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“ hast smitten me these three times ?” come unto thee: have I now any 29. And Balaam said unto the ass, “power at all to say any thing? the “ Because thou hast mocked me: I “ word that God putteth in my mouth, 6 would there were a sword in mine " that shall I speak.” 39. And Balaam “ hand, for now would I kill thee.” went with Balak, and they came unto 30. And the ass said unto Balaam, Kirjath-huzoth. 40. And Balak offered “ Am not I thine ass, upon which thou oxen and sheep, and sent to Balaam, “hast ridden ever since I was thine and to the princes that were with him. “ unto this day? was I ever wont to do 41. And it came to pass on the mortos, “ so unto thee?” And he said, “ Nay." that Balak took Balaam and brought 31. Then the LORD opened the eyes him up into the high places of Baal, that of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the thence he might see the utmost part of LORD standing in the way, and his the people. sword drawn in his hand : and he

CHAP. XXIII. bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face. 32. And the angel of the

And Balaam said unto Balak, “ Build LORD said unto him, “ Wherefore hast here seven altars, and prepare me “ thou smitten thine ass these three “ here (x) seven oxen and seven rams." “ times ? Behold, I went out to with- 2. And Balak did as Balaam had spoken; • stand thee, because thy way is perverse and Balak and Balaam (y) offered on “ before me.

33. And the ass saw me, every altar a bullock and a ram. 3. And 6 and turned from me these three times : Balaam said unto Balak, “ Stand by 6 unless she had turned from me, surely “thy burnt offering, and I will go “ now also I had slain thee, and saved

“ peradventure the Lord will come to 6 her alive.” 34. And Balaam said “ meet me: and whatsoever he sheweth unto the angel of the LORD, “ I have me, I will tell thee.” And he went “ sinned; for I knew not that thou to an high place. 4. And God met 66 stoodest in the way against me: now Balaam; and he said unto him, “ I have “ therefore if (u) it displease thee, I “ prepared seven altars, and I have “ will get me back again.” 35. And “offered upon every altar a bullock the angel of the Lord said unto Balaam, " and a ram.” 5. And the Lord put “ Go with the men: but only the word a word in Balaam's mouth, and said, " that I shall speak unto thee, that « Return unto Balak, and thus thou “ thou shalt speak :” So Balaam went “ shalt speak.” 6. And he returned with the princes of Balak. 36. And unto him, and lo, he stood by bis burnt when Balak heard that Balaam was sacrifice, he, and all the princes of come, he went out to meet him, unto a Moab. 7. And he took up his parable

, city of Moab, which is in the border of and said, “ Balak the king of Moab Arnon, which is in the utmost coast. “ hath brought me from Aram, out of 87. And Balak said unto Balaam, “Did " the mountains of the east, saying, “ I not earnestly send unto thee to call “ Come, curse me Jacob, and come, 6 thee? Wherefore camest thou not “ defy Israel. 8. How shall I curse, ko

unto me? Am I not able indeed to “ whom God hath not cursed? or how “ promote thee to honour ? 38. And " shall I defy, whom the Lord hath Balaam said unto Balak, “ Lo, I am “ not defied 9. For from the top of

(u) v. 34. “ If it displease thee.” So that he was still desirous of going : was unwilling to be influenced by what God had done to keep him back.

(I) v. 1. “ Seven oxen and seven rams.” The same as in the burnt offering directed by God for Job's sacrifice. Job xlii. 8.

(y) v. 2. “Offered, &c.” So that sacri

fices at that time prevailed among heathen
nations. And Helenus, before he could
give Æneas an oracular answer, had to
comply with the custom of making
sacrifice.
“ Hic Helenus, cæsis primum de more juvenes
Exorat pacem Divum," &c.

3 n. 970

son

“ the rocks I see him, and from the “ spoken ?". 18. And he took up his “ hills I behold him: lo the people shall parable, and said, “ Rise up Balak, and “dwell (z) alone, and shall not be reck- To hear; hearken unto me thou son of "oned (a) among the nations. 10. Who

“ Zippor :

19. God is not a man, that can count the dust of Jacob, and the " he should lie, neither the of

man, “ number of the fourth part of Israel ? " that he should repent: hath he said, “ Let me die the death of the righteous, " and shall he not do it? or hath he " and let my last end be like his." spoken, and shall he not make it 11. And Balak said unto Balaam, “ good? 20. Behold, I (6) have received “ What hast thou done unto me? I “ commandment to bless; and he hath “ took thee to curse mine enemies, and “ blessed, and I cannot reverse it. "behold, thou hast blessed them alto- “ 21. He hath not beheld iniquity (c)

gether.” 12. And he answered and 6 in Jacob, neither hath he seen persaid, “ Must I not take heed to speak verseness (c) in Israel : the LORD his " that which the Lord hath put in my “ God is with him, and the shout of a $ mouth ?” 13. And Balak said unto (d) king is among them. 22. God him, “Come, I pray thee, with me unto brought them out of Egypt; he (e) “ another place, from whence thou “ hath as it were the strength of an uni" mayest see them : thou shalt see but

corn. 23. (g) Surely there is no en“the utmost part of them, and shalt not “ chantment against Jacob, neither is see

them all : and curse me them from there any divination against Israel : " thence.” 14. And he brought him according to this time it shall be said into the field of Zophim, to the top of “ of Jacob and of Israel, “ What hath Pisgah, and built seven altars, and “God wrought! 24. Behold, the peo offered a bullock and a ram on every “ ple shall rise up as a great lion, and altar. 15. And he said unto Balak, “ lift up himself as a young lion : he “ Stand here by thy burnt offering, « shall not lie down until he eat of the " while I meet the LORD yonder." “prey, and drink the blood of the slain.” 16. And the Lord met Balaam, and “ 25. And Balak said unto Balaam, put a word in his mouth, and said, “Go “ again unto Balak , and say thus." " them at all.” 26. But

Balaam an17. And when he came to him, behold, swered and said unto Balak, "Told not he stood by his burnt offering, and the “ I thee, saying, “ All that the Lord princes of Moab with him. And Balak “ speaketh, that I must do ?" 27. And said unto him, “ What hath the LORD Balak said unto Balaam, “ Come, I pray (z) v. 9. “ Alone."

“ As a distinct pe- (c) v. 21. “ Iniquity,” and “ Perverse“culiar people, not confounded or mixed “ness," i. e. (probably) “ Idolatry,” and “ with other nations."

This separation “a turning to false gods." Bp. Patrick the better enabled them to trace from and Archbishop Kidder. Not that Abraham to Joseph and Mary the gene- they had been free from all sin, but alogy of Jesus Christ. So in his last that they had continued stedfast to blessing to the tribes (Deut. xxxiii. 28.) the worship of Jehovah, the only true

“ Israel then shall dwell in God." " safety alone." And is not this prophecy (d) “A king," or "their king," i. e. fulfilling at this very day? Are not the “God. 2 Hales, 224." According to Deut. Jews, though scattered over the whole xxxiii. 5. “He (viz. God) was king in world, still a distinct nation? And is there “Jeshurun," i. e. “Israel." any other people so scattered, and yet so (e) v. 22. “ Hath as it were," or " is to unmixed ?' A strong proof that this is “ them as.” 2 Hales, 224. God's prophecy, and the accomplishment (g) v. 23. “ Surely, &c." or “ Surely his doing.

“ enchantment shall not prevail against (a) “ Reckoned among," or "united or “ Jacob, nor divination against Israel: in “confounded with."

“ due season it shall be said, &c." See (6) v. 20. “Have received command- 2 Hales, 224. "ment,"or“am commanded. 2 Hales, 221."

Moses says,

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" thee, I will bring thee unto another « shall eat up the nations bis enemies

, “ place; peradventure it will please “ and shall break their bones, and pierce « God, that thou mayest curse me them them through with his arrows. 9. He “ from thence." 28. And Balak brought “ couched, he lay down as a lion, and Balaam unto the top of Peor, that look- as a great lion : who shall stir him up? eth toward Jeshimon. 29. And Balaam “ Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and said unto Balak, “Build me here seven “ cursed is he that curseth thee." “ altars, and prepare me here seven 10. And Balak's anger was kindled “ bullocks and seven rams.” 20. And against Balaam, and he smote his hands Balak did as Balaam had said, and together: and Balak said unto Balaam, offered a bullock and a ram on every “ I called thee to curse mine enemies, altar.

“ and behold, thou hast altogether

« blessed them these three times: CHAP. XXIV.

“ 11. Therefore now flee thou to thy And when Balaam saw that it pleased place : I thought to promote thee the Lord to bless Israel, he went not as “ unto great honour: but lo, the LORD at other times to seek for enchantments, “ hath kept thee back from honour." but he set his face towards the wilder- 12. And Balaam said unto Balak, ness. 2. And Balaam lifted up his eyes, “ Spake I not also to thy messengers and he saw Israel abiding in his tents « which thou sentest unto me, saying, according to their tribes, and the spirit “ 13. “If Balak would give me bis of God came upon him. 3. And he “ house-full of silver and gold, I cannot took up his parable, and said, “ Balaam go beyond the commandment of the “ the son of Beor hath said, and the “ Lord, to do either good or bad of “ man whose eyes are open, hath said: “ mine own mind; but what the LORD 6 4. He hath said, which heard the “ saith, that will I speak? 14. And now 6 words of God, which saw the vision “ behold, I go unto my people: come “ of the Almighty, falling into a trance, therefore, and I will advertise thee, “ but having his eyes open: 5. How “ what this people shall do to thy peo“ goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy “ ple in the latter days. 15. And he “ tabernacles, O Israel! 6. As the val- took up his parable, and said, “Balaam

leys are they spread forth, as gardens “ the son of Beor hath said, and the “ by the river side, as the trees of lign- “ man whose eyes are open, hath said: “ aloes which the Lord hath planted, “ 16. He hath said, which heard the 6 and as cedar-trees beside the waters. words of God, and knew the know7. He shall pour the water out of his ledge of the most High, which saw the “ buckets, and his seed shall be in many “ vision of the Almighty, falling into a « waters, and his king shall be higher trance, but having his eyes open: " than Agag, and his kingdom shall be

“ 17. I (k) shall see him, but not now: “ exalted (i). 8. God brought him “ I shall (k) behold him, but not nigh: “ forth out of Egypt, he (i) hath as it " there shall come a (1) star out of “ were the strength of an unicorn: he

" Jacob, and a (m) scepter shall rise out (h) v. 7. The Sept. translation of this (i) v. 8. “ Hath as it were," or "is to verse is “a man shall come forth of his “ him as it were." « seed, and shall rule over many nations : (k) v. 17. “ Shall see," and “ shall be" and his kingdom shall be raised higher

" hold," or

see and behold," the future “ than Gog's, and his kingdom shall be tense in Heb. being often put for the pre" exalted.' Dr. Hales translates it in sent. nearly the same manner, and points out (!) “A star,” “a sceptre," i. e. "the how the Hebrew words had been corrupted. “ Messiah.” “Sheth," or « tumult, unSee the first of his learned and valuable “ righteousness, corruption." Dissertations. Gog was the title of the

(m) “A sceptre.” The same word as in Scythian kings. Philo understands this as

the famous prophecy of Jacob, (Gen. xlix. a prophecy of the Messiah : (Chand). Def. 10). "The Sceptre shall not depart from on) and so does Dr. Hales.

“Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his

“ of Israel; and shall (n) smite the cor- “ perish for ever." 21. And he looked “ners of Moab, and destroy all the on the Kenites, and took up his para“ children of (o) Sheth, 18. And (0) ble, and said, " Strong is thy dwelling“ Edom shall be a possession, Seir also “ place, and thou puttest thy nest in a “shall be a possession for his enemies, “ rock. 22. Nevertheless, the Kenite “and Israel (p) shall do (9) valiantly. 66 shall be wasted until (t) Ashur shall “ 19. Out of Jacob shall come he that

away captive.” 23. And " shall have doininion, and shall destroy he took up his parable

, and said, “ Alas, “ him that remaineth of (r) the city.” 66 who shall live when God doeth this!

20. And when he looked on Amalek, “ 24. And ships shall come from the - he took up his parable, and said, “ coast of (u) Chittim, and shall afflict ; “ Amalek was the first of the nations, “ Ashur, and shall afflict (x) Eber, and

“ but his latter end shall be that he (s) (y) he also shall perish for ever.”

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feet, until Shiloh come: and unto him

« divers countries." When the judgments shall the gathering of the people be." of God are upon the earth and God is

Though the victories of David, about 4:00 visiting the wicked with his punishments, 5 years afterwards, correspond with the suc

how much does it behove each man to encesses here foretold, it is not probable he

deavour to lead such a life as may avert should have been the object of this pro

destruction from himself, from his family, phecy: David, though a type of Christ, is and from his country! no where made the subject of prophecy, (0) v. 17. 18.“Sheth,” “ Edom," “ Seir,” his reign was not of such importance to i.e. (probably)“ the opponents of the Mesmankind in general as to make it likely “ siah, the worshippers of false gods.” As that he should ; and according to 2 Pet. i. these nations were the opponents of God's 20. no prophecy of "scripture is of any people, the Israelites, and were addicted "private interpretation," but “the testi. to idol worship, they are often put to sigmony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. nify any adversaries of the true religion. “Rev. xix. 10." He is its chief object. ip) Israel," i. e. (probably) God's

(n) “ Smite, &c,” and “ destroy, &c." “ people, the true worshippers, the Israel These and the expressions in the following “ of God; in opposition to the children of

verse may refer partly to spiritual success; “ Sheth,” in v. 17. le to the prevalence of the Messiah's king- (9) “ Do valiantly,” or “gain strength,"

dom, and the establishment of christianity “ succeed," "prosper.' ". in heathen kingdoms, and partly to the (r) v. 19. “ The city,” or “the enemy," vengeance to be inflicted in the last age “ destroyer, disturber" - the proud, the of the world, at different times after mighty one of the earth. Christ's coming, upon those who should (s) 'v. 20. “Perish for ever.” This prohave abandoned or opposed or corrupted phecy was effectually executed under his religion. In Ps. li. 8. the extent of God's command in Saul's time. See post, Christianity is foretold in similar language : I Sam. xv. " Desire of me, and I will give thee the (t) v. 22. 24. “ Ashur," i. e. “ Assyria.” "heathen for thine inheritance, and the (u) u. 24. “Chittim," This name was

utmost parts of the earth for thy pos- given to any place they could not get to

session;" and in Ps. Ixxii. 8. and Zech. but by sea : it is often applied to the ix. 10, “his dominion shall be also from Macedonians ; and is equally applicable "the one sea to the other, and from the to the Romans. I Wall. 114. “ flood unto the world's end ;" and heavy () Eber," i. e. (probably) “countries Vengeance is repeatedly referred to as one “ beyond the Euphrates :" Eber was great of the characteristics of the Messiah's grandson of Shem, and from him very kingdom, Ps. ii. 9. “Thou shalt bruise many nations, including the Israelites, "them with a rod of iron, and break them were descended ; (See Gen. x. 24 to 32. “in pieces like a potter's vessel ;" and Ps. and Gen. xi. 16 to 25.) and it might be to cx. 5, 6. “ The Lord at thy right hand some of these nations in particular, who "shall bruise even kings in the day of his might then go by the name of Eber, that “ wrath: he shall judge among the hea

Balaam here referred. " then, he shall fill the places with the (y)“ He also," i. e.“the power that shall “ dead bodies, and smite the heads over

“afflict Ashurand Eber." 2 Hales, 229, 230.

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25. And Balaam rose up, and went and and the woman through her belly: So returned to his (>) place: and Balak the plague was stayed from the children also went his way.

of Israel. 9. And those that died in the CHAP. XXV.

plague, were twenty and four thousand.

10. And the LORD spake unto Moses, And Israel abode in (a) Shittim, and saying, 11.“ Phinehas the son of Eleathe people began to commit whoredom

zar, of Aaron the priest, hath with the daughters of Moab. 2. And “ turned my wrath away from the chilthey (6) called the (6) people unto the “ dren of Israel (while he was zealous sacrifices of their gods: and the people “ for my sake among them) that I con(6) did eat, and bowed down to their " sumed not the children of Israel in gods. 3. And Israel joined himself “ my jealousy. 12. Wherefore say, unto (c) Baal-peor : and the anger of Behold, I give unto him my covenant the Lord was kindled against Israel. “ of peace. 13. And he shall have it, 4. And the LORD said unto Moses, 6 and his seed after him, even the cove “ Take (d) all the heads of the people, “ nant of an everlasting priesthood; be“ and hang them up before the LORD “ cause he was zealous for his God, and “ against the sun, that the fierce anger of “ made an atonement for the children “ the LORD may be turned away from " of Israel.” 14. Now the name of the 66 Israel.” 5. And Moses said unto the Israelite that was slain, even that was judges of Israel, “ Slay ye every one his slain with the Midianitish woman, was

that were joined unto Baal- Zimri the son of Salu, a prince of a 6. And behold, one of the chief house

among

the Simeonites. children of Israel came and

brought 15. And the name of the Midianitish unto his brethren a Midianitish woman woman that was slain was Cozbi the in the sight of Moses, and in the sight daughter of Zur; he was head over a of all the congregation of the children people, and of a chief house in Midian, of Israel, who were weeping before the 16. And the LORD spake unto Moses, door of the tabernacle of the congre- saying,

saying, 17. “Vex (g) the Midianites

, gation. 7. And when Phinehas the son “ and smite (g) them: 18. For they vex of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, you with their wiles wherewith they saw it, he rose up from amongst the “ have beguiled you in the matter of congregation, and took a javelin in his 66 Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the hand; 8. And he went after the man “ daughter of a prince of Midian their of Israel into the tent, and thrust (e) “ sister, which was slain in the day of both of them through, the man of Israel, " the plague () for Peor's sake. (z) v. 25. “ To his place.In the

“plague among the congregation of the course of the same year he was slain by the “ Lord. Numb. xxxi. 2. 15. 16." and see children of Israel on their expedition Rev. ii. 14. against the Midianites. Numb. xxxi, 8.

(d) v. 4.. " Take, &c." or "speak unto (a) v.l. “Shittim," in the plains of “ the heads of the people, and let them Moab. Numb. xxxiii. 49. B. C. 1452. slay the men that were joined to Baal

(6) v. 2. “ They," i. e. “ the daughters peor, and hang them up, &c. Kennic. “ of Moab," " the people,” i.e.“of Israel." 6 Rem. 70." (c) v. 3. “ Baal-peor,” an idol of the

(e) v. 8. “ Thrust, &c." This is referred Moabites. It was through the counsel of to Ps. cvi, 30. “ Then stood up Phinehas

, Balaam that the women of Moab drew “ and executed judgment, and so the them into this sin. Joseph. Antiq. lib. 4. “ plague was stayed.” c. 6. When God conimanded Moses to

(g) v. 17. “Vex," and “smite, &c." avenge the children of Israel of the Mi.

This command was repeated and executed dianites, and they spared the women of the same year; and the five kings of Midian, Moses blamed them and said, Midian, including Zur, were slain, and “ Have ye saved all the women alive? Balaam also, Numb. xxxi. 2. 8. « Behold, these caused the children of

(h) v. 18. “The plague for Peor's sake," “ Israel through the counsel of Balaam, to i. e. “the plague inflicted on them for “commit trespasses against the Lord in “joining themselves to Baal-peor." " the matter of Peor, and there was a

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