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bound with the chain of our sins, Jesus Christ our Mediator and Adyet let the pitifulness of thy great vocate. Amen. mercy loose us, for the honour of

THANKSGIVINGS.

for desire to re

A general Thanksgiving.

dost cause the former and the latALMIGHTY God, Father of all ter rain to descend upon the earth, mercies, we thine unworthy ser- that it may bring forth fruit for vants do give thee most hum- the use of man ; We give thee ble and hearty thanks for all humble thanks that it hath pleased thy goodness and loving-kind- | thee, in our great necessity, to ness to us and to all men, send us at the last a joyful rain • This to be said [*particularly to those upon thine inheritance, and to when any that who desire now to refresh it when it was dry, to the have been prayed

offer up their praises great comfort of us thy unworthy turn praise. and thanksgivings for servants, and to the glory of thy thy late mercies vouchsafed unto holy Name, through thy mercies them.] We bless thee for our

in Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. creation, preservation, and all the blessings of this life; but above

For fair Weather. all, for thine inestimable love in O Lord God, who hast justly the redemption of the world by humbled us by thy late plague of our Lord Jesus Christ ; for the (a) immoderate rain and waters, and means of grace, and for the hope in thy mercy hast relieved and of glory. And we beseech thee, comforted our souls by this seagive us that due sense of all thy sonable and blessed change of mercies, that our hearts may be

be weather ; We praise and glorify unfeignedly thankful; and that we thy holy Name for this thy mercy, may shew forth thy praise, not only and will always declare thy lovingwith our lips, but in our lives; kindness from generation to geneby giving up ourselves to thy ser- ration, through Jesus Christ our vice, and by walking before thee Lord. Amen. in holiness and righteousness all our days, through Jesus Christ

For Plenty. our Lord; to whom with thee and most merciful Father, who of the Holy Ghost be all honour thy gracious goodness hast heard and glory, world without end.

the devout prayers of thy Church, Amen.

and turned our dearth and scarFor Rain.

city into cheapness and plenty ; O God our heavenly Father, We give thee humble thanks for who by thy gracious providence this thy special bounty; beseech

(a) “ for the means, &c." i. e.for the way it has opened to us of obtaining

“ God's Favour, and the Hope it affords “ us of receiving Glory."

ing thee to continue thy loving and thanksgiving for these thy kindness unto us, that our land mercies towards us, through Jesus may yield us her fruits of increase, Christ our Lord. Amen. to thy glory and our comfort, through Jesus Christ our Lord. For Deliverance from the Plague or other Amen.

common Sickness.

O Lord God, who hast wounded For Peace and Deliverance from our us for our sins, and consumed us Enemies.

for our transgressions by thy late O ALMIGHTY God, who art a heavy and dreadful visitation; and strong tower of defence unto thy now in the midst of judgement reservants against the face of their membering mercy, hast redeemed enemies; We yield thee praise our souls from the jaws of death; and thanksgiving for our deliver- We offer unto thy fatherly goodance from those great and appa- ness ourselves, our souls and borent dangers wherewith we were dies, which thou hast delivered, compassed. We acknowledge it to be a living sacrifice unto thee, thy goodness that we were not de- always praising and magnifying livered over as a prey unto them; thy mercies in the midst ot' thy beseeching thee still to continue Church, through Jesus Christ our such thy mercies towards us, that Lord. Amen. all the world may know that thou art our Saviour and mighty Deli

Or this. verer, through Jesus Christ our We humbly acknowledge before Lord. Amen.

thee, O most merciful Father,

that all the punishments which For restoring Public Peace at Home.

are threatened in thy law might

justly have fallen upon us, by O ETERNAL God, our heavenly reason of our manifold transgresFather, who alone makest men to sions and hardness of heart. Yet be of one mind in a house, and seeing it hath pleased thee of thy stillest the outrage of a violent and tender mercy, upon our weak and unruly people; We bless thy holy unworthy humiliation, to asswage Name that it hath pleased thee the contagious sickness wherewith to appease the seditious tumults we lately have been sore afflicted, which have been lately raised up and to restore the voice of joy and amongst us; most humbly be health into our dwellings ; We seeching thee to grant to all of us offer unto thy divine Majesty the grace, that we may henceforth

we may henceforth sacrifice of praise and thanksobediently walk in thy holy com- giving, lauding and magnifying mandments; and leading a quiet thy glorious Name for such thy and peaceable life in all godliness preservation and providence over and honesty, may continually offer us, through Jesus Christ our Lord. unto thee our sacrifice of praise Amen.

THE

COLLECTS, EPISTLES, AND GOSPELS.

Note, That the Collect appointed for every Sunday, or for any HOLY-DAY that hath a Vigil

or Eve, shall be said at the EVENING SERVICE next before.

The First Sunday in Advent. both the quick and dead, we may

rise to the life immortal, through The Collect.

him who liveth and reigneth, with Almighty God, give us grace thee and the Holy Ghost, now that we may cast away the works(a) and ever. Amen. of darkness, and put upon us the

[This Collect is to be repeated every Day, with armour (a) of light, now in the

the other Collects in Advent, until Christmas time of this mortal life, in which Eve. thy Son Jesus Christ came to visit us in great humility; that in the The Epistle. Rom. xiii. 8. last day, when he shall come again Owe (6) no man any thing, but in his glorious Majesty, to judge to love one another: for he that

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(a) “ The works of darkness," and “ the

armour of light,” expressions borrowed from the Epistle, Rom. xiii. 12. (6) o. 8.“ Owe, &c.” i. e.

“ have no "debts or propensities, but those of bene"volence."

It is one of the great characteristics of Christianity, that it makes geDeral benevolence an important duty. When a lawyer asked our Saviour, which was the great commandment in the law, and our Saviour answered, “thou shalt " love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, " and with all thy soul, and with all thy "mind, this is the first and great commandment ;" he immediately added, " and the second is like unto it, thou "shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." See Matt. xxiii. 36. See also Luke x. 25. In John xii. 34. our Saviour, just before he was betrayed, says,

“ a new commandment "I give unto you, that ye love one another, " as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men know, that ye are my disciples, if ye have love

one to another.” St. Paul says, Gal.v. 14., all the law is fulfilled in one word, even " in this, thou shalt love thy neighbour as " thyself;" and in his famous eulogium upon charity, or general benevolence, he

says, “though I have the gift of prophecy “ and understand all mysteries, and all “ knowledge, and though I have all faith, “ so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing and “ though I bestow all my goods to feed the

poor, and though I give my body to be “ burned, and have not charity, it profiteth “ me nothing." St. James says, “if ye “ fulfil the royal law according to the scrip“ ture, thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, Jam. ii.8.” St.John dwells very much upon this essential duty. “He that saith he “ is in the light; and hateth his brother, is “ in darkness even until now. 1 John ii. 9." Again, “ He that loveth not his brother, “abideth in death. 1 John iji. 14.” So, “ Let us not love in word, neither in tongue, 6 but in deed and truth; and hereby we s know that we are of the truth; and shall

assure our hearts before him. 1 John iii. “ 18.” Again, 1 John iv. 7, 8.“ Beloved, « let us love one another, for love is of « God, and every one that loveth is born of “ God, and knoweth God : he that loveth " not, knoweth not God.” So in verse 12. “ If we love one another, God dwelleth in

us, and his love is perfected in us." And “ this commandment have we from him,

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loveth (c) another hath fulfilled hended in this saying, namely, the (d) law. 9. For this ; “Thou “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour “ shalt not commit adultery, Thou “ as thyself.” 10. Love worketh “ shalt not kill, Thou shalt not no (e) ill to his neighbour : there“ steal, Thou shalt not bear false fore love is the fulfilling of the law. “ witness, Thou shalt not covet;” 11. And that, knowing the time, and if there be any other com- that now it is high time to awake mandment, it is briefly compre- out of sleep: for now is our (8) sal

“ that he who loveth God, love his brother also. 1 John iv. 21.” Many other passages inculcate the duty of benevolence, and it would be well for every one who is indignant for an injury received, or feels any rancour or ill-will, to search them out, and lay them to heart.

(c) v. 8.“ another," i. e. indefinitely, “mankind,” all within our reach.

(d) “ The Law,” i. e. “ of Moses ;" that part which points out our duty to our neighbour, the last six commandments. See Middl. 438.

(e) v. 10.“ No ill," but “all good ;" not inoperative, but active.

(g) v. 11. “Salvation," i. e. “The great change they were to experience for the better at one of the times so often alluded to by the expressions, “the day of the Lord,” and “the coming of the Lord.” There are three periods to which these expressions are supposed to refer, the destruction of Jerusalem, the general judgment at the end of the world, and an expected intermediate appearance of our Saviour. See 2 Lightf. 241. 626. 1073, 1074. Mede, 708. 2 Newt. 142. 2 Hales, 1042 to 1060, and 1270 to 1286, and Grotius, Pole, and Hamm. on Matt. xxiv. 3. The first is probably what is here contemplated. The first converts underwent great trials. Zechariah and Malachi foretold that they would. Zech. xiii. 9. Mal. iii. 2. Our Saviour did the same. Matt. x. 17. 21. 22. Matt. xxiji. 9. but he gave them the assurance that “be who « should endure to the end should be saved, “ Matt. x. 22. Matt. xxiii. 13." that they should not have gone through the cities of Israel till the Son of Man should be come, and that that generation should not pass till all those things were fulfilled. Matt. x. 23. Matt. xxiv. 34. See also Luke xxi. 32. and John xxi. 22. This topic was accordingly pressed upon the converts with great force by the authors of the Epistles. In Philipp. i. 6. St. Paul expresses his confidence, that “he who had begun a good work in

“ the converts at Philippi, would perform “ it until the day of Jesus Christ," as if the period would arrive in their time; and in Philipp. iv.5., he says, “ The Lord is at hand.” The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews presses them to hold fast the profession of their faith, without wavering, &c. &c. “ and so much the more as ye “ see the day approaching. Hebr. x. 25.” St. Paul charges Timothy to keep a particular commandment without spot, “ until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ," as if he fully expected it in Timothy's time, 1 Tim. vi. 14." In Tit. ii. 11 to 14. St. Paul says, “The grace of God that “bringeth salvation hath appeared to all

men, teaching us, that denying ungod“ liness and worldly lusts, we should live “ soberly, righteously, and godly in this “present world, looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God, and

our Saviour Jesus Christ,(or, even the glorious appearance

of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ), “ who

gave himself for us, that he might re« deem us from all iniquity, and purify “ unto himself a peculiar people, zealous “ of good works. St. James advises the brethren to “ be patient, unto the coming “ of the Lord :" " to stablish their hearts, “ for the coming of the Lord draweth

nigh:” not to grudge one another, “ lest they should be condemned; for be“ hold the Judge standeth before the door, “ James v. 7, 8, 9." St. Peter speaks of the afflictions the converts had undergone, “ that the trial of their faith might be found “ unto praise, and honour, and glory, at " the appearing of Jesus Christ, 1 Peter “ i. 7." "Lastly, St. John says, 1 John ii. 28. “ And now little children abide in him, “ that when he shall appear, we may have “ confidence, and not be ashamed before “ him at his coming." Many other pas. sages might be added, but these are sufficient. They have all a strong tendency to shew, that the prophecies recorded in Matthew xxiv. were well known to the dis

vation nearer than when we (h) | Jerusalem, and were come to believed. 12. The (i) night is far Bethphage, unto the mount of spent, the (i) day is at hand: let Olives, then sent Jesus two disus therefore cast off the works of ciples, saying unto them, 2. “Go darkness, and let us put on the “ into the village over against you, armour of light. 13. Let us walk “ and straightway ye shall find an honestly, as (k) in the day; not “ ass tied, and a colt with her : in rioting and drunkenness, not in “ loose them, and bring them unto chambering and wantonness, not

3. And if any man say in strife and envying. 14. But ought unto you, ye shall say, put (1) ye on the (m) Lord Jesus “ The (0) Lord hath need of them; Christ, and make not provision for “ and straightway he will send the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. “ them.” 4. All this was done,

that it might be fulfilled which The Gospel. Matt. xxi. 1.

was spoken by the prophet, sayWHEN (n) they drew nigh unto they drew nigh unto ing, 5.“ (P) Tell

ing, 5.“ (P) Tell ye the daugh

16 me.

ciples before the destruction of Jerusalem, (m) v.14. "The Lord," lov Kúplov, with the and that the Epistles were written before article. The continual application of this that event. The prospect of a most extra- title to our Saviour deserves attention. It ordinary judgment from God upon the is applied to him in every book of the New unbelievers, and of signal deliverance to Testament; and St. Paul uses it in a prothose who embraced and held fast the minent manner at the beginning of most of faith, was admirably calculated to inspire his Epistles. See also Jam. i. 1. 1 Pet. i. 3. the converts with courage and persever- 2 Pet. i. 2. 2 John 3. Jude 21. These ance, and was therefore a topic likely to writings were in Greek, and intended for be brought forward by the disciples whilst persons acquainted with that language. that prospect continued. After the event it Those persons would probably refer to would have been absurd. Jerusalem was the Septuagint, as the only book in that destroyed in the year of our Lord 70; the language likely to illustrate the new reliEpistle to the Romans is supposed to have gion, and there they would find this word been written about A. D. 58; that to the continually used for what in the Hebrew Philipp. A. D. 59; the 1st to Timothy, was Jehovah. And is it likely they would A. D. 64; that to the Hebrews, A. D. 63; continually have applied this word to St. James's, A.D. 61; the 1st of St. Peter, Christ, had it not been their belief that the A. D. 64; and the 1st of St. John, A. D. term Jehovah was also applicable to him, 69. It is asserted that no Christian

and had they not meant to inculcate that perished at the siege of Jerusalem, 2 New- belief? On such a point, it can hardly be ton's Prophecies, 154. 160.5 Watson's supposed they would have used a term, Tracts, 134: and the immense slaughter which, if Christ were not God, would be among their inveterate enemies the Jews, calculated to mislead? There are certainly would of course tend greatly to relieve instances in which the term “O xuplos" is them from persecution.

applied to an earthly master, but it is to (h) v. 11. "Believed," i.e. first be- the continual application of it to our lieved."

Saviour that I wish to call the atten(i) v. 12. “ The night," our time of per- tion. secution and vengeance, when the powers (n) Matt. xxi. 1. “When, &c.” This ocof darkness have the ascendancy." The curred near the close of our Saviour's "day,” our time of deliverance, when the ministry, five days before the passover powers of light shall be triumphant. at which he was crucified.

(k) v. 13. “ As in the day," with no- (0) v. 3. “The Lord," o Kupres, with the thing to conceal.

article. (1) u. 14. “ Put ye on," i. e. imitate. (p) v.5. Tell, &c.” This prophecy is

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