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- this time, I will cause it to rain a very " the thunder shall cease, neither shall

grievous hail, such as hath not been “ there be any more hail; that thou “ in Egypt, since the foundation thereof, mayest know, how that the earth is the

even until now.” 19. Send therefore “ Lord's. 30. But as for thee and thy “ now, and gather thy cattle, and all “servants, I know that ye will not yet o that thou hast in the field: for upon 6 fear the LORD God." 31. And the every man and beast which shall be

flax, and the barley was smitten : for s found in the field, and shall not be the barley was in the ear, and the flax “ brought home, the hail shall come was (k) bolled. 32. But the wheat and “ down upon them, and they shall die.” the rie were not smitten: for they were 20. He that feared the word of the not grown up. 33. And Moses went out Lord amongst the servants of Pharaoh, of the city from Pharaoh, and spread made his servants and his cattle flee into abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the houses. 21. And he that regarded the thunders and bail ceased, and the not the word of the Lord, left his ser- rain was not poured upon the earth, vants and his cattle in the field. 22. And 34. And when Pharaoh saw that the the LORD said unto Moses,“ Stretch rain, and the hail, and the thunders “ forth thine hand toward heaven, that were ceased, he sinned yet more, and “ there may be hail in all the land of hardened his heart, he and his servants. “ Egypt; upon man, and upon beast, 35. And the heart of Pharaoh was har“ and upon every herb of the field, dened, neither would he let the children " throughout the land of Egypt.” 23. of Israel go; as the Lord had spoken And Moses stretched forth his rod to- by Moses. (1) ward heaven, and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along

CHAP. X. upon the ground; and the Lord rained And (m) the Lord said unto Moses, hail upon the land of Egypt. 24. So " Go in unto Pharaoh : for I (n) have there was hail, and fire mingled with “ hardened his heart, and the heart of the hail, very grievous, such as there “ his servants; that I might shew these was none like it in all the land of Egypt, “ my signs before him : 2. And that since it became a nation. 25. And the “ thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, hail smote throughout all the land of “ and of thy son's son, what things I Egypt all that was in the field, both “ have wrought in Egypt, and my signs man and beast: and the hail smote “ which I have done amongst them; every herb of the field, and brake every “ that ye may know how that I am tree of the field. 26. Only in the land “ Lord.” 3. And Moses and Aaron of Goshen, where the children of Israel

came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto were, was there no hail. 27. And Pha

him, “ Thus saith the Lord God of the raoh sent and called for Moses and

“ Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse Aaron, and said unto them, “I have “to humble thyself before me? Let my “ sinned this time: the Lord is right- “ people go, that they may serve me. “ eous, and I and my people are wicked. 66 4. Else if thou refuse to let my peo“ 28. Intreat the Lord (for it is enough) ple go, behold, to-morrow will I bring 66 that there be no more mighty thunder- “ the locusts into thy coast. 5. And ings and bail; and I will let you go, they shall cover the face of the earth, ye

shall stay no longer.” 29. And " that one cannot be able to see the Moses said unto him, “ As soon as I “ earth : and they shall eat the residue “ am gone out of the city, I will spread “ of that which is escaped, which re“ abroad my hands unto the Lord: and “ maineth unto you from the hail

, and (k) v. 31. “ Bolled," i. e. “coming to (m) v. 1. “ The Lord." In this and the “ seed;" with the small pod which con- other instances in which “the Lord” occurs tains the seed.

in this chapter, the Hebr. is “ Jehovah." (l) v. 35. Upon this chapter see 2. Hales, (n) “I have hardened.” See the pre190 to 195.

ceding page, note on Exod. ix. 12.


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" shall eat every tree which groweth for darkened, and they did eat every herb

1 " you out of the field. 6. And they shall of the land, and all the fruit of the trees “ fill thy houses, and the houses of all which the hail had left: and there re

thy servants, and the houses of all the mained not any green thing in the trees, “ Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, or in the herbs of the field, through all nor thy fathers fathers have seen, the land of Egypt. 16. Then Pharaoh since the day that they were upon

the called for Moses and Aaron in haste; earth, unto this day.” And he turned and he said, “I

have sinned against the himself, and went out from Pharaoh. “ LORD your God, and against you. 7. And Pharaoh's servants said unto

“ 17. Now therefore forgive, I pray him, “ How long shall this man be a " thee, my sin only this once, and in

snare unto us ? Let the men go, that “ treat the LORD your God, that he " they may serve the Lord their God : may take away from me this death “ Knowest thou not yet that Egypt is “ only.” 18. And he went out from Pha

destroyed?” 8. And Moses and Aaron raoh, and intreated the Lord. 19. And were brought again unto Pharaoh: and the Lord turned a mighty strong west (0) he said unto them, “Go, serve the Lord wind, which took away the locusts, and

your God: but who are they that shall cast them into the Red sea : there re" go?” 9. And Moses said, “ We will mained not one locust in all the coasts * go

and with our old, of Egypt. 20. But (P) the Lord har" with our sons and with our daugh- dened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would with our flocks and with our not let the children of Israel


21. And "herds will we go: for we must hold a

the LORD said unto Moses, “Stretch “ feast unto the Lord.” 10). And he « out thine hand toward heaven, that said unto them, “Let the Lord be so

66 there


be darkness over the land " with you, as I will let you go, and “ of Egypt, even darkness which

inay your little ones : Look to it, for evil “ be felt.” 22. And Moses stretched " is before you. 11. Not so: go now ye

forth his hand toward heaven: and there " that are men, and serve the LORD, for was a thick darkness in all the land of you

did desire.” And they were Egypt three days. 23. They saw not driven out from Pharaoh's presence.

one another, neither rose any from his 12. And the LORD said unto Moses, place for three days: but all the chil" Stretch out thine hand over the land dren of Israel had light in their dwel" of Egypt for the locusts, that they lings. 24. And Pharaoh called unto

may come up upon the land of Egypt, Moses, and said, “Go ye, serve the " and eat every herb of the land, even

“ Lord; only let your flocks and your

be Moses stretched forth his rod over the “ also go with" you." * 25. And Moses land of Egypt, and the Lord brought said, “Thou must give us also sacrifices, an (0) east wind upon the land all that - and burnt-offerings, that we may day and all that night: and when it was " sacrifice unto the Lord our God. morning, the east wind brought the lo- 61 26. Our cattle also shall


us; custs. 14. And the locusts went up over

" there shall not an hoof be left behind: all the land of Egypt, and rested in all

66 for thereof must we take to serve the the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were

“ Lord our God; and we know not they; before them there were no such

66 with what we must serve the Lord, unlocusts as they, neither after them shall “ til we come thither.” 27. But the (p) be such. 15. For they covered the face Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and of the whole earth, so that the land was

he would not let them go. 28. And

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(n) v. 20. 27. “ The Lord hardened." See note on Exod. ix. 12.

(0) v. 13. “ East wind," and v. 19. “ west

Both preternatural; for the winds there blow six months from the north, and six from the south. 2 Hales, 195.


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Pharaoh said unto him, “Get thee from “ of it remain until the morning: and “me, take heed to thyself, see my face " that which remaineth of it until the

no more: for in that day thou seest “ morning, ye shall burn with fire. “ my face, thou shalt die." 29. And “ 11. And thus shall ye eat it; with Moses said, “ Thou hast spoken well, I your loins girded, your shoes on your “ will see thy face again no more." (9) “ feet, and your staff in your hand:

“ and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the CHAP. XII.

“ LORD's passover.

12. For I will And the Lord spake unto Moses and

pass through the land of Egypt this Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, “night, and will smite all the first2. “ This month shall be unto you the " born in the land of Egypt, both “ beginning of months: it shall be the

man and beast: and against all the « first month of the year to you. “ (t) gods of Egypt, I will execute “ 3. Speak ye unto all the congregation “judgment; I am the Lord. 13. And “ of Israel, saying, In (r) the tenth day “ the

blood shall be to you for a token “ of this month they shall take to them


the houses where you are: and “ every man a lamb, according to the " when I see the blood, I will pass over “ house of their fathers, a lamb for an you, and the plague shall not be upon “ house. 4. And if the houshold be too

"you to destroy you, when I smite the « little for the lamb, let him and his “ land of Egypt. 14. And this day “ neighbour next unto his house, take “shall be unto you for a memorial; and it according to the number of the

“ you shall keep it a feast to the LORD “ souls; every man according to his eat- “ throughout your generations: yotu

ing, shall make your count for the “shall keep it a feast by an ordinance (u) “ lamb. 5. Your lamb shall be without “ for ever. 15. Seven days shall

ye « blemish, a male of the first year: ye “ unleavened bread, even the first day “ shall take it out from the sheep or ye shall put away leaven out of your “ from the goats. 6. And ye shall keep “ houses : for whosoever eateth lear“ it up until the fourteenth day of the “ened bread, from the first day until “ same month : and the whole assembly “ the seventh day, that soul shall be “ of the congregation of Israel shall kill 66 cut off from Israel.

16. And in the “it (s) in the evening. 7. And they “ first day there shall be an holy con“ shall take of the blood, and strike it “ vocation, and in the seventh day there “ on the two side-posts, and on the “shall be an holy convocation to you: upper door-post of the houses, where

no manner of work shall be done in “ in they shall eat it. 8. And they shall “ them, save that which every man must 6 eat the flesh in that night; roast with “ eat, that only may be done of you. “ fire, and unleavened bread, and with “ 17. And ye shall observe the feast of “ bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9. Eat “ unleavened bread; for in this self same not of it raw, nor sodden at all with

day (x) have I brought your armies “ water, but roast with fire; his head “out of the land of Egypt: therefore “ with his legs, and with the purtenance “ shall ye observe this day in your ge“ thereof. 10. And ye shall let nothing “nerations, by an ordinance for ever.

(9) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 195 mand is to sacrifice it “at even, at the go to 197.

ing down of the sun," i. e. when the sun (r) v. 3. The institution of the passover. was declining, not setting. Parkh. 558. 2 Hales, 197-8. B.C. 14:91.

(t) v. 12. “Gods' or (s) v. 6. “ In the evening,” or “Between

(u) v. 14.“ For ever." The Jews keep it “ the evenings, Heb." The Jews reckoned

to this day, at the time of our Easter, when two evenings; one beginning at noon, the

our passover, our Lamb, whose blood inother at sun-set ; and the time with them duces God to pass over us without destroyfor sacrificing the paschal lamb was be

ing us, Jesus Christ, was slain. tween two and four in the afternoon. Parkh. (2) v. 17. “ Have I brought," or will Heb. Dict. 553. In Deut. xvi. 6. the com- “ i bring." Sept.


“ 18. In the first month, on the four- “ when he smote the Egyptians, and “teenth day of the month at even, ye

delivered our houses." And the peo“shall eat unleavened bread, until the ple bowed the head and worshipped.

one and twentieth day of the month 28. And the children of Israel went « at even.

19. Seven days shall there away, and did as the Lord had com“ be no leaven found in


houses : manded Moses and Aaron, so did they. " for whosoever eateth that which is 29. And it came to pass that at midnight “ leavened, even that soul shall be cut the LORD smote all the first-born in the “ off from the congregation of Israel, land of Egypt, from the first-born of “ whether he be a stranger, or born in

Pharaoh that sat on his throne, unto "the land. 20. Ye shall eat nothing the first-born of the captive that was in " leavened : in all your habitations shall the dungeon; and all the first-born of "ye eat unleavened bread.” 21. Then cattle. 30. And Pharaoh rose up in Moses called for all the elders of Israel, the night, he and all his servants, and and said unto them, “ Draw out and all the Egyptians; and there was a great “ take you a lamb, according to your cry in Egypt: for there was not a house “families, and kill the passover. 22. And where there was not one dead. 31. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and

he called for Moses and Aaron by night, “dip it in the blood that is in the and said, “ Rise up, and get you forth “bason, and strike the lintel and the “ from amongst my people, both you "two side-posts with the blood that is “ and the children of Israel: and go, “in the bason: and none of you

shall serve the LORD, as ye have said. go out at the door of his house until “ 32. Also take your flocks, and your " the morning. 23. For the Lord will “ herds, as ye have said, and be

gone : pass through to smite the Egyptians, 66 and bless me also.” 33. And the “and when he seeth the blood upon the Egyptians were urgent upon the people “ lintel, and on the two side-posts, the that they might send them out of the “ Lord will pass over the door, and land in haste: for they said, “ We be all “ will not suffer the destroyer to come

6 dead men.34. And the people took “ in unto your houses to smite you. their dough before it was leavened, “ 24. And ye shall observe this thing for their kneading-troughs being bound up an ordinance to thee and to thy sons in their clothes upon their shoulders.

25. And it shall come to 35. And the children of Israel did acpass

when be come to (y) the land cording to the word of Moses : and “ which the LORD will give you, ac

they (2) borrowed of the Egyptians jewels cording as he hath promised, that ye of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment. “shall keep this service. 26. And it 36. And the Lord gave the people fa" shall come to pass,


chil- vour in the sight of the Egyptians, so “dren shall

66 What

that they (a) lent unto them such things you by this service? 27. That ye shall as they required : and they (6) spoiled say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's the Egyptians. 37. And the children passover, who passed over the houses of Israel journeyed from Rameses to “ of the children of Israel in Egypt, Succoth, about six (c) hundred thousand (y) v. 25. “ The land, &c." i.

of Ca- “ (from Egypt) with great substance." See naan.” God promised Abraham, when ante, 526. note on Exod. iii. 22. A remuner. he got into the land of Canaan, “ unto thy ation was injustice due for their past labours. “ seed will I give this land." Gen. xii. 7. (c) v. 37. “ Six hundred thousand that ante.510.525. And see ante, Exod. iii. 8.17. were men.” God had said to Abraham,

(z) v. 85. « Borrowed,” rather “asked.” Gen. xv. 5. “ Look now toward heaven, 2 Hales, 182. 199. It is so in the Sept. the

" and tell the stars, if thou be able to numVulgate, and the Chaldee. See ante, 526. “ ber them; and he said unto him, “ So note on Exod. iii. 22.

“ shall thy seed be.” And again, Gen. (a) v. 36. “ Lent,” rather “ gave." xxii. 17. " I will multiply thy seed as the (6) “ Spoiled." God had told Abraham, stars of the heaven, and as the sand (Gen. xv. 14.) that they should “come out “ which is upon the sea-shore"

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on foot that were men, besides children. “ will keep the passover to the Lord, 38. And a mixed multitude went up “ let all his males be circumcised, and also with them; and flocks, and herds, " then let him come near and keep it; even very much cattle. 39. And they 66 and he shall be as one that is born in baked unleavened cakes of the dough 66 the land : for no uncircumcised perwhich they brought forth out of Egypt, son shall eat thereof. 49. One law for it was not leavened : because they 6 shall be to him that is home-born, were thrust out of Egypt, and could not “ and unto the stranger that sojourneth tarry; neither had they prepared for

among you.” 50. Thas did all the themselves any victual. 40. Now the children of Israel ; as the Lord comsojourning (d) of the children of Israel, manded Moses and Aaron, so did ther. who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred 51. And it came to pass the self-same and thirty years. 41. And it came to day, that the LORD did bring the chilpass at the end of the four hundred and dren of Israel out of the land of Egypt, thirty years, even the self same day it by (e) their armies. came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

CHAP. XIV. 42. It is a night to be much observed | And the Lord spake unto Moses, unto the Lord, for bringing them out saying, 2. “ Speak unto the children of from the land of Egypt: this is that “ Israel, that they turn and encamp benight of the Lord to be observed of all “ fore Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the children of Israel in their gener- “ the sea, over against Baal-zephon: ations. 43. And the Lord said unto “ before it shall ye encamp by the sea. Moses and Aaron, “ This is the ordin- “ 3. For Pharaoh will say of the chil

ance of the passover: there shall no “ dren of Israel, “They are intangled in stranger eat thereof. 44. But

every “ the land, the wilderness hath shut “ man's servant that is bought for mo- " them in.” 4. And I will harden Pha“ney, when thou hast circumcised him, “ raoh's heart, that he shall follow after " then shall he eat thereof. 45. A fo- " them, and I will be honoured upon

reigner, and an hired servant, shall not “ Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that « eat thereof. 46. In one house shall “ the Egyptians may know that I am “ it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth " the LORD.” And they did so. 5. And “ ought of the flesh abroad out of the it was told the king of Egypt, that the 6 house: neither shall


break a bone people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh “ thereof. 47. All the congregation of and of his servants, was turned against “ Israel shall keep it. 48. And when a the people, and they said, “Why have stranger

shall sojourn with thee, and done this, that we have let Israel (d) v. 40.“ Of the children of Israel,"

was 100 years old when Isaac was born. add," and of their fathers, which they so- Gen. xxi. 5. Isaac was 60 at the birth of “ journed in the land of Canaan, and in the Jacob. Gen. xxv. 26. And Jacob was 150

land of Egypt, was 430 years." Kennic. when he went to Egypt. Gen. xlvi. 9. Rem. 396. – 1 Prid. 419. — 2 Hales, 199. So that from the first promise to Abraham The Sept. and Samaritan are so, except to the going down to Egypt was 215 years that they omit, "and of their fathers;" and 25+60 + 130= 215. And during all this the Sept. mentions Egypt before Canaan. time Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, were They were not in Egypt above 215 years ; strangers and sojourners in the lands in and the sojourning in Canaan must be in- which they dwelt. See Gen. xï. 10. – cluded, to make up the 430 years. In Gen. xiii. i. 3. 18. - Gen. xvii. 8. — Gen. Gal. iii. 17. St. Paul speaks of the law” xx. 1.- Gen. xxi. 23.- Gen, xxiii. 24(which was given just after they left Egypt) Gen. xxviii. 2.- Gen. xxxi. 38. 41.-Geri. as 430 years after the covenant, or pro- Xxxvii. 1. mises to Abraham. The first promise to (e) v. 51. - By their Armies," i. e. * in Abraham, (“ in thee shall all families of the regular order, under their appointed ro earth be blessed. Gen. xii. 3.") was when “ leaders ; each in his proper place." See Abraham departed out of Haran, when he Exod. vi. 13. was 75 years old, Gen. xii. 4. Abraham


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