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no, not one is there among hard rocks : thou driedst up (6) us that understandeth (s) any mighty waters.
17. The day is thine, and the 11. O God, how long shall the night is thine: thou hast prepared adversary do this dishonour: how the light and the sun. long shall the enemy blaspheme (1) 18. Thou hast set all the borthy Name? for ever ?
ders (c) of the earth : thou hast 12. Why withdrawest thou thy made summer and winter. hand : why pluckest thou not thy 19. Remember this, O Lord, right hand out of thy bosom, to how the enemy hath rebuked: consume the enemy?
and how the foolish people hath 13. For God is my King of old: blasphemed (d) thy Name. the help that is done upon earth, 20. O deliver not the soul of he doeth it himself.
thy turtle-dove unto the multi14. Thou didst (u) divide the tude of the enemies : and forget sea through thy power : thou not the congregation of the poor breakest the heads of the dra- for ever. gons (x) in the waters.
21. Look upon the covenant(e): 15. Thou smotest the heads of for all the earth is full of darkness Leviathan(y) in pieces: and gavest and cruel habitations. him to be meat for the people in 22. O let not the simple go the wilderness. (%)
away ashamed: but let the poor 16. Thou broughtest out foun- and needy give praise (8) unto tains (a), and waters out of the thy Name.
(s) “ Understandeth," i.e. “is inspired," “ rivers ran in the dry places." See also " hath knowledge communicated to him Ps. Ixviii. 16, 17. “ from above."
(6) “ Driedst up, &c.” This probably (t) v. 11. “ Blaspheme," by insinuating refers to the miracle at Jordan, when the that he cannot be the true God who suffers running of the stream was suspended, his people to be so reduced. See Ps. lxxiii. and the priests with the ark stood firm 8.-lxxix. 13.
on dry ground in the midst of the river, (u) v. 14. “ Didst divide, &c.” The and all the Israelites passed through on Psalm begins here to notice what God dry ground. Josh. iii. 7 to 17.
See had before done for them, and sets out Psalm cxiv. with the signal instance of his making them a (c) v. 18. “ Borders” or “ divisions," passage through the Red Sea, and destroy
“ earth and sea, hill and vale, &c.” ing Pharoah and all his host. A.C. 1490. (d) v. 19. “Blasphemed."
Blasphemed.” See note (3) “ The dragons,” i. e. “the Egyp- on verse 11. “ tians."
(e) v. 21. “ The covenant.” Reference (y) v. 15.“ Leviathan," i. e. “ Pharoah.” is repeatedly made to u covenant or promise
(z) “ People in the wilderness," i. e. from God to the Israelites, as a well-known " the animals of prey."
thing. See Psalm lxxvii. 8.—cvi. 44. It (a) v. 16. “ Fountains, &c.” This refers alludes perhaps to the promise, Levit. xxvi. to what happened in the wilderness after 3. 12. “ If ye walk in my statutes, and the Israelites had left Egypt: they mur- “ keep my commandments and do them, mured for want of water, and Moses by “ I will give peace in the land, &c. and God's command smote a rock with his rod, ye shall chase your enemies, &c. and I and water came out of it, and supplied " will walk among you, and will be your their wants.
See Exod. xvii. 1 to 6.- “ God, and ye shall be my people." See Numb. xx, 1 to 11. This is often noticed Jer. xi. 3. as a signal instance of God's power. In (g) v. 22. “ Give praise,” i.e. “ have Ps. cv. 40.
“ He opened the rock of stone, occasion to give praise; from thy inter" and the waters Aowed out, so that position to deliver them."
23. Arise, O God, maintain 4. The earth is weak, and all thine own cause (h): remember the inhabitants thereof : 1 bear up how the foolish man blasphemeth the pillars of it. thee daily.
5. I said unto the fools, “ Deal 24. Forget not the voice of “ not so madly :” and to the thine enemies: the presumption ungodly,
• Set not up your of them that hate thee increaseth
“ horn; ever more and more.
6. “ Set not up your horn on
high : and speak not with a
“ stiff neck."
7. For promotion cometh nei
ther from the east (m), nor from Unto thee, O God, do we give the west :
nor yet from the thanks : yea, unto thee do we south. give thanks.
8. And why? God is the 2. Thy Name (k) also is so Judge : he putteth down one, nigh: and that do thy wondrous and setteth
and setteth up another. works declare.
9. For in the hand of the Lord 3. When I receive the congre- there is a cup (n), and the wine is gation (O): I shall judge accord- red : it is full mixed (0), and he ing unto right.
poureth out of the same. (h) v. 23. “ Thine own cause." The
“ ferred by human hands. It is the gift of Israelites were the only worshippers of the « God alone." David had been anointed true God, and when they were oppressed, by Samuel under God's express command their calamities were urged by the heathen as the person God chose to reign over as a proof that their God was not the true Israel long before he was invested with God: their welfare, therefore, and the esti. the actual government. See 1 Sam. xvi. mation of God among the heathen nations, 1. 13. were reciprocal and identified, and on (n) v. 9. “A cup.” Calamities are often that account their success is called God's mentioned under this similitude. Thus,
own cause." See note on Ps. xxv. 10. Is. li. 17. (ante, 327. note on Ps. Ix.) and See also Ps. lxxix. 9.
v. 22. “Behold, (saith the Lord,) I have (2) " A thanksgiving after some deli- “ taken out of thine hand the cup of tremverance or success, looking up to God as “bling, even the dregs of the cup of my the great Disposer of events, and the Judge “ fury; thou shalt no more drink it again : of the ungodly. The time or occasion of “but I will put it into the hand of them writing it is not known, nor the author. " that afflict thee." So Jer. xxv. 15. It has the appearance of being written “ Thus saith the Lord God of Israel unto by some king who had met with con. me, take the wine cup of this
fury at my siderable opposition, and who was scarcely “ hand, and cause all the nations, to whom seated in the throne, and at a time when “ I send thee, to drink it." See also Ezek. the people had been considerably reduced. xxii. 32, 33. Our Saviour uses the word Perhaps in the early time of David's reign, cup," in the same way, Matt. xx. 22. either before the ten tribes of Israel sub- - xxvi. 39. Luke xxii. 42. See ante, 327. mitted to his government, or just upon
note, on Ps. lx. their submission. See 2 Sam. i. to v. and (6) “ Full mixed.” It was the practice ante, 327. Ps. Ix.
to mix other powerful ingredients with (k) v. 2. "
Thy Name,” i. e. " thy aid, wine to increase its strength. Thus Prov. thy assistance.
xxiii. 30. the idea is raised from “ tarry. (1) v. 3. “ Receive the congregation," "ing long at the wine,” to “going to seek i. e. “ to administer justice.”
“ mixed wine." So Is. v. 22. woe is de(m) v. 7. “From the east, &c.” i. e. (pro- nounced "
upon them that are mighty to bably) “from any quarter of the earth, is “ drink wine, and men of strength to “ not obtained by human means, nor con- “ mingle strong drink.
10. As for the dregs (P) thereof: 6. At thy rebuke, O God of all the ungodly of the earth shall Jacob · both the chariot and drink them, and suck (9) them horse are fallen. out.
7. Thou, even thou, art to be 11. But I will talk of the God feared : and who may stand in of Jacob : and praise him for ever. thy sight, when thou art angry?
12. All the horns of the un- 8. Thou didst cause thy judgegodly also will I break : and the ment (6) to be heard from heahorns of the righteous shall be ven : the earth trembled, and was exalted.
still. Psalm lxxvi. (T)
9. When God arose to judgeIn Jewry (s) is God known : ment : and to help all the meek his Name is great in Israel.
2. At Salem (t) is his taber- 10. The fierceness of man shall nacle : and his dwelling in Sion. turn to thy praise (c): and the
3. There brake he the arrows of fierceness of them shalt thou the bow : the shield, the sword, refrain. (d) and the battle.
11. Promise unto the Lord your 4. Thou art of more honour (u) God, and keep it, all ye that are and might : than the hills (x) of round about him : bring presents the robbers.
(e) unto him that ought to be 5. The proud are robbed (y), feared. they have slept (2) their sleep : 12. He shall refrain the spirit and all the men, whose hands were (8) of princes : and is wonderful mighty, have found (a) nothing. among the kings of the earth.
(p) v. 10. “The dregs," i. e.“ the sedi. ment, the part where all the most "powerful ingredients were settled: the "strongest part.” See 2. Lowth's Is. 18.
(9) Suck them out,” so as to exhaust every drop. The same idea, as Is. li. 17. where Jerusalem is said to have drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, and to have wrung them out.
(r) A spirited triumphal hymn, supposed to have been written upon the miraculous destruction of the army of the Assyrians in the time of Hezekiah, when the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in their camp 185,000 persons. A. C. 710. See 2 Kings xix. 35. and Is. xxxvii. 36.
(8) v. 1. " Jewry,” i. e. " Judea.”
(u) v. 4. “ of more honour, &c.” i. e.
“ the hills, and from the multitude of “ mountains : truly in the Lord our God " is the salvation of Israel."
(x) “ Hills of the robbers." Places of peculiar strength-such as robbers select, to secure themselves from pursuit: (y) v. 5.
“ Robbed,” i. e. (probably) “ spoiled."
(2) “Have slept, &c." i. e. (perhaps) « are overtaken by death."
(a) “Found nothing," "have got no “ spoil.”
(b) v. 8. “Thy judgment," i. e.“ upon “ the Assyrians."
(c) v. 10. “ Turn to thy praise,” i. e.
give occasion for praising thee, because “ it can do nothing when thou opposest it.”
(d) “Refrain,” i. e. “check, humble.”
le) v. 11. “Bring presents." To testify respect and joy ; in consequence of this deliverance, many did bring “gifts “ unto the Lord to Jerusalem, and pre“ sents to Hezekiah king of Judah, 2 “ Chron. xxxii. 23.
(g) v. 12. “Spirit," or "pride."
Psalm lxxvii. (h)
10. And I said, “ It is mine I will cry unto God with my “ own infirmity (n) : but I will voice : even unto God will I cry “ remember the years of the right with my voice, and he shall “ hand (o) of the Most Highest
. hearken unto me.
11. I will remember the 2. In the time of my trouble I « works of the Lord : and call sought the Lord : my (i) sore ran,
“ to mind thy wonders of old time. and ceased not in the night sea- 12. “I will think also of all son; my soul refused comfort. thy works : and my talking
3. When I am in heaviness, I “ shall be of thy doings. will think upon God : when my 13.
Thy way, O God, is heart is vexed, I will complain. holy : who is so great a God 4. Thou holdest mine
“ as our God ? waking (k) : I am so feeble, that 14. “ Thou art the God that I cannot speak.
“ doest wonders : and hast de 5. I have considered the days “ clared (P) thy power among of old : and the years that are past.
“ the people. 6. I call to remembrance my 15. * Thou hast mightily delisong : and in the night I com- “ vered thy people: even the sons mune with mine own heart, and “ of Jacob and Joseph. search out my spirits.
16. “ The waters (9) saw thee, 7. “ Will the Lord absent him- “ O God, the waters saw thee, « self for ever : and will he be no “ and were afraid : the depths “ more intreated ?
“ also were troubled. 8. “Is his mercy clean gone 17. “ The clouds poured out “ for ever : and is his promise (1) “ water; the air thundered : and “ come utterly to an end for “ thine arrows went abroad. “ evermore?
18. “ The voice of thy thunder 9. “Hath God forgotten to be
“ was heard round about : the “ gracious : and will he shut lightnings shone “up (m) his loving-kindness in ground; the earth was moved, displeasure ?”
“ and shook withal. (h) An appeal to God in time of great (k) v. 4. “Holdest mine eyes waking," distress, perhaps during the Babylonish i. e. "preventest my sleeping." captivity. After looking up with con- (l) v. 8. “ Promise." See note on Ps. fidence to God, it notices their lamentable lxxiv. 21. condition, puts the question whether far- (m) v. 9. “Shut up," i. e.“ without ever ther assistance from God may be expected, “ relaxing." answers it by imputing God's desertion to (n) v. 10. “ Mine owo infirmity," i. e. their own misconduct, and concludes by (probably) “imputable to my own miscalling to mind in a spirited way what God o conduct." had before done for them, particularly (o) “ The right hand," i. e." the signal when he led them through the Red Sea. “proofs of his power;" what he calls, in “ Ascending in the words of Bp. Lowth) v. 11. his “works and wopders of old time." “ from a cool deliberate opening to a high (p) v. 14. “ Declared,” i. e. “shewn, “ degree of sublimity." Sec Kenneti’s “proved." Sermons, 214.
(9) v. 16. “ The waters, &c." Referring (i) v. 2. “My sore ran," or rather, “my probably to the deliverance of the Israelites, “ hand was stretched out," (Doyley,) i. e. and the destruction of the Egyptians at the “ in supplication and prayer."
Red Sea. See Exod. xiv. 21. to the end.
19. “Thy way (r) is in the sea, 20. “ Thou leddest thy people " and thy paths in the great wa- “ like sheep : by the hand of “ters : and thy footsteps are not “ Moses and Aaron." “ known. (s)
(v) v. 19. “ Thy way, &c.” Nahum says, (s) “ Not known,” i. e. (perhaps) “ in"The Lord hath his way in the whirlwind, “ visible, not to be traced.” " and in the storm, and the clouds are the "dust of his feet.'
Lessons for the Fifteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year.
January 15. February 15. Morn. Gen, xxvii. Morn. Numb. xvi. Matt. xiii.(1)
Mark xv.(3) Even. Gen. xxviii. 7 Even. Numb. xvii.
Rom. xiii.(2) 2 Cor. xi. (4)
Morn. Josh. x.
John ii. (5)
Morn. 2 Sam. ii.
Acts xii. (6) Even. 2 Sam. üi.
John iii. (9)
2 Thess. ii.
Morn. Ezek. ii.
Acts xiii. (10) Even. Ezek. iïi.
3. Which we have heard and EVENING PRAYER.
known: and such as our fathers Psalm lxxviii. (t)
have told us; law (u); O my people : 4. That we should not hide incline your ears unto the words them from the children of the of my mouth.
generations to come : but to shew 2. I will open my mouth in a the honour of the Lord, his parable (x): I will declare hard mighty and wonderful works that (x) sentences of old ;
he hath done. (1) A short account of some of the attachment towards them. It was probably signal instances, from the time of Moses written in David's time. By referring, as to that of David, of God's interference on it does, to facts recorded by Moses, it shews behalf of the Israelites, of their disobedi- that the Jewish church which used it ence and punishments, and of the readiness esteemed the books of Moses the foundation with which God again took them into fa- of true history as well as of true religion. vour. The pointing out what God had 1. Newt. Diss. 9. before done for them, and how great had (u) v. 1. “ Law," i. e.“ story, account.” been his forbearance, was calculated to (3) v. 2. “A parable, i.e. “a wonder. raise in their minds the warmest impres- ful detail ;” « hard sentences," rather sions of gratitude and adherence; to attach
great occurrences." them to him, as he had shewn such strong