« السابقةمتابعة »
rence of all them that are round Psalm lxxxix. (d)
about him. My
song shall be alway of the 9. O Lord God of Hosts, who loving-kindness of the Lord : with is like unto thee? thy truth, most my mouth will I ever be shewing mighty Lord, is on every side. thy truth from one generation to
10. Thou rulest the raging of another.
the sea : thou stillest the waves 2. For I have said, Mercy shall
Mercy shall thereof, when they arise. be set up (e) for ever : thy truth 11. Thou hast subdued Egypt, shalt thou stablish in (g) the hea- and destroyed it : thou hast scat
tered thine enemies abroad with 3. (h) “ I have made a cove- thy mighty arm. “nant with my chosen : I have 12. The heavens are thine, the “sworn unto David my servant ;
earth also is thine : thou hast laid 4. “ Thy (i) seed will I sta- the foundation of the round world, “ blish for ever : and set up thy
and all that therein is. “throne from one generation to
13. Thou hast made the north « another.”
and the south : Tabor (1) and 5. O Lord, the very heavens
Hermon shall rejoice in thy (k) shall praise thy wondrous Name. works : and thy truth in the con
14. Thou hast a mighty arm : gregation of the saints.
strong is thy hand, and high is 6. For who is he among the thy right hand. clouds : that shall be compared 15. Righteousness and equity unto the Lord ?
are the habitation of thy seat : 7. And what is he among the mercy and truth (m) shall go
begods : that shall be like unto the fore thy face.
16. Blessed is the people, O 8. God is very greatly to be Lord, that (n) can rejoice in thee: feared in the council of the
of the they shall (o) walk in the light o saints: and to be had in reve- thy countenance. (d) A memorial (in some period of
(g) “ In,” or “as,” (so two MSS.) distress) of God's power, of his former “ fixed and permanent as the heavens favours, and of one of his great promises, « themselves.” and an anxious prayer for deliverance. (k) v. 3. This is the truth referred to in The first thirty-six verses are in a triumphant strain, and were, perhaps, written in (i) v. 4. “ Thy seed,” i. e. “ in the
perprosperity, and it is not unlikely that in of the Messiah.” some period of great national calamity, (k) v. 5. “ Shall praise,” or “ praise." the spirited composition of happier times i) v. 13. “ Tabor and Hermon," put was called to mind, to shew how dread- | figuratively for the east and west. Tabor fully their situation was altered; or the was a mountain in the eastern part of whole Psalm may be prophetical, looking Judea ; Hermon in the west. forward solely to the Messiah, and inti- (m) v. 15. “ Truth," i. e. (probably) mating in the last sixteen verses, his hu- “ justice." See note on Psalm lxxxv. io. miliation, and the indignities he should (n) v. 16. “Can rejoice," or " rejoice :" suffer. Dr. Hales considers it as applying so in the original. wholly to Christ. See 5. Hales's Dissert- (0) “ Shall walk, &c." i. e. (probably) ations, 91 to 110. It is one of the proper « shall have the light of thy countenance, Psalms for Christmas Day,
“ thy favour and protection, to guide and (e) p. 2. “ For ever;"' « not for a time “ assist them." "only, but throughout all generations."
17. Their delight shall be daily “ fast : and my arm shall strengthin thy Name : and in thy righte- “ en him ; ousness shall they make their 23. “ The enemy shall not be boast.
« able to do him violence: the 18. For thou art the glory of “ son of wickedness shall not their strength : and in thy loving- « hurt him. kindness thou shalt lift up our 24. “ I will smite down his foes horns.
“ before his face : and plague 19. For the Lord is our de- " them that hate him. fence : the Holy One of Israel is 25. My truth also and my our king.
shall be with him : and 20. Thou spakest sometime in “ in my Name shall his horn be visions unto thy saints, and saidst : 66 exalted. “ I have laid help upon one that 26. “ I will set his dominion (9) “is mighty ; I have exalted one “ also in the sea : and his right “ chosen out of the people; “ hand (r) in the floods.
21. “I have found David (p) 27. " He shall call me, Thou
my servant : with my holy oil “ art my Father (s): my God, « have I anointed him ;
“ and my strong salvation. My hand shall hold him 28. “ And I will make him my (p) v. 21. " David.” David was a type " God, Behold I will take the children of of the Messiah, and there are many pas- “ Israel from among the heathen whither sages, long after David's death, in which
“ they be gone, and will gather them on his name is used to signify some future to the
every side, and bring them into their person;
“ own land; and David my servant shall even of the Jews have considered this
“ be king over them, and they all shall part of the Psalm to apply. Hosea, who “ have one shepherd: they shall also walk wrote about 200 years after David's death, “ in my judgments, &c. &c. and my servant says, (chap. iii. verse 4, 5.) “ The children “ David shall be their prince for ever." “ of Israel shall abide many days without The ancient Jewish writers understood all a king, and without a prince, and with
these passages as looking forward to the “ out a sacrifice, and without an image, Messiah. “ and without teraphim ; afterwards shall (9) v. 26. “ His dominion, &c." So in • the children of Israel return, and seek Ps. lxxii. 8. where the future success of “ the Lord their God, and David their the Messiah's kingdom is probably con“ king, and shall fear the Lord and his
templated, “ His dominion shall be also “goodness in the latter days." Jeremiah, “ from the one sea to the other, and from who wrote about 200 years afterwards, “ the food unto the world's end :" and says of Israel and Judah, (Jer. xxx. 9.) Zech. ix. 10. “His dominion shall be from “ They shall serve the Lord their God, sea even to sea, and from the river even " and David their king, whom I will raise “ to the ends of the earth." “ up unto them." In Ezekiel, who lived (r) “ Right hand,” i. e. “ power, conat the same time as Jeremiah, are these
" troul." passages : “ Thus saith the Lord God, I
(s) v. 27. “ My father, &c." So I will save my flock, and they shall be no Chron. xvii. 13, 14, where God promises “ more a prey, and I will set up one shep- to raise up David's seed after him, (allud“ herd over them, and he shall feed them, probably to the Messiah,) he says, “ even my servant David; he shall feed “ I will be his father, and he shall be my “ them, and he shall be their shepherd, “son, and I will settle him in my house “ and I the Lord will be their God, and " and in my kingdom for ever : and his “my servant David a prince among them: “throne shall be established for ever “1 the Lord have spoken it.” Ezek. “ more;" and see 2 Sam. vii. 14. 1 Chron. xxxiv. 20. 22, 23, 24. ; and again, Ezek. xxii. 10. and Hebr. i. 5. xxxvii. 21. 24, 25. “ Thus saith the Lord
“ first-born (t): higher than the “ have sworn once by my holiKings of the earth.
ness, that I will not fail 29. “ My mercy will I keep « David. “ for him for evermore : and my
35. “ His seed shall endure for " covenant shall stand fast (u) ever :
and his seat is like as " with him.
- the sun before me. 30. “ His seed (v) also will I 36. “ He shall stand fast for “ make to endure for ever : and “ evermore as the moon : and “ his throne (w) as the days of as the faithful witness (y) in o heaven.
« heaven.” 31. “But if his children (v) for- 27. But thou hast abhorred and “ sake my law: and walk not in forsaken thine anointed : and art my judgements;
displeased at him. 32. “ If they break my statutes, 38. Thou hast broken the cove" and keep not my command- nant (2) of thy servant : and cast “ments : I will visit their of his crown to the ground. « fences with the rod, and their 39. Thou hast overthrown all
his hedges : and broken down his 33: “ Nevertheless, my loving- strong holds. “ kindness will I not utterly take 40. All they that go by spoil “ from him : nor suffer
him: and he is become a reproach “ to fail.
to his neighbours. 34. My covenant will I not 41. Thou hast set up the right " break (x), nor alter the thing hand of his enemies : and made " that is gone out of my lips : I
lips: I all his adversaries to rejoice.
“ sin with scourges.
(1) u. 28. “ First-born," j. e. “ above " all others," as the first-born is above his brethren. In Col. i. 15. our Saviour is called “ the first-born of every crea« ture.”
(u) v. 29. “ Fast," “ immoveable."
(v) v. 30. and 31. “ His seed," and “his "children," i.e. (perhaps) " the professors " of Christianity. See Is. liii. 10.
(w) “ His throne, &c.” A prophecy of the duration of Christ's kingdom, which is still fulfilling ! So in the prophecy, Dan. vii. 13. (which refers to the Messiah) " Behold one like the Son of Man came “ with the clouds of heaven, and came to " the Antient of days,” (i. e. God); “ and "they brought him near before him: and " there was given him dominion, and "glory, and a kingdom, that all people, "nations, and languages should serve " him : his dominion is an everlasting “ dominion, which shall not pass away; " and his kingdom that which shall not " be destroyed.". And when the angel saluted the Virgin Mary, and foretold our Saviour's birth, he said of him, (Luke i. 32, 33.) “ He shall be great, and shall
“ be called the Son of the Highest, " and the Lord God shall give unto him " the throne of his father David ; and “ he shall reign over the house of Jacob "for ever, and of his kingdom there shall “ be no end."
(x) v. 34. “ Break, &c.” So about 400 years after David's death, “ The word is of the Lord came unto Jeremiah, say“ ing, “ Thus saith the Lord, If you can “ break my covenant of the day, and my “ covenant of the night, that there should “ not be day and night in their season, “ then may also my covenant be broken “ with David my servant, that he should “ not have a son to reign upon his throne, " and with the Levites, the priests, my “ ministers: as the host of heaven cannot “ be numbered, neither the sand of the “ sea be measured ; so will I multiply “ the seed of David my servant, and the “ Levites that minister unto me. Jer. “ xxxii. 21. 22."
(y) v. 36. “ Faithful witness," i. e. “ the “ rainbow."
(z) v. 38. “ The covenant, &c."i.e. “ the “ assurance thou gavest him."
42. Thou hast taken away the | Anointed :
Anointed : praised (d) be the edge of his sword: and givest him Lord for evermore. Amen, and not victory in the battle.
Amen. 43. Thou hast put out his glory: and cast his throne down to the
MORNING PRAYER. ground.
Psalm xc. (e) 44. The days of his youth hast thou shortened: and covered him Lord, thou hast been our refuge: with dishonour.
from one generation to another. 45. Lord, how long wilt thou 2. Before (g) the mountains hide thyself for ever? and shall were brought forth, or ever the thy wrath burn like fire ?
earth and the world were made: 46. O remember how short my thou art God from everlasting, time is: wherefore hast thou made and world without end. all men for nought?
3. Thou turnest man to de47. What man is he that liveth, struction : again thou sayest, and shall not see death: and shall “ Come again, ye children of he (a) deliver his soul from the 6 men." hand of hell ?
4. For a thousand years in thy 48. Lord, where are thy old sight are but as yesterday : seeloving kindnesses : which thou ing (h) that is past as a watch () swarest unto David in thy truth ? in the night.
49. Remember, Lord, the re- 5. As soon as thou scatterest buke (6) that thy servants have : them (k) they are even as a sleep: and how I do bear in my and fade away suddenly like the bosom the rebukes of many grass. people ?
6. In the morning it is green, 50. Wherewith thine enemies and groweth up: but in the evenhave blasphemed thee, and slan- ing it is cut down, dried dered (c) the footsteps of thine withered.
(a) v. 47. “ And shall he," or " shall.”
(6) v. 49. “ The rebuke, &c." because God is spoken of with disrespect, from the sufferings of bis people. See Psalm Ixxix. 13.
(c) v. 50. “ Slandered, &c.” by insinuating that God's Anointed, the Messiah, would never come, and turning the expectation of him into ridicule: like the scoffers mentioned 2 Pet. iii. 4. “ Where is the “ promise of his coming ? for since the “ fathers fell asleep, all things continue “ as they were from the beginning of the “ creation."
(d) « Praised, &c." probably an addi. tion. This is the conclusion of the Third Book.
(e) A humble acknowledgment that our lives depend on God, a thankful re
membrance of his former protection, an exhortation to consider his power and follow his will, and an earnest prayer for a return of his favour. It is supposed to have been written by Moses, when the Israelites were detained in the wilderness 40 years. See note on Ps. xcv. 8. ante, p. 3. It is one of the Psalms in the Burial Service.
(g) v. 2. “ Before, &c." See Prov. vii. 23. 25.
(h) v. 4. “Seeing, &c." or, " it passeth
even as a watch in the night." It is not because they are past that they are but as yesterday, for God knows what is to come as distinctly and completely as
(i) “A watch," i. e. “ four hours." The night was divided into three watches.
(k) v. 5. “ Them,” i. e. “ the children " of men," mentioned in verse 9.
what is past.
7. For we consume away in thy 13. Turn thee again, O Lord, displeasure: and are (1) afraid at at the last : and be gracious unto thy wrathful indignation.
thy servants. 8. Thou hast set our misdeeds 14. O satisfy us with thy mercy, before thee : and our secret sins and that soon: so shall we rejoice in the light of thy countenance. and be glad all the days of our 9. For when thou art angry, all
life. our days are gone : we bring our 15. Comfort us again, now years to an end, as it were a tale after (0)
after (o) the time that thou that is told.
hast plagued us :
and for the 10. The days of our age are
years wherein we have suffered threescore years and ten ; and adversity, though men be so strong, that Shew thy servants thy they come to fourscore years : yet work : and their children thy is their strength then but labour glory. and sorrow; so soon passeth it 17. And the glorious majesty away, and we are gone.
of the Lord our God be upon us : 11. But who regardeth (m) the prosper thou the work of our power of thy wrath ? for even upon us, o prosper thou thereafter (n) as a man feareth, so our handy-work. is thy displeasure. 12. So teach us to number our
Psalm xci. (p) days : that we may apply our
Whoso dwelleth under the dehearts unto wisdom.
fence of the Most High : shall
(1) u. 7. “ Afraid," or, “hurried away," (p) Upon the extent and other quali" carried off.”
ties of God's protection : the security, (m) v. 11. “Who regardeth, &c.” “Who success, and reward of piety. Bp. Patrick “is brought to recollect that the judgments thinks it was written upon the dreadful “ repentance will turn away God's wrath, and this was the opinion of more ancient "and that he will have blessing or punish
writers, see Pole in loco,) to impress upon "ment according to his piety or disobedi- the minds of the people, from that awful
calamity, the advantages of a reliance (n) “ As, &c.” The meaning perhaps upon God. Bishop Smalridge says of it, is, “ If a man regards the power of thy that "it elegantly sets forth the reliance “ wrath, by humbling himself under thy upon God for security in all dangers “ judgments, and turning unto thee when “ and distresses; verse 1. stating the safety " thy vengeance is upon the earth, he will “ of those who dwell under the defence
procure for himself an abatement of thy “ of the Most High ; verse 2. the answer " displeasure.” Agreeably to Ezek. xviii. “of a by.stander, who with great alacrity 27. « When the wicked man turneth away “ of spirit declares a resolution to trust “ from the wickedness that he hath com- “ in God; the following verses pointing
mitted, and doeth that which is lawful “ out instances of the protections God " and right, he shall save his soul alive.” « would vouchsafe; and at verse 14. God
(o) v. 15.“ After," i.e. (perhaps)“ in “ himself being introduced to inspire the proportion to." 6. Let us have as long “ fullest confidence." It is said of it "and signal a continuance of thy favour (Pole's Synopsis), that “nothing more solid " as we have had of thy displeasure;” not “ or splendid can be written; and that no unlike the idea, Is. Ixi. 7. “ for your
compared to it.” Dr. Hales "shame you shall have double,” that is, considers it as prophetical, applying to " in recompence for past sufferings you the Messiah; and Bishop Lowth thinks it “shall have a double portion of good.” refers to some greater personage than it
poem can be