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“ter of Sion (9), Behold, thy King in the temple, and overthrew the “ cometh unto thee, meek, and sit- tables of the money-changers, and “ ting upon an ass, and a colt the the seats of them that sold (u) « foal of an ass.” 6. And the dis- doves; 13. and said unto them, ciples went, and did as Jesus com- “ It is written,
My (x) house manded them, 7. and
7. and brought « shall be called the house of the ass, and the colt, and put on
have made it a them their clothes, and they set “ den of thieves." him thereon.
8. And a very great multitude (r) spread their garments in the way; others cut
Second Sunday in Advent. down branches from the trees, and
The Collect. strawed them in the way. 9. And the multitudes that went before, BLESSED Lord, who hast caused and that followed, cried, saying, all holy Scriptures to be written “ Hosannah_to the Son (s) of for our learning; Grant that we “ David ! Blessed is he that may in such wise hear them, read, “ cometh in the Name of the mark, learn, and inwardly digest “ Lord; Hosannah in the High- them; that by patience, and com« est!” 10. And when he was fort of thy holy Word, we may come into Jerusalem, all the city embrace and ever hold fast the was moved, saying, • Who is
blessed hope of everlasting life, “ this?" 11. And the multitude which thou hast given us in our said, “ This is Jesus (t) the pro
Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. phet of Nazareth" of Galilee." 12. And Jesus went into
The Epistle. Rom. xv. 4. (z) the temple of God, and cast out Whatsoever things were written all them that sold and bought aforetime were written for our
in Zech. ix. 9. “ Rejoice greatly, O (s) v. 9. “ Son of David," i.e. “ the “ daughter of Zion : Shout, o daughter of “ Messiah," “ Jerusalem: Behold thy King cometh (t) v. 11.“The Prophet," with the article, “ unto thee: he is just, and having salva- ο προφήτης. “tion : lowly, and riding upon an ass, and (u) v. 12.“ Doves,” or “the doves," “ upon a colt the foal of an ass: and I will those the poor offered, what were in readi. “ cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and ness for them. The article is in the ori. “ the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle ginal. “bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak (x) v. 13. “ My house." In Is. lvi. 7. “ peace unto the heathen.” This was God says, “ My house shall be made a calculated to shew that his was not to be “ house of prayer for all people;" and a kingdom of worldly pomp or grandeur. Jer. vii. 11. he asks, “Is this house, which
(9) v. 5. “ The daughter of Sion," i.e. “ is called by my name, become a den of “ Jerusalem."
“ robbers in your eyes?" The recollec(r) v. 8. “A very great multitude.” tion of these passages might suggest the According to John xii. 1. Our Saviour had expression our Saviour used. been the day before at Bethany, where (z) Of the Converts at Rome, some Lazarus was, whom he had before raised thought themselves still bound to observe from the dead : and it was for this cause the Mosaical ordinances, and to make a that the people went forth to meet him, difference in days and meats; others confor that they had heard he had done this sidered themselves freed from such remiracle. See John xii. 18.
learning, that we through patience made unto the fathers; 9. And and comfort of the Scriptures that the Gentiles might glorify might have hope. 5. Now the God for his mercy (h); as it is God of patience and consolation written, “ For (i) this cause I grant you to be (a) like-minded will confess to thee among the one toward another, according (6) Gentiles, and sing unto thy Name.” to Christ Jesus ; 6. that ye
10. And again he saith, “(k) Remay with one mind and one
and one joice, yeGentiles, with his people. mouth glorify God (c),
11. And again, “ (D) Praise the Father of our Lord Jesus “ the Lord, all ye Gentiles ; Christ. 7. Wherefore (d) re- “ and laud him, all ye people.” ceive ye one another, as Christ 12. And again, Esaias saith, also received us, to (e) the glory " (m) There shall be a root of of God. 8. Now I say that Jesus “ Jesse, and he that shall rise Christ was a minister of the cir
“ to reign over the Gentiles; in cumcision (g) for the truth of “ him shall the Gentiles (n) trust.' God, to
to confirm the promises 13. Now the God of hope (n)
straints. Saint Paul's object is to prevent all dissensions between them upon such points, to take away from Jews and Gentiles all occasions of contest, and to induce both to unite cordially in glorifying God. He reminds them, that it was to confirm the promises made unto the Fathers, that Christ's ministry was amongst the Jews; and that it was of mere mercy to the Gentiles, and not of right, or even of promise, though foretold, that the benefit of our Saviour's coming was extended to the Gentiles. That neither Jew nor Gentile therefore was to overvalue himself or despise the other, inasmuch as it was not of right as from their own merit that either was admitted to the blessings of Christianity, and God, who best could judge, had thought each worthy to have the offer of those blessings.
(a) v. 5. “ Like-minded,” i.e. “ of one “mind, giving up to your neighbour in un“ essential points to produce unanimity," " that they might with one mind and one “ mouth glorify God." He had just been stating, that “they who were strong " should bear the infirmities of the weak, “ and not please themselves ;" that “each " should please his neighbour for his good “ to edification ;" and that “
even Christ “Jesus pleased not himself.” He here therefore proposes that they should follow this his example, and be as he was, studying to prevent dissensions, not seeking his own gratification. In Philipp. iv. 2. St. Paul beseeches Euodias and Syntyche to be
of the " same mind in the Lord;" and Rom. xii. 16. he exhorts the converts to be of the same
“ mind one towards “ another," i. e. to have " unanimity."
(6) v. 5. “ According to," i.e. after the example of."
(c) v. 6. “God, &c.” or “ the God and Father," him who stands in both those relations to Jesus Christ : 7ον Θεόν και Παλέρα. Hamm. in loco. Middl. 79.
(d) v. 7. “ receive," i. e. “ hold com“ munion with,” so that Jew and Gentile may with one mind and mouth glorify God.
(e) “ To the glory, &c.” “making God's “glory the object.
(g) 0.8. “Of the circumcision," i. e. “amongst those who practised circumci“ sion, the Jews."
(h) v.9. “ His mercy,” in graciously offering them the benefits of Christ's coming, though he had never promised it.
(i) ~ For this cause, &c.' This is transcribed from Ps. xviii. 49. relates to God's mercies, deliverances, and protection there mentioned.
(k) v. 10. “ Rejoice.” Deut. xxxii. 43. (1) v.11. “ Praise, &c." Ps. cxvii. 1.
(m) v. 12. “ There shall be, &c.” Is. xi. 10.
(n) v. 13. “ of hope,” or “ of this hope (or trust,)" from whom this hope (or trust) proceeds, 1ns edzídos, that ye may abound in “ this hope or trust," in Tí er tids, " that trust “ Isaiah foretold:” intimating that the hope or trust foretold and here referred to had
The cause fill you
with all joy and peace in plexity; the sea and the waves believing, that ye may abound in roaring; 26. men's hearts failhope, through the power of the “ ing them for fear, and for Holy Ghost.
looking after those things which
“ are coming on the earth : for The Gospel. Luke xxi. 25. (0)
“ the powers of heaven shall be “ And there shall be signs in the 66 shaken. 27. And then shall “ sun, and in the moon, and in they see the Son of man (p) “ the stars; and upon the earth “ coming in a cloud with power “ distress of nations, with per- “ and great glory. 28. And when
God for its origin and author. The same “floor and gather his wheat into the garner ; word is used for “ trust,” in v. 12. and “ but he will burn up the chaff with un“ hope," in v. 13. “ £ÀTIBT18," in v. 12.; quenchable fire.” See also Ps. ii. 9. and της ελπίδος,” in . 13.
xxi. 8, 9. The character, therefore, of the (0) Part of our Saviour's account of day of the Lord, and the tremendous venwhat should precede the great event of geance then to be executed, were strongly his vengeance upon the opposers of his foretold; and it was natural the people religion, at one of the times signified by should be desirous of knowing more parti. “ the coming,” or “ day of the Lord."
cularly when this great event should take According to Isaiah lxi. 2. the Messiah place, and what would be the marks of its was to proclaim, not only," the accept- approach. Our Saviour had told them, able year of the Lord," but also “ the that the days should come in which there day of vengeance of our God.” Joel ii.
should not be left one stone upon another 1. to 11. speaks at large of the terrors of in their magnificent temple which should the day of the Lord, and of the strength not be thrown down; and they took that of the people God should employ as in- occasion to ask him, “When should these struments to inflict them. Zeph. i. 12. to 18. things be, and what sign would there be mentions the great day of the Lord as “ “ when these things should come to pass ?" “ day of wrath, a day of trouble and dis- In answer to this question, he gives the “tress, a day of wasteness and desolation, account of which this day's Gospel is part. “ a day of darkness and gloominess, a day The destruction of Jerusalem accordingly “ of clouds and thick darkness, a day of occurred about 37 years after our Saviour's “the trumpet and alarm against the fenced crucifixion; an immense number of Jews, “ cities and against the high towers,” and 1,400,000, were slain there and in other says, that “ the whole land shall be de. parts of Judea, and the temple was so ut“voured by the fire of God's jealousy, for terly destroyed, that its very foundations “ he shall make even a speedy riddance were dug up. A full account of the de“ of all them that dwell in the land." In struction of Jerusalem is to be met with in Zech. xiii. 8, 9. “ It shall come to pass, the Jewish writer, Josephus. See post, 76. “ that in all the land, saith the Lord, note on Matt. xxiv. 31. “ two parts therein shall be cut off and (p) v. 27. “ coming in a cloud.” When “ die," and Malachi, besides the passage the high priest adjured our Saviour to say Mal. iii. 2. (post, 70.) says (c. iv. 1, 2.) Be- whether he the Christ, the Son of “ hold the day cometh that shall burn “ God, Matt. xxvi. 63." our Saviour told “ as an oven, and all the proud, yea, and him, that hereafter they should see the “all that do wickedly shall be stubble ; “ Son of Man sitting on the right hand of “ and the day that cometh shall burn “ Power, and coming in the clouds of hea“ them up, saith the Lord of Hosts, that “ ven." Both passages probably refer to “ it shall leave them neither root nor Dan. vii. 13. “ I saw in the night visions ; “ branch; but unto you that fear my “ and behold, one like the Son of Man “ name shall the Sun of Righteousness “ came with the clouds of heaven, and came “ arise, with healing in his wings." Lastly, “ to the Antient of Days,” (viz. God), and John the Baptist describes our Saviour, " there was given him dominion, and (Matt. iii. 12.) as one " whose fan is in his “glory, and a kingdom, that all people,
hand, and he will thoroughly purge his “nations, and languages should serve him :
“ these things begin to come to “ 32. Verily I say unto you, This " pass, then look up, and lift (s) generation shall not pass “
up your heads; for your (9) away till all be fulfilled. 33. Hearedemption draweth nigh."
“ ven and earth shall pass away ; 29. And he spake to them a “ but my words shall not pass parable; “ Behold, the figtree, away.” * and all the trees;
30. when “they now shoot forth, ye see
Third Sunday in Advent. " and know of your own selves “ that summer is now nigh at
The Collect. “ .
hand. 31. So likewise ye, when O Lord Jesu Christ, who at “ ye see these things come to thy first coming didst send thy
pass, know ye that the kingdom messenger to prepare thy way be
(r) of God is nigh at hand. fore thee ; Grant that the minis“his dominion is an everlasting dominion, pledge which in a limited time would " which shall not pass away, and his king- bring our Saviour's pretensions to a deci“ dom that which shall not be destroyed.”
sive test. He claimed to be the Messiah ; The meaning in both passages may be, and as one proof of it, took upon himself that what then occurs shall be decisive repeatedly to say, that before the generaproof from God that Jesus Christ was tion of men then living should be removed the true Messiah. See post, 76. note on from the earth, this great event of his Matt. xxiv. 30.
coming should occur. In Matt. x. 23. he (9) v. 28. “Your redemption." The de- assures his apostles, “ that they shall not struction of their enemies and persecutors, “ have gone over the cities of Israel till the Jews, would of itself make a material “ the Son of Man shall come.” In Matt. xvi. difference in their condition. See note on
28. he says,
“ there be some standing the word “ Salvation," Rom. xiii. 11. ante, “ here, which shall not taste of death, till p. 28.
“ they see the Son of Man coming in his (r) 0.31. “ The kingdom of God," “ kingdom." According to Mark ix. 1. he “i. e. " that kingdom, which (accord said unto them, “Verily I say unto you, “ing to Dan. ii. 44.) the God of hea- " that there be some of them that stand a ven should set up, and which (according
“ here which shall not taste of death, till “ to the vision in Dan. vii. 14.) was to be they have seen the kingdom of God come " given to one like the Son of Man, that all “ with power." In speaking of St. John, (John "people, nations, and languages, should xxi. 22.) our Saviour says, “ If I will that * serve him: a kingdom which, (accord- “ he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?" "ing to Luke xvii. 20, 21.) “ cometh not St. John accordingly survived that coming " with observation,” (i. e. is not matter of of our Lord, which was fulfilled in the de“ sight,)“ but is within us :" a kingdom, as struction of Jerusalem : and in Matt. xxiv.
our Saviour says, (John xviii. 36.)“ not of 34. where that Apostle gives his account of u this world," -- a spiritual, not a temporal what our Saviour said as to the signs of his kingdom. These prophecies of Daniel coming, the language is the same as here, have been fulfilling for the last 1700 years, “ This generation shall not pass, till all and are still fulfilling; and if they re- “ these things be fulfilled." St. Matthew ferred to the establishment of the spirit- and St. John, from being constant attendual kingdom of Christ, (and to what else ants on our Saviour, were not likely to be could they refer?) the establishment and deceived as to his words; and Matthew's continuance of that kingdom is the work Gospel was published before the destrucof God; and, as our Saviour foretold of his tion of Jerusalem, and so were St. Mark's church, (Matt. xvi. 18.) “the gates (or and St. Luke's, which contain similar " councils) of hell shall not prevail against passages.
Mark xii. 30. - Luke ix. 27. * it." For an explanation of these pro- The accomplishment therefore of this phecies, see Chandler's Defence of Christ- vengeance within the period our Saviour ianity, 119 to 132.
specified, is an attestation by God himself (8) v. 32. “ This generation, &c." Al that our Saviour really was what he pre
ters and stewards of thy mysteries stewards, that a man be found (2') may likewise so prepare and make faithful. 3. But with me it is a ready thy way, by turning the very small thing that I should be hearts of the disobedient to the judged (w) of you, or of man's wisdom of the just; that at thy judgement; yea, I judge not mine second coming to judge the world, own self: 4. for I know nothing we may be found an acceptable (2') by myself; yet am i not hereby people in thy sight, who livest justified: but he that judgeth and reignest with the Father and me is the (y) Lord. 5. Therethe Holy Spirit, ever one God, fore (2) judge nothing before world without end. Amen.
the time, until (a) the (6) Lord
come, who both will bring to The Epistle. I Cor. iv. 1. (t)
light the hidden things of darkLet a man so account of us, as ness, and will make manifest (C) of the (u) ministers of Christ, and the counsels of the hearts: and stewards of the mysteries of God. then shall every (d) man have (e) 2. Moreover, it is required in praise of (8) God.
tended to be. It is of use to advert to he durst not conclude that he is blameless. the proofs of the truth of our religion, be. He is not the proper judge - the Lord cause it enables us to give a reason for the (Christ) only is. Man therefore was to hope that is in us; and where such abun- wait for Christ's judgment, when he should dant proof is supplied, God has shewn come, not to presume in the interim to that he expects belief. The signal ven. judge for himself. geance he took upon those who did not (u) v. 1.“ Ministers," i. e. "only as miattend to the proofs he gave, or opposed “ nisters and stewards," acting for another the progress of the religion he sanctioned, master, even Christ. should teach us what we may expect if (v) v. 2. “ Faithful,” and therefore not we reject this religion, or act in defiance to take to themselves what belongs to their of its precepts. God, who is the same master. yesterday, to-day, and for ever, will pro- (w) v. 3.“ Judged," i. e. perhaps, “estibably in his own time, and in his own “mated, valued, weighed.” way, punish as severely the unbelievers (..) v. 4. “ By myself," rather, "against and opposers of other times. Bishop Por- “ myself.” Hamm. on N.T. 519. I Clarke's teus's Lectures on the parallel Prophecy Attrib. 258. The meaning perhaps is, in St. Matthew are well worth consulting. though I know nothing against myself, See Lectures 19. and 20.
that is not a ground on which I can con(t) St. Paul had blamed the Corinthian sider myself justified; for I must be judged converts in the preceding chapter for by God, who, according to I John iii. 21. ranking themselves under different teach- " is greater than our hearts, and knoweth ers, one saying, “I am of Paul; another, I “ all things." "am of Apollos ; a third, I am of Cephas, (y) “The Lord," i. e. Christ. Kupaos. " or Peter," and so on; and he therefore (2) v. 5. "Judge nothing." See post, desires them to think of the apostles, not note on Luke vi. 37. as persons seeking their own glory, and (0) "Until the Lord come.” See ante, wishing to have sects after their own p. 33. on Luke xxi. 32. names, but as ministers and subordinate (6) “ The Lord," éxupoos, with the article. officers, looking to the glory of God and (c) “Manifest," so that he must have Jesus Christ only, and wishing to unite omniscience. Vaill. 24. all the converts under Christ alone. And (d) “ Every man," or "each of us," he intimates to them the fallibility of Paul, Appollos, and Cephas : txar. man's judgment, the correctness and (e) Praise," or the praise," the proper infallibility of Christ's. He therefore praise, what is really due. The original disregards all man's judgment; he does has the article. not even depend upon his own ; for (g) “Of God," who alone knows how though he knows nothing against himself, | to estimate.