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“ thither, (is it not a. little one ?) and (u) | God destroyed the cities of the plain, “ my soul shall live.” 21. And he said that God remembered (2) Abraham, unto him, “ See, I have accepted thee and sent Lot out of the midst of the “ concerning this thing also, that I will overthrow, when he overthrew the cities

not overthrow this city, for the which in the which Lot dwelt. 30. And Lot “thou hast spoken. 22. Haste thee, went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the

escape thither, for I cannot do any mountain, and his two daughters with “ thing till thou be come thither :” there him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar : fore the name of the city was called (r) and he dwelt in a cave, he, and his two Zoar. 23. The sun was risen upon the daughters. earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24. Then the (y) LORD rained upon

CHAP. XXII. Sodom, and upon Gomorrah, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. And it came to pass after these things 25. And he overthrew those cities, and that God did (a) tempt Abraham, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of said unto him, “ Abraham.” And he the cities, and that which grew upon the said, “ Behold, here I am." ground. 26. But his wife looked back he said, " Take now thy son, thine only from behind him, and she became a pil- “ son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get lar of salt. 27. And Abraham gat up “ thee into the land of (6) Moriah ; and early in the morning, to the place where o offer him there for a burnt-offering he stood before the Lord. 28. And upon one of the mountains which ) he looked towards Sodom and Gomor- “ will tell thee of.” 3. And Abraham rah, and towards all the land of the

rose up early in the morning, and sadplain, and beheld, and lo the smoke of dled bis ass, and took two of his the country went up as the smoke of a men with him, and Isaac his son; and furnace. 29. And it came to pass when clave the wood for the burnt-offering,

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(u) v. 20. “My soul shall live," i. e. “ live before thee, Gen. xvii, 18." God “ I shall save my life.”

promised him a son by Sarah ; ordered him (x) v. 22, 23.“ Zoar," i. e. “ Jittle." to call his name Isaac; and added, " and the Hebrew word twice used in verse 20. “ I will establish my covenant with him for for " little one."

“ an everlasting covenant, and with his (y) v. 24. “ The Lord.” So that that “ seed after him, Gen xvii. 19." Abraham person of the Trinity who had descended might not be able to comprehend how this from heaven caused rain, &c. to come promise could be fulfilled, if he offered up from “ the Lord who remained in heaven," Isaac as he was commanded, and yet he i, e. from “ God the Father." Justin M. hesitated not to comply with the command; Dial. cum Tryphone, 279.

and after Isaac's deliverance he might col(z) v. 29. “Remembered Abraham," “ in lect, or it might be revealed to him, that “ saving Lot.” Lot was Abraham's ne. the promised seed would be offered up to phew: the son of Haran, Abraham's bro- procure redemption for mankind. It was ther. See Gen. xi. 27.

probably in allusion hereto, that our Ss (a) v. 1. “ Tempt," i. e. “try;" “put viour said to the Jews, (John viii. 56.

) “ his faith and obedience to the test." A “ Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my singular trial : intended (probably) not “ day, and he saw it, and was glad." See merely to ascertain his submission and be- 2 Hales, 138 to 144. Bp. Warburton conief, but to intimate also, that it was by siders this as an information to Abraham the sacrifice of the promised seed that all by action of the great sacrifice of Christ the nations of the earth were to be blessed, and to exhibit a type of the great Re

for man's redemption, and Dean Graves agrees with him. See Warburton's Legat

. deemer. God had promised Abraham, B. 6. $.5. and 2. Graves, 210. (Gen. xii. 3.) “ In thee shall all families be

(6) “ Of Moriah.” The mount Moriah, - blessed :" and when Abraham, before Isaac's birth, expressed the wish to God,

on which the Temple was afterwards built

, " Oh, that Ishmael” (his first born) “ might

was part of a hill, which included Mouw Sion and Mount Calvary.

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son

upon

and rose up, and went (c) unto the (d)

“ Abraham.” And he said, “Here am e place of which God had told him. “ I.” 12. And he said, “ Lay not thine

4. Then on the (e) third day Abraham “hand upon the lad, neither do thou lifted

up
his

eyes, and saw the (d) place any thing unto him : for now I know afar off. 5. And Abraham said unto “ that thou fearest God, seeing thou his young men, “ Abide you here with “ hast not withheld thy son, thine only " the ass; and I and the lad will go

from me.” 13. And Abraham " yonder and worship, and come again

lifted up his eyes, and looked, and be"to you.” 6. And Abraham took the hold, behind him a ram caught in a wood of the burnt-offering, and laid it

thicket by his horns : and Abraham Isaac his son, and he took the fire went, and took the ram, and offered in his hand, and a knife: and they went him up for a burnt-offering, in the stead both of them together. 7. And Isaac

of his son. 14. And Abraham called spake unto Abraham his father, and the name of that place Jehovah-jireh (1): said, “ My father :" and he said, “ Here as (m) it is said to this day, In the

am I, my son.' And he said, “ Be- mount of the (k) Lord it shall be seen. " hold the fire and the wood: but where 15. And the (i) angel of the (k) LORD " is the lamb for a burnt-offering ?”

called unto Abraham out of heaven the And Abraham said, “My son, (g) God

second time, 16. And said, “ By my" will provide himself (h) a lamb for a “ self have I sworn, saith the (k) LORD,

burnt-offering :” so they went both of “ for because thou hast done this thing, them together. 9. And they came to

" and hast not withheld the place which God had told him of; “ thine (n) only son :

17. That in and Abraham built an altar there, and “ blessing, I will bless thee, and in laid the wood in order; and bound “ multiplying, I will (o) multiply thy Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar " seed as the stars of the heaven, and upon the wood. 10. And Abraham 66 as the sand which is upon the seastretched forth his hand, and took the " shore; and thy seed shall possess the knife to slay his son.

11. And the (i) gate of his enemies; 18. And (p) in angel of the (k) Lord called unto him

“thy seed shall all the nations of out of heaven, and said, “ Abraham,

“ the earth be blessed : because thou

thy son,

name.

(c) v. 3. “ Unto," rather “ towards." was with reference to verse 8. and to what (d) v. 3, 4. “ The place :" supposed to

is there stated, that the place received this be Mount Calvary, where our Saviour was crucified. 2. Hales, 139.

(m) “ As it is said, &c." or « accord(e) v. 4. “ The third day." So that “ing as he said that day on the mount, Abraham was under a trial of more than

" the Lord will provide;" assigning the two days' continuance.

reason why the name was given. The ex(g) 0.8. “God will provide, &c." Dr. pression in verse 8. was," God” (Elohim) Wall considers this as a prophecy, refer- I will provide ;" so that this is an instance ing to “ the Lamb of God,” the Messiah,

in which the terms “ Jehovah," and that full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, “ Elohim,” are applied to the same person. oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of (n) v. 16. Only son.” He had anthe whole world. The ram, in verse 13.

other “ Ishmael," who was dwelling in though it supplied the purpose of imme

the wilderness of Paran, Gen. xxi. 21. diate offering, was not the sacrifice here But Isaac was that son with whom God foretold. See note on verse 14.

had promised to establish his covenant, (h) “ A lamb,” Hebr. “ the lamb." Gen. xvii. 21. See note on verse 1.

(i) v. 11.“ The angel of the Lord,” or (o) v. 17. “Multiply, &c." See ante, note " Jehovah Angel." See post, 524. note on

on Gen. xii. 2. and Exod. xii. 37. post, 531. Exod. iii. 2.

(p) v. 18. “ In thy seed, &c." A renewal (K) v. 11. 14, 15, 16. “ The Lord," of the promises to Abraham, (Gen. xii. 3. Hebr. “ Jehovah."

xviii. 18.) and an explanation that it (1) v. 14. “Jehovah-jireh." The Eng. would not be personally in him, but in one oi slhf which is, “God will provide :" it of his descendants.

son,

“ cording to the time of life, and Sarah “ 25. That be far from thee to do after 66 shall have a son.” 15. Then Sarah “ this manner, to slay the righteous with denied, saying, “ I laughed not :" for “the wicked: and that the righteous she was afraid.

And he said, “ Nay, " should be as the wicked, that be far “ but thou didst laugh.” 16. And the “ from thee: shall not the judge of all men rose up from thence, and looked “ the earth do right?" 26. And the towards Sodom: And Abraham went LORD said, “ If I find in Sodom fifty with them to bring them on the way. “ righteous within the city, then I will 17. And the Lord said, “ Shall I hide

spare all the place for their sakes." “ from Abraham that thing which I do; 27. And Abraham answered, and said, “ 18. seeing that Abraham shall surely “ Behold now, (m) I have taken upon me “ become a great and mighty nation, and “ to speak unto the (n) LORD, which am “ (l) all the nations of the earth shall 6 but dust and ashes. 28. Peradventure “ be blessed in him ? 19. For I know “ there shall lack five of the fifty right• him, that he will command his chil- eous : wilt thou destroy all the city for “ dren, and his houshold after him, and “ lack of five ?" And he said, “If I “ they shall keep the way of the LORD, “ find there forty and five, I will not “ to do justice and judgment; that “ destroy it." 29. And he spake unto “ the Lord may bring upon Abra- him yet again, and said, “ Peradventure " ham that which he hath spoken of “there shall be forty found there." And “ him.” 20. And the LORD said, “ Be- he said, “I will not do it for forty's

the
cry

of Sodom and Gomorrah “ sake.” 30. And he said unto him, “O, “ is great, and because their sin is very “ let not the (n) Lord be angry,

and I grievous; 21. I will go down now, and “ will speak : Peradventure there shall “ see whether they have done altogether " thirty be found there.” And he said, “ according to the cry of it, which is “ I will not do it, if I find thirty there." “ come unto me; and if not, I will 31. And he said, “ Behold now, I have « know." 22. And the men turned their “ taken upon me to speak unto the (n) faces from thence, and went towards " Lord: Peradventure there shall be Sodom : but Abraham stood yet before twenty found there.” And he said, “ ] the LORD. 23. And Abraham drew “ will not destroy it for twenty's sake.” near, and said, “ Wilt thou also de- 82. And he said, “0, let not the (*) “stroy the righteous with the wicked? “ LORD be angry, and I will speak yet “ 24. Peradventure there be fifty right- 6 but this once : Peradventure ten shall

eous within the city : wilt thou also “ be found there.” And he said, " I

destroy, and not spare the place for “ will not destroy it (c) for ten's sake." “ the fifty righteous that are therein? | 33. And the LORD (P) went his way as

66 cause

(l) v. 18.“ All the nations, &c." because “ fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth from him the Messiah, the great Redeemer, “much. Jam. v. 16." And though God should descend. See ante, note on Gen. has spoken, “concerning a nation, and xi. 3.

“ concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and (m) v. 27. “ I, &c.” or “ I, which am but “ to pull down, and to destroy it, if that na“ dust and ashes, have taken upon me to “tion against whom he has pronounced, “ speak unto the Lord.”

“ turn from their evil, God will repent of (n) v. 27. 30, 31, 32. “ The Lord.” Heb.

“the evil that he thought to do unto them. “ Adonai."

“ Jer. xviii. 7, 8." Goodness, therefore, (o) v. 32. “ For ten's sake." So that

may be the truest patriotism. there may be cases in which the fate of a (p) v. 33. “ The Lord,” “And who was country may depend upon the goodness of “this, (says Eusebius,) that appeared in one person. The aggregate of goodness or “ the likeness of man (see v. 2.), but he wickedness in any place is made up of the " who subsisted before all things

, the goodness or wickedness of individuals, and “ Word of God, Euseb. Eccl. Hist. b. i, the addition of one to the number of the “c. 2. p. 4. and c. 4. p. 12." good may avert God's vengeance. “ The

his place.

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soon as he had left communing with put forth their hand, and pulled Lot Abraham : and Abraham returned unto into the house to them, and shut to the

door. 11. And they smote the men that

were at the door of the house, with CHAP. XIX.-to verse 30.

blindness, both small and great : so that

they wearied themselves to find the door. And there came two (q) angels to So- 12. And the men said unto Lot, “ Hast dom at even; and Lot sat in the

gate

of “ thou here any besides ? son in law, and Sodom; and Lot seeing them, rose up to “thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatmeet them; and he bowed himself with “soever thou hast in the city, bring his face upon the ground; 2. And he them out of this place. 13. For we said, “ Behold now my (r) lords, turn in, “ will destroy this place: because the “ I pray you, into your servant's house,

cry of them is waxen great before the " and tarry all night, and wash your “ face of the Lord, and the Lord hath "feet, and ye shall rise up early, and sent us to destroy it.” 14. And Lot go on your ways.” And they said, went out, and spake unto his sons in

Nay, but we will abide in the street law, which married his daughters, and “ all night.” 3. And he pressed upon said, “

said, “Up, get ye out of this place; for them greatly; and they turned in unto " the (s) LORD will destroy this city:" chim, and entered into his house: and he but he seemed as one that mocked unto

made them a feast, and did bake unleav- his sons in law. 15. And when the ened bread, and they did eat. 4. But morning arose, then the angels hastened before they lay down, the men of the city, Lot, saying, “ Arise, take thy wife, and even the men of Sodom, compassed the “thy two daughters, which are here; house round, both old and young, all « lest thou be consumed in the iniquity the people from every quarter. 5. And “ of the city.” 16. And while he linthey called unto Lot, and said unto him, gered, the men laid hold upon his hand, “ Where are the men which came in to and upon the hand of his wife, and I

thee this night? bring them out unto upon the hand of his two daughters; “ us, that we may know them.” 6. And the (s) Lord being merciful unto him : Lot went out at the door unto them, and and they brought him forth, and set shut the door after him. 7. And said, him without the city. 17. And it came “youdo

two “ daughters, which have not known “thy life; look not behind thee; nei“ man ; let me, I pray you, bring them “ther stay thou in all the plain; escape out unto you,

and do

ye

to them as is to the mountain, lest thou be congood in your eyes : only unto these “ sumed.” 18. And Lot said unto them, “ men do nothing; for therefore came “ O not so, my (t) lord. 19. Behold “they under the shadow of my roof.” “now, thy servant hath found grace in 9. And they said, “ Stand back.” And “thy sight, and thou hast magnified they said again, “ This one fellow came “thy mercy, which thou hast shewed " in to sojourn, and he will needs be a “ unto me in saving my life; and I " judge.” Now will we deal worse with “ cannot escape to the mountain, lest thee than with them. And they pressed some evil take me, and I die. 20. Be

the man, even Lot, and came “ hold now this city is near to Aee unto, near to break the door. 10. But the men 66 and it is a little one: O let me escape

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“thither, (is it not a little one ?) and (u) God destroyed the cities of the plain, my soul shall live.” 21. And he said

21. And he said that God remembered (2) Abraham, unto him, “ See, I have accepted thee and sent Lot out of the midst of the “ concerning this thing also, that I will overthrow, when he overthrew the cities “ not overthrow this city, for the which in the which Lot dwelt. 30. And Lot “ thou hast spoken. 22. Haste thee, went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the

escape thither, for I cannot do any mountain, and his two daughters with

thing till thou be come thither:"there- him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: fore the name of the city was called (-2) and he dwelt in a cave, he, and his two Zoar. 23. The sun was risen upon the daughters. . earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24. Then the (y) LORD rained upon

CHAP. XXII. Sodom, and upon Gomorrah, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. And it came to pass after these things 25. And he overthrew those cities, and that God did (a) tempt Abraham, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of said unto him, “ Abraham.” And he the cities, and that which grew upon the said, “ Behold, here I am.2. And ground. 26. But his wife looked back he said, “ Take now thy son, thine only from behind him, and she became a pil- “ son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get lar of salt. 27. And Abraham gat up “thee into the land of (6) Moriah; and early in the morning, to the place where < offer him there for a burnt-offering he stood before the LORD.

28. And

upon one of the mountains which ) he looked towards Sodom and Gomor- 6 will tell thee of.” 3. And Abraham rah, and towards all the land of the rose up early in the morning, and sadplain, and beheld, and lo the smoke of dled his ass, and took two of his young the country went up as the smoke of a men with him, and Isaac his son ; and furnace. 29. And it came to pass

when clave the wood for the burnt-offering,

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a

he

(u) v. 20. “My soul shall live," i. e. “ live before thee, Gen. xvi. 18." God " I shall save my life.”

promised him a son by Sarah ; ordered him (x) v. 22, 23.“ Zoar," i. e.

« little.”

to call his name Isaac; and added, " and the Hebrew word twice used in verse 20. “I will establish my covenant with his for for « little one.

an everlasting covenant, and with bis (y) v. 24. “ The Lord.” So that that “ seed after him, Gen xvü. 19." Abraham person of the Trinity who had descended might not be able to comprehend how this from heaven caused rain, &c. to come

promise could be fulfilled, if he offered up from “ the Lord who remained in heaven," İsaac as he was commanded, and yet i. e. from “ God the Father.” Justin M. hesitated not to comply with the command : Dial. cum Tryphone, 279.

and after Isaac's deliverance he might co(z) v. 29. “ Remembered Abraham," " in lect, or it might be revealed to him, that “ saving Lot.” Lot was Abraham's ne- the promised seed would be offered up to phew : the son of Haran, Abraham's bro

procure redemption for mankind. It was ther. See Gen. xi. 27.

probably in allusion hereto, that our S (a) v. 1. “ Tempt," i. e. “try;" “put viour said to the Jews, (John viii

. 56) “ his faith and obedience to the test." A “ Your father Abraham rejoiced to see it singular trial : intended (probably) not “ day, and he saw it, and was glad." ** merely to ascertain his submission and be- 2 Hales, 138 to 144. Bp. Warburton cogief, but to intimate also, that it was by siders this as an information to Abrahas the sacrifice of the promised seed that all by action of the great sacrifice of Christ the nations of the earth were to be blessed,

for man's redemption, and Dean Graves and to exhibit a type of the great Re- agrees with him. “See Warburton's Legat

. deemer. God had promised Abraham, B. 6. $ 5. and 2. Graves, 210. (Gen. xii. 3.) “ In thee shall all families be (6)

Of Moriah.” The mount Moriah is blessed :" and when Abraham, before Isaac's birth, expressed the wish to God,

on which the Temple was afterwards built. “Oh, that Ishmael" (his first born) "might

was part of a hill, which included. Vount Sion and Mount Calvary.

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