. 34. And from Lachish, they came near, and put their feet upon Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all the necks of them. 25. And Joshua Israel with him, and they encamped said unto them, “ Fear not nor be dis- against it, and fought against it. 35. And " mayed, be strong and of good cour- they took it on that day, and smote it
age: for thus shall the Lord do to all with the edge of the sword, and all the your enemies against whom ye fight.” souls that were therein he utterly de26. And afterwards Joshua smote them, stroyed that day, according to all that and slew them, and hanged them on five
he had done to Lachish. 36. And trees: and they were hanging upon the Joshua went up from Eglon, and all trees until the evening. 27. And it came Israel with him, unto Hebron, and they
dah, which was near the place of battle, whereas Gilgal was fifteen miles off
. See 2. Hales, 291. Kennic. Rem.90. 1. Wall. 153.
(v) v. 27. “ This very day,” i. e. “ the " time when the book of Joshua was
(w) v. 28. “ The King of Jericho." Nothing is particularly stated as to the death of the king of Jericho : they utterly destroyed all that was in Jericho, both man and woman, young and old, and ox and sheep and ass. Josh. vi. 21.
fought against it. 37. And they took it, stricken in age. 2. And Joshua called and smote it with the edge of the sword, for all Israel, and for their elders, and and the (x) king thereof, and all the for their heads, and for their judges, cities thereof, and all the souls that and for their officers, and said unto were therein : he left none remaining, them, “I am old, and stricken in age. (according to all that he had done to “ 3. And ye have seen all that the Eglon) but destroyed it utterly, and all “ LORD your God hath done unto all the souls that were therein. 38. And “ these () nations because of you; for Joshua returned, and all Israel with “the LORD your God is he that hath him to Debir, and fought against it. “ fought for you. 4. Behold, I have 39. And he took it, and the king thereof, “ divided unto you by (a) lot these neand all the cities thereof, and they smote “tions that (6) remain, to be an inbethem with the edge of the sword, and “ ritance for your tribes, from Jordan, utterly destroyed all the souls that were " with all the nations that I have cut off, therein, he left none remaining: as he “ even unto the (c) great sea westward. had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, “ 5. And the LORD your God, he shall and to the king thereof, as he had done expel them from before you, and also to Libnah, and to her king. 40. So “ drive them from out of your sight
, Joshua smote all the country of the “ and ye shall possess their land, as hills, and of the south, and of the vale, “the LORD your God had promised and of the springs, and all their kings: “ unto you. 6. Be ye
therefore very he left none remaining, but utterly de- “ courageous (d) to keep and to do stroyed all that breathed, as the LORD 66 all that is written in the book of God of Israel commanded. 41. And “ the law of Moses, that ve turn not Joshua smote them from Kadesh-bar- “ aside therefrom, to the right hand or nea, even unto Gaza, and all the coun- “ to the left. 7. That ye come not try of Goshen, even unto Gibeon.
“ among these nations, these that re42. And all these kings, and their land “ main amongst you, neither make did Joshua take at one time : because “ mention of the name of their gods
, the LORD God of Israel fought for “ nor cause to swear by them, neither Israel. 43. And Joshua returned, and serve them, nor bow yourselves unto all Israel with him, unto the camp to 66 them : 8. But cleave unto the LORD Gilgal.
your God, as ye have done unto this
“ day. 9. For the Lord hath driven CHAP. XXIII.
“out from before you, great nations And it came to pass, a (y) long time “and strong: but (e) as for you, after that the Lord had given rest unto 6 man hath been able to stand before Israel from all their enemies round
you unto this day. 10. One (8) man about, that Joshua waxed old and
you shall chase a thousand : for
(x) v. 37. The Sept. omits “and the
king thereof;" he was slain before. See v. 23. 26.
(y) v. 1. “A long time, &c.” about 25 years after the death of Moses. B. C. 1427. (z) v. 3.
" These nations," i. e. “ the Canaanites whom Joshua had de“stroyed.”
(a) v. 4. “By lot.” See xiv. xv. xvi. xvii. xviii. xix. Joshua.
(6) “ That remain," all the promised land was not as yet subdued : Part of the promise was, “ by little and little I will is drive them (the inbabitants) out from
“ before thee, until thou be increased, and “ inherit the land: I will not drive them “ out from before thee in one year, lest “ the land become desolate, and the beast “ of the field multiply against thee." “ Exod. xxiii. 30. 29." See Josh, xiii. 1. &c.
(c) “ The great Sea," viz. “the Medi“ terranean."
(d) v. 6. “ Courageous" or "strict;" let nothing deter you, or make you relax.
(e) v. 9. “ But,” or “and." Sept.
“the LORD your God he it is that “ hath failed of all the good things “ fighteth for you, as he hath promised “ which the LORD your God spake
you. 11. Take good heed therefore “ concerning you; all are come to pass “ unto yourselves, that ye love the unto you, and not one thing hath “ LORD your God.
12. Else if ye
6 failed thereof. 15. Therefore it shall “ do in any wise go back, and cleave “come to pass, that as all good things “unto the remnant of these nations, are come upon you, which the LORD
even these that remain among you, your God promised you : so (h) shall " and shall make marriages with them, “the Lord bring upon you all evil “and go in unto them, and they to things, until he have destroyed you
you: 13. Know for a certainty, that “ from off this good land which the " the LORD your God will no more “ LORD your God hath given you. “ drive out any of these nations from “ 16. When (i) ye have transgressed " before you; but they shall be snares
66 the covenant of the LORD your " and traps unto you, and scourges in
“ God, which he commanded you, your sides, and thorns in your eyes, “ and have gone and served other “ until ye perish_from off this good gods, and bowed yourselves to them: “ land which the LORD your
God hath " then (k) shall the anger of the Lord given you. 14. And behold, this day “ be kindled against you, and ye " I am going the way of all the earth,“ shall perish quickly from off the “and ye know in all your hearts, and “good land which he hath given unto “ in ali
your souls, that not one thing
judged Israel at that time. 5. And she
dwelt under the palm-tree of Deborah, And the children of Israel again did between Ramah and Beth-el, in mount evil in the sight of the Lord, when Ephraim, and the children of Israel Ehud (1) was dead. 2. And the
came up to her for judgment. 6. And LORD (m) sold them into the hand of she sent (n) and called Barak the son Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in of Abinoam, out of Kedesh-naphtali, Hazor; the captain of whose host was and said unto him, “ Hath not the Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the « LORD God of Israel commanded, Gentiles. 3. And the children of Israel “ saying, “Go and draw toward mount cried unto the LORD: for he had nine “ Tabor, and take with thee ten thouhundred chariots of iron, and twenty “ sand men of the children of Naphtali years he mightily oppressed the children « and of the children of Zebulun ? of Israel. 4. 'And Deborah a pro- 66 7. And I will draw unto thee to the phetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she “ river Kishon, Sisera, the captain of
“ How should one chase a " thousand, or two put ten thousand to
Aight, except their rock had sold them, “ and the Lord had shut them up."
(h) v. 15. “ So, &c.” as God had promised them success, (which had hitherto been eminently fulfilled,) upon obedience, 80 had he denounced against them destruction if they disobeyed. See Deuter. xxx.
(i) v. 16. “When ye have transgressed,
“ &c.” or “ if ye transgress, &c. and go “ and serve other gods, and bow your“ selves, &c."
(k) “ Then,” or surely."
i) v. l. “ Ehud," a Benjamite, who bad delivered the children of Israel from the dominion of the Moabites. Judges iii. 14 to 30.
(m) v. 2. “ Sold them.” B.C. 1316. (n) v. 6. “ Sent.” B.C. 1296.
“Jabin's army, with his chariots and
a man left.
17. Howbeit Sisera fled “his multitude; and I will deliver him away on his feet to the tent of Jael the “ into thine hand.” 8. And Barak wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was said unto her, “ If thou wilt go with peace between Jabin the king of Hazor “ me, then I will go :' but if thou wilt and the house of Heber the Kenite. “ not go with me, then I will not go.” 18. And Jael went out to meet Sisera, 9. And she said, “ I will surely go with and said unto him, “ Turn in, my lord, “thee : notwithstanding the journey “ turn in to me; fear not:" And when " that thou takest, shall not be for he had turned in unto her into the “ thine honour; for the LORD shall sell tent, she covered him with a mantle. 6 Sisera into the hand of a woman.” 19. And he said unto her, “ Give me, And Deborah arose, and went with “ I pray thee, a little water to drink; Barak to Kedesh. 10. And Barak “ for I am thirsty:" And she opened called Zebulun (0) and Naphtali to a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, Kedesh; and he went up with ten and covered him. 20. Again he said thousand men at his feet: and Deborah unto her, “ Stand in the door of the went up with him. 11. Now Heber “ tent, and it shall be when any man the Kenite, which was of the children « doth come and enquire of thee, and of (p) Hobab the father in law of Moses, say, Is there any man here?” that thou had severed himself from the Kenites, “ shalt say, “ No.” 21. Then Jael and pitched his tent unto the plain of Heber's wife took a (2) nail of the tent, Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh. 12. And and took an hammer in her hand, and they shewed Sisera that Barak the son went softly unto him, and smote the of Abinoam was gone up to mount
nail into his temples, and fastened it Tabor. 13. And Sisera gathered to- into the ground: (for he was fast asleep gether all his chariots, even nine hundred and weary): So he died. 22. And, chariots of iron, and all the people that behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael were with him, from Harosheth of the
came out to meet him, and said unto Gentiles unto the river of Kishon. him, “ Come, and I will shew thee the 14. And Deborah said unto Barak, si man whom thou seekest.” And when “ Up; for this is the day in which the he came into her tent, behold, Sisera “ LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine lay dead, and the nail was in his tem“ hand : is not the LORD gone out ples. 23. So God subdued on that 6 before thee ?” So Barak went down day Jabin the king of Canaan, before from mount Tabor, and ten thousand the children of Israel. 24. And the men after him. 15. And the Lord dis- hand of the children of Israel prospered
, comfited Sisera, and all his chariots
, and prevailed against Jabin the king of and all his host, with the edge of the Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabia sword before Barak; so that Sisera king of Canaan. lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet. 16. But Barak pur
CHAP. V. sued after the chariots, and after the Tuen (») sang Deborah and Barak host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles : the son of Abinoam, on that day, set• and all the host of Sisera fell upon the ing, 2. “ Praise ye the Lord for the edge of the sword; and there was not avenging of Israel, when the people
(0) v. 10. “ Zebulun and Naphtali," unless upon a supposition that Jael acted i. e. “ the men of those tribes."
under the influence of a divine impulse : (p)
v. 11. “ Of Hobab the father in law Deborah had foretold in verse 9. that the “ of Moses," so that he was nearly con- Lord should sell Sisera into the hand of 8 nected by blood with many of the Israelites, woman. 2. Hales, 302. and might on that account feel a common (r) A thanksgiving, in 8 Parts, aboundinterest with then.
ing in the richest ornaments of sacred (9) v. 21. “ Took a nail, &c.” This
oriental poetry. 2. Hales, S04. B.C. breach of hospitality cannot be justified, 1296.