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Lord God to grow every tree that is them unto Adam, to see what he would pleasant to the sight, and good for food: call them : and whatsoever Adam called the tree (9) of life also in the midst of every living creature, that was the name the garden, and the (9) tree of know- thereof. 20. And Adam gave names ledge of good and evil. 10. And a to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, river went out of Eden to water the and to every beast of the field: but for garden; and from thence it was parted, Adam there was not found an help and became into four heads. 11. The
meet for him. 21. And the LORD God name of the first is Pison (r): that is it caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, which compasseth the whole land of and he slept: and he took one of his Havilah, where there is gold. 12. And ribs, and closed up the flesh instead the gold of the land is good : there is thereof. 22. And the rib which the bdellium and the onyx-stone. 13. And Lord God had taken from man, made the name of the second river is Gihon: he a woman, and brought her unto the the same is it that compasseth the whole man. 23. And Adam said, “ This is land of (s) Ethiopia. 14. And the name “ now bone of my bones, and flesh of of the third river is Hiddekel (t): that is flesh: she shall be called, Woit which goeth toward the east of Assyria. man, because she was taken out of And the fourth river is Euphrates.
man.” 24. Therefore shall a man 15. And the Lord God took the man, leave his father and his mother, and and put him into the garden of Eden, shall cleave unto his wife: and (1) they to dress it, and to keep it. 16. And shall be one flesh (y). 25. And they the LORD God commanded the man, were both naked, the man and his saying, “ Of every tree of the garden wife, and were not ashamed. “thou mayest freely eat: 17. But of 6 the tree of the knowledge of good
CHAP. III. “ and evil
, thou shalt not eat of it: for Now the serpent (z) was more subtile “ in the day that thou eatest thereof, than any beast of the field which the “ thou shalt surely die (u).” 18. And LORD God had made: and he said the LORD God said, “ It is not good unto the woman, " that the man should be alone: I will “ Ye shall not eat of every tree of the “ make him an help meet for him.” “ garden?” 2. And the woman said 19. And out of the ground the Lord unto the serpent, “ We may eat of the God formed every beast of the field, “ fruit of the trees of the garden: and every fowl of the air, and brought 6 3. But of the fruit of the tree which
(9) v. 9. “ The tree of life,” and “the "a spiritual death," or, “become subject “ tree of knowledge, &c." both (says Bp. “ to death, mortal.” Moses could not Newton) figurative: the former signifying mean to insinuate that they were threatened the means of living in all true enjoyments, with immediate death, to die on the day of and attaining a happy immortality; the eating, for that he knew had not happened. latter, the risk of swerving from his (x) v. 24. “ They,” or “they two." li duty. 1 Newt. 103.
is so quoted by our Saviour, Matt. xix. 5. (r) v. ll. “ Pison." There is a stream Mark x. 8. — and by St. Paul, 1 Cor. from the Euphrates to the Tigris, a short vi. 16. — and Eph. v. 31. distance from the Persian Gulph ; and (y) “ One flesh :" "to have but one mind, from thence to the gulph the Euphrates “ heart, and will; to agree in all things had the name of Pison, the Tigris that of (z) v. 1. “ The serpent." Not the Gihon. This cross stream, therefore, from natural animal, but the great enemy the Euphrates to the Tigris, is the river mankind, spoken of in Rev. xii. 9. as the that watered the garden. 1 Well's Geo- "great dragon, that old serpent, called graphy, c.i. p.47.
“ the devil and satan.” He might assume (s) v. 13. • Ethiopia," rather “ Cush," the appearance of a serpent, or this might in Asia, Patr.
be the symbol, or hieroglyphic, by which
, (1) v. 14.“ Hiddekel," i.e." the Tigris." in antient
times, he was represented
. I (u) v. 17. “ Die,” i. e, either, “ incur Newt. 108.
“yea, hath God said.
" is in the midst of the garden, God Adam, and said unto him, “ Where art “ hath said, “ Ye shall not eat (a) of 6 thou?" 10. And he said, “I heard “ it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye “thy voice in the garden : and I was “ die.” 4. And the serpent said unto 6 afraid because I was naked; and I hid the woman, “ Ye shall not surely die. “ myself.” 11. And he said, “ Who “ 5. For God doth know, that in the “ told thee that thou wast naked ? hast
day ye eat thereof, then your eyes “ thou eaten of the tree, whereof I com“shall be opened: and ye shall be as “ manded thee, that thou shouldest not “ Gods, knowing good and evil.” 6 eat ?" 12. And the man(d)said, “The 6. And when the woman saw (6) that woman, whom thou gavest to be with the tree was good for food, and that it me,
gave of the tree, and I did was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to 66 eat." 13. And the Lord God said be desired to make one wise; she took unto the woman,
“ What is this that of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and 66 thou hast done?” and the woman said, gave also unto her husband with her, “ The serpent beguiled me, and I did and he did eat. 7. And the eyes of o eat." 14. And the LORD God said them both were opened, and they knew unto the serpent, “Because thou hast that they were naked : and they sewed « done this, thou art cursed above all fig-leaves together, and made them- “ cattle, and above every beast of the selves aprons. 8. And they heard the “ field: upon (e) thy belly shalt thou voice of the Lord God, walking in the go, and dust shalt thou eat all the garden in the cool of the day: and “ days of thy life. 15. And I will put Adam and his wife hid themselves (c) “ enmity between thee and the woman, from the presence of the LORD God “ and between thy seed and (g) her amongst the trees of the garden. “ seed: (h) it shall bruise (i) thy head, 9. And the LORD God called unto “ and thou shalt bruise (h) his ( heel.”
(a) v. 3. “ Eat, &c." “ Eating of the success of Christianity, he says, (in allusion “ forbidden fruit (says Bp. Newton) is to this passage,) “ and dust shall be the "nothing but a continuation of the hicro- “ serpent's meat." "glyphics, in which the history of the fall (g) v. 15. “Her seed." So that she was " was recorded before the use of letters : not to die immediately: they were relieved "what was the particular sin is not known : from the dread of instant death. It is ob“it was violating a divine command, in- servable, that the Jews, in their genealo
dulging an unlawful appetite, aspiring gies, regarded principally the males ; and it after forbidden knowledge. 1 Newt. 109." would probably strike them as singular that
(6) v. 6. “ Saw.” The serpent pro- in this passage the reference was made bably eat of it in her sight. 2 Hales, 13. only to the woman's seed: but it would the
(c) v. 8. “ Hid themselves.” The first better enable them to understand and apconsequence of a sense of guilt!
ply the prophecies, (Is. vii. 14.) “ a virgin (d) v. 12. “ The man said, &c." Neither “ shall conceive and bear a son, &c." and Adam or his wife aggravated their guilt (Jer. xxxi. 22.) “the Lord hath created a by denying it. In the present more de- new thing in the earth ; a woman shall prared state of man, the guilt of falsehood compass a man.” It would also prepare in denying the offence is in general added them the more readily to believe the mito the guilt of sin.
raculous conception. .(e) v. 14. “Upon thy belly, &c." i. e. (h) “ It,” or “he.” The word in the (figuratively :) "in a wretched, despised, original has both significations. The Sept. " and degraded state, abject, as one who translates it “he." See 2 Hales, 19. " is forced to crawl upon the ground, and “ It," and “his.” So that a single person “miserable, as one who has no food but only was referred to ; viz. Christ. “ dust." In Ps. xliv. 25. where the people (i) “ Thy head,” “ his heel." The are described as in the lowest state of former a mortal part, the latter not. An misery, it is said, “our soul is brought intimation, therefore, that however man "low, even unto the dust: our belly cleav- might be annoyed and harassed by the coneth unto the ground.” And Is. Ixv. 25. sequences of sin and the enmity and at. where the prophet is looking forward to the tacks of the devil, yet that at some time or
16. Unto the woman he said, “I will “ of thy life. 18. Thorns also and
greatly multiply thy sorrow, and (1) “thistles shall it bring forth to thee: “thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt 6 and thou shalt eat the herb of the
bring forth children: and thy desire 6 field. 19. In the sweat of thy face “ shall be to thy husband, and he shall 6 shalt thou eat bread, till thou return “ rule over thee.” 17. And unto Adam “ unto the ground; (n) for out of it wast he said, “ Because thou hast hearkened “ thou taken : for dust thou art, and “ unto the voice of thy wife, and hast “ unto dust shalt thou return.” 20. And “ eaten of the tree of which I com- Adam called his wife's name (0) Eve, “ manded thee, saying, Thou shalt because she was (p) the mother of all 666 shalt not eat of it:' cursed is the (9) living. 21. Unto Adam also, and to “ ground for thy (1) sake; (m) in sor- his wife, did the LORD God make coats “ row shalt thou eat of it all the days (r) of skins, and clothed them. 22. And
other, in some way God might think fit, some seed of the woman should gain the victory over Satan (signified by bruising his head), and open a way to deliverance from that death which had been denounced for their transgression : that, according to Rom. v. 12. 18. as by one man (viz. “ Adam) sin entered into the world, and “ death by sin, even so by the righteous“ ness of one (viz. Christ), the free gift of “ eternal life might be offered unto all." Though Adam and Eve might not understand
when or how this deliverance was to be accomplished (and perhaps it was intentionally concealed from them), this promise would naturally raise them from absolute despair, and would encourage them and their posterity, with a view to their redemption, to look up to God, and perform the duties of religion. See the 3d of Sherlock's Discourses upon Prophecy, and 1 Horsley's Sermons, 289 to 310. 'I Newt. 162.
(k) v. 16. “ And,” or “ in."
(l) v. 17. “ Sake,” or “ sin ;" “ trans“gression.' (m) “ In sorrow, &c." i. e.
66 thou “ shalt be forced to use great pains and “ labour to procure from it thy necessary « food.”
(n) v. 19. “For out of it wast thou 66 taken," or,
6 from whence thou wast “ taken.” Patr.
(o) v. 20. “ Eve,” which signifies “re“ storing life, or living.” The Sept. renders it " life.” So 1 Lightf. 2. This name was probably given her by Adam, in thankful rensembrance of the great promise in verse 15., because that promise relieved them from the dread of immediate destruction, softened the original denunciation “ thou shalt surely die," and might give them still the prospect of life and immortality.
(p) “ Was," i. e. “ was to be." She had as yet no child.
(9) " of all living," i. e. either " of all “ mankind,” or “of all who were to be “ rescued from the curse of death, all who “ were to be partakers of eternal life;" or the rendering might be, "of all life," viz. 66 of that seed from whom all life was to “ come,” who was to “ abolish death, and “ to bring life and immortality to light “through the gospel, 2 Tim. i. 10." For “ as in Adam all die, even so in Christ “ (this promised seed) were all to be made " alive. 1 Cor. xv. 22.” And he only “ that hath the Son hath life ; and he that “ hath not the Son of God hath not life. “ 2 John v. 12.” Our Saviour says of himself, John xi. 25. “I am the resurrec“ tion and the life." St. Paul says, Col. iii. 4. “ when Christ, who is our life, shall “ appear." And St. John personifies the life, i John i. 2. “ The life was manifested, “ and we have seen it, and bear witness, " and shew unto you that eternal life, “ which was with the Father, and was “ manifested unto us." See 1. Newt. 113.
(r) v. 21. “Of skins.” As it does not appear that man was as yet permitted to kill animals for food, (see Gen. I. 29.), it has been conjectured, that they had been instructed by God to offer them as an act of religious worship; that God had ap. pointed them as vicarious expiations for sin, as types or prophecies in action, as representations of the great sacrifice to be offered in after times for the sins of the world, and that atonement by the death and sacrifice of animals was instituted from the time of the fall, to prepare men's minds to understand the great atonement by the death and sacrifice of Christ. It is difficult to suppose how the practice of sacrifice came to prevail so universally as it did, and that amongst nations of all reli
the LORD God said “Behold (r) the days; and also after that, when the sons
man is become as one (s) of us, to of God came in unto the daughters of “know good and evil. And now, lest men, and they bare children to them: “ he put forth his hand and take also the same became mighty men which were “ of the tree of life, and eat and live for of old, men of renown. 5. And God “ ever :" 23. Therefore the LORD God saw that the wickedness of man was sent him forth from the garden of Eden, great in the earth, and that every imato till the ground from whence he was gination of the thoughts of his heart taken. 24. So he drove out the man : was only evil continually. 6. And it reand he placed at the east of the garden pented the LORD that he had made man of Eden, Cherubims, and a Haming on the earth, and it grieved him at his sword, which turned every way, to keep heart. 7. And the LORD said, “ I will the way of the tree of life.
“ destroy man, whom I have created,
66 from the face of the earth, both man CHAP. VỊ.
66 and beast, and the creeping thing, and And it (t) came to pass, when men “ the fowls of the air: for it repenteth began to multiply on the face of the that I have made them." 8. But
earth, and daughters were born unto Noah found grace in the eyes of the E them, 2. That the (u) sons of God saw LORD. 9. These are the (6) generations
the daughters of men, that they were of Noah: Noah was a just man, and fair; and they took them wives of all perfect in (c) his generations, and Noah which they chose. 3. And the LORD walked with God. 10. And Noah begat said, “ My spirit shall not always (x) three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. “strive with man (y) for that he also is 11. (d) The earth also was corrupt be“flesh: (z) yet his days shall be an hun- fore God; and the earth was filled with “ dred and twenty years.” 4. There violence. 12. And God looked upon were (a) giants in the earth in those the earth, and behold, it was corrupt : gions, if it was not instituted by the ex- ler, 79.) and this violence would naturally press command of God. See 2 Lightf. 1327. call forth the denunciation in v. 3.
| Lightf. 2. - 1 Newt. 113. 163. - 2 (1) v. 3. “Strive with," i. e. (perhaps) Hales, 24. It is probable, too, from this “ labour to correct.” To the same effect passage, that the fall of man was not until as Is. i. 5. “Why should ye be stricken any some time after his creation ; until the more; the whole head is sick, &c." See animals, whose skins they used, had had post. Or it may mean, "bear with," put time to breed.
up with their iniquities. See 2 Hales, (r) v. 22. “ Behold, &c." ironically. 2 37, 38. Chrys. 281. Hom. on Matt. ix. 13. and 2 (y) “ For that he also is flesh.” Or,“ beChrys. 134. Hom. on Matt. v. 3.
cause he is wholly given up to sensual (s) “ One of us." Another plural; as if the speaker were not alone. See (z) “ Yet his days, &c.” “I will nevernote (h) on Gen. i. 26.
" theless still forbear 120 years; I will (t) v. 1. “Came to pass." A. M. 1536. “ spare him for that time.” St. Peter B.C. 2468.
notices that “the long-suffering of God (u) v. 2. “Sons of God," and "the daugh- “ waited in the days of Noah, whilst the “ ters of men." “ The former,” (as many “ ark was preparing. 1 Pet. iii. 20.” suppose, “the descendants of Seth, who (a) v. 4. “Giants," i. e. either «
apos« had hitherto adhered rightly to the wor- tates," deserters of the worship of God,
ship of God; the latter, the descendants or men of extraordinary strength and un" of Cain, who had turned to idolatry. I restrained violence; giants in stature and " Shuckf. 13.- 1 Lightf. 995. – Van Mild. | iniquity. * 40." Another rendering is, “that the (6) v. 9. “Generations,” or “ particu" sons of the great saw the daughters of the “ lars ; ' “ this is an account of, &c."
poor that they were fair, and they took (c) “In his generations,” or “ in his " them women of all which they chose,” ways, or manners." referring to an unlawful and forced con- (d) v. 11. Read, “ But the earth was cubinage. (1 Wall, 9 to 12. and see Schind
for all flesh had corrupted his way upon “ every living thing of all flesh, two of the earth. 13. And God said unto every sort shalt thou bring into the Noah, (e) “ The end of all flesh is come ark, to keep them alive with thee: “ before (g) me: for the earth is filled they shall be male and female. 20. Of “ with violence through them: and be- “ fowls after their kind, and of cattle “ hold, I will destroy them (h) with the
« after their kind, of every creeping “ earth. 14. (i) Make thee an ark of thing of the earth after his kind : two “ (k) Gopher wood: rooms shalt thou every sort shall come unto thee, to “ make in the ark, and shalt pitch it keep them alive. 21. And take thou “ within and without with pitch. 15. And “ unto thee of all food that is eaten, and “this is the fashion which thou shalt “ thou shalt gather it to thee; and it “ make it of the length of the ark shall « shall be for food for thee, and for “ be three hundred (1) cubits, the breadth “ them.” 22. (12) Thus did Noah; ac“ of it fifty cubits, and the height of it cording to all that God commanded “ thirty cubits. 16. A window shalt thou him, so did he. “ make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt “ thou finish it above; and the door of
CHAP. IX. to verse 20. o the ark shalt thou set in the side And God blessed Noah and his solis, “thereof: with lower, second, and third and said unto them, “Be fruitful, and “ stories shalt thou make it. 17. And multiply, and replenish the earth. “behold, I, even I do bring a flood of “ 2. And the fear of you, and the dread “ waters upon the earth, to destroy all “ of you, shall be upon every beast of “ flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from “ the earth, and upon every fowl of the 6 under heaven : and every thing that “ air, upon all that moveth upon the “ is in the earth shall die. 18. But with “ earth, and upon all the fishes of the “ thee will I establish (m) my covenant : sea;
your hand are they deli" and thou shalt come into the ark; “ vered. 3. Every moving thing that “ thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and “ liveth, shall be (o) meat for you ; thy sons' wives with thee. 19. And of even as
herb have I given
(e) v. 13. “ The end,” i. e. (probably) (m) v. 18. “My covenant," i. e. (pro“ the destruction,”. “ the thought of bring- bably) “ the promise (Gen. iii. 15.) that the “ing it to an end."
“ seed of the woman should bruise the (g) “ Before me,"i. e. (probably)“ under “ serpent's head: that this promise, though my consideration.”
“ not yet fulfilled, shouid still be accom(h) “With,” or, rather, “ from.”
“ plished in some descendant from Noab." li) v. 14. “Make, &c.” Berosus, in
(n) v. 22. “ Thus did. Noah.” Noah is his History of the Chaldeans, gives a simi- supposed to have lived in an inland sitular account of the flood, and of God's in
ation. And this act of building a vessel timation to Noah (whom he call Xisuthrus) of such extraordinary dimensions and conto prepare a vessel for himself, his kindred struction, equal in capacity or stowage to and friends, and for fowls and beasts; and eighteen first rate men of war of the prethis tends to shew, that the Chaldean His. sent day, 1 Hales, 328. would naturally tory places the creation at the same time attract the notice of all bis neighbourhood
, as Moses. 1 Shuckf. 15, 16. — 3 Hales, 18.
and operate as a warning to all who saw of (k) “Gopher,” i. e.“ Cypress.” 1 Newt. heard of it. It was also a proof of his obt166. Hales, 327.
dience and faith, and is noticed as such (l) v. 15. “Cubits.” A cubit is a foot with approbation, Heb. xi. 7. “By faith and half, or a foot and three quarters. So Noah, being warne dof God of things not that at the lowest the length would be 150 seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared yards, the breadth 25, and the height 15. “ an ark to the saving of his house." Dimensions fully sufficient to hold all the (o) v. 3. “ Meat." This is the first living things to be preserved with food for licence for eating animal food; and it is their subsistence, allowing the domestic followed with injunctions calculated to preanimals hay, the carnivorous ones, sheep. vent savage habits and dispositions, to shew 1 Wells, 36 to 48.- 1 Hales, 328. that the blood, even of animals, was still