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my soul.


that I never took : God, thou Psalm Ixix. (r)

knowest (y) my simpleness, and my

faults are not hid from thee. Save me, O God : for the wa- 6. Let not them that trust in ters (s) are come in, even unto thee, O Lord God of hosts, be

ashamed for my cause (2) : let 2. I stick fast in the deep mire, not those, that seek thee, be conwhere no ground (1) is : I am founded through (x) me, O Lord come into deep waters, so that the God of Israel. floods run over me.

7. And why? for thy (a) sake 3. I am weary of (u) crying, have I suffered reproof : shame my throat is dry : my sight faileth hath covered my face. me for waiting so long upon my

8. I am become a stranger (6) God.

unto my brethren : even an alien 4. They that hate me without unto my mother's children. a cause are more than the hairs 9. For the zeal (c) of thine of my

head : they that are mine house hath even eaten (d) me : enemies, and would destroy me and the rebukes (e) of them that guiltless, are mighty.

rebuked thee are fallen upon 5. I paid them the (x) things me. (8)

(7) An anxious prayer for deliverance, , misery in which I am ;" let not my seemingly written in time of great distress, misery be so long, or so severe, as to mentioning the troubles he had under- deter others from adhering to thee. gone, complaining bitterly of the con- (a) v. 7." For thy sake," i. e. (probably) duct of his enemies, and calling for or “ it is for my adherence to thee, that I foretelling their punishment and downfall; “have suffered reproof, that shame hath ending triumphantly, as if upon an as- covered my face." surance of God's assistance. It is one of (6) v. 8. “ A stranger, &c.” See this the proper Psalms for Good Friday, and idea dwelt upon more at large, Job xix. 13 was probably written prophetically (as -19. Psalm xxii.) with a view to our Saviour's (c) v. 9. “ The zeal, &c.” When our sufferings and treatment; David, who was Saviour drove the money-changers, &c. a type of the Messiah, speaking of things as from the temple, saying, “ Make not my referable to himself, which were only to

“ Father's house an house of merchanhappen to the Messiah. It seems to be so “ dize," his disciples remembered that it considered, John ii. 17. — Rom. xv. 3. – was written, (referring to this passage) xi. 9. - John xix. 28. David is mentioned 6. The zeal of thine house hath eaten me as the author, Rom. xi. 9.

up." (s) o. 1.“ Waters, &c." i. e.“ I am over- (d) “ Eaten me." It is for that zeal I "powered with calamities."-Wells. am made to suffer.

(1) v. 2. “ No ground," " nothing to (e) “ Rebukes.” Perhaps by insinuating "prevent my sinking still deeper.”

that he could not be the true God, who (u) v. 3. * Of,” or 66 with." “ I have could suffer his servant to be so af" cried till it has exhausted me."

Alicted. (+) v. 5. “ The things,” or “ for the (g) “ Fallen upon me.” When Saint " things ;" submitting to any imposition.

Paul exhorted the Roman converts to (y) ** Thou, who knowest all things, my give up their own gratification to advance " follies and my faults, thou canst vouch, the salvation of others, he told them, “ that " that I never did them wrong, that I made “even Christ pleased not himself, but," every sacrifice for peace.

as it is written, (alluding to this Psalm) (z) v. 6. “For my cause," and " through “ the reproaches of them that reproached " me,” i. e. (probably) “ on account of the « thee fell on me. Rom. xv. 3."


10. I wept (h) and chastened 18. And hide not thy face from myself with fasting : and that thy servant, for I am in trouble : was turned to my reproof.

O‘haste thee, and hear me. 11. I put on sackcloth also : 19. Draw nigh unto my soul, and they jested upon me.

and save it : 0 deliver me, be 12. They that sit (i) in the cause of mine enemies.

20. drunkards make songs upon me. proof, my shame, and my disho

13. But, Lord, I make my nour : mine adversaries are all in prayer unto thee : in an accept- thy sight. able time. (k)

21. Thy rebuke hath broken 14. Hear me, O God, in the my heart; I am full of heaviness: multitude of thy mercy : even in I looked for some to have pity on the (1) truth of thy salvation. me; but there was no man;

15. Take me out of the mire, neither found I any to comfort that I sink not: 0 let me be delivered from them that hate me, 22. They gave me gall (n) to and out of the deep waters. (m) eat : and when I was thirsty,

16. Let not the water-flood they gave me vinegar (n) to drown me, neither let the deep drink. swallow me up : and let not the 23. Let (o) their table (p) be pit shut her mouth upon me. made a snare (9) to take them

17. Hear me, O Lord, for thy selves withal : and let the things loving-kindness is comfortable : (r) that should have been for their turn thee unto me, according to wealth, be unto them an occasion the multitude of thy mercies. of falling

(h) v. 10.“ Wept, &c.” So that even my (o) v. 23. “ Let, &c.” Dr. Hammond acts of devotion were turned against me. observes, from St. Augustine and the

(i) v. 12. “ That sit in the gate," i. e. Jewish Arab, that this and the following “ the judges;" so that I am the object of verses are to be understood in the future scorn to the grave and serious, as well as tense, as predictions, not as imprecations or to the thoughtless and dissipated.

as warnings, 1 Towns. lxxiii. Other writers (k) v. 13. “ Acceptable time." See consider them as referring prophetically to ante, 88. note (d), on 2 Cor. vi. 2.

the state of the Jews, after their rejection of (1) “ The truth, &c." i.e." According to the Messiah. “thy promises for my deliverance."

(p)“ Let their table, &c." St. Paul (m) v. 15. “ Deep waters.” An expres- cites this and the following verse, but with sion to signify great danger. See Psalm some little variation, Rom. xi. 9, 10. and xviii. 3. 16.-cxxiv. 3, 4.-cxliv.7.

he introduces his citation with “ Darid (n) v. 22.“ Gall,” “ vinegar.” When our “ saith, Let their table, &c." so that he Saviour was taken to the place of cruci. ascribes the Psalm to David. fixion, “they gave him" (according to (9) “ Their table be made a snare, &c." Matt. xxvii.34.)“ vinegar to drink, mingled Perhaps a proverbial expression. The “ with gall; and when he had tasted there- meaning, which corresponds with that in “ of, he would not drink.” According to the latter part of the verse, is obvious, John xix. 28. it was that the scripture that their table, their very food, that which might be fulfilled that Jesus, whilst upon should support them, should be their the cross, said, “ I thirst ;” and when they ruin. had lifted up a sponge, filled with vinegar, (r) “ The things, &c." How fully and he had received it, he said, “ It is was this accomplished by our Saviour's finished," and he bowed his head, and gave coming, and the subsequent destruction of up the ghost; it is to this passage he is Jerusalem ? His coming, which should supposed to have alluded.

24. Let their eyes be blinded, the Lord : better than a bullock that they see not: and ever bow that hath horns and hoofs. thou down their backs.

33. The humble (y) shall con25. Pour out thine indignation sider this and be glad : seek ye upon them : and let thy wrathful after God, and your soul shall displeasure take hold of them. live.

28. Let (s) their habitation be 34. For the Lord heareth the void : and no man to dwell in poor : and despiseth not his (2) their tents.

prisoners. 27. For they persecute him, 35. Let heaven and earth praise whom thou hast (1) smitten : and him : the sea, and all that moveth they talk how they may vex them

therein. whom thou hast (t) wounded. 36. For God will save (a) Sion,

28. Let them fall (u) from one and build the cities of Judah : wickedness to another : and not that men may dwell there, and come into thy righteousness.

have it in possession. 29. Let them be wiped out of 37. The posterity also of his the book of the living : and not servants shall inherit it : and they be written among the righte- that love his name shall dwell

therein. 30. As for me, when I am poor

Psalm lxx. (6) and in heaviness : thy help, o

Haste thee, O God, to deliver God, shall lift me up:

me : make haste to help me, 31. I will praise the name of O Lord. God with a song : and magnify 2. (c) Let them be ashamed and it with thanksgiving

confounded, that seek after my 32. This (R) also shall please soul (d) : let them be turned


have been for the blessing of the nation, lowly, that that offering which God most proved its ruin.

highly values, the offering of praise and (s) v. 26. St. Peter refers to this passage, thanksgiving, is as much within their power, Acts i. 20. in his history of Judas's con- as within the power of the rich. duct, and his exhortations to the disciples (z) v. 34. " His prisoners," i. e. “ such to choose another in his stead. “ For,” as are persecuted for his sake."—Wells. says he, “ it is written in the book of (a) v. 36. “ Save Sion, &c.” This and " Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, the following verse perhaps refer to " and let no man dwell therein.” May times not yet arrived, when, after the fulpet this be a prediction of the destruction ness of the Gentiles shall have come in, of ?

the Jews also shall be converted to Chris(1) v. 27.“ Smitten” and “ wounded;" tianity, shall look on him whom they have not perceiving, that, with reference to the pierced, and so all Israel shall be saved. Messiah, it was for our transgressions he See Rom. xi. 25, 26. Rev. i. 7. was wounded, for our iniquities that he (6) An anxious prayer for deliverance was bruised, and that with his stripes we from his enemies, nearly the same as the are healed. Isaiah liji. 5.

last six verses of Ps. xl. David is con. (x) v. 28.“ Fall, &c."i. e. “ advance in sidered the author ; and it is prosinfulness.”

bably prophetic, referring to our Saviour's (-) v. 32. “ This," i. e. “ praise and agony and sufferings. " thankfulness will be more acceptable to (c) v. 2. This verse occurs, Ps. xxxv. "God than sacrifice. See Ps. 1. 13, 14." 4.-xl. 17.- lxxi. 11.

(y) v. 33. “ The humble, &c.” Is it not (d) “ Soul,” j. e. “ life.” matter of consolation to the poor and

backward, and put to confusion, art my hope, even from my that wish me evil.

youth. 3. Let them for their reward be 5. Through thee have I been soon brought to shame : that cry holden up, ever since I was born : over me, “ There, there."

thou (h) art he, that took me out 4. But let all those that seek of my mother's womb; my praise thee, be joyful and glad in thee : shall be always of thee. and let all such as delight in thy 6. I am become as it were a salvation, say (e) alway, “ The monster unto many : but my sure “ Lord be praised.”

trust is in thee. 5. As for me, I am poor, and 7. O let my mouth be filled in misery : haste thee unto me, with thy praise : that I may sing O God.

of thy glory and honour all the 6. Thou art my helper, and my day long. redeemer: 0 Lord, make no long 8. Cast me not away in the time tarrying

of age : forsake me not when my strength faileth me.

9. For mine enemies speak MORNING PRAYER. Psalm lxxi. (g)

against me ; and they that lay

wait for my soul take their counIn thee, O Lord, have I put my sel together, saying : “God hath trust; let me never be put to con- “ forsaken him ; persecute him, fusion : but rid me, and deliver

“ and take him for there is me in thy righteousness; incline

“ none to deliver him.” thine ear unto me, and save me. 10. Go not far from me, 0

2. Be thou my strong hold, God: my God, haste thee to whereunto I may alway resort : help me. thou hast promised to help me; 11. Let (i) them be confounded for thou art my house of defence, and perish that are against my (k) and my castle.

soul : let them be covered with 3. Deliver me, O my God, out of shame and dishonour that seek to the hand of the ungodly: out of the do me evil. hand of the unrighteous and cruel 12. As for me, I will patiently

abide alway : and will praise thee 4. For thou, O Lord God, art more and more. the thing that I long for : thou 13. My mouth shall daily speak


(e) v. 4.“ Say," i. e. “ have occasion to " say,” from thy protection.

(g) An anxious prayer for deliverance, calling to mind the protection he had received through life, and concluding as if fresh deliverance was vouchsafed in the progress of the Psalm._It is supposed to have been written by David at the time of Absalom's rebellion, and the contents agree with this supposition. The writer describes himself, verse 8. as “ in the “ time of age,” and verse 16. as “ in his

old age, and grey-headed ;" and yet, in verse 19. as having been “ brought to

great honour, and comforted on every " side." It is the Psalm appointed to be read at the Visitation of the Sick.

(h) 0. 5. “ Thou, &c." So Ps. xxii. 9. “ Thou art he that took me out of my mo" ther's womb; thou wast my hope, when “ I hanged yet on my mother's breasts."

(i) v. 11. “Let them,” or “they shall." (k) " Are against my soul," i.e. " seek my life.”

of thy righteousness and salvation : 19. Thou hast brought me to for I know no end thereof.

great honour (0): and comforted 14. I will go forth in the me (P) on every side. strength of the Lord God : and 20. Therefore will I praise thee will make mention (1) of thy and thy faithfulness, O God, playrighteousness only.

ing upon an instrument of music : 15. Thou, O God, has taught unto thee will I sing upon the me from my youth up until now :

until now : | harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. therefore will I tell of thy won- 21. My lips will be fain (9), drous works.

when I sing unto thee : and so 16. Forsake me not, O God, will my soul, whom thou hast in mine old age, when I am gray- delivered. headed : until I have shewed thy 22. My tongue also shall talk strength unto this generation, and of thy

of thy righteousness all the day thy power to all them that are yet long : for they are confounded, for to come.

and brought unto shame, that 17. Thy righteousness, O God, seek to do me evil. is very high : and great things are they that thou hast done; O God,

Psalm lxxii. (r) who is like unto thee!

Give 18. O what great troubles (m) ments, 6 God: and thy right

s) the King thy judgeand adversities hast thou shewed me! and yet didst thou turn and

eousness unto the (t) King's son, refresh me : yea, and broughtest

2. Then (u) shall he judge (x) me from the deep of the earth (n) thy people according unto right: again.



(1) u. 14. “ Make mention," i. e. (per- which seems to have a higher object than haps) “rely upon," “ look up to." "See Solomon. Tertullian refers it to Christ, note on Ps. xvi. 5.

791. Dr. Benson thinks it relates either (m) v. 18. “Troubles, &c.” He probably wholly to Solomon, or wholly to the Mesalludes to his troubles and deliverances siah : and he “nothing in it, but what whilst he was persecuted by Saul.

“ suits the great and glorious character of (n) "Deep of the earth," i, e. “the " the Messiah.” Benson's Introduction, grave.” So Ps. lxiii. 10. " These also xxji, xxiii. See also Poli Synopsis. It fore" that seek the hurt of my soul, they shall tells the justice of his government, the

go under the earth,i. e. « shall die, extent of his dominion, the homage he “perish.”

should receive, and the blessings he should (0) v. 19. “ Great honour.” This cor- confer. Justin M. considers it inappliresponds with David's circumstances ; God cable to Solomon, and applies it to the had raised him to the kingdom.

Messiah. M. Dial. cum Tr. 251, 252. (p)“ Comforted me," i. e. “ given me 288. Many of the Jewish commentators "comfort which ever way I turned.”

refer it to the Messiah. Hamm. 202. (9) v. 21. “ Fain," i. e. “ eager;" so (s) v. 1.“ Give," i. e. “ teach.” Invest much would it delight him.

him with discrimination and righteousness (7) This Psalm was (perhaps) written

equal to thine. when David made Solomon king, (see (t) “ The king's son," i. e. accord1 Chron. xxiii. 1. and xxix. 22, 23.); but it ing to Tertullian, 791. and Jerome, probably refers prophetically to the Mes- “ Christ's people," the followers of the siah, of whom Solomon was a type. Many

Messiah. of the ancient Jewish writers so considered (u) v. 2. “ Then, &c." or " that he may." it , and the 5th, 7th, 8th, 11th, 15th, and

So Sept. 17th verses, are expressed in language (3) “ Judge, &c.” Strict impartiality in

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