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man, but of God. 14. And the For the Epistle. Acts vii. 55. Word was made (0) flesh, and Stephen, being full of the Holy dwelt among us, (and we beheld Ghost, looked up stedfastly into his glory, the glory as of the only heaven, and saw the glory of God, begotten of the Father,) full of and Jesus standing on the right grace and truth.

hand of God, 56. and said, “Be“ hold, I see the heavens opened,

“ and the Son of man standing Saint Stephen's Day.

“ on the right hand of God.”

57. Then they cried out with a loud The Collect.

voice, and stopped their ears, and GRANT, O Lord, that in all our

ran upon him with one accord, sufferings here upon earth, for 58. and cast him out of the city, the testimony of thy truth, we and stoned him: and the witnesses may stedfastly look

up

to heaven, laid down their clothes at a young and by faith behold the glory that man's feet, whose name was Saul shall be revealed; and being filled (p). 59. And they stoned Stewith the Holy Ghost, may learn phen, calling

phen, calling upon God, and to love and bless our persecutors, saying, “Lord Jesus (7), receive by the example of thy first Mar

my spirit.

60. And he tyr, Saint Stephen, who prayed kneeled down, and cried with a for his murderers to thee, o loud voice,“

loud voice, “Lord, lay not this blessed Jesus, who standest at the

“ sin to their charge !" And when right hand of God to succour he had said this, he fell asleep. all those that suffer for thee, our only Mediator and Advocate.

The Gospel. Matt. xxiii. 34. Amen.

Behold, I (r) send unto you [Then shall follow the Collect of the Nativity: which shall be said continually until New Year's Eve.]

prophets, and wise men, and

(p) 0.58. Saul.” The same person who

(o) v. 14. “ Flesh," i. e.“ in the

person to be an apostle, because he persecuted the of Jesus Christ."

Church of God.

(g) “Lord Jesus, &c." making him therewas afterwards miraculously converted, fore the object of his prayer. And would and is known by the name of St. Paul. In Stephen have done this, or would it have Acts viii. 1. which immediately follows this been recorded without comment or exaccount, it is said, “ and Saul was consent- planation, had it not been the then exist“ing unto his death.” In the account St. ing faith, that Christ was a proper object Paul gives of his conversion, (Acts xxii. of worship, and consequently God? Our 20.) he states, that in his trance, in the Saviour says, Matt. iv. 10. " It is written, Temple, he said unto the Lord, “when “thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, " the blood of thy martyr Stephen was “and him only shalt thou serve." And “shed, I also was standing by, and con- God says twice in Isaiah, Isa. xlii. 8. Isa. senting unto his death, and kept the xlviii. 11. “My glory will I not give to ano“raiment of them that slew him.” The ther.” The caution with which false worActs are supposed to have been written by ship, the worship of any one but God, was St. Luke; and he was with St. Paul twelve watched, may be collected from Acts xiv. years, from A. D. 46 to A.D. 58; so that 14. Rev. xix. 10. and Rev. xxii. 8, 9. he is likely to be correct as to what he (r) v. 34. “I send." An argument of writes about St. Paul. In 1 Cor. xv. 9. St. Christ's Divinity : Who, that was not God, Paul says of himself, that he was not meet could send ?

و و

“ scribes : and some of them

ye

say, · Blessed is he that cometh “ shall kill and crucify; and some “ in the name of the Lord.'“ of them shall ye scourge in

your synagogues, and persecute them “ from city to city:

35. that

Saint John the Evangelist's Day. upon you may come all the

The Collect. righteous blood shed upon the “ earth, from the blood of righ- Merciful Lord, we beseech thee “ teous Abel unto the blood of to cast thy bright beams of light “ Zacharias son of Barachias, upon thy Church, that it being “ whom ye slew between the tem- enlightened by the doctrine of thy

ple and the altar. 36. Verily blessed Apostle and Evangelist “ I say unto you, All these things Saint John, may so walk in the " shall come upon this (8) gener-| light of thy truth, that it may at “ ation.” 37. “ O Jerusalem, length attain to the light of ever“ Jerusalem, thou that killest lasting life, through Jesus Christ “ the prophets, and stonest them our Lord. Amen. “ which are sent unto thee, how “ often would I have gathered thy

The Epistle. 1 John i. 1. “ children together, even as a hen That which was (u) from the

gathereth her chickens under beginning, which we have heard, “ her wings, and ye would not ! which we (v) have seen with our “ 38. Behold, your house is left

eyes, which we have looked upon, “ unto you desolate. 39. For I and our hands have handled, of “say unto you, Ye shall not see

the (w) word of life ; 2. (for the “ me henceforth, till (t) ye shall life was manifested, and we have

(s) v. 36. “This generation.” Another (perhaps) “before the creation of the assertion, that some signal vengeance “ world.” The existence of the Son beshould come upon the generation of men fore the creation is established by many then living; and independently of those texts, (ante, p.15.) ; and it is repeatedly who perished at the time of the destruction asserted that he joined in the creation. of Jerusalem, which happened in less than (Eph. iii 9. Col. i. 15, 16, 17. Hebr. i. forty years after this prophecy, immense 2. 8. 10. and John i. 3.) numbers perished before. Our Saviour stated (v) “ Have seen, &c.” It was natural (Matt. xxiv. 7.) that “Nation should rise for St. John to press strongly upon those * against nation, and kingdom against to whom he writes what had pressed “ kingdom, and that there should be fa. strongly upon himself; and what could “ mines, and pestilences, and earthquakes make a stronger impression on any one “ in divers places ;" but that those were than the conviction of his own senses? “ only the beginning of sorrows.” And His faith had for its foundation what he accordingly in the interval, between this had himself seen, and for which he had prophecy and the destruction of Jerusa- the assurance of his own feeling. lem, as many as 100,000 are said to have (rv) “ The Word of Life,” that is, “our perished in Palestine by wars and civil “ Saviour Jesus Christ.” He is also decommotions. 2 Newt. on Proph. 146. noted by the expressions in the next verse 5.Wats. Theol. Tr. 121. 3. See ante, 33. “ the Life," and " that Eternal Life which note on Luke xxi. 32.

“ was with the Father." So St. John says (1) v. 39. “ Till ye shall say," i.e. (per- in his Gospel, John i. 14. The word haps) till this shall be the general cry, “ was made flesh” (that is in the person of “ Blessed," &c.

Jesus Christ), “and dwelt among us." (u) v. 1. “From the beginning," i. e.

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seen it, and bear witness, and message which we have heard of shew unto you that eternal life him, and declare unto you, that which was with the Father, and God is (x) light, and in him is no was manifested unto us;) 3. that (x) darkness at all. 6. If we say which we have seen and heard, that we have (y) fellowship with declare we unto you, that ye also him, and walk in darkness, we lie, may have fellowship with us: and and do not the (2) truth : 7. But truly our fellowship is with the if we walk in the light, as he is in Father, and with his Son Jesus the light, we have fellowship (a) Christ. 4. And these things one with another, and the blood write we unto you, that your joy of Jesus Christ his (6) Son (c) may be full. 5. This then is the cleanseth us from all sin. 8. If we say (d) that we have no sin, we “ is he that betrayeth thee?” deceive ourselves, and the truth 21. Peter seeing him, saith to is not in us. 9. If we confess Jesus, Lord, and what shall our sins, he is faithful and just to (k) this man do ?” 22. Jesus forgive us our sins, and to cleanse saith to him, “If I will that he us from all unrighteousness. 10. If tarry (1) till I come, what is we say, that we have not sinned, “ that to thee? follow thou me.” we make (e) him a liar, and his 23. Then went this saying abroad word is not in us.

(3) v.5. “Light,” i.e.“ perfect purity." " Darkness,” i. e.“ impurity.”

(y) v. 6. “Fellowship," i. e. “ Partici" pation.” St. John expresses this fellowship elsewhere in very strong terms. Thus, 1 John iii. 24. “ He that keepeth his” (viz. God's) “commandments, dwelleth in him," " and he" (viz. God) “ in him.” So 1 John iv. 12, 13. ' “ If we love one another, God " dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected "in us;" and v. 15.“ Whosoever shall con"fess that Jesus is the Son of God, God " dwelleth in him, and he in God.” It is perbaps upon the same ground that St. Paul calls the converts "the Temple of "God," I Cor. iii. 16, 17. - vi. 19. — 2 Cor. vi, 16.

(3) “ The Truth," i. e. “ what the Gos. " pel prescribes," the Gospel precepts. Midd.

(a) 6. 7. “ One with another," or (according to the king's MSS.) “with him."

(6) v. 3. 7. “ His Son,” Christ, standing to God the Father in the same relation as a mortal son does to a mortal father.

(c) “ Cleanseth us.” So Rev. i. 5. Jesus Christ is said to have washed us from our sins in his own blood.” And according to the language of our Liturgy, he made " by his one oblation of himself once "offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient " sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for " the sins of the whole world.” By requiring so great a sacrifice, God has shewn his utter detestation of sin ; (see I Magee, p. 476,477.486.488.;) and if we refuse to perform the terms upon which forgiveness of sins is offered unto us, acknowledging our own unworthiness, repenting of the sins we have committed, endeavouring to lead godly lives, and feeling thankful for God's mercies, what are

we to expect? We are assured by the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, x. 26. that “there remaineth no more sacri“fice for sin, but a certain fearful looking “ for of judgment, and fiery indignation. And “if he that despised Moses' law died “ without mercy, of how much sorer “punishment shall he be thought worthy, “ who treadeth under foot the Son of God, " and counteth the blood of the covenant “ wherewith he was sanctified an unholy “thing?" According to Acts iv. 12." there “ is no other name under heaven given

among men, whereby we must be saved.” So that if a sinner will not look up to the sacrifice and intercession of Jesus Christ, to what can he look? The doctrine of Redemption by Jesus Christ seems capable of an easy explanation. No man since the world began, with the exception of Jesus Christ, has lived without committing sin : each man, therefore, if judged upon mere principles of justice, would have some sin to answer for, and instead of having a claim upon God for eternal life, would be amenable to him for some punishment. To exempt him from this punishment, and to give him as a boon that eternal life which of himself he could never earn, our Saviour, who did no sin, underwent the punishment of sin; God accepted that punishment instead of the punishment to which each man would otherwise have been himself subject, and the sins of those who truly look up to Jesus Christ, and obtain his intercession and mediation, will be blotted out, will not be brought into account at the judgment-seat of Christ. In this

way

God has laid upon him the iniquity of us all; and it is upon him that that chastisement has been laid, by which our peace has been obtained.

among the brethren,' That that

disciple should not die : yet Jesus The Gospel. John xxi. 19.

said not unto him, He shall not ESUS (8) said unto Peter, Fol- die ; but, “ If I will that he tarry low me. 20. Then Peter turning “ till I come, what is that to about, seeth the (h) disciple whom « thee?" 24. This (m) is the Jesus loved, following, which disciple which testifieth of these also leaned on his breast (i) at things, and wrote these things : supper, and said, “Lord, which

Lord, which and we know that his testimony

no

(d) v. 8. “ If we say, &c.” that is, “if (1) v. 22. “ Till I come," that is, till one “ pride induce any one to think so highly of the periods signified by “the day of the “ of himself, as to suppose that he was “ Lord,” the time when he should execute “ free from sin, and that there was that signal vengeance which was completed “ occasion for a sacrifice for him, that by the destruction of Jerusalem. See “person is deceived." According to Rom. ante, 28. St. John accordingly lived until iii. 23. “ all have sinned, and fallen short long after that destruction ; but St. Peter “ of the glory of God.”

is supposed to have been crucified before (e) v. 1o.“ Make him a liar," i. e. “ if it, viz. in Nero's reign, A. D. 68. It is " we pretend that the world was not in observable, that St. John is the only “ such a state of sin as to require such a Evangelist who does not give a detailed “sacrifice as Jesus Christ (when God by account of what our Saviour foretold as to “ sending him has asserted that it was), the destruction of the Temple, and the " we contradict his assertion, and treat it signs of his coming ; for which there is this “ as false.”

obvious reason: The other Gospels were (g) v. 19. What is here stated occurred published before that period, when it would after the Resurrection of our Saviour. be of consequence to the converts to know

(h) v. 20. “The disciple whom Jesus accurately what the signs were ; whereas “ loved," i.e. “John himself." He is there. St. John's Gospel was not published till fore relating a conversation at which he was long afterwards; and then the detail would present, and which nearly concerned him- have been comparatively useless. Matthew self.

and Mark were both dead before the de. (i) “ At supper,” or “at the supper," struction of Jerusalem ; and St. Peter and in tw dotyw, with the article, at that supper St. Paul, who are supposed to have overwhen our Saviour intimated to the apostles, looked and approved of St. Mark’s and St. that one of them should betray him. See Luke's Gospel (Newton on Proph. 136-7), Matt. xxvi. 21.–Mark xiv. 18. — Luke came to their deaths in Nero's time. St. xxii. 21.

John, it is believed did not publish his (k) v. 21. “ This man do." It should Gospel till A. D. 97, twenty seven years rather be, “ become of this man," ollos tí. after the destruction of Jerusalem. Our Saviour had just been intimating to (m) v. 24. “ This is the disciple, &c." Peter, that he (Peter), when he should be Dr. Hammond says, that this, and what old, should be crucified : and after that follows, was added by the Church at intimation the question is natural, what Ephesus. 4 Hamm. 125. It certainly has should become of John; and the answer the appearance of an addition. here stated corresponds with that question.

is true. 25. And there are also a : many other things which Jesus the voice of harpers harping with did, the which if they should be their harps :

their harps : 3. and they sung written every one, I suppose that as it were a new song before the even the world itself could not throne, and before the four beasts contain the books that should be and the elders : and no man could written.

learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand which were redeemed from the earth.

4. These are they which were The Innocents' Day.

not defiled with women ; for they

are virgins. These are they which The Collect.

follow the Lamb whithersoever he O ALMIGHTY God, who out (n) goeth. These were redeenied of the mouths of babes and suck from among men, being the firstlings hast ordained strength, and fruits unto God and to (9) the madest infants to glorify thee by Lamb.

5. And in their mouth their deaths ; Mortify and kill all was found no guile : for they are vices in us, and so strengthen us

without fault before the throne of by thy grace, that by the inno- God. cency of our lives, and constancy of our faith even unto death, we

The Gospel. Matt. ii. 13. may glorify thy holy Name, through The angel of the Lord apJesus Christ our Lord. Amen. peareth to Joseph in a dream,

saying, “ Arise, and take the For the Epistle. Rev. xiv. 1.

young child, and his mother,

" and flee into Egypt, and be I LOOKED, and, lo, a (0) Lamb “ thou there until I bring thee stood on the mount Sion, and 66 word : for Herod will seek the with him an (p) hundred forty young child to destroy him.” and four thousand, having his 14. When he arose, he took the Father's name written in their young child, and his mother by foreheads. 2. And I heard a night, and departed into Egypt: voice from heaven, as the voice

15. and was there until the death of many waters, and as the voice of Herod, (r) that it might be

(n) This is borrowed from Psalm viii. 2. i.e. twelve thousand for each of the tribes

(0) 0. l. “a Lamb,” i. e. “the Messiah, of Israel, meaning probably a large in" our Saviour, the Son of God.” It is definite number from all nations, See evident he is referred to, because his post,note on Eph. iv. 30. Father's (i. e. God's) name was written in (9) v. 4. “ And to the Lamb," to him the foreheads of the 144,000.

jointly with the Father.

See note on (p)“ 144,000.” The same number as in Ephes. v. 5. post. Rev. vii. 4. post, are said to have been ir) v. 15. “ That it might be fulfilled.” sealed as the servants of God, with the The passage referred to is in Hosea xi. I. seal of the living God. It was usual for “ When Israel was a child, then I loved servants and soldiers, to bear some name “ him, and called my son out of Egypt;" or mark exposed to public view, to denote and it has the appearance of referring to whose servants or soldiers they were. The the early times of the Jewish history, number is twelve times twelve thousand, speaking of the nation under the character

E

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