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lasting felicity : and make him 10. Their fruit shalt thou root glad with the joy of thy coun- out of the earth : and their seed tenance.

from among the

among the children of 7. And why? because the King men. putteth his trust in the Lord : 11. For they intended mischief and in the mercy of the Most against thee : and imagined such Highest he shall not miscarry. a device (I) as they are not able

8. All thine enemies (k) shall to perform feel thy hand : thy right hand 12. Therefore shalt thou put shall find out them that hate thee. them to fight : and the strings 9. Thou shalt make them like

of thy bow shalt thou make ready a fiery oven in time of thy wrath : against the face of them. the Lord shall destroy them in 13. Be thou exalted, Lord, in his displeasure, and the fire shall thine own strength : so will we consume them.

sing, and praise thy power. Lessons for the Fourth Day of the Month throughout the Year.

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Luke xx.

September 4.. October 4.

November 4.

December 4. Morn. Amos iii. Morn. Tobit xiii. Morn. Ecclus. xx. Morn. Isa. xx, xxi. Matt. v. (8) Mark vii. (9)

Acts v. (11) Even. Amos iv. Even. Tobit xiv. Even. Ecclus xxi. Even. Isa. xxii. Rom. v. 2 Cor. iii. (10) Col. iv.

Heb. x. (12) (1) ante, 181. (2) ante, 231. (3) ante, 162, 86. (4) ante, 57. 49.

(5) ante, 198. 177. (6) ante, 37. (7) ante, 166. (8) ante, 233. 192.

(9) ante, 204. (10) ante, 204.

(11) ante, 208. (12) ante, 127.


“ God hath raised him from the dead, and (k) v. 8. “ Thine enemies, &c.” The “ set him at his own right hand in the times of the Messiah are continually de“ heavenly places, far above all princi- scribed

as times of great vengeance: “pality and power, and might and domi. See note on Ps. ii. 9. and ante, 32. note “ nion, and every name that is named, not on Luke xxi. 25. and this vengeance « only in this world, but also in that which was executed to

extent beyond " is to come;" and according to Philip. ii. example at the time of the destruction of 9–11. “God hath highly exalted him, Jerusalem. “ and given him a name which is above (l) v. 11. "Such a device, &c." This might “ every name; that at the name of Jesus

allude to the putting our Saviour to death; every knee should bow, of things in hea- the Jews probably supposed they should u ven, and hings in earth, and things wholly remove him from the earth, and “ under the earth, and that every tongue annihilate his religion, in both of which " should confess that Jesus Christ is objects they were disappointed. “ Lord,” &c.






a very scorn

of men, and the out-cast of the Psalm xxii. (m)

people. My God (n), my God, look 7. All they that see me, laugh upon me ; why hast thou forsaken me to scorn (9): they shoot out me : and art so far from my their lips, and shake their heads, health, and from the words of my saying, complaint ?

8. “ He trusted in God, that 2. O my God, I cry in the day. “ he would deliver him : let him time, but thou hearest not : and “ deliver him, if he will have him.” in the night-season also I take no 9. But (r) thou art he that took

me out of my mother's womb : 3. And (0) thou continuest

thou continuest thou wast my hope, when I hanged holy : 0 thou worship of Israel. yet upon my mother's breasts,

4. Our fathers hoped in thee : 10. I have been left unto thee they trusted in thee, and thou ever since I was born : thou art didst deliver them.

my God, even from my mother's 5. They called upon thee, and womb. were holpen : they put their trust 11. O go not from me, for in thee, and were not confounded. trouble is hard at hand : and

6. But as for me, I am a worm (p), there is none to help me.


(m) A prophetic description of the trou- (p) v. 6. " A worm,” “ treated with such ble and anguish the Messiah should under- “ little regard." Many passages speak go, of the scorn with which he should be prophetically of the contempt the Messiah treated, of many of the circumstances of should experience, of the sufferings he his passion, of the assistance God should should undergo, and of the ultimate sucgive him, of his ultimate triumph, and of cess of his religion. It is of him that it is the final success of his kingdom. David said, Is. l. 6. “ I gave my back to the is considered the author, and he speaks in “smiters, and my cheeks to them that his own person as though he was speak- plucked off the hair ; I hid not my face ing of himself; but he was a type of the

« from shame and spitting ;" and of him Messiah, and in that character speaks of God saith, Is. xlix. 7. * to him whom things as having happened to himself man despiseth, to him whom the nation which were only to happen to the Messiah. “ abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, kings This is one of the Psalms selected for “ shall see and arise, princes also shall Good Friday. Justin M. considers it clear

“ worship." that it applies wholly to the Messiah. (9) v. 7,8. “ To scorn, &c.” How exDial. cum Tryphone, 324, 5, 6, 7, 9. actly does this correspond with what oc330, 1, 2, 3.

curred at the crucifixion! “ They that (n) 0. 1.“ My God, &c." Our Saviour passed by reviled him, wagging their uttered the beginning of this verse whilst “ heads: likewise also the chief priests upon the cross, Matt. xxvii. 46. – “mocking him, with the scribes and elders, Mark xv. 34.); perhaps to call to recollec- " said, “ He saved others, himself he cantion the predictions in this Psalm, and to

not save ; if he be the king Israel, let fix the attention upon their wonderful “ him now come down from the cross, and accomplishment.

we will believe him: he trusted in (o) v. 3. “ And,” or “ but." The inean- God, let him deliver him now, if he ing probably is, though I do not immedi- " will have him. Matt. xxvii. 39, 41, 42, ately obtain relief, I am satisfied thou wilt not wholly forsake me; I shall have the (r) v. 9, “ But thou, &c." So that I deliverance which they who trust in thee may have the utmost confidence in thee, have always found.

« 43."

12. Many oxen (s) are come bones : they stand staring and about me : fat bulls (s) of Basan | looking upon me. close me in on every side.

18. They part (y) my garments 13. They gape upon me with among them : and cast (y) lots their mouths : as it were a ramp- upon my vesture. ing and a roaring lion.

19. But be not thou far from 14. I am poured out like water, me, O Lord : thou art my sucand all my bones are out of joint : cour; haste thee to help me. my heart also in the midst of my 20. Deliver my soul from the body is even like melting wax. sword : my darling (2) from the

15. My strength is dried up power of the dog. like a potsherd, and my tongue 21. Save me from the lion's cleaveth to my gums : and thou mouth : thou hast heard me also shalt bring (t) me into the dust of from among the horns (a) of the death.

unicorns. 16. For many dogs are come 22. (6) I will declare thy Name about me : and the counsel of unto my brethren : in the midst the wicked layeth (u) siege against of the congregation will I praise me.

thee. 17. They pierced (x) my hands 23. O praise the Lord, ye that and my feet; I may tell all my fear him : magnify him, all ye of (s) v. 12. “Oxen” and “ bulls of Basan,"

to every

soldier a part, and also his coat: persons as impetuous, cruel, and overbear- now the coat was without seam, woven ing as oxen fed in the rich pastures of “ from the top throughout: they said Basan. See Amos iv. 1.

“ therefore among themselves, “Let us (1) v. 15.“ Shalt bring," or (B.T.)“ hast “ not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it brought.”

“shall be:" these things therefore the sol(u) v. 16. “ Layeth siege, &c." verified “ diers did. John xix. 23, 24.” What but when the chief priests and elders took the foresight of God could have suggested counsel against Jesus, to put him to death. so remarkable a prophecy? what but his See Matt. xxvi. 8. 15. 59. Matt. xxvii.1. power have caused its completion ? - Mark xiv. 1.–Mark xv. 1.- Lukexxii. 2. (z) v. 20. “ My darling, i.e.“my life,

(2) v. 17. Pierced, &c.” This occurred my existence, that about me which is to our Saviour when he was nailed to the “most dear and precious." So Ps. XXXV. cross. It may be observed, that cruci

17. fixion was not a Jewish punishment, that (a) v. 21. “ From the horns of the unie there was no Jewish punishment in which “ corn," a figurative expression, to express the hands and feet were pierced, that it a situation of the greatest danger : " thou was not likely they should adopt any such “ hast heard and delivered me when I was punishment so long as they continued in “ upon the point of being gored by the the free exercise of their own laws; and “ horns of the unicorns." that if they became subject to those of (6) v. 22. Here the character of the any other nation, it was not likely they Psalm changes : the deliverance prayed for should have the power of bringing about is foreseen, the success of Christ's kingdom the Messiah's death. The probability,

The probability, contemplated, and praise and glory to God therefore (humanly considered) was against required on those accounts. The author the fulfilment of this prediction ; but the of the Epistle to the Hebrews considers almighty Power that suggested the pro- this verse as spoken in phecy could also bring it to pass.

Messiah, Heb.ii. (y) v. 18. “ Part, &c." and "cast lots." " sanctifieth These two singular predictions were lite

are all of rally fulfilled at our Saviour's death : “ The is, Jesus “soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, (that “ took his garments, and made four parts,

& th


the seed of Jacob, and fear him, 28. For the kingdom is the all ye seed of Israel;

Lord's (1): and he is the Gover24. For he hath not despised nor among the people. nor abhorred the low estate of 29. (i) All such as be fat upon the poor : he hath not hid his earth : have eaten and worshipped. face from him ; but when he 30. All they that go down into called unto him, he heard him. the dust shall kneel before him :

25. My praise is of thee in and no man (k) hath quickened the great congregation (c): my

his own soul. vows (d) will I perform in the 31. My (1) seed shall serve sight of them that fear him. him : they shall be counted unto 26. The poor shall eat (e), and

shall eat (e), and the Lord for a generation. be satisfied: they that seek after 32. They shall come, and the the Lord, shall praise him ; your heavens shall declare his righteousheart shall live for ever.

ness : unto a people that shall be 27. All the ends (8) of the born, whom the Lord hath made. world shall remember themselves, and be turned unto the Lord :

Psalm xxiii. (m) and all the kindreds of the nations The Lord is my shepherd : thereshall worship before him.

fore can I lack nothing. " unto my brethren, in the midst of the « art my people ;” and they shall say, "church will I sing praise unto thee.

“ Thou art my God.” And again, Mal. i. (c) v. 25. “The great congregation."

11. “ From the rising of the sun even unto " The great religious assembly of the “ the going down of the same” (that is, " Jews.” So Ps. xxxv. 18.“ I will give thee

from the extremities of east and west)“ my " thanks in the great congregation, I will

name shall be great among the Gentiles, “ praise thee among much people.” And “ and in every place incense shall be of. Ps. xl. 11. 13.

“ fered unto my name, and a pure offering; (d) “ My vows, &c.” So Ps. cxvi. 16. “ for my name shall be great among the “I will pay my vows unto the Lord, in


“ heathen, saith the Lord of Hosts.' " the sight of all his people, in the courts

Ps. ii. 8. - lxxxvi. 9. and Is. xlv. 23. " of the Lord's house, even in the midst of (h) v. 28. “ The Lord's :" a triumphant “thee, O Jerusalem."

burst of rapture. “ He alone shall have a (e) v. 26. “ The poor shall eat, &c." “ kingdom! He alone shall be governor It is a mark of great temporal prosperity,

amongst the nations ;" because, (in the where there is such abundance, that the language of Rev. i. 16.) “ The kingdoms very poorest have enough; and the meaning

66 of this world shall have become the here probably is, that in the times referred “ kingdoms of our Lord, and of his to, the times of the Messiah, there shall be

" Christ." a proportionate abundance of spiritual bles- (i) v. 29. “ All, &c." The meaning sings. See Ps. Ixxii. 16.

perhaps is, his worship shall be universal : (g) v. 27. “ All the ends, &c.” One, all ranks shall join — the rich, “the fat among many, of the predictions as to the upon earth,” and “they that go down extent to which the true worship of God

“ into the dust," the poor and abject. should in time prevail. Isaiah, in his

(!) v. 30. “ No man," i. e. (perhaps) figurative language, says,

" It shall no one can of himself, without my means, come to pass in the last days, that the “ quicken his own soul, obtain eternal "mountain of the Lord's house" (that is,

« life.” the worship of the true God) “ shall be

(1) v. 31. “My seed," i. e. (perhaps) " established in the top of the mountains,

“ the church of Christ, the professors of “and shall be exalted above the hills, and “ Christianity." See Ps. Ixxxix. 30. and "all nations shall flow unto it. Is. ii. 2." the note there. So Hos. ii. 23. “I (i. e. God) will say to

(m) A hymn of great simplicity, written " them which were not my people, “ Thou | by David, on the protection and kindness

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2. He shall feed me in a green trouble me : thou hast anointed pasture (n) : and lead me forth

my head with oil, and my cup beside the waters of comfort. shall be full (r).

3. He shall convert (o) my 6. But thy loving-kindness and soul : and bring me forth (?) in mercy shall follow me all the days the paths of righteousness for his of my life : and I will dwell (8) Name's sake.

in the house of the Lord for ever. 4. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art

MORNING PRAYER. with me; thy rod and thy staff comfort me.

Psalm xxiv. (1) 5. Thou shalt prepare a table The earth is the Lord's, and all before me against (9) them that (9) them that that therein is : the

compass of

God had shewn him. Mr. Addison, in
the 441st number of the Spectator, says,
“ David has very beautifully represented
“ his steady reliance on God in the 23d
“ Psalm, which is a kind of pastoral hymn,
« and filled with those allusions which are
“ usual in that species of writing: as the
“ poetry is very exquisite, I shall give the
following translation of it:

" The Lord my pasture shall prepare,
6 And feed me with a shepherd's care;
“ His presence shall my wants supply,
“ And guard me with a watchful eye;
“ My noon-day walks be shall attend,
“ And all my midnight hours defend.
“ When in the sultry glebe I faint,
“ Or on the thirsty mountain pant,
“ To fertile vales, and dewy meads,
“ My weary wandering steps be leads,
“ Where peaceful rivers, soft and slow,
“ Amid the verdant landscapes flow.
“ Tho' in the paths of death I tread,
“ With gloomy borrors overspread,
"My stedfast heart shall fear no ill,
“ For thou, O Lord, art with me still ;

Thy friendly crook shall give me aid,
“ And guide me thro' the dreadful shade.
“ Tho' in a bare and rugged way,
“ Thro' devious lonely wilds I stray,
“ Thy bounty shall my pains beguile,
« The barren wilderness shall smile,
“ With sudden greens and herbage crown'd,
" And streams shall murmur all around."

(r) “ Full," i. e. “ of prosperity; of “thy blessings."

(s) v. 6. “ Dwell, &c." David often mentions his opportunities of visiting the house of God, as a source of great delight; and when he was driven from Jerusalem, by Absalom's rebellion, laments the loss of those opportunities with great feeling. See Ps. xxvi. 8. - xxvii. 4. xlii. and Ix.xxiv.

(t) A spirited hymn, upon some solemn procession with the ark of God to the top of mount Sion, either upon its removal from the house of Obededom the Gittite, (see 2 Sam. vi. 12.) or upon some victory. Justin M. considers it as prophetical, applying to the Messiah, and thinks it clear that the King of Glory" means Christ ; and that the order to open the gates, &c. refers to Christ's ascension into heaven. Justin M., Dial. cum Tryphone, 254, 5.310, 11.-357. Other primitive Fathers interpret it of Christ, 4. Aug. 461. Waterl. 230.; and Christ is distinctly called "the “ Lord of Glory, 1 Cor. ii. 8.;" and in our Te Deum, « Thou art the King of “ Glory, O Christ.” It notices the uni. versal dominion of God, and the qualities he requires in those he suffers to approach or attend him, and concludes with a command for opening the gates for the admission of the ark, (which was looked upon as a type or representation of the Messiah's ascension into heaven). It is one of the Psalms for Ascension Day. It appears to be responsive, performed by several sets of singers, and the first six verses were probably sung as the procession advanced towards the tabernacle ; and the other four just as they were reaching the

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