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unto the Lord worship and world, and the people with his power.

truth. 8. Ascribe unto the Lord the

Psalm xcvii. (z) honour due unto his Name : bring presents, and come into his The Lord is King, the earth may courts.

be glad thereof : yea, the multi9. O worship the Lord in the tude of the isles may be glad beauty of holiness (v) : let the thereof. whole earth stand in awe of him. 2. Clouds and darkness are

10. Tell it out among the round about him : righteousness heathen, that the Lord is King : and judgement are the habitaand that it is he who hath made (w) tion (a) of his seat. the round world so fast that it 3. There shall go (6) a fire becannot be moved; and how that fore him : and burn (b) up his he shall judge the people righte- enemies on every side. ously.

4. His lightnings gave shine 11. Let the heavens (x) rejoice, unto the world : the earth saw it and let the earth be glad : let the and was afraid. sea make a noise, and all that 5. The hills (c) melted like wax therein is.

at the presence of the Lord : at 12. Let the field be joyful, and the presence of the Lord of the all that is in it: then (y) shall whole earth. all the trees of the wood rejoice 6. The heavens have declared before the Lord.

his righteousness : and all the 13. For he cometh, for he

cometh, for he people have seen his glory. cometh to judge the earth : and 7. Confounded be all they that with righteousness to judge the worship carved images, and that

(v) v. 9. “ Beauty of Holiness," i. e. of the Messiah. Many commentators con(perhaps) “ the sanctuary of the tabernacle sider it as applying to the Messiah ; and

or temple.” Parkh. Hebr. Dict. 154. if it be to v. 7. that Hebr. i. 6. refers, (w) See note on verse 5. supra.

that is a decisive authority that it does. (3) v. 11. “ The heavens, &c." How See Poli Synopsis. It refers chiefly to the highly poetical to call upon the heavens spiritual reign of Christ, who should overand the earth, the sea and fields, the throw the idolatry of the heathen, put inanimate parts of the creation, to partake down his enemies, and make glad the in this joy! See note on Ps. Ixv. 14. So spiritual daughters of Judah, because of in Ps. cxlviii. 3, &c. “ Praise him, sun and his judgments. Travell. - Doyley: Bp. “moon ; praise him, all ye stars and light, Patrick says of it, “It belongs, in the “ &c. &c." and see Isaiah xliv. 23.-xlix. “diviner meaning, to Christ's triumph over 13. and Ps. xcviii. 8, 9. Bp. Lowth says, “ the grave, and all the powers of dark"Nothing can excel in sublimity this noble ness." So Bellarm, de Christo, Lib. 1. " exultation of universal nature, where the


282. “whole creation, animate and inanimate, (a) v. 2. “ Habitation," or

“ basis," " unite in the praises of their Maker.' Hamm.

“ Firmamentum," Jerome. Does not Milton's Morning Hymn owe (6) v. 3. “ Shall go" and " burn," or its beauty to this cause ?

“ went” and “burnt." B. T. is “ goeth" (y) v. 12. “ Then shall, &c." rather “ Yea, and “ burneth.” “ let, &c."

(c) v. 5.“ The hills," i. e. (perhaps) the (z) A spirited hymn upon the superiority troops upon the hills, or

troops upon the hills, or “the mighty ones and irresistible power either of God, or

" of the earth."

c. iv.

delight in vain gods : worship, is evil : the Lord preserveth the him (d), all (e) ye gods.

souls (8) of his saints; he shall 8. Sion heard (f) of it, and re- deliver them from the hand of the joiced : and the daughters of ungodly. Judah were glad, because of thy

il. There is sprung up a light judgements, O Lord.

for the righteous : and joyful 9. For thou, Lord, art higher | gladness for such as are truethan all that are in the earth : hearted. thou art exalted far above all 12. Rejoice in the Lord, ye gods.

righteous : and give thanks for 10. O ye that love the Lord, a remembrance (h) of his holisee that ye hate the thing which


(d) 0. 7. Worship him, &c." It is to this passage

the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews is supposed to refer, Heb. i. 6. “ Again, when he bringeth in the first “ begotten into the world, he saith, and let “ all the angels of God worship him."

(e) “ All ye gods," or "powers," "prin“ces." Schindler, 79. The Sept. is, “all his "angels," rávles äpythos aŭ78:and so the author cites it. Heb. i. 6.” See supra, note (d).

(f) v. 8.“ Of it" should be omitted. It is not in the original, or Sept. and weakens the spirit of the passage.

(g) v. 10. “ Souls," i. e.“ lives."

(a) v. 12. “ For a remembrance," i. e. “ to commemorate, to call it to mind, to “ keep it in the memory."

(i) Ante, p. 6. where this Psalm also occurs.

Lessons for the Nineteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year.

April 19.

January 19.
February 19.

March 19.
Morn. Gen. xxxv. Morn. Numb. xxvii. Morn. Judges vi.
Matt. xvii.
Luke ii. (2)

John vi. (3)
Even. Gen. xxxvii. Even. Numb. xxx. Even. Judges vii.
1 Cor. i. (1)
Gal. ii.

1 Tim. ii. iii.

Morn. 2 Sam. x.

Acts. xvi. Even. 2 Sam. xi.

1 Pet. Üï. (4)

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and with his holy arm : hath he between the cherubims (m), be the gotten himself the victory.

earth never so unquiet. 3. The Lord declared his salva- 2. The Lord is great in Sion : tion : his righteousness hath he and high above all people. openly shewed in the sight of the 3. They shall give thanks unto heathen.

thy Name : which is great, won4. He hath remembered his derful, and holy. mercy and truth towards the 4. The king's power loveth house of Israel : and all the ends judgement ; thou hast prepared of the world have seen the salva- equity : thou hast executed judgetion of our God.

ment and righteousness in Jacob. 5. Shew yourselves joyful unto 5. O magnify the Lord our the Lord, all ye lands : sing, re- God : and fall down before his joice, and give thanks.

footstool, for he is holy. 6. Praise the Lord upon the

6. Moses and Aaron among harp : sing to the harp with a his priests, and Samuel among psalm of thanksgiving.

such as call upon his Name : 7. With trumpets also, and these called upon the Lord, and shawms : O shew yourselves joy- he heard them. ful before the Lord the King. 7. He spake unto them out of

8. Let the sea make a noise, and the cloudy pillar (n) : for they all that therein is: the round world, kept his testimonies, and the law and they that dwell therein. that he gave them.

9. Let the floods clap their 8. Thou heardst them, O Lord hands, and let the hills be joy our God : thou forgavest (0) them, ful together before the Lord : O God, and punishedst their own for he is come to judge the earth. inventions.

10. With righteousness shall he 9. O magnify the Lord our God, judge the world : and the people and worship him upon his holy with equity

hill : for the Lord our God is Psalm xcix. (K)

holy. The Lord is King, be the people

Psalm c. (p) never so impatient : he sitteth (1) O BE joyful in the Lord, all ye

(k) Upon the propriety of making God the object of worship, on account of his power, his justice, and his attention to the prayers of his servants. Justin M. considers it as applying to the Messiah. Justin M. Dial. cum Tryphone, 255. 288.

(l) 0. l. “ Sitteth," i. e.“ undisturbed.”

(m)“ Between the cherubims," where the ark (the type of God) was placed. See 2 Chron. v. 7, 8.

(n) v. 7. “ Cloudy pillar.” This may refer to the time when the Israelites left Egypt, and God went before them in the pillar of a cloud, and spake to them out of the cloud ; (see Exod. xiii. 21. — xiv. 1.

&c.) or it may apply to the time when Moses went into the cloud, and God delivered him the ceremonial law. See Exod. xxiv.

(2) v. 8. “ Thou forgavest, &c.” This probably refers to what occurred upon the making of the golden calf, when God would have destroyed the people, but for the intercession of Moses, and Moses burnt the calf, and ground it to powder, and strewed it on the water, and made the children of Israel drink thereof. See Exod. xxxii. 10. 20.

(p) See ante, p. 8. where this Psalm also occurs.

with a song

lands : serve the Lord with glad | look and high stomach : I will ness, and come before his presence not suffer him.

8. Mine eyes look upon such as 2. Be ye sure that the Lord he are faithful in the land : that they is God; it is he that hath made may dwell with me. us, and not we ourselves : we are 9. Whoso leadeth a godly life : his people, and the sheep of his he shall be

he shall be my servant. pasture.

10. There shall no deceitful 3. O go your way into his gates person dwell in my house : he with thanksgiving, and into his that telleth lies shall not tarry courts with praise: be thankful unto in my sight. him, and speak good of his Name. 11. I shall soon destroy all the

4. For the Lord is gracious; his ungodly that are in the land : that mercy is everlasting : and his truth

I may (s) root out all wicked doers endureth from generation to ge- from the city of the Lord. neration. Psalm ci. (9)

MORNING PRAYER. My song shall be of mercy and

Psalm cii. (t) judgement : unto thee, o 'Lord, Hear my prayer, O Lord : and will I sing.

let my crying come unto thee. 2. O let me have understand- 2. Hide not thy face from me ing: in the way of godliness ! in the time of my trouble : incline

3. When wilt thou come unto thine ears unto me when I call; me? I will walk in my house with hear me, and that right soon. a perfect heart.

3. For my days are consumed 4. I will take no wicked thing away like smoke : and my bones in hand; I hate the sins of un- are burnt up, as it were a firefaithfulness : there shall no such brand. cleave unto me.

4. My heart is smitten down, 5. A froward heart shall depart and withered like grass : so that from me : I will not know (r) a I forget to eat my bread. wicked person.

5. For the voice of my groan6. Whoso privily slandereth his ing: my bones will scarce cleave neighbour, him will I destroy.

7. Whoso hath also a proud 6. I am become like a pelican (9) Resolutions (supposed to be Da

the condition to which the writer (or pervid's) for private and public conduct, to haps the nation) was reduced; it alludes procure God's countenance and favour. It to God's promise for bringing them back is used upon the king's inauguration. to Jerusalem, and notices the impression

(r) v. 5. “ Know,' i. e.“ countenance." it would make, in turning mankind to the See note on Ps. i. 7.

worship of God, when they should see (s) v. 11.“ That I may," i.e.

so as to :" this promise performed. It was anciently “ I will do it effectually."

used among the Jews in times of humilia(t) An earnest prayer to God for the tion : is one of the seven penitential re-establishment of Jerusalem and of the Psalms, and one of the proper Psalms Temple. It was probably written about for Ash Wednesday. Heb. i. 10. applies the end of the Babylonish captivity, or verses 25, 26, and 27. to Christ, and thereduring the opposition made to the rebuild- fore implies that this Psalm was addressed ing of Jerusalem, of which Ezra and to him, and that he was the object of this Nehemiah give an account. It describes prayer.

to my flesh.

in the wilderness : and like an owl 14. And why ? thy servants that is in the desert.

think upon her stones :

her stones : and it 7. I have watched, and am even pitieth them to see her in the as it were a sparrow: that sitteth dust. alone upon the house-top.

15. The heathen (y) shall fear 8. Mine enemies revile me (u) thy Name, O Lord: and all the all the day long: and they that kings of the earth thy Majesty; are mad upon me, are sworn 16. When (2) the Lord shall together against me.


up Sion : and when (2) his 9. For I have eaten ashes, as it glory shall appear ; were bread : and mingled my 17. When (2) he turneth him drink with weeping;

unto the prayer of the poor desti10. And that, because of thine tute : and despiseth not their indignation and wrath : for thou desire. hast taken me up (v), and cast 18. This shall be written for me down.

those that come after : and the 11. My days are gone like a people, which shall be born, shall shadow :

and I am withered praise the Lord. like (w) grass.

19. For he hath looked down 12. But thou, O Lord, shalt from his sanctuary : out of the endure for ever: and thy remem- heaven did the Lord behold the brance throughout all generations. earth ;

13. Thou shalt arise, and have 20. That he might hear the mercy upon Sion : for it is time mournings of such as are in capthat thou have mercy upon her ; tivity : and deliver the children yea, the time (x) is come.

appointed unto death;

(u) d. 8. “ Revile me, &c." This may the Psalm, particularly as the attention of refer to the opposition made to the the Jews was at this time strongly drawn rebuilding of the temple. Artaxerxes, at to Isaiah's prophecies. the instance of the people of the land, () v. 13. “ The time, &c.” God had ordered the work to be stopped ; but stated distinctly by Jeremiah, that the Darius, on finding Cyrus's decree for Babylonish captivity should continue 70 building it, directed it to proceed, and years, and that at the end of that time the made another decree for advancing its people should return. “ Thus saith the progress. See Ezra iv, v. vi. It was 91 is Lord of hosts, (Jer. xxv. 8. 11.) this years after their return from Babylon, “ whole land shall be a desolation, and an before the Jews could rebuild the wall of “ astonishment : and these nations shall Jerusalem, Nehem. vi. 15. and it appears serve the king of Babylon seventy by Nehem. i. 3. that in the 20th year of years." And « Thus saith the Lord, Artaxerxes, ninety years after their return, " (Jer. xxix. 10.) after seventy years be they were in great affliction and reproach.” “ accomplished at Babylon, I will visit you,

(v) v. 10. “ Taken me up, &c.”i.e. (per- " and perform my good word towards you, haps) “ given me hopes, by bringing me “ in causing you to return to this place.” " back to Jerusalem, and dispirited me by (y) v. 15. “ The heathen, &c.” This " the opposition I have experienced.” is another instance of urging as a reason (w) v. 11, 12. “ Like grass, &c.” So for deliverance, the influence it would have

all in inducing the heathen to think upon God "the goodliness thereof is as the Aower of with astonishment and reverence. "the field: the grass withereth, the flower (z) v. 16, 17. Instead of the first “when,” “ fadeth: but the word of our God shall read “ for," and omit the second and third; "stand for ever.” It is not improbable read also ó shall turn” and “despise." So the passage in Isaiah suggested that in Jerome; and it comes nearer to the original.

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