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5. He made a covenant with them (c) with a cloud : and all Jacob, and gave Israel a law : the night through with a light of which he commanded our fore- fire. fathers to teach their children (y); 16. He clave (d) the hard rocks

6. That their posterity might in the wilderness : and gave them know it : and the children which drink thereof, as it had been out were yet unborn ;

of the great depth. 7. To the intent, that when 17. He brought waters out of they came up: they might shew the stony rock : so that it gushed their children the same;

out like the rivers. 8. That they might put their 18. Yet for all this they sinned trust in God : and not to forget more against him: and provoked the works of God, but to keep his the Most Highest in the wildercommandments; 9. And not to be as their fore

19. They tempted God in their fathers, a faithless and stubborn hearts : and required meat for generation : a generation that set their lust. not their heart aright, and whose 20. They spake against God spirit cleaveth not stedfastly unto also, saying: “Shall God prepare

“ a table in the wilderness? 10. Like as the children of 21. “ He smote the stony rock Ephraim : who being harnessed, “ indeed, that the waters gushed and carrying bows, turned (2) “ out, and the streams flowed themselves back in the day of “ withal : but can he give bread battle.

“ also, or provide flesh for his 11. They kept not the covenant

people ? of God : and would not walk in 22. When the Lord heard this, his law.

he was wroth : so the fire was 12. But forgat what he had kindled in Jacob, and there came done : and the wonderful works up heavy displeasure against Israel; that he had shewed for them.

23. Because they believed not 13. Marvellous things did he in in God: and put not their trust the sight of our forefathers, in the in his help. land of Egypt: even in the field 24. So he cominanded the of Zoan. (a)

clouds above : and opened the 14. He divided (6) the sea, and doors of heaven. let them go through : he made 25. He rained down manna (e) the waters to stand on an heap. also upon them for to eat : and

15. In the day-time also he led gave them food from heaven.


(y! v. 5. “ Teach their children." See Deuter. iv. 9. -- vi. 7.

(z) v. 10. " Turned, &c." This probably refers to some instance then well known, in which the Ephraimites distrusted God's aid, and Aed from before their enemies.

(a) v. 13. “Zoan," "a city in Egypt." Numb. xiii. 22.

(6) v.14.“ Divided, &c." See Exod. xiv.

(c) v. 15. “ Led them." “ The Lord “ went before them by day in a pillar of a “cloud, to lead them the way; and by

night in a pillar of fire, to give thern “ light, to go by day and night. Exod. xiii. « 21.- xiv. 19, 20,”

(d) v. 16. “ Clave, &c." See Exod. xvii. 1 to 6. and Numb. xx. 1 to 11.

(e) v. 25.“ Manna." See Exod. xvi. and Numb. xi.

the sea.

26. So man did eat angels' 36. Nevertheless, they did but food : for he sent them meat flatter him with their mouth : enough.

and dissembled with him in their 27. He caused the east-wind to tongue. blow under heaven: and through

37. For their heart was not his power he brought in the south- whole with him : neither conwest wind.

tinued they stedfast in his cove28. He rained flesh upon them nant. as thick as dust: and feathered 38. But he was so merciful, fowls (8) like as the sand of that he forgave their misdeeds :

and destroyed them not. 29. He let it fall among their 39. Yea, many a time turned he tents : even round about their his wrath away: and would not habitation.

suffer his whole displeasure to arise. 30. So they did eat, and were 40. For he considered, that they well filled; for he gave them were but flesh : and that they their own desire : they were not were even a wind that passeth disappointed of their lust.

away, and cometh not again. 31. But while the meat was yet 41. Many a time did they proin their mouths, the heavy wrath voke him in the wilderness : and of God came upon them, and grieved him in the desert. slew (h) the wealthiest of them : 42. They turned back, and yea, and smote down the chosen tempted God: and moved the men that were in Israel.

Holy One in Israel. 32. But for all this they sinned 43. They thought not of his yet more: and believed not his hand : and of the day when he wondrous works.

delivered them from the hand of 32. Therefore their days did he consume in vanity: and their 44. How he had wrought his years in trouble.

miracles in Egypt: and his won34. When he slew them, they ders in the field of Zoan. sought him : and turned them 45. () He turned their (k) waearly, and inquired after God. ters into blood : so that they

35. And they remembered that might not drink of the rivers. God was their strength : and 46. He sent lice among them, that the high God was their Re- and devoured them up: and frogs deemer.

to destroy them.

the enemy;

(8) v. 28. “ Feathered fowls.” See Exod. xvi. 13. and Numb. xi. 31.

(h) v. 31. “ Slew, &c." Numb. xi. 33. "While the flesh was yet between their

teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath " of the Lord was kindled against the

people, and the Lord smote the people " with a very great plague.” He proved therefore in answer to verse 20, 21.) that their complaints were groundless, that he could prepare a table in the wilderness,

could give bread also, and provide flesh for his people; and then he punished them for their distrust.

(i) v. 45 to 51. He turned, &c." From hence to the end of the 52d verse is an enumeration of the plagues upon the Egyptians; and in verses 53 to 56. is a statement by way of contrast of the singular protection afforded to the Israelites.

(k) “ Their waters," i. e. “ the Egyptian “ waters."

the sea ;

47. He gave their fruit unto 54. He brought them out safely, the caterpillar : and their labour that they should not fear : and unto the grasshopper.

overwhelmed their enemies with 48. He destroyed their vines with hailstones : and their mul

55. And brought them within berry-trees with the frost.

the borders of his sanctuary : 49. He smote their cattle also

even to his mountain, which he with hailstones : and their flocks purchased with his right hand. with hot thunder-bolts.

56. He cast out the heathen 50. He cast upon them the also before them : caused their furiousness of his wrath, anger, land to be divided among them displeasure, and trouble: and sent for an heritage, and made the evil angels among them.

tribes of Israel to dwell in their 51. He made a way to his in- tents. dignation, and spared not their

57. So (m) they tempted, and soul from death : but gave their displeased the most high God: life over to the pestilence; and kept not his testimonies;

52. And smote all the first-born 58. But turned their backs, and in Egypt: the most principal and fell away like their forefathers : mightiest in the dwellings of starting aside like (n) a broken Ham. (1)

bow. 53. But as for his own people, 59. For they grieved him with he led them forth like sheep : their hill-altars (©): and provoked and carried them in the wilder- him to displeasure with their ness like a flock.


(1) v. 52. “ Ham," i. e. “ Egypt." (m) v. 57. “ So,” or “yet.”

(n) v. 58. “ Like, &c." The same idea occurs Hos. vii, 16. 16

They return, but “ not to the Most High: they are like a deceitful bow."

(o) v. 59. “ Hill altars,” in imitation of the heathen worship. Part of God's orders to Moses for the conduct of the children of Israel in the land of Canaan was this, that they should “ drive out all the in“ habitants of the land before them, “ and destroy all their pictures, and their “molten images, and quite pluck down all " their high places. Numb. xxxiii

. 52." But very soon after the death of Joshua, they “ forsook the Lord God of their “ fathers, and followed other gods, of the “gods of the people that were round about “ them, and bowed themselves unto them : " and the anger of the Lord was hot “ against Israel, and he delivered them “ into the hands of spoilers that spoiled “ them, and he sold them into the hands " of their enemies round about, so that

they could not any longer stand before “ their enemies. Judges ii. 12. 14." They accordingly served the king of Mesopotamia eight years, (Judges iii. 8.) and the king of Moab eighteen (Judges iïi. 14.) The Lord afterwards sold them into the hands of Jabin king of Canaan, and he mightily oppressed them twenty years, (Judges iv. 2, 3.) They were afterwards delivered into the hands of the Midianites seven years, (Judges vi. 1.) The Philistines and the children of Ammon oppressed them eighteen years, (Judges x. 7, 8.) and they were again in the hands of the Philistines forty years, (Judges xiii. 1.) And, lastly, in the time of Eli, the Philistines in one engagement slew 4000 of them, and in another 30,000, and took the ark of God. It is to these different occurrences that the 62d and following verses refer

. God afterwards smote the Philistines with great destruction wherever they kept the ark, and vexed them with emerods, and this plague is probably alluded to in the 67th verse. See 1 Sam. iv. v.

60. When God heard this, he which he hath made continuwas wroth : and took, sore displea- ally. (r) sure at Israel;

71. He chose David (s) also his 61. So that he forsook the ta- servant: and took him away from bernacle in Silo (p): even the tent the sheepfolds. that he had pitched among men. 72. As he was following the

62. He delivered their power ewes great with young ones, he into captivity: and their beauty took him : that he might feed into the enemy's hand.

Jacob his people, and Israel his 63. He gave his people over

inheritance. also unto the sword : and was 73. So he fed them with a wroth with his inheritance.

faithful and true heart : and ruled 64. The fire consumed their them prudently with all his young men : and their maidens power. were not given to marriage. 65. Their priests were slain with

MORNING PRAYER. the sword : and there were no

Psalm lxxix. (t) widows to make lamentation.

66. So (O) the Lord awaked as O God, the heathen are come one out of sleep : and like a giant into thine inheritance : thy holy refreshed with wine.

temple have they defiled, and 67. He smote his enemies in made Jerusalem the hinder parts : and put them stones. to a perpetual shame.

2. The dead bodies of thy ser68. He refused the tabernacle vants have they given to be meat of Joseph : and chose not the unto the fowls of the air : and the tribe of Ephraim;

flesh (u) of thy saints unto the 69. But chose the tribe of Ju- beasts of the land. dah : even the hill of Sion, which 3. Their blood have they shed he loved.

like water (x) on every side of 70. And there he built his tem- Jerusalem : and there was no man ple on high : and laid the founda-(y) to bury them. tion of it like the ground (r),

4. We are become an open


heap of

(p) v. 61. “ Shilo” in the tribe of liverance, probably written shortly after Ephraim : where the tabernacle of the con- the commencement of the Babylonish capgregation was set up in Joshua's time, (Josh. tivity. From the correspondence of the xviii

. 1.) and where the ark of God was kept 6th and 7th verses with Jeremiah x. 25. it till Samuel's time. See Judges xviii. 31. has been conjectured that Jeremiah, who - 1 Sam. i. 3. 24. --j. 14. -(1 Wells's lived in the time of the captivity, was the Geography, 323, 4.) It was not till the 8th author. The same subject as the 74th year of David's reign that Jerusalem be- Psalm. longed to the Israelites. 2 Sam. v.

(u) v. 2. “ The flesh, &c." This passage (9) v. 66.“ So,” or “ then,” or “ but." is referred to i Maccab. vii. upon the

() v. 70. “ Like the ground," i. e. treacherous murder of 60 of the Assideans. u firm," "immoveable," "continually," i.e. (2) v. 3. “ Like water," i. e. “ in such "to endure for ever, to have continuance." 66 abundance."

(s) o. 71.“ Chose David, &c." See 1 Sam. (y) “ No man, &c." so great was the deXvi,

struction. (1) An anxious prayer to God for de

upon thy Name.

shame to our enemies : a very servants' blood that is shed : be scorn and derision unto them that openly shewed upon the heathen are round about us,

in our sight. 5. Lord, how long wilt thou 12. O let the sorrowful sighing be angry :

shall thy

jealousy of the prisoners come before burn like fire for ever ?

thee : according to the greatness 6. Pour (3) out thine indigna- of thy power, preserve thou those tion upon the heathen that have that are appointed to die. not known thee : and upon the 13. And for the blasphemy (6) kingdoms that have not called have not called wherewith our neighbours have

blasphemed thee : reward thou 7. For they have devoured them, O Lord, sevenfold into Jacob : and laid waste his dwell- their bosom. ing-place.

14. So we that are thy (c) peo8. O remember not our old ple, and sheep of thy pasture, sins; but have mercy upon us, and shall give thee thanks for ever : that soon : for we are come to and will alway be shewing forth great misery.

thy praise from generation to 9. Help us, O God of our sal- generation. vation, for the glory (a) of thy Name : O deliver us, and be

Psalm lxxx. (d) merciful unto our sins, for thy Hear, Othou Shepherd of Name's sake.

Israel, thou that leadest Joseph 10. Wherefore do the heathen like a sheep : shew thyself also,

“ Where is now their thou that sittest upon the cheruGod?”

bims. 11 ( let the vengeance of thy 2. Before (e) Ephraim (g), Ben


(c) v. 14. “ Thy people, &c." referring (perhaps) to Ps. c. 2. where they assume to themselves this appellation, “we are thy “ people, and the sheep of thy pasture."

(d) A prayer for deliverance, probably written in the time of Hezekiah, when Sennacherib, who had taken all the fenced cities of Judah, (2 Kings xviii. 19.) came up against Jerusalem. See 2 Kings Xviii. 19. — 2 Chron. xxxii. 30. Is. xxxvi. and xxxvii. .

(e) v. 2. “ Before," i.e. “in the sight

" of.

(z) v. 6. “ Pour, &c.” This is the

passage, Jer. x. 25.Pour out thy fury upon “ the heathen that know thee not, and upon

the families that call not on thy “ name ; for they have eaten up Jacob, “ and devoured him, and consumed him, 66 and have made his habitation desolate."

(a) v. 9.“ The glory, &c.” When any calamities fell upon the Jews, the heathen spoke disparagingly of God, as if he could not protect them, and therefore was not the true God. See note on Ps. Ixxiv. 28. where their protection is called God's

own cause." It is a mark of their humi, lity, that they bring forward nothing on their own behalf, but rest their hope for deliverance solely on God's own motives : on his consideration that their abasement will encourage the adversaries of his religion.

(6) v. 13. “Blasphemy," i. e. "insult," in saying as in v. 10. “where is now their “ God." Such insinuations against God are repeatedly called “blasphemy." See Ps. x. 14. — Ixxii. 8. - lxxiv. 1l. 19. Ixxxix. 50. — 2 Kings xix. 3.

(g) “Ephraim, &c." The three tribes who, in the march through the wilderness under Moses, went immediately behind the tabernacle, and had just before them that part from which God sent forth the tokens of his power, (See Numb. ii. 17 to 22.) So that, by calling to mind the signal instances of God's protection at that time, he may induce him to stir up his strength, to show the light of his countenance, and help and deliver them.

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