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3. In the day of thy power Psalm cx. (m)
shall the (v) people offer thee The Lord (n) said unto my free-will offerings with an holy (0) Lord : “ Sit thou on my worship : the dew (w) of thy
right hand, until (p) I make birth is of the womb of the " thine enemies thy footstool.”.
morning. 2. The (7) Lord shall send the 4. The (9) Lord sware, and (r) rod of thy power out of (s) will not repent : “ Thou art a Sion : be thou ruler (t), even in the priest for ever after the order (2) midst (u) among thine enemies. " of Melchisedech.”
« unto my
(m) A prophetic hymn upon the Messiah, written by David. It is clearly so considered by our Saviour, in his conversation with the Pharisees, (Matt. xxii. 41 to 45. — Mark xii. 35 to 37. and Luke xx. 41 to 44.) « Jesus asked them, “ What " think ye of Christ? whose son is he?
They say unto him, The son of David. “ He saith unto them, How then doth “David in spirit" (under the influence of inspiration) i call him, Lord, saying, “ The Lord said unto my lord, Sit thou on
my right hand, till I make thine enemies “thy footstool ?" If David then call him, “Lord, how is he is son ?" So St. Peter, in his address on the day the apostles received the gift of the Holy Ghost, (Acts xxii. 34.) evidently treats it as written by David, and as applying to the Messiah : “ David is not ascended into the heavens, “but he saith himself, “ The Lord said
lord, Sit thou on my right hand, “ until I make thy foes thy footstool.” Again, in the passage, Heb. i. 13. “ to “ which of the angels said he at any “ time, Sit on my right hand, until I “ make thine enemies thy footstool,” it is evident the author must have considered it as written of the Messiah. And the expression in verse 4. " thou art a priest " for ever after the order of Melchize" dek,” is repeatedly in the Hebrews considered as applying to the Messiah. See Heb. v. 6. 10. — vi. 20. — vii. 21. Justin M. considers it as clear that it was written prophetically of the Messiah, Dial. cum Tryphone, 250, 251. 309.; and so does Dr. Graves, Graves's Trinity, 40. It is one of the Psalms for Christmas Day.
(n) v. 1. “ The Lord,” i. e. “God the " Father." Hebr. “ Jehovah.” Sept. & Κύριος. . (0) " My Lord," i. e. “the Messiah." Hebr. “ Adonai."
See ante, 254. note on Ps. ii. 4. Sept. 7 Kupigo us. In Ecclus. li.
10. “ The Lord, the Father of my Lord," is represented as invoked.
(P) “ Until, &c.” St. Paul refers to this passage, 1 Cor. xv. 25. “ Then com“eth the end; when he" (i. e. Christ) « shall have delivered up the kingdom to “ God, even the Father; when he shall “ have put down all rule, and all authority “ and power; for he must reign till he “ hath put all enemies under his feet.”.
(9) v. 2. 4. “ The Lord,” i. e. “God « the Father." Hebr. Jehovah."
(r) “Rod" or "sceptre;" “ the symbol “ of royalty. Jerome." (s)“ Of Sion." So Ps. ii. 6. " yet
have “ I set my king upon my holy hill of Sion;" and Isaiah ii. 3. “out of Sion shall go « forth the law, and the word of the Lord “ from Jerusalem."
(t) v. 2. 5, 6. “ Ruler, &c.” The extent of his dominion, and the severity of his vengeance, is also foretold, Ps. ii. 8, 9. “ Desire of me, and I shall give thee the “ heathen for thine inheritance, and the “ utmost parts of the earth for thy pos6 session. Thou shalt bruise them with a " rod of iron, and break them in pieces “ like a potter's vessel.”
(u) « The midst, &c." so complete shall be thy sway. See Ps. xlv. 6. It is not impossible this may look forward to the destruction of Jerusalem.
(v) v. 3. “ The people,” i. e. (probably) “ the Gentiles.”
(w) “ The dew, &c." i. e. (says Bishop Horne) “ Thy children” (those who shall entitle' themselves to that appellation) “ shall exceed in number brightness and
beauty, the spangles of the morning " dew."
(c) r. 4. “Of Melchisedech," not of Aaron, whose priesthood originated from the Mosaic institutions, and would end with them, and was confined to the Israel. ites, - but of Melchisedech, who was long
5. The Lord (y) upon thy (2)
2. The works of the Lord are right hand : shall wound even great : sought out (h) of all them (a) kings in the day of his wrath. that have pleasure therein.
6. He shall judge among the 3. His work is worthy to be heathen, he shall fill (6) the praised and had in honour : and places with the dead bodies : and his righteousness endureth for smite in sunder the heads over divers countries.
4. The merciful and gracious 7. He shall drink of the
of the Lord hath so done his marvelbrook (c) in the way : therefore lous works : that they ought to shall he lift up his head.
be had in remembrance.
5. He hath given (i) meat Psalm cxi. (d)
unto them that fear him : he I will give thanks unto the shall ever be mindful of his coveLord with my whole heart : se- nant. (k) cretly (e) among the faithful, 6. He hath shewed his people and in the congregation. (8) the power of his works : that he
before Aaron's time, being contemporary brews, introduction, p. xxxviii. The same with Abraham. See Gen. xiv. 18, 19. idea, probably, as Phil. ii. 8, 9. (ante, 102.) The meaning probably is, “ Thou shalt “ He humbled himself, and became obe“ be a priest, not for a limited time, as “ dient unto death, even the death of the “ the priests of the order of Aaron, but cross, wherefore God also hath highly “ for ever; not for one nation only, but “ exalted him, and given him a Name “ for every people and language that shall “ which is above every Name, &c." “ look up to thee. And as it belonged to (d) An alphabetical Psalm, consisting “ the priest's office to offer sacrifice and of twenty-two sentences, each beginning “ to intercede for and bless the people, with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet, in “ thou shalt offer up for them an all-suffi- regular succession. It is one of the pro“ cient sacrifice, thou shalt make inter
Psalms for Easter Day. From calling “ cession for them to the end of time, into recollection the works of God and “ and shalt confer upon them God's bless- what he had done for his people; and, “ing."
perhaps, looking forward prophetically to (y) v. 5. “ The Lord upon thy right the Christian covenant and blessings
, it “ hand," i. e. " the Messiah, he who is presses the duty of making God the object “ ordered by the Father, in verse 1. to of veneration and worship. “ sit at his right hand.” Hebr. “ Adonai.”
(e) v. 1. “Secretly, &c." i.e. “ both (z) “ Thy,” i. e. “God the Father's.”
“ in private and in public." Though the Psalmist, in the three preced- (g) “ The congregation," i. e. " the ing verses, was addressing the Son, he
“ great religious assembly of the Jews." appears here to turn to the Father. Bp. Ante, Ps. xxi. 25. Horne.
(h) v. 2. “ Sought out," i. e. “indus(a) “ Even kings ;" the very highest “ triously inquired into and looked after." shall not be able to withstand or escape. In Ps. xxviii. 5, 6. and Isaiah v. 12 it is
(6) v. 6. “ Fill, &c." so great shall be an imputation “not to regard the work of his vengeance.
“ the Lord, nor consider the operation of (c) v. 7. “ Drink of the brook, &c.” “ his hands." perhaps, a proverb, to signify great dis- (i) v. 5. “ Given," referring, probably, tress : “ Be as much straitened as those to the miraculous supply of food in the “ who have nothing to drink but the water wilderness ; a type of the spiritual supply " by the way side ; pass through the
Christ would give. " greatest sufferings, to be exalted to the (k) “ His covenant," i. e. either, " trhat“greatest glory." See Justin M. Dial.
he promises," without referring to cum Tryphone, 251. – 4. Hamm. 322, 323. any particular engagement; or it might
Patrick in loco. - Sykes on the He- allude to the promise to Abraham to give
may give (1) them the (m) he- 3. Riches and plenteousness ritage of the heathen.
shall be in his house : and his 7. The works of his hands righteousness endureth for ever. are verity (n) and judgement : 4. Unto the godly there ariseth all his commandments () are up light in the darkness (x) : he true. (p)
is merciful, loving, and righteous. 8. They stand fast for ever and 5. A good man is merciful, and ever : and are done in truth and lendeth : and will guide his words equity.
with discretion. 9. He sent redemption (9) unto 6. For he shall never be moved : his people : he hath cominanded and the righteous shall be had in his covenant (r) for ever : holy everlasting remembrance. and reverend is his Name.
7. He will not be afraid of any 10. The fear (s) of the Lord evil tidings : for his heart standis the beginning of wisdom : a eth fast, and believeth in the good understanding have all they Lord. that do thereafter; the praise of 8. His heart is established, and it endureth for ever.
will not shrink : until he see his
desire upon his enemies. Psalm cxii. (t)
9. He hath dispersed abroad(y), Blessed is the man that feareth and given to the poor : and his the Lord : he hath great delight righteousness (2) remaineth for in his commandments.
ever; his horn shall be exalted 2. His (u) seed shall be mighty with honour. upon earth : the generation of the 10. The ungodly shall see it, faithful shall be blessed.
and it shall grieve him : he shall
them the land of Canaan, (see Ps. cv. 9. prophetically to the Christian dispens11.) and might leave it to be inferred from ation, to that kingdom which should stand the fulfilment of that promise, that every for ever, and should never be destroyed. other would also be performed.
(s) v. 10.
“ The fear, &c." So Job (1) v. 6. “ That he may give," or « in xxviii. 28. “ Behold, the fear of the Lord,
" that is wisdom, and to depart from evil “ The heritage, &c." i. e. (perhaps) “ is understanding." See also Prov. i. 7. " the land of Canaan."
-ix. 10. (n) v. 7. “ Verity and judgment,” i. e. (t) On the blessings (even in this world) "right and just ; will bear the strictest of the good. Another alphabetical Psalm. "scrutiny ; will answer any test.” Even (u) v. 2. “ His seed, &c." So that the the driving out the Canaanites was per- righteousness of the father shall bring fectly consistent with justice; it was for down blessings upon the son. their wickedness that they were driven out, (2) v. 4. “ Light in the darkness," i. e. (Deut. ix. 5.): and God forbore to drive “ comfort in adversity ; safety in times of then out until their “ iniquity was full.” “ peril.” See Ps. xci. 16.
(y) v. 9.“ Dispersed abroad," i.e. (pro(0)“ Commandments,” or “orderings,” | bably) " distributed extensively to those "dispensations."
“ in need.” St. Paul refers to this pas(p)“ True," i. e. “ correct,” “proper.” sage (2 Cor. ix. 9.) when he is pressing the (9) v.9. “Redemption," i.e. (probably) Corinthian converts to contribute liberally " by delivering them from the Egyptian
to their poorer brethren. " bondage, a type of the greater deliver- (z) “ Righteousness," i. e.
6 the meance, through Christ, from the bondage “rit of his bounty.” 3. Hamım. 3.- Locke “ of sin.”
186. (7) “ For ever," perhaps, referring
See Gen. xv.
gnash with his teeth, and con- 5. Who is like unto the Lord sume away; the desire of the our God, that hath his dwelling ungodly shall perish.
so high : and yet humbleth himPsalm cxiii. (a)
self to behold the things that are Praise the Lord, ye servants :
in heaven and earth ? O praise the Name of the Lord.
6. (c) He taketh up the simple
out of the dust : and lifteth the 2. Blessed be the Name of the Lord : from this time forth for poor out of the mire;
7. That he may set him with evermore, 3. The Lord's Name is praised :
the princes : even with the princes from the rising (6) up of the sun,
of his people.
8. He maketh the barren wounto the going down of the same. 4. The Lord is high above all
man to keep house (d): and to heathen : and his glory above the
be a joyful mother of children. heavens.
(a) A spirited invocation to the praise of God for his high pre-eminence, and for his condescension at the same time to the affairs of men. This, and the five following Psalms, were used by the Jews on the Paschal night, after they had eaten the paschal lamb. See ante, 108. note on Mark xiv. 1. It is with us one of the proper Psalms for Easter Day.
(6) v. 3. “ The rising, &c." i. e.“ from “ one end of heaven to the other, from “ east to west ;" one of the many instances of the figurative language of Hebrew poetry! The same expression occurs, Ps, l. i., and in Mal. xi. “ from “the rising of the sun, even unto the go
ing down of the same, my name shall be
great among the Gentiles.” So Isaiah lix. 19. “ They shall fear the name of the
“ Lord from the west, and his glory from “ the rising of the sun.”
(c) v. 6. Like the passage in Hannah's song of praise for the birth of Samuel (1 Sam. ii. 8.): “ He raiseth up
poor is out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar “ from the dunghill, to set them amongst “princes, and to make them inherit the « throne of glory."
(d) v. 8. “To keep house," i.e." to « be the head of a family:" " to have a “ house," i. e. “ children of her own, to “keep." Hannah's thanksgiving was, because she had a child after she had been long barren ; and “ building a house" is a common expression for having a family. See Exod. i. 21.- Deuter. xxv. 9. - Ruth iv. 11. See also Ps. cxxvii. 1.
Lessons for the Twenty-third Day of the Month throughout the Year.
Morn. Ezra iv. Morn. Job xli.
Matt. xxi.(5) Luke vii, (6) Even. Ezra v. Even. Job xlii.
Morn, Jer. xiii.
Morn. Dan. viii.
Acts xxi. Even. Dan. ix.
2 Pet. iii.
1 Cor. vi.
2 Tim. ii.
1) ante, 29.
(2) ante, 183.
(3) ante, 210,
(4) ante, 171, 149.
(5) ante, 29.
(6) ante, 913.
Lessons for the Twenty-third Day of the Month, continued.
ary (h) : and Israel his domiPsalm cxiv. (e)
nion. When Israel came out of Egypt: 3. The
(i) saw that, and the house of Jacob from and fled : Jordan (k) was driven among the strange people ;
back. 2. Judah was his (g) sanctu
4. The mountains (1) skip
(e) A hymn of great poetic spirit, upon " all their journies, Exod. xl. 2. 34. 38." God's presence with the Israelites when Well therefore might it be said that Judah they passed from Egypt to Canaan, call- “ his sanctuary, and Israel his doing to mind his leading them through the
« minion.' sea and through the river Jordan, his ap- (i) v. 3. “ The sea, &c." Alluding to pearance upon mount Sinai, and the mi- the sea's dividing, when the Israelites were raculous supply of water in the wilderness. pursued by Pharoab, and passed through It is one of the proper Psalms for Easter as on dry land. Day.
(k) « Jordan, &c." About forty years (g) v. 2. “ His," i. e. “God's."
In after the passage through the Red Sea, the Spectator (No. 461.) the force and God thought fit to magnify Joshua in the beauty of concealing God's name until sight of all Israel, that they might know the 7th verse is pointed out. It is left in that as God had been with Moses, so some degree of doubt whose sanctuary would he be with Joshua; and by God's and dominion Judah and Israel were, and directions Joshua told the people, that as why the sea fled, &c. until the 7th verse, soon as the soles of the feet of the priests and then it is at once accounted for by that bare the ark of the Lord should rest God's presence.
in the waters of Jordan, the waters that (h)" His sanctuary,” “ his dominion," came down the river Jordan should be cut i. e. “God was constantly with Judah, as off from the rest of the river, and stand on " though it had been his sanctuary or a heap; and it came to pass, that as soon "temple, and protected Israel as though as the feet of the priests that bare the ark " they had been peculiarly the people of were dipped in the brim of the water, the “ his kingdom.” In the passage through waters which came down the river rose up the Red Sea, “ the Lord went before upon a heap, and the priests stood firm " the people by day in a pillar of a cloud on dry ground in the midst of Jordan, and " to lead them the way, and by night in a all the Israelites passed over on dry "pillar of fire to give them light, Exod. ground. Josh. iii. 7 to 17. « xiii. 21. — xiv. 19, 20. ;” and when they (?) v. 4. “ The mountains, &c.” This were afterwards directed to make a taber- may refer to God's descent upon mount nacle, and to put the ark therein, the Sinai, shortly after the passage through glory of the Lord from time to time filled the Red Sea, when the Lord “ descended the tabernacle, and “ the cloud of the
upon it in fire, and the smoke thereof " Lord was upon the tabernacle by day, “ ascended as the smoke of a furnace, " and fire was on it by night, in the sight " and the whole mount quaked greatly, “ of all the house of Israel, throughout
« Exod. xix. 18."