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“ this day.

"he sware unto thy fathers, to Abra- “ Pharaoh, and upon all his household, “ham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give “ before our eyes: 23. And he brought " thee, great and goodly cities which “ us out from thence, that he might 66 thou buildest not,

11. And houses

“ bring us in, to give us the land which “ full of all good things which thou " he sware unto our fathers. 24. And “ filledst not, and wells digged which " the LORD commanded us to do all “thou diggedst not, vineyards and olive " these statutes, to fear the Lord our

trees which thou plantedst not, when “ God, for our good always, that he 6 thou shalt have eaten and be full ; might preserve us alive, as it is at "12. Then beware lest thou forget the

25. And it shall be our " LORD which brought thee forth out “ righteousness, if we observe to do " of the land of Egypt, from the house 6 all these commandments before the “of bondage. 13. Thou shalt fear the “ LORD our God, as he hath com“ LORD thy God and serve (k) him, 6 manded us.” “ and shall swear by his name. 14. Ye “ shall not go after other gods, of the

CHAP. VII. gods of the people which are round “ about you: 15. (For the Lord thy When (m) the LORD thy God shall “ God is a jealous God among you) “ bring thee into the land whither thou “ lest the anger of the LORD thy God goest to possess it, and hath cast out “ be kindled against thee, and destroy many nations before thee, the Hit- thee from off the face of the earth. " tites, and the Girgashites, and the “ 16. Ye shall not tempt the Lord “ Amorites, and the Canaanites, and

your God, as ye tempted him in (1) “ the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the “ Massah. 17. You shall diligently

“ Jebusites, seven nations greater and “ keep the commandments of the mightier than thou; 2. And then “Lord your God, and his testi- “the LORD thy God shall deliver them 6 monies and his statutes which he before thee, thou shalt smite them, and “ hath commanded thee. 18. And “ utterly destroy them, thou shalt make 66 thou shalt do that which is right and “ no covenant with them, nor shew mercy “good in the sight of the Lord: that “ unto them: 3. Neither shalt thou “it may be well with thee, and that “ make marriages with them; thy 6 thou mayest go in and possess the daughter thou shalt not give unto his

good land which the LORD sware son, nor his daughter shalt thou take “ unto thy fathers: 19.“ To cast out unto thy son.

4. For they will turn 66 all thine enemies from before thee,” away thy son from following me, " as the LORD bath spoken. 20. And they may serve other Gods: so “ when thy sou asketh thee in time to “ the anger of the Lord be kindled come, saying, " What mean the tes

against you, and destroy thee sud“ timonies, and the statutes, and the denly. 5. But thus shall “ judgments which the Lord our God “ with them; ye shall destroy their “ hath commanded you?” 21. Then “altars, and break down their images 6 thou shalt say unto thy son,

6 We

“ and cut down their groves, and burn were Pharaoh's bond-men in Egypt, “ their graven images with fire. 6. For " and the LORD brought us out of “ thou art a holy people unto the Lord

Egypt with a mighty hand. 22. And “thy God: the LORD thy God hath “the Lord shewed signs and wonders, “ chosen thee to be a special people unto

great and sore, upon Egypt, upon “ himself, above all people that are upor

that will




(k) v. 13. “ And serve him,” or “ and “him only shalt thou serve. Sept.” It is so quoted by our Saviour, Matt. iv. 10. Luke iv. 8. In that age some men worshipped false gods in addition to, and together with the true one. Kennic. Rem. 73.

(1 v. 16. “ In Massah," " by murmur“ing for want of water, and so distrusting “ God's power to supply it." See Exod. xvii. 1, 2. 7. (m) Continuation of the address of Mo

Before Christ, 1451.


you, because


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" the face of the earth. 7. The LORD “ people which the Lord thy God shall “ did not set his love upon you, nor

“ deliver thee, thine eye shall have no 66 choose

ye were more in pity upon them: neither shalt thou “ number than any people (for ye were serve their Gods, for that will be a “the fewest of all people): 8. But snare unto thee. 17. If thou shalt “ because the Lord loved you, and be- say in thine heart, “ These nations

cause he would keep the (n) oath are more than I, how can I dispossess “ which he had sworn unto your fa

66 them? 18. Thou shalt not be afraid “thers, hath the LORD brought you

6 of them: but shalt well remember “out with a mighty hand, and re- “ what the Lord thy God did unto deemed you out of the house of bond

“ Pharaoh,


unto all Egypt ; “men, from the hand of Pharaoh king 19. The great (o; temptations which " of Egypt. 9. Know therefore that “thine eyes saw, and the signs, and " the LORD thy God he is God, the “ the wonders, and the mighty hand, “ faithful God, which keepeth covenant

66 and the stretched out arm, whereby "and mercy with them that love him “ the LORD thy God brought thee out : " and keep his commandments, to a so shall the LORD thy God do unto “ thousand generations; 10. And re- “ all the people of whom thou art payeth them that hate him, to their

66 afraid.

20. Moreover, the LORD face, to destroy them: he will not be “ thy God will send the hornet among “slack to him that hateth him, he will “ them, until they that are left and hide "

repay him to his face. 11. Thou 6 themselves from thee, be destroyed. " shalt therefore keep the command

“ 21. Thou shalt not be affrighted at "ments, and the statutes, and the “ them: for the LORD thy God is "judgments which I command thee among you, a mighty God and ter" this day, to do them. 12. Where- 66 rible. 22. And the Lord thy God “fore it shall come to pass,


ye “ will put out those nations before thee “hearken to these judgments, and keep by little and little: thou mayest not “and do them, that the LORD thy God consume them at once, lest the beasts “shall keep unto thee the (n) covenant

66 of the field increase


thee. " and the mercy which he sware unto “ 23. But the LORD thy God shall “thy fathers. 13. And he will love thee, 66 deliver them unto thee, and shall de" and bless thee, and multiply thee : stroy them with a mighty destruction, "he will also bless the fruit of thy “ until they be destroyed. 24. And he womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy “ shall deliver their kings into thine corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, “ hand, and thou shalt destroy their " the increase of thy kine, and the

" name from under heaven : there shall " flocks of thy sheep, in the land which “ no man be able to stand before thee, "he sware unto thy fathers to give

“ until thou have destroyed them. “thee. 14. Thou shalt be blessed “ 25. The graven images of their gods " above all people: there shall not be “ shall ye burn with fire: thou shalt “male or female barren among you, or

not desire the silver or gold that is on among your cattle. 15. And the “ them, nor take it unto thee, lest thou " LORD will take away from thee all

“ be snared therein: for it is an abo"sickness, and will put none of the 6 mination to the LORD thy God. "evil diseases of Egypt (which thou

“ 26. Neither shalt thou bring an abo"knowest) upon thee; but will lay “ mination into thy house, lest thou be upon

all them that hate thee. a cursed thing like it : but thou shalt * 16. And thou shalt consume all the utterly detest it, and thou shalt

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(n) v. 8. “ The oath ;" and v. 12. “ The covenant,"

“ to give them the land of See ante, 547. note on Deut.

(o) v. 19. “ Temptations," i. e. " the “plagues brought upon the land of Egypt."

* Canaan." vi. 10.

XN 3


66 thee.



“ utterly abhor it, for it is a cursed “shalt bless the LORD thy God, for thing."

“ the good land which he hath given

11. Beware that thou forget CHAP. VIII.

“ not the LORD thy God, in not keepAll (p) the commandments which “ing his commandments, and his judg“ I (9) command thee this day, shall ments, and his statutes, which I

ye observe to do, that ye may live “ command thee this day: 12. Lest “ and multiply, and go in and possess

66 when thou hast eaten and art full

, “ the (q) land which the LORD sware “ and hast built goodly houses, and “ unto your fathers. 2. And thou 66 dwelt therein; 13. And when thy “ shalt remember all the way which “ herds and thy flocks multiply, and “ the LORD thy God led thee these thy silver and thy gold is multiplied, “ forty years in the wilderness, to “ and all that thou hast is multiplied: “ humble thee, and to prove thee, to • 14. Then thine heart be lifted up, “ know what was in thine heart, whe- “ and thou forget the LORD thy God, “ther thou wouldest keep his com- (which brought thee forth out of the

mandments, or 3. And he “ land of Egypt, from the house of “ humbled thee, and suffered thee to “ bondage; 15. Who led thee through hunger, and fed thee with (r) man- 6 that great and terrible wilderness

, “ na which thou knewest not, neither wherein were (s) fiery serpents, and “ did thy fathers know, that he might “ scorpions, and drought, where there 66 make thee know that man doth not was no (t) water; who brought thee “ live by bread only; but by every " forth water out of the rock of flint; word that proceedeth out of the 6 16. Who fed thee in the wilderness “ mouth of the Lord, doth man live. “ with (r) manna, which thy fathers “ 4. Thy raiment waxed not old upon “ knew not, that he might humble thee,

thee, neither did thy foot swell these “and that he might prove thee, to do

forty years. 5. Thou shalt also consi- “ thee good at thy latter end), 17. And “ der in thine heart, that as a man chas- “ thou say in thine heart, “ My power “ teneth his son, so the Lord thy God “ and the might of my hand hath got“ chasteneth thee. 6. Therefore thou “ ten me this wealth.” 18. But thou “shalt keep the commandments of the “ shalt remember the LORD thy God: “ LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, " for it is he that giveth thee power to 66 and to fear him. 7. For the LORD get wealth, that he may establish his “thy God bringeth thee into a good “ covenant, which he sware unto thy

land, a land of brooks of water, of “ fathers, as it is this day. 19. And it “ fountains, and depths that spring “ shall be, if thou do at all forget the “ out of valleys and hills. 8. A land “ LORD thy God, and walk after other “ of wheat and barley, and vines and “ gods, and serve them, and worship “ fig-trees, and pomegranates; a land “ them, 1 testify against you this day

, “ of oil-olive, and honey; 9. A land “ that ye shall surely perish. 20. As " wherein thou shalt eat bread without o the nations which the LORD destroy

scarceness, thou shalt not lack any “eth before your face, so shall ye pe“ thing in it; a land whose stones are “rish : because (u) ye would not be “ iron, and out of whose hills thou “ obedient unto the voice of the LORD “ mayest dig brass. 10. When thou 6 hast eaten and art full, then thou

your God."


(p) Continuation of the address of Mo

Before Christ, 1451. (9) v. 1. “I," i. e.

“ Moses ;" « The “ land,"i. " of Canaan.” See ante, 547. note on Deut. vi. 10.

(r) v. 3. 16.“ Manna." See Exod. xvi. 15.

(s) v. 15. “ Fiery serpents, &c." See Numb. xxi. 4, 5, 6.

(1) “ Water, &c." See Exod. xvï. 6.

(u) v. 20. “ Because ye would not," or “ if ye will not."


66 LORD.


“ wilderness : from the day that thou CHAP. IX.

“ didst depart out of the land of Egypt Hear, (v) O Israel: thou art to “ until ye came unto this place, ye pass over Jordan this day, to go in “ have been rebellious against the " to possess nations greater and mightier

8. Also in (z) Horeb ye than thyself, cities great and fenced provoked the Lord to wrath, so that up to heaven, 2. A people great

66 the LORD was angry


you, " and tall, the children of the Anakims, “ have destroyed you. 9. When I was "whom thou knowest, and of whom gone up into the mount, to receive 6 thou hast heard

66 Who can

o the tables of stone, even the tables of “ stand before the children of Anak ?” “ the covenant which the Lord made “ 3. Understand therefore this day,

66 with


then I abode in the mount " that the LORD thy God is he which “ forty (a) days and forty nights, I

goeth over before thee as a consum- 6 neither did eat bread nor drink " ing fire: he shall destroy them, and

66 water :

10. And the Lord delivered " he shall bring them down before thy “ unto me two (6) tables of stone written "face: so shalt thou drive them out, “ with the finger of God, and on them 6 and destroy them quickly, as the was written according to all the words “ Lord hath said unto thee. 4. Speak

“ which the LORD spake with you in "not thou in thine heart, after that “ the mount, out of the midst of fire, " the LORD thy God hath cast them “ in the day of the assembly. 11. And "out from before thee, saying, “ For “ it came to pass at the end of forty "my righteousness the LORD hath “ days and forty nights, that the LORD " brought me in to possess this land :” gave me the two tables of stone, even “ but (w) for the wickedness of these " the tables of the covenant. 12. And “ nations the LORD doth drive them o the LORD said unto me,

“ Arise, (c) out from before thee. 5. Not (x) for get thee down quickly from hence; thy righteousness, or for the upright- “ for thy people which thou hast ness of thine heart, dost thou go to “ brought forth out of Egypt, have possess their land: but for the wicked- corrupted themselves: they are quickly

ness of these nations the LORD thy li turned aside out of the which I “ God doth drive them out from before " commanded them; they have made “thee, and that he may perform the “ them a molten image.” 13. Further“ word (y) which the LORD sware unto “ more, the LORD spake unto me, say" thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Ja- ing, “ I have seen this people, and “cob. 6. Understand therefore that “ behold, it is a stiff-necked people. “the LORD thy God giveth thee not “ 14. Let me alone, that I may destroy "this good land to possess it, for thy " them, and blot out their name from " righteousness; for thou art a stiff- 66 under heaven : and I will make of "necked people. 7. Remember and

“thee a nation mightier and greater “forget not how thou provokedst “ than they." 15. So I turned and " the LORD thy God to wrath in the came down from the mount, and the




(v) Continuation of the address of Moses. Before Christ, 1451.

(w) v. 4. “ But,” rather “ for.".

(2) v. 5. “ Not, &c." A prudent admonition, that in their future successes they might not be elated with pride and forget God, but be impressed with awe, and turn to him more closely: - that by seeing the punishment upon sin, they might adhere more strictly to righteous

(y) “ The word, &c." i. e. “the pro“ mise to give them the land of Canaan.” See ante, note on Deut. vi. 10.

(z) v. 8. “ In Horeb, &c.” See Exod. xxxii.

(a) v: 9. “ Forty days, &c.” See Exod. xxiv. 18.

(6) v. 10. “ Two tables, &c." See Exod. xxxi, 18.

(c) v. 12. « Arise, &c.” See Exod. xxxii. 7. &c.


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mount burned with fire: and the two

“and possess the land which I have 66 tables of the covenant were in my “ given you;" then you rebelled against "two hands. 16. And I looked, and

6 the commandment of the Lord your “ behold, ye had sinned against the “ God, and ye believed him not, nor “ LORD your God, and had made you 6 hearkened to his voice. 24. You have “a molten calf: ye had turned aside

“ been rebellious against the LORD, quickly out of the way which the “ from the day that I knew you. “ Lord had commanded you. 17. And

“ 25. Thus (i) I fell (k) down before “ I took the two tables, and cast them “ the Lord forty days and forty nights, “ out of my two hands, and brake them

as I fell down at the first ; because “ before your eyes.

18. And I fell

" the Lord had said he would destroy 6 down before the LORD, as at the first

you. 26. I prayed therefore unto the “ forty days and forty nights; I did

“ Lord, and said, (1) “O Lord God, “ neither eat bread nor drink water, be

“ destroy not thy people, and thine incause of all your sins which


“ heritance, which thou hast redeemed “ in doing wickedly in the sight of the

“ through thy greatness, which thou " Lord, to provoke him to anger.

“ hast brought forth out of Egypt with “ 19. (For I was afraid of the

anger “a mighty hand. 27. Remember thy " and hot displeasure wherewith the

“ servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; “ LORD was wroth against you to de- “ look not unto the stubbornness of this stroy you). But the Lord hearkened

people, nor to their wickedness, nor “ unto me at that time also. 20. And the

66 to their sin : 28. Lest the land “ LORD was very angry with Aaron to " whence thou broughtest us out, say, “ have destroyed him: and I prayed " Because the LORD was not able to " for Aaron also the


“ bring them into the land which be “ 21. And I took your sin, the calf

promised them, and because he hated “ which ye had made, and burnt it with

" them, he hath brought them out to “ fire, and stamped it, and ground it

slay them in the wilderness. 29. Yet very small, even until it

they are thy people, and thine inheri“ small as dust: and I cast the

“ tance, which thou broughtest out by “ dust thereof into the brook that de

thy mighty power and by thy 6 scended out of the mount. 22. And

66 stretched out arm.” “at (d) Taberah, and at (e) Massah,

CHAP. X. “ and at (g) Kibroth-hattaavah, ye pro6 voked the Lord to wrath. 23. Like- Ar (m) that (n) time the Lord said 66 wise when the LORD sent


“ Hew thee two tables “ Kadesh-barnea (1), saying, “Go up “ of stone, like unto the first, and come





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“ unto (o) me,

(d) v. 22. “ Taberah.” See Numb. xi. 1 to 3.

(e) “ Massah." See Exod. xvii. 7. where they murmured for want of water.

(g) " Kibroth-hattaavah.” See Numb. xi. 34. where the Israelites required flesh to eat.

(h) v. 23. “Kadesh-barnea," where they murmured through fear of the inhabitants of the land of Canaan. See Numb. xiii. 26 to 33. and Numb. xiv.

(i) v. 25. “ Thus,” or “and,” or “but."

(k) “ I fell down, &c." not that he fell down, &c. a third time for forty days, &c. but this refers to what was begun upon in v. 18. and the narrative there not being complete, Moses here resumes it. order is not so strictly attended to as

might have been expected : it would be better preserved if v. 21. were inserted after v. 17. if v. 19, 20. were at the end of the chapter, and if u. 22, 23, 24. were inserted in the next chapter, at the end of v.11.

(1) v. 26, 27, 28. See Exod. xxxii. 11, 12, 13.

(m) Continuation of the address of Moses. B. C. 1451.

(n) v. I. “At that time." i.e. After the Israelites had made themselves a golden calf, and Moses had broken the two tables of stone on which God had first written the ten commandments. See Exod. xxxiv.

1, 2,


(0) “Me,” i. e. “ Moses."

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